Bay City, Michigan Population 2024

31,927

Bay City is a city located in Bay County and Saginaw County Michigan. Bay City has a 2024 population of 31,927. It is also the county seat of Bay County. Bay City is currently declining at a rate of -0.53% annually and its population has decreased by -2.09% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 32,609 in 2020.

The average household income in Bay City is $61,666 with a poverty rate of 24.83%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Bay City is 39.2 years, 38.7 years for males, and 39.6 years for females.

Bay City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bay City was:

  • White: 87.15%
  • Two or more races: 8.15%
  • Black or African American: 3.1%
  • Other race: 0.9%
  • Asian: 0.33%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
Land Area (mi²)
10.2 sq mi
Density (mi²)
3,140.70/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-2.09% (-682)
The current population of Bay City, Michigan is 31,927 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 32,609.

Bay City, Michigan Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White28,46687.15%
Two or more races2,6638.15%
Black or African American1,0113.1%
Other race2930.9%
Asian1090.33%
Native American670.21%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander550.17%

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Bay City Population by Race

Bay City Population Pyramid 2024

Bay City Median Age

39.2

Total

38.7

Male

39.6

Female

Bay City Adults

There are 25,677 adults, (4,997 of whom are seniors) in Bay City.

Bay City Age Dependency

57.9

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Bay City Sex Ratio

Female17,19052.63%
Male15,47447.37%

Bay City Population by Age

Bay City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All14,3792.2467.132.9
Non Family6,7031.2155.944.1
Married4,6163.0287.912.1
Female2,2803.3255.144.9
Male7803.4775.124.9

2.98

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

67.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Bay City Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8503.77%
9th to 12th Grade2,1349.46%
High School Graduate7,95235.24%
Some College5,96526.43%
Associates Degree1,9858.8%
Bachelors Degree2,59611.5%
Graduate Degree1,0844.8%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Bay City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Bay City Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White19,27216,8173,285
Hispanic1,7601,454154
2+ Races1,4141,231144
Black64455936
Other Race24213318
Asian10910980
Native American58400
Islander555547

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 85.45%.

Bay City Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$34,621$40,413$28,869
Less Than 9th Grade$21,448$19,531$21,819
High School Graduate$31,355$40,081$22,755
Some College$34,401$40,802$28,552
Bachelors Degree$46,277$63,636$40,735
Graduate Degree$80,769$109,183$64,781

$34,621

Average Earnings

$40,413

Average Male

$28,869

Average Female

Bay City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Bay City Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Bay City Language

97.07% of Bay City residents speak only English, while 2.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.79% of the population.

Bay City Language

Bay City Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White26,5016,11823.09%
Hispanic3,4531,08531.42%
Multiple2,63166425.24%
Black93135337.92%
Other29312241.64%
Asian1095449.54%
Native671826.87%

24.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.97%

Male Poverty Rate

27.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bay City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bay City is Asian, with 49.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bay City is White, with 23.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.94%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.64%.

Bay City Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade45.77%
High School20.54%
Some College16.67%
Bachelors or Greater6.5%

Bay City Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed48.45%
Male Unemployed33.28%
Female Employed17.27%
Male Employed13.21%

Bay City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Bay City Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$45,026$61,666
Families$62,443$73,183
Married Families$72,319$-999,999,999
Non Families$31,678$44,080

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Bay City Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

36.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.5%

Male Marriage Rate

34.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Bay City Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Bay City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Bay City Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Bay City Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,036

Number of Veterans

1,837

Male Veterans

199

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam631
First Gulf War496
Second Gulf War484
Korea44
World War II17

Bay City Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
35 to 54651
65 to 74467
75+364
55 to 64339
18 to 34215

Bay City Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White1,7857.93%
2+ Races1809.7%
Hispanic1345.78%
Black556.54%
Other Race145.79%
Native American23.45%

Bay City Veterans by Race

Bay City Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

11.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.25%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bay City Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

60%

Labor Force Participation

56.3%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Bay City Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Bay City Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Bay City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

86.92%

Born in Bay City

98.93%

Native Born

1.07%

Foreign Born

0.29%

Non Citizen

0.79%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.93% of Bay City residents were born in the United States, with 86.92% having been born in Michigan. 0.29% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Bay City Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202931,074-171-0.55%
202831,245-170-0.54%
202731,415-171-0.54%
202631,586-170-0.54%
202531,756-171-0.54%
202431,927-170-0.53%
202332,097-171-0.53%
202232,268-225-0.69%
202132,493-116-0.36%
202032,609-52-0.16%
201932,661-274-0.83%
201832,935-200-0.6%
201733,135-197-0.59%
201633,332-398-1.18%
201533,730-328-0.96%
201434,058-308-0.9%
201334,366-147-0.43%
201234,513-227-0.65%
201134,740-139-0.4%
201034,879-1,938-5.26%
200036,817-2,119-5.44%
199038,936-2,657-6.39%
198041,593-7,856-15.89%
197049,449-4,155-7.75%
196053,6041,0812.06%
195052,5234,5679.52%
194047,9566011.27%
193047,355-199-0.42%
192047,5542,3885.29%
191045,16617,53863.48%
190027,628-211-0.76%
189027,8397,14634.53%
188020,69313,629192.94%
18707,06400%
showing: 34 rows

Bay City Population by Year