Chicago, Illinois Population 2020

2,694,240
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Chicago is a city located in Illinois. With a 2020 population of 2,694,240, it is the largest city in Illinois and the 3rd largest city in the United States. Chicago is currently declining at a rate of -0.22% annually and its population has decreased by -0.05% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,695,600 in 2010. Chicago reached it's highest population of 3,620,960 in 1950. Spanning over 234 miles, Chicago has a population density of 11,850 people per square mile.

The average household income in Chicago is $85,837 with a poverty rate of 19.51%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,077 per month, and the median house value is $246,500. The median age in Chicago is 34.3 years, 33.6 years for males, and 35 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.5 males.

The latest estimate for the population of Chicago, Illinois comes from the US Census Bureau. They confirmed that, in July 2011, there were 2,707,120 people living in the city of Chicago. The population has been estimated to be approximately {pop}, with slow growth and declines attributed to violence, tax increases and issues with schools.

This estimate is based on extrapolating the 2010 census data, which reported that the city was home to 2,695,598 people. The 2010 census showed a dramatic drop of almost 7% over the previous ten years, so if the Census Bureau's 2011 figures are correct, they would appear to show Chicago tentatively entering a new period of growth.

The 2016 estimated population of 2.7 million makes Chicago the third largest city in the United States, behind New York City (8.55 million) and Los Angeles (3.97 million). Chicago is by far the largest city in Illinois, with the next largest city, Aurora, being under 200,000 people.

Population of the Chicago Metropolitan Area

Today, Chicago the city makes up only just over a quarter of the wider Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Area's population. According to data from the 2010 census, the CJN Metro Area is home to an impressive 9,504,753 people. In 2016, this number is estimated to be around 9,554,598. Like the city of Chicago, the CJN Metro Area is also the third largest in the US, behind New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (20.18 million) and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (13.34 million) metro areas.

As the population of Chicago itself has gradually fallen, the population of its wider metro area has grown, representing both natural growth in those areas and a gradual move of the city's workforce into its suburbs. Like Chicago itself, the northern suburbs are relatively more affluent than its southern suburbs.

Chicago Diversity

The city's white population is found primarily in the Northern part of the city, and its black community in the Southern part of the city (as can be seen from this map, in which red dots represent Whites, blue dots represent Blacks and orange dots represent Hispanics.) The geographical distribution of race in Chicago is mostly a result of Chicago's historically racist housing allocation policy, which forced its black population into the cheaper Chicago South Side.

Looking back into historical data also shows some interesting trends – non-Hispanic whites made up 59% of the residents of Chicago in 1970, falling to just 31.7% in 2010 – which indicates that many of the people leaving the city over the past few decades for the suburbs have been from among its relatively more affluent white population.

Chicago Census 2010 - further reading

The best source for official data about Chicago from the 2010 census is, of course, the official census website. The census.gov Chicago quick facts page contains not only high-level data on Chicago's population, but also more detailed statistics on the average income in Chicago, the city's age distribution, its businesses, and other important facts.

You can also find some interesting data, including some useful Chicago population maps at the University of Chicago library website and a great news portal covering the 2010 census as it applied to the Windy City at the Chicago Tribune newspaper.

Finally, just as a word of caution to indicate that published statistics aren't always the final word, this article in the Chicago Tribune reports that Mayor Rahm Emanuel is challenging the results of the 2010 census. He believes that the census undercounted the city's population by around 200,000 people. Why is this so important to him? Because millions of dollars of federal subsidies, which are allocated based on relative population, are at stake.

Just around 200 settlers founded the town of Chicago in 1833, and almost immediately this small town on the US frontier became a boom town. Seven years later, the census came to town for the first time and recorded a healthy population of 4,000. Every ten years the census came, and almost every time it registered that the city's population had doubled or more. By the time the 1890 census rolled around, over a million people were living in Chicago, America's second largest city.

Growth, fueled by wave after wave of immigration; continued right up until 1950, where Chicago reached its highest ever population of 3,620,962.

Ever since then, Chicago has, like so many of America's grand cities, been in decline. Almost every census since 1960 has recorded a drop in population – sometimes as much as 10% in a decade – as the city's population gradually moves outwards to the more hospitable surrounding suburbs.

Chicago Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Chicago was:

  • White: 49.44%
  • Black or African American: 30.12%
  • Other race: 10.94%
  • Asian: 6.44%
  • Two or more races: 2.73%
  • Native American: 0.30%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Chicago, Illinois is 2,694,240, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 2,705,990.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,695,600.

Chicago, Illinois Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20209,454,580-22,070-0.23%
20199,476,650-22,070-0.23%
20189,498,720-22,060-0.23%
20179,520,780-19,360-0.20%
20169,540,140-17,740-0.19%
20159,557,880-6,730-0.07%
20149,564,61011,3400.12%
20139,553,27023,5000.25%
20129,529,77028,7800.30%
20119,500,99030,1100.32%
20109,470,8800.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,344,08849.44%
Black or African American818,87530.12%
Some Other Race297,48410.94%
Asian175,1096.44%
Two or More Races74,1002.73%
American Indian and Alaska Native8,1580.30%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7410.03%
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Chicago Population Pyramid 2020

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Chicago Median Age

34.3


Total

33.6


Male

35


Female

Chicago Adults

There are 2,141,930 adults, (326,982 of whom are seniors) in Chicago.

Chicago Age Dependency

49.8

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Chicago Sex Ratio

Female

1,398,060

51.43%

Male

1,320,500

48.57%

Chicago Households and Families

Chicago Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Chicago Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.5%33.5%
All45%55%
Male43.8%56.2%
Female35.3%64.7%
Non Family33.3%66.7%

45.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,056,1202.5245
Non Family490,4971.3233.3
Married345,0143.4566.5
Female165,9603.7435.3
Male54,6473.6543.8

3.45

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

6.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Chicago Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade145,9557.82%
9th to 12th Grade142,5067.64%
High School Graduate427,00922.89%
Some College327,87217.58%
Associates Degree105,7925.67%
Bachelors Degree424,21222.74%
Graduate Degree291,90615.65%
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Chicago Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White702,037667,917438,455
Black541,381458,054111,842
Hispanic467,660313,91972,948
Other Race174,932106,82119,913
Asian129,191113,33278,385
Multiple Races36,69532,88717,752
Native American6,1014,4511,488
Islander54243187

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.14%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.45%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,238$44,546$37,618
Less Than High School$22,652$26,176$18,953
High School Grad$27,003$30,600$22,864
Some College$32,602$38,614$29,076
Bachelors Degree$58,376$64,498$53,041
Graduate Degree$74,823$87,631$67,646

$41,238

Average Earnings

$44,546

Average Male

$37,618

Average Female

Chicago Language

Chicago Language by Age

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Chicago Language

63.96% of Chicago residents speak only English, while 36.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 24.35% of the population.

Chicago Poverty

Chicago Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black799,997245,49330.69%
Hispanic779,581153,53019.69%
White869,89580,8339.29%
Other295,38060,88020.61%
Asian170,62632,25918.91%
Multiple72,67613,09418.02%
Native8,0051,52219.01%
Islander69316523.81%

19.51%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.53%

Male Poverty Rate

21.36%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Chicago

The race most likely to be in poverty in Chicago is Black, with 30.69% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Chicago is White, with 9.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.90%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.13%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.84%
High School20.35%
Some College15.99%
Bachelors or Greater6.50%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.31%
Male Unemployed35.40%
Female Employed9.38%
Male Employed6.76%

Chicago Income

Chicago Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$55,198$85,837
Families$64,997$101,014
Married Families$92,086$131,636
Non Families$43,215$65,990
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Chicago Marital Status

Chicago Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

35.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.0%

Male Marriage Rate

33.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Chicago Married by Age and Sex

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Chicago Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Chicago Marital Status by Race

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Chicago Veterans

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71,067

Number of Veterans

65,486

Male Veterans

5,581

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam24,191
First Gulf War11,096
Second Gulf War10,944
Korea6,417
World War II3,251
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 7419,349
75+17,178
35 to 5416,212
55 to 6411,794
18 to 346,534
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Name Veterans % of Total
White34,1943.10%
Black30,9934.95%
Hispanic8,2411.48%
Other2,3231.11%
2 or More1,8093.98%
Asian1,3470.90%
Indian3204.59%
Hawaiian8113.75%

Chicago Veterans by Education

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11.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.13%

Veteran Disability Rate

Chicago Employment Status

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66.7%

Labor Force Participation

60.7%

Employment Rate

8.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.30%

Born in Illinois

79.44%

Native Born

20.56%

Foreign Born

11.38%

Non Citizen

9.18%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.44% of Chicago residents were born in the United States, with 59.30% having been born in Illinois. 11.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,694,240-5,880-0.22%
20192,700,120-5,870-0.22%
20182,705,990-7,080-0.26%
20172,713,070-5,880-0.22%
20162,718,950-7,270-0.27%
20152,726,220-2,300-0.08%
20142,728,5201,7500.06%
20132,726,7707,0300.26%
20122,719,74011,5300.43%
20112,708,21010,6800.40%
20102,697,530-198,490-0.71%
20002,896,020112,2900.40%
19902,783,730-221,340-0.76%
19803,005,070-364,290-1.14%
19703,369,360-181,040-0.52%
19603,550,400-70,560-0.20%
19503,620,960224,1500.64%
19403,396,81020,3700.06%
19303,376,440674,7402.25%
19202,701,700516,4202.14%
19102,185,280486,7002.55%
19001,698,580598,7304.44%
18901,099,850596,6658.13%
1880503,185204,2085.34%
1870298,977186,80510.30%
1860112,17282,20914.11%
185029,96325,49320.96%
18404,4700.00%