Bozeman, Montana Population 2023

58,096

Bozeman is a city located in Gallatin County Montana. It is also the county seat of Gallatin County. With a 2023 population of 58,096, it is the 4th largest city in Montana and the 749th largest city in the United States.Bozeman is currently growing at a rate of 2.83% annually and its population has increased by 9.01% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 53,293 in 2020. Spanning over 20 miles, Bozeman has a population density of 2,856 people per square mile.

The average household income in Bozeman is $77,381 with a poverty rate of 17.71%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Bozeman is 27.8 years, 27.1 years for males, and 29.1 years for females.

Bozeman Population Growth

Bozeman’s population has seen steady gains since the census of 1870. The population exceeded 2,000 before the end of the 19th century. The city’s population continued to grow at a steady rate through the 20th century, surpassing 11,000 at the time of the 1950 census. By 1980, the population had nearly doubled. Recent estimates show that the population is up 21.4% since the last census was taken in 2010, indicating that Bozeman is on track to reaching 50,000 residents in the near future.

Indigenous tribes for thousands of years inhabited the area that is now Bozeman. These groups included the Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Shoshone, and Sioux. During the 19th century, the city was visited by William Clark during his expedition. It was later that century in 1863 when John Bozeman and his partner John Jacobs opened the Bozeman Trail off of the Oregon Trail, which went through Virginia City and what would one day be Bozeman.

The town was plotted out and established the next year, and although the Bozeman Trail was closed before the end of the 1860s, the fertile land in the area brought in more settlers. During the same decade, gold miner Nelson Story brought over 1,000 cattle and established a ranch in Paradise Valley. Some of this land was later donated to Montana State University. The town of Bozeman was incorporated in 1883.

Fort Ellis was also established but was decommissioned in 1886. The end of the 19th century brought growth to Bozeman with the addition of a library, a fish hatchery, and Montana State University – Bozeman. The 20th century saw continued growth, including the construction of the first high school, a federal building, and a post office. Canneries in the area were producing canned peas, and at one time, the city was one of the largest producers in the country.

In the 1950s, the city opened up Bridger Bowl, its first ski area. In the 1970s, the Big Sky Ski Resort was established and is still in operation today as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the area. The Museum of the Rockies was also built in the 1950s, as the city and its population continued to grow. These attractions and the outdoor recreational activities including fishing, kayaking, and mountain climbing have attracted residents and tourists to the area.

The city has continued to grow with the expansion of the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, the quality of life, and employment and educational opportunities.

Bozeman Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Bozeman was:

  • White: 91.41%
  • Two or more races: 4.06%
  • Asian: 2.03%
  • Native American: 1.10%
  • Black or African American: 0.79%
  • Other race: 0.60%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Bozeman, Montana is 58,096 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 53,293.

Bozeman, Montana Population 2023

Population by Race

White

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Black or African American

Other race

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Bozeman Population by Race

Bozeman Population Pyramid 2023

Bozeman Median Age

27.8

Total

27.1

Male

29.1

Female

Bozeman Adults

There are 41,970 adults, (4,931 of whom are seniors) in Bozeman.

Bozeman Age Dependency

30.5

Age Dependency Ratio

13.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

17.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Bozeman Sex Ratio

Female22,89347.37%
Male25,43752.63%

Bozeman Population by Age

Bozeman Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

2.69

Average Family Size

2.17

Average Household Size

42.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Bozeman Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among other race people with a rate of 69.73%.

Bozeman Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$40,391

Average Earnings

$45,718

Average Male

$35,763

Average Female

Bozeman Earnings by Educational Attainment

Bozeman Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Bozeman Language

94.98% of Bozeman residents speak only English, while 5.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 1.98% of the population.

Bozeman Language

Bozeman Poverty by Race

rate

17.71%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.62%

Male Poverty Rate

17.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Bozeman

The race most likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is Black, with 32.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Bozeman is White, with 16.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.60%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.80%.

Bozeman Poverty

Bozeman Poverty Rate by Education

Bozeman Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Bozeman Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Bozeman Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

35.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Bozeman Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Bozeman Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Bozeman Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Bozeman Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,844

Number of Veterans

1,701

Male Veterans

143

Female Veterans

Bozeman Veterans by War

Bozeman Veterans by Age

count

Bozeman Veterans by Race

Bozeman Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

5.60%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Bozeman Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

71.9%

Labor Force Participation

69.3%

Employment Rate

3.5%

Unemployment Rate

Bozeman Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Bozeman Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Bozeman Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

29.41%

Born in Bozeman

86.59%

Native Born

4.10%

Foreign Born

2.15%

Non Citizen

1.95%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.59% of Bozeman residents were born in the United States, with 29.41% having been born in Montana. 2.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Bozeman Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Bozeman Population by Year