Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2020

74,162
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Bismarck is a city located in North Dakota. With a 2020 population of 74,162, it is the 2nd largest city in North Dakota (after Fargo) and the 489th largest city in the United States. Bismarck is currently growing at a rate of 0.71% annually and its population has increased by 21.04% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 61,272 in 2010. Spanning over 35 miles, Bismarck has a population density of 2,162 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bismarck is $81,591 with a poverty rate of 9.50%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $850 per month, and the median house value is $234,500. The median age in Bismarck is 37.1 years, 35.3 years for males, and 40.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 98.3 males.

This city has a relatively short history, only being founded toward the end of the 19th century but it has grown quite quickly and has even in recent years been named one of the fastest-growing small cities in the nation.

Bismarck Population

The city’s top employer is Sanford Health, which employs 25,000 people across multiple states. The State of North Dakota, St. Alexius Medical Center, Bismarck Public School, and the federal government are other top employers, each providing thousands of jobs to residents of Bismarck and surrounding areas.

Bismarck Population Growth

The city of Bismarck’s boundaries and population have only continued to expand since it was founded, and this trend shows no sign of slowing down. By the 1930s, the city’s population had grown to more than 11,000 people. By 1960, that number had more than doubled. The city’s population reached over 50,000 at the time of the 2000 census and grew to over 61,000 at the next census. Current estimates show that the population has increased by over 18% since the last census in 2010, indicating that this city has much growth still in its future.

The region that is now Bismarck was first inhabited by indigenous tribes dating back thousands of years. It was in 1872 when the Europeans founded the settlement that would one day become Bismarck. The town was called Edwinton after Northern Pacific Railway engineer Edwin Ferry Johnson. However, the Northern Pacific Railway changed the name to Bismarck after the German chancellor Otto con Bismarck. This was in efforts to bring in German immigrants to work and invest in the railroad.

The city began to grow significantly in the mid-1870s when gold was discovered in the Black Hills. The city attracted many miners, which was great for growth. However, it did contribute to tensions with the Lakota tribe. The tribe felt as though the new settlers were invading sacred territory.

In 1883, Bismarck was named as the capital of the Dakota Territory. At the end of the decade, after North Dakota was made a state, Bismarck was named as the state capital. Throughout the 19th century and into the 20th century, the city continued to see its population rise. The city constructed its state capitol building, which later burned in 1930. During the Great Depression, the city built another capitol in the city center, which is the tallest building in both the city and the state.

In 1953, Garrison Dam was built to prevent floods, and the floodplain area of the city now was suitable for development. Residential and commercial buildings were erected as the city, and its population continued to grow.

In modern times, the city’s northern area has seen substantial growth with the addition of retail shopping centers. The city’s major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, was constructed in the city center and has since expanded to include other major retail stores in the area. There are also two hospitals and multiple restaurants that have been developed in the growing downtown area.

Bismarck Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bismarck was:

  • White: 90.32%
  • Native American: 3.85%
  • Black or African American: 2.52%
  • Two or more races: 2.06%
  • Asian: 0.84%
  • Other race: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Bismarck, North Dakota is 74,162, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 73,112.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 61,272.

Bismarck, North Dakota Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020133,1982600.20%
2019132,9382600.20%
2018132,6782600.20%
2017132,4187970.60%
2016131,6211,9601.49%
2015129,6613,0482.35%
2014126,6132,9422.32%
2013123,6713,6692.97%
2012120,0022,9182.43%
2011117,0841,8251.56%
2010115,2590.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White64,78990.32%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,7623.85%
Black or African American1,8092.52%
Two or More Races1,4802.06%
Asian6000.84%
Some Other Race2440.34%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander470.07%
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Bismarck Population Pyramid 2020

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Bismarck Median Age

37.1


Total

35.3


Male

40.1


Female

Bismarck Adults

There are 56,099 adults, (11,976 of whom are seniors) in Bismarck.

Bismarck Age Dependency

62.6

Age Dependency Ratio

27.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Bismarck Sex Ratio

Female

36,169

50.42%

Male

35,562

49.58%

Bismarck Households and Families

Bismarck Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Bismarck Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married87.1%12.9%
All62.8%37.2%
Male59.5%40.5%
Female44.1%55.9%
Non Family42.9%57.1%

62.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All31,8932.1862.8
Married13,8342.8987.1
Non Family13,6121.2642.9
Female3,3202.8144.1
Male1,1272.8659.5

2.81

Average Family Size

2.18

Average Household Size

6.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Bismarck Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,4933.04%
9th to 12th Grade1,7933.65%
High School Graduate11,71523.82%
Some College10,12520.59%
Associates Degree6,69613.61%
Bachelors Degree12,67925.78%
Graduate Degree4,6849.52%
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Bismarck Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White45,05342,40316,502
Native American1,3151,008138
Black1,0531,025255
Hispanic834614167
Multiple Races478467113
Asian452378193
Other Race14813622
Islander1919

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.70%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,112$51,146$36,431
Less Than High School$29,188$37,235$15,643
High School Grad$34,751$40,570$28,958
Some College$40,289$50,082$32,520
Bachelors Degree$51,566$65,481$43,631
Graduate Degree$64,375$76,172$59,570

$43,112

Average Earnings

$51,146

Average Male

$36,431

Average Female

Bismarck Language

Bismarck Language by Age

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Bismarck Language

94.98% of Bismarck residents speak only English, while 5.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.57% of the population.

Bismarck Poverty

Bismarck Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White61,7564,6767.57%
Native2,4231,14147.09%
Black1,69938522.66%
Hispanic1,79224313.56%
Asian59812821.40%
Multiple1,349846.23%
Other226135.75%

9.50%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.91%

Male Poverty Rate

11.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bismarck

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is Native, with 47.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bismarck is Other, with 5.75% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.93%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.94%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.28%
High School14.31%
Some College6.87%
Bachelors or Greater2.90%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.16%
Male Unemployed33.95%
Female Employed6.53%
Male Employed3.63%

Bismarck Income

Bismarck Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$63,608$81,591
Families$85,703$103,227
Married Families$99,274-
Non Families$39,711$50,506
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Bismarck Marital Status

Bismarck Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.0%

Male Marriage Rate

47.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Bismarck Married by Age and Sex

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Bismarck Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Bismarck Marital Status by Race

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Bismarck Veterans

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4,533

Number of Veterans

4,120

Male Veterans

413

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,625
Second Gulf War837
First Gulf War771
Korea333
World War II237
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Age Group Veterans
75+1,235
35 to 541,189
65 to 741,101
55 to 64677
18 to 34331
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Name Veterans % of Total
White4,3758.53%
Black614.40%
2 or More579.33%
Indian402.19%
Hispanic201.90%

Bismarck Veterans by Education

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4.75%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.68%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bismarck Employment Status

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69.8%

Labor Force Participation

68.1%

Employment Rate

1.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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70.78%

Born in North Dakota

97.41%

Native Born

2.59%

Foreign Born

1.52%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.41% of Bismarck residents were born in the United States, with 70.78% having been born in North Dakota. 1.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202074,1625250.71%
201973,6375250.72%
201873,1121520.21%
201772,9605250.72%
201672,4351,1531.62%
201571,2822,3673.43%
201468,9151,8802.80%
201367,0352,3383.61%
201264,6971,9753.15%
201162,7221,1581.88%
201061,5646,0321.04%
200055,5326,2761.21%
199049,2564,7711.02%
198044,4859,7822.51%
197034,7037,0332.29%
196027,6709,0304.03%
195018,6403,1441.86%
194015,4964,4063.40%
193011,0903,9684.53%
19207,1221,6792.73%
19105,4432,1245.07%
19003,3190.00%