Chicago, Illinois Population 2022

2,671,640
map placeholder

Chicago is a city located in Cook County Illinois. Chicago has a 2020 population of 2,671,640. It is also the county seat of Cook County. Chicago is currently declining at a rate of -0.28% annually and its population has decreased by -0.96% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,697,480 in 2010.

The average household income in Chicago is $90,713 with a poverty rate of 17.33%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,154 per month, and the median house value is $267,600. The median age in Chicago is 34.6 years, 33.9 years for males, and 35.4 years for females.

The latest estimate for the population of Chicago, Illinois comes from the US Census Bureau. They confirmed that, in July 2011, there were 2,707,120 people living in the city of Chicago. The population has been estimated to be approximately 2,679,080, with slow growth and declines attributed to violence, tax increases and issues with schools.

This estimate is based on extrapolating the 2010 census data, which reported that the city was home to 2,695,598 people. The 2010 census showed a dramatic drop of almost 7% over the previous ten years, so if the Census Bureau's 2011 figures are correct, they would appear to show Chicago tentatively entering a new period of growth.

The 2016 estimated population of 2.7 million makes Chicago the third largest city in the United States, behind New York City (8.55 million) and Los Angeles (3.97 million). Chicago is by far the largest city in Illinois, with the next largest city, Aurora, being under 200,000 people.

Population of the Chicago Metropolitan Area

Today, Chicago the city makes up only just over a quarter of the wider Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Area's population. According to data from the 2010 census, the CJN Metro Area is home to an impressive 9,504,753 people. In 2016, this number is estimated to be around 9,554,598. Like the city of Chicago, the CJN Metro Area is also the third largest in the US, behind New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (20.18 million) and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (13.34 million) metro areas.

As the population of Chicago itself has gradually fallen, the population of its wider metro area has grown, representing both natural growth in those areas and a gradual move of the city's workforce into its suburbs. Like Chicago itself, the northern suburbs are relatively more affluent than its southern suburbs.

Chicago Diversity

The city's white population is found primarily in the Northern part of the city, and its black community in the Southern part of the city (as can be seen from this map, in which red dots represent Whites, blue dots represent Blacks and orange dots represent Hispanics.) The geographical distribution of race in Chicago is mostly a result of Chicago's historically racist housing allocation policy, which forced its black population into the cheaper Chicago South Side.

Looking back into historical data also shows some interesting trends – non-Hispanic whites made up 59% of the residents of Chicago in 1970, falling to just 31.7% in 2010 – which indicates that many of the people leaving the city over the past few decades for the suburbs have been from among its relatively more affluent white population.

Chicago Census 2010 - further reading

The best source for official data about Chicago from the 2010 census is, of course, the official census website. The census.gov Chicago quick facts page contains not only high-level data on Chicago's population, but also more detailed statistics on the average income in Chicago, the city's age distribution, its businesses, and other important facts.

You can also find some interesting data, including some useful Chicago population maps at the University of Chicago library website and a great news portal covering the 2010 census as it applied to the Windy City at the Chicago Tribune newspaper.

Finally, just as a word of caution to indicate that published statistics aren't always the final word, this article in the Chicago Tribune reports that Mayor Rahm Emanuel is challenging the results of the 2010 census. He believes that the census undercounted the city's population by around 200,000 people. Why is this so important to him? Because millions of dollars of federal subsidies, which are allocated based on relative population, are at stake.

Just around 200 settlers founded the town of Chicago in 1833, and almost immediately this small town on the US frontier became a boom town. Seven years later, the census came to town for the first time and recorded a healthy population of 4,000. Every ten years the census came, and almost every time it registered that the city's population had doubled or more. By the time the 1890 census rolled around, over a million people were living in Chicago, America's second largest city.

Growth, fueled by wave after wave of immigration; continued right up until 1950, where Chicago reached its highest ever population of 3,620,962.

Ever since then, Chicago has, like so many of America's grand cities, been in decline. Almost every census since 1960 has recorded a drop in population – sometimes as much as 10% in a decade – as the city's population gradually moves outwards to the more hospitable surrounding suburbs.

Chicago Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Chicagowas:

  • White: 47.73%
  • Black or African American: 29.22%
  • Other race: 10.55%
  • Asian: 6.84%
  • Two or more races: 5.28%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Chicago, Illinois is 2,671,640 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 2,671,640.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,697,480.

Chicago, Illinois Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20109,470,6300.00%
20119,500,87030,2400.32%
20129,528,09027,2200.29%
20139,550,19022,1000.23%
20149,560,43010,2400.11%
20159,552,550-7,880-0.08%
20169,533,660-18,890-0.20%
20179,514,110-19,550-0.21%
20189,484,160-29,950-0.32%
20199,458,540-25,620-0.27%
20209,432,920-25,620-0.27%
20219,407,300-25,620-0.27%

Chicago Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,288,44147.73%
Black or African American788,73229.22%
American Indian and Alaska Native9,2440.34%
Asian184,7006.84%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander9700.04%
Some Other Race284,69110.55%
Two or More Races142,5695.28%
Loading...

Chicago Population by Race

Chicago Population Pyramid 2022

Loading...

Chicago Median Age

34.8


Total

34


Male

35.5


Female

Chicago Adults

There are 2,146,679 adults, (342,174 of whom are seniors) in Chicago.

Chicago Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Chicago Sex Ratio

Female

1,388,469

51.44%

Male

1,310,878

48.56%

Chicago Population by Age

Chicago Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Chicago Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.7%32.3%
All45.3%54.7%
Male44%56%
Female36.9%63.1%
Non Family32.9%67.1%

45.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Chicago Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,081,1432.4445.3
Married351,4773.4267.7
Male54,3523.5444
Female159,9253.636.9
Non Family515,3891.332.9

3.37

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

Loading...

Chicago Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade132,7637.05%
9th to 12th Grade133,0767.07%
High School Graduate414,03821.99%
Some College322,95917.15%
Associates Degree106,6265.66%
Bachelors Degree452,36024.02%
Graduate Degree321,19517.06%
Loading...

Chicago Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Chicago Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White709,008678,181461,307
Asian137,683120,67987,602
2+ Races82,39270,05131,111
Islander694589244
Native American6,3154,6701,758
Black535,752459,952122,334
Hispanic469,922329,32283,894
Other Race170,946109,06824,121

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.65%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.06%.

Chicago Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$45,220$49,974$41,387
Less Than 9th Grade$25,736$29,361$20,770
High School Graduate$29,394$32,945$24,416
Some College$35,398$41,401$31,064
Bachelors Degree$62,239$67,365$57,081
Graduate Degree$78,457$91,707$70,518

$45,220

Average Earnings

$49,974

Average Male

$41,387

Average Female

Chicago Earnings by Educational Attainment

Chicago Language by Age

Loading...

Chicago Language

64.50% of Chicago residents speak only English, while 35.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.71% of the population.

Chicago Language

Chicago Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black769,769217,51828.26%
Islander91219621.49%
Native9,0631,54817.08%
Hispanic763,789127,50616.69%
Asian180,05128,49015.82%
White878,27276,7888.74%
Other52,684NaN%
Multiple140,48719,89514.16%

17.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.53%

Male Poverty Rate

19.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Chicago

The race most likely to be in poverty in Chicago is Black, with 28.26% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Chicago is Multiple, with 14.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.23%.

Chicago Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.97%
High School19.04%
Some College15.16%
Bachelors or Greater6.07%

Chicago Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Employed5.68%
Male Unemployed31.80%
Female Employed8.29%
Female Unemployed40.41%

Chicago Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Chicago Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$62,097$94,733
Families$74,580$113,336
Married Families$104,021$146,244
Non Families$48,764$71,464
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Chicago Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates

35.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.6%

Male Marriage Rate

33.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Chicago Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Chicago Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Chicago Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Chicago Marital Status

Loading...

66,833

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War12,808
First Gulf War11,088
Vietnam22,230
Korea4,641
World War II2,095

Chicago Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
18 to 346,095
35 to 5415,198
55 to 6412,258
65 to 7417,404
75+15,878

Chicago Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White29,8222.80%
Black29,7474.87%
Native American2163.02%
Asian1,2500.79%
Islander779.80%
Other Race2,4941.21%
2+ Races3,2273.31%
Hispanic9,2581.66%

Chicago Veterans by Race

Chicago Veterans by Education

Loading...

11.19%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Chicago Veterans by Education

Loading...

67.2%

Labor Force Participation

61.8%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Chicago Employment by Age

Loading...

Chicago Employment by Race

Loading...

Chicago Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

59.37%

Born in Chicago

79.75%

Native Born

20.25%

Foreign Born

10.73%

Non Citizen

9.52%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.75% of Chicago residents were born in the United States, with 59.37% having been born in Illinois. 10.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Chicago Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18404,4700.00%
185029,96325,49320.96%
1860112,17282,20914.11%
1870298,977186,80510.30%
1880503,185204,2085.34%
18901,099,850596,6658.13%
19001,698,580598,7304.44%
19102,185,280486,7002.55%
19202,701,700516,4202.14%
19303,376,440674,7402.25%
19403,396,81020,3700.06%
19503,620,960224,1500.64%
19603,550,400-70,560-0.20%
19703,369,360-181,040-0.52%
19803,005,070-364,290-1.14%
19902,783,730-221,340-0.76%
20002,896,020112,2900.40%
20102,697,480-198,540-0.71%
20112,708,11010,6300.39%
20122,719,14011,0300.41%
20132,725,7306,5900.24%
20142,727,0701,3400.05%
20152,724,340-2,730-0.10%
20162,716,720-7,620-0.28%
20172,711,070-5,650-0.21%
20182,701,420-9,650-0.36%
20192,693,980-7,440-0.28%
20202,686,530-7,450-0.28%
20212,679,080-7,450-0.28%
20222,671,640-7,440-0.28%

Chicago Population by Year