Cincinnati, Ohio Population 2022

311,791
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Cincinnati is a city located in Brown County, Clermont County, and Hamilton County Ohio. It is also the county seat of Hamilton County. With a 2020 population of 311,791, it is the 3rd largest city in Ohio and the 66th largest city in the United States. Cincinnati is currently growing at a rate of 0.40% annually and its population has increased by 0.80% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 309,317 in 2020. Spanning over 80 miles, Cincinnati has a population density of 4,006 people per square mile.

The average household income in Cincinnati is $65,213 with a poverty rate of 24.30%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Cincinnati is 32.2 years, 31.2 years for males, and 33.2 years for females.

The city sits on the border of Ohio and Kentucky at the meeting of the Ohio River and the Licking River. Cincinnati's population is slowly declining.

Cincinnati has had a steadily declining population for several decades. Between 2000 and 2010, the population dropped from 331,300 to 296,900. While the worst of the decline seems to be over, Cincinnati still has not recovered its previous population.

Strained Racial Relations in Cincinnati

Cincinnati has historically been predominantly white, with a 1940 white population accounting for 88% of the population. Cincinnati has dealt with strained race relations for much of its history, however. Due to its location on the Ohio River, the city was a border town between Kentucky, a slave state, and Ohio, with many residents playing a role in abolitionism. Many fugitive slaves also crossed at Cincinnati to escape North, and it had several stations on the Underground Railroad.

There have been many race riots in Cincinnati. The earliest occurred in 1829 when a riot broke out as anti-abolitionists attacked black people in the city, with other riots happening in 1836 and 1841.

One of the most recent racially-charged riots occurred in 2001 when police shot and killed a black man during a foot pursuit. Racial agitation again reared its head with the case of a university officer named Ray Tensing and his actions in the death of Samuel DuBose, which lead to some protests and two mistrials in court as juries became deadlocked and could not reach an agreement.

Cincinnati Population Growth

Like many other large industrial cities, Cincinnati recorded a peak population in 1950 and it has steadily lost people since. Cincinnati has lost 43% of its peak population, while its metropolitan area has doubled in population.

Municipal boundaries have remained unchanged since 1950, yet thousands of pre-war homes and apartments have now been replaced by non-residential structures, including expressways, hospitals, and universities.

Cincinnati is in a tight position, as increasing the population in the city proper would now require higher rents, increased traffic and most likely the demolition of many historic buildings for the construction of high-rise apartments.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics recently rated the U.S. metropolitan areas with the highest and lowest projected job growth. Cincinnati was ranked as one of the bottom ten urban areas for job growth, which does not bode well for increased population in the near future.

Cincinnati was founded in 1788. The original surveyor of the area, John Filson, originally named the settlement Losantiville, which combines four terms from different languages to mean "the town opposite the mouth of the Licking River." The agreement was renamed Cincinnati in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair to honor the Society of the Cincinnati, which honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter-day Cincinnatus.

By 1819, the city was incorporated. The introduction of steam navigation on the Ohio River helped Cincinnati grow to 115,000 people by 1850, and the area began to multiply. In its early history, Cincinnati depended heavily on trade with slave states to the south and African Americans began to settle the area in growing numbers. This led to tensions and racially-fueled riots.

Cincinnati later played a significant role in the Civil War, serving as a source for troops and supplies for the Union Army. While Cincinnati later made it through the Great Depression better than most large cities in the United States, it was devastated not long afterward by the flood of 1937, one of the worst floods in the history of the country.

Cincinnati was a major boomtown in the heart of the United States for the early part of the 19th century, but by the end of the city, as the country moved from steamboats to railroads, the city was surpassed in importance and population by other cities like Chicago.

Cincinnati Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cincinnatiwas:

  • White: 50.33%
  • Black or African American: 41.37%
  • Two or more races: 4.58%
  • Asian: 2.19%
  • Other race: 1.42%
  • Native American: 0.07%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Cincinnati, Ohio is 311,791 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 309,317.

Cincinnati, Ohio Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Cincinnati Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Cincinnati Population by Race

Cincinnati Population Pyramid 2022

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Cincinnati Median Age

32.4


Total

31.5


Male

33.4


Female

Cincinnati Adults

There are 237,170 adults, (37,738 of whom are seniors) in Cincinnati.

Cincinnati Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

18.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Cincinnati Sex Ratio

Female

156,165

51.59%

Male

146,522

48.41%

Cincinnati Population by Age

Cincinnati Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Cincinnati Household Types

38.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Cincinnati Households and Families

2.99

Average Family Size

2.09

Average Household Size

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Cincinnati Households by Type

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Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 94.83%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 79.74%.

Cincinnati Educational Attainment by Race

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$38,005

Average Earnings

$42,147

Average Male

$34,139

Average Female

Cincinnati Earnings by Educational Attainment

Cincinnati Language by Age

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Cincinnati Language

91.35% of Cincinnati residents speak only English, while 8.65% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.23% of the population.

Cincinnati Language

Cincinnati Poverty by Race

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24.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.84%

Male Poverty Rate

25.66%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cincinnati

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is Hispanic, with 35.72% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cincinnati is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.12%.

Cincinnati Poverty

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Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Education

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Cincinnati Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Cincinnati Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Cincinnati Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

29.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.7%

Male Marriage Rate

28.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Cincinnati Married by Age and Sex

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Cincinnati Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Cincinnati Marital Status by Race

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Cincinnati Marital Status

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13,030

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Cincinnati Veterans by War

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Cincinnati Veterans by Age

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Cincinnati Veterans by Race

Cincinnati Veterans by Education

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15.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.61%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cincinnati Veterans by Education

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66.6%

Labor Force Participation

61.6%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Cincinnati Employment by Age

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Cincinnati Employment by Race

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Cincinnati Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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69.70%

Born in Cincinnati

93.89%

Native Born

6.11%

Foreign Born

3.84%

Non Citizen

2.28%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.89% of Cincinnati residents were born in the United States, with 69.70% having been born in Ohio. 3.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

Cincinnati Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Cincinnati Population by Year