Chicago, Illinois Population 2022

2,756,546
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Chicago is a city located in Cook County Illinois. It is also the county seat of Cook County. With a 2020 population of 2,756,546, it is the largest city in Illinois and the 3rd largest city in the United States. Chicago is currently growing at a rate of 0.18% annually and its population has increased by 0.37% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,746,388 in 2020. Spanning over 234 miles, Chicago has a population density of 12,124 people per square mile.

The average household income in Chicago is $90,713 with a poverty rate of 17.33%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Chicago is 34.6 years, 33.9 years for males, and 35.4 years for females.

The latest estimate for the population of Chicago, Illinois comes from the US Census Bureau. They confirmed that, in July 2011, there were 2,707,120 people living in the city of Chicago. The population has been estimated to be approximately 2,679,080, with slow growth and declines attributed to violence, tax increases and issues with schools.

This estimate is based on extrapolating the 2010 census data, which reported that the city was home to 2,695,598 people. The 2010 census showed a dramatic drop of almost 7% over the previous ten years, so if the Census Bureau's 2011 figures are correct, they would appear to show Chicago tentatively entering a new period of growth.

The 2016 estimated population of 2.7 million makes Chicago the third largest city in the United States, behind New York City (8.55 million) and Los Angeles (3.97 million). Chicago is by far the largest city in Illinois, with the next largest city, Aurora, being under 200,000 people.

Population of the Chicago Metropolitan Area

Today, Chicago the city makes up only just over a quarter of the wider Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Area's population. According to data from the 2010 census, the CJN Metro Area is home to an impressive 9,504,753 people. In 2016, this number is estimated to be around 9,554,598. Like the city of Chicago, the CJN Metro Area is also the third largest in the US, behind New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (20.18 million) and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (13.34 million) metro areas.

As the population of Chicago itself has gradually fallen, the population of its wider metro area has grown, representing both natural growth in those areas and a gradual move of the city's workforce into its suburbs. Like Chicago itself, the northern suburbs are relatively more affluent than its southern suburbs.

Chicago Diversity

The city's white population is found primarily in the Northern part of the city, and its black community in the Southern part of the city (as can be seen from this map, in which red dots represent Whites, blue dots represent Blacks and orange dots represent Hispanics.) The geographical distribution of race in Chicago is mostly a result of Chicago's historically racist housing allocation policy, which forced its black population into the cheaper Chicago South Side.

Looking back into historical data also shows some interesting trends – non-Hispanic whites made up 59% of the residents of Chicago in 1970, falling to just 31.7% in 2010 – which indicates that many of the people leaving the city over the past few decades for the suburbs have been from among its relatively more affluent white population.

Chicago Census 2010 - further reading

The best source for official data about Chicago from the 2010 census is, of course, the official census website. The census.gov Chicago quick facts page contains not only high-level data on Chicago's population, but also more detailed statistics on the average income in Chicago, the city's age distribution, its businesses, and other important facts.

You can also find some interesting data, including some useful Chicago population maps at the University of Chicago library website and a great news portal covering the 2010 census as it applied to the Windy City at the Chicago Tribune newspaper.

Finally, just as a word of caution to indicate that published statistics aren't always the final word, this article in the Chicago Tribune reports that Mayor Rahm Emanuel is challenging the results of the 2010 census. He believes that the census undercounted the city's population by around 200,000 people. Why is this so important to him? Because millions of dollars of federal subsidies, which are allocated based on relative population, are at stake.

Just around 200 settlers founded the town of Chicago in 1833, and almost immediately this small town on the US frontier became a boom town. Seven years later, the census came to town for the first time and recorded a healthy population of 4,000. Every ten years the census came, and almost every time it registered that the city's population had doubled or more. By the time the 1890 census rolled around, over a million people were living in Chicago, America's second largest city.

Growth, fueled by wave after wave of immigration; continued right up until 1950, where Chicago reached its highest ever population of 3,620,962.

Ever since then, Chicago has, like so many of America's grand cities, been in decline. Almost every census since 1960 has recorded a drop in population – sometimes as much as 10% in a decade – as the city's population gradually moves outwards to the more hospitable surrounding suburbs.

Chicago Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Chicagowas:

  • White: 47.73%
  • Black or African American: 29.22%
  • Other race: 10.55%
  • Asian: 6.84%
  • Two or more races: 5.28%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Chicago, Illinois is 2,756,546 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,746,388.

Chicago, Illinois Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Chicago Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Chicago Population by Race

Chicago Population Pyramid 2022

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Chicago Median Age

34.8


Total

34


Male

35.5


Female

Chicago Adults

There are 2,146,679 adults, (342,174 of whom are seniors) in Chicago.

Chicago Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Chicago Sex Ratio

Female

1,388,469

51.44%

Male

1,310,878

48.56%

Chicago Population by Age

Chicago Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Chicago Household Types

45.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Chicago Households and Families

3.37

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

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Chicago Households by Type

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Chicago Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Chicago Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.65%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.06%.

Chicago Educational Attainment by Race

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$45,220

Average Earnings

$49,974

Average Male

$41,387

Average Female

Chicago Earnings by Educational Attainment

Chicago Language by Age

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Chicago Language

64.50% of Chicago residents speak only English, while 35.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.71% of the population.

Chicago Language

Chicago Poverty by Race

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17.33%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.53%

Male Poverty Rate

19.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Chicago

The race most likely to be in poverty in Chicago is Black, with 28.26% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Chicago is Multiple, with 14.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.23%.

Chicago Poverty

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Chicago Poverty Rate by Education

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Chicago Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Chicago Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Chicago Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

35.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

37.6%

Male Marriage Rate

33.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Chicago Married by Age and Sex

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Chicago Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Chicago Marital Status by Race

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Chicago Marital Status

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66,833

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Chicago Veterans by War

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Chicago Veterans by Age

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Chicago Veterans by Race

Chicago Veterans by Education

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11.19%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Chicago Veterans by Education

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67.2%

Labor Force Participation

61.8%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Chicago Employment by Age

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Chicago Employment by Race

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Chicago Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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59.37%

Born in Chicago

79.75%

Native Born

20.25%

Foreign Born

10.73%

Non Citizen

9.52%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.75% of Chicago residents were born in the United States, with 59.37% having been born in Illinois. 10.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Chicago Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Chicago Population by Year