Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2021

74,129
map placeholder

Bismarck is a city located in Burleigh County North Dakota. With a 2020 population of 74,129, it is the 2nd largest city in North Dakota (after Fargo) and the 491st largest city in the United States . Bismarck is currently growing at a rate of 0.41% annually and its population has increased by 20.98% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 61,272 in 2010. Bismarck reached it's highest population of 74,129 in 2021. Spanning over 35 miles, Bismarck has a population density of 2,161 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bismarck is $83,803 with a poverty rate of 9.20%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $867 per month, and the median house value is $245,300. The median age in Bismarck is 37.2 years, 35.4 years for males, and 39.6 years for females.

This city has a relatively short history, only being founded toward the end of the 19th century but it has grown quite quickly and has even in recent years been named one of the fastest-growing small cities in the nation.

Bismarck Population

The city’s top employer is Sanford Health, which employs 25,000 people across multiple states. The State of North Dakota, St. Alexius Medical Center, Bismarck Public School, and the federal government are other top employers, each providing thousands of jobs to residents of Bismarck and surrounding areas.

Bismarck Population Growth

The city of Bismarck’s boundaries and population have only continued to expand since it was founded, and this trend shows no sign of slowing down. By the 1930s, the city’s population had grown to more than 11,000 people. By 1960, that number had more than doubled. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 2000 census and grew to over 61,000 at the next census. Current estimates show that the population has increased by over 18% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city has much growth still in its future.

The region that is now Bismarck was first inhabited by indigenous tribes dating back thousands of years. It was in 1872 when the Europeans founded the settlement that would one day become Bismarck. The town was called Edwinton after Northern Pacific Railway engineer Edwin Ferry Johnson. However, the Northern Pacific Railway changed the name to Bismarck after the German chancellor Otto con Bismarck. This was in efforts to bring in German immigrants to work and invest in the railroad.

The city began to grow significantly in the mid-1870s when gold was discovered in the Black Hills. The city attracted many miners, which was great for growth. However, it did contribute to tensions with the Lakota tribe. The tribe felt as though the new settlers were invading sacred territory.

In 1883, Bismarck was named as the capital of the Dakota Territory. At the end of the decade, after North Dakota was made a state, Bismarck was named as the state capital. Throughout the 19th century and into the 20th century, the city continued to see its population rise. The city constructed its state capitol building, which later burned in 1930. During the Great Depression, the city built another capitol in the city center, which is the tallest building in both the city and the state.

In 1953, Garrison Dam was built to prevent floods, and the floodplain area of the city now was suitable for development. Residential and commercial buildings were erected as the city, and its population continued to grow.

In modern times, the city’s northern area has seen substantial growth with the addition of retail shopping centers. The city’s major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, was constructed in the city center and has since expanded to include other major retail stores in the area. There are also two hospitals and multiple restaurants that have been developed in the growing downtown area.

Bismarck Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bismarck was:

  • White: 89.85%
  • Native American: 4.35%
  • Black or African American: 2.66%
  • Two or more races: 1.85%
  • Asian: 0.92%
  • Other race: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
The current population of Bismarck, North Dakota is 74,129 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 73,229.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 61,272.

Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021130,2896700.51%
2020129,6196700.52%
2019128,9496700.52%
2018128,2791640.13%
2017128,1158820.69%
2016127,2331,9081.50%
2015125,3253,1702.53%
2014122,1552,9152.39%
2013119,2403,5612.99%
2012115,6792,8142.43%
2011112,8651,7531.55%
2010111,1120.00%

Bismarck Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White65,38889.85%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,1644.35%
Black or African American1,9372.66%
Two or More Races1,3451.85%
Asian6700.92%
Some Other Race1870.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander860.12%
Loading...

Bismarck Population by Race

Bismarck Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Bismarck Median Age

37.2


Total

35.4


Male

39.6


Female

Bismarck Adults

There are 56,940 adults, (12,362 of whom are seniors) in Bismarck.

Bismarck Age Dependency

63.3

Age Dependency Ratio

27.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Bismarck Sex Ratio

Female

36,685

50.41%

Male

36,092

49.59%

Bismarck Population by Age

Bismarck Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Bismarck Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married87.2%12.8%
All63.3%36.7%
Male57.6%42.4%
Female44.7%55.3%
Non Family43.3%56.7%

63.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Bismarck Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All32,0442.263.3
Married14,1142.9287.2
Non Family13,6561.2243.3
Female2,9872.9744.7
Male1,2872.9557.6

2.87

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

Loading...

Bismarck Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5223.04%
9th to 12th Grade1,5983.19%
High School Graduate11,58023.14%
Some College10,34120.66%
Associates Degree7,12614.24%
Bachelors Degree12,96625.91%
Graduate Degree4,9119.81%
Loading...

Bismarck Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Bismarck Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White45,67543,21816,933
Native American1,5371,249154
Black1,1621,100306
Hispanic836619195
Asian452392226
2+ Races44640686
Other Race11510121
Islander4343

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.00%.

Bismarck Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,039$53,237$39,190
Less Than 9th Grade$31,355$40,443$15,755
High School Graduate$35,324$40,814$28,700
Some College$41,939$50,869$34,731
Bachelors Degree$53,694$69,867$47,657
Graduate Degree$69,095$80,265$62,364

$46,039

Average Earnings

$53,237

Average Male

$39,190

Average Female

Bismarck Earnings by Educational Attainment

Bismarck Language by Age

Loading...

Bismarck Language

95.28% of Bismarck residents speak only English, while 4.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.45% of the population.

Bismarck Language

Bismarck Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White62,5054,5057.21%
Native2,8781,03736.03%
Hispanic1,79344524.82%
Black1,82338621.17%
Multiple1,27016312.83%
Asian66413620.48%
Other1741910.92%

9.20%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.43%

Male Poverty Rate

10.91%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bismarck

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is Native, with 36.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is White, with 7.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.88%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.84%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.97%.

Bismarck Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade25.92%
High School15.76%
Some College6.47%
Bachelors or Greater2.86%

Bismarck Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed38.58%
Male Unemployed25.91%
Female Employed6.26%
Male Employed3.56%

Bismarck Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Bismarck Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$64,444$83,803
Families$88,994$107,527
Married Families$104,571-
Non Families$39,413$49,376
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Bismarck Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

49.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.2%

Male Marriage Rate

47.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Bismarck Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Bismarck Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Bismarck Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Bismarck Marital Status

Loading...

4,428

Number of Veterans

4,047

Male Veterans

381

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,632
Second Gulf War914
First Gulf War902
Korea286
World War II195

Bismarck Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,280
75+1,190
65 to 741,145
55 to 64594
18 to 34219

Bismarck Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White4,3158.34%
2+ Races336.17%
Native American281.33%
Black281.84%
Asian244.26%
Hispanic171.52%

Bismarck Veterans by Race

Bismarck Veterans by Education

Loading...

3.01%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bismarck Veterans by Education

Loading...

68.9%

Labor Force Participation

67%

Employment Rate

2.3%

Unemployment Rate

Bismarck Employment by Age

Loading...

Bismarck Employment by Race

Loading...

Bismarck Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

70.47%

Born in Bismarck

97.16%

Native Born

2.84%

Foreign Born

1.63%

Non Citizen

1.21%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

97.16% of Bismarck residents were born in the United States, with 70.47% having been born in North Dakota. 1.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Bismarck Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202174,1293000.41%
202073,8293000.41%
201973,5293000.41%
201873,229880.12%
201773,1415610.77%
201672,5801,1671.63%
201571,4132,4023.48%
201469,0111,8842.81%
201367,1272,3553.64%
201264,7722,0043.19%
201162,7681,1791.91%
201061,5896,0571.04%
200055,5326,2761.21%
199049,2564,7711.02%
198044,4859,7822.51%
197034,7037,0332.29%
196027,6709,0304.03%
195018,6403,1441.86%
194015,4964,4063.40%
193011,0903,9684.53%
19207,1221,6792.73%
19105,4432,1245.07%
19003,3190.00%

Bismarck Population by Year