Cumberland, Maryland Population 2020

18,988
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Cumberland is a city located in Maryland. With a 2020 population of 18,988, it is the 12th largest city in Maryland and the 1926th largest city in the United States. Cumberland is currently declining at a rate of -1.28% annually and its population has decreased by -8.97% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,859 in 2010. Cumberland reached it's highest population of 39,483 in 1940. Spanning over 10 miles, Cumberland has a population density of 1,889 people per square mile.

The average household income in Cumberland is $50,795 with a poverty rate of 22.65%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $660 per month, and the median house value is $93,000. The median age in Cumberland is 39.4 years, 37.2 years for males, and 41.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.2 males.

Cumberland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cumberland was:

  • White: 89.05%
  • Black or African American: 6.87%
  • Two or more races: 3.29%
  • Asian: 0.51%
  • Other race: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
  • Native American: 0.01%
The current population of Cumberland, Maryland is 18,988, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 19,480.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 20,859.

Cumberland, Maryland Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202096,613-651-0.67%
201997,264-651-0.67%
201897,915-651-0.66%
201798,566-835-0.85%
201699,401-445-0.45%
201599,846-699-0.70%
2014100,545-684-0.68%
2013101,229-564-0.56%
2012101,793-797-0.78%
2011102,590-555-0.54%
2010103,1450.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White17,67289.05%
Black or African American1,3636.87%
Two or More Races6523.29%
Asian1010.51%
Some Other Race510.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander40.02%
American Indian and Alaska Native20.01%
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Cumberland Population Pyramid 2020

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Cumberland Median Age

39.4


Total

37.2


Male

41.4


Female

Cumberland Adults

There are 15,565 adults, (3,860 of whom are seniors) in Cumberland.

Cumberland Age Dependency

69.5

Age Dependency Ratio

33

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Cumberland Sex Ratio

Female

10,326

52.03%

Male

9,519

47.97%

Cumberland Households and Families

Cumberland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Cumberland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.6%28.4%
All52%48%
Non Family43.5%56.5%
Female37.1%62.9%
Male31.3%68.8%

52.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All8,3602.2652
Non Family3,8621.2143.5
Married2,9523.1471.6
Female1,2423.2437.1
Male304331.3

3.07

Average Family Size

2.26

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Cumberland Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3402.57%
9th to 12th Grade9036.83%
High School Graduate5,42841.08%
Some College2,76020.89%
Associates Degree1,2859.73%
Bachelors Degree1,43710.88%
Graduate Degree1,0608.02%
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Cumberland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White12,08310,9782,373
Black58850626
Multiple Races23720225
Hispanic22620830
Asian747139
Other Race2323
Islander444
Native American22

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,141$35,531$28,349
Less Than High School$18,953$24,141$14,702
High School Grad$22,371$25,078$20,417
Some College$32,423$38,009$29,447
Bachelors Degree$43,333$54,107$36,058
Graduate Degree$65,852$69,306$49,853

$31,141

Average Earnings

$35,531

Average Male

$28,349

Average Female

Cumberland Language

Cumberland Language by Age

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Cumberland Language

96.08% of Cumberland residents speak only English, while 3.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.86% of the population.

Cumberland Poverty

Cumberland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White16,8773,43720.36%
Black1,08652348.16%
Multiple60127946.42%
Hispanic38010026.32%
Asian972525.77%
Other51815.69%

22.65%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.70%

Male Poverty Rate

24.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cumberland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Black, with 48.16% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Other, with 15.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.21%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.67%
High School20.32%
Some College16.76%
Bachelors or Greater6.66%
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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed38.39%
Female Unemployed33.33%
Female Employed13.85%
Male Employed8.14%

Cumberland Income

Cumberland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$34,750$50,795
Families$48,958$65,067
Married Families$62,239-
Non Families$23,605$33,080
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Cumberland Marital Status

Cumberland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.6%

Male Marriage Rate

35.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Cumberland Married by Age and Sex

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Cumberland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Cumberland Marital Status by Race

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Cumberland Veterans

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1,542

Number of Veterans

1,437

Male Veterans

105

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam591
Second Gulf War300
First Gulf War196
Korea142
World War II94
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74439
75+403
55 to 64281
35 to 54264
18 to 34155
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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4049.93%
2 or More9328.70%
Black343.58%
Hispanic2810.00%
Other730.43%
Hawaiian4100.00%

Cumberland Veterans by Education

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12.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

44.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cumberland Employment Status

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55.9%

Labor Force Participation

49.8%

Employment Rate

10.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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72.68%

Born in Maryland

97.78%

Native Born

2.22%

Foreign Born

1.41%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.78% of Cumberland residents were born in the United States, with 72.68% having been born in Maryland. 1.41% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202018,988-246-1.28%
201919,234-246-1.26%
201819,480-152-0.77%
201719,632-246-1.24%
201619,878-163-0.81%
201520,041-189-0.93%
201420,230-170-0.83%
201320,400-140-0.68%
201220,540-175-0.84%
201120,715-83-0.40%
201020,798-720-0.34%
200021,518-2,188-0.96%
199023,706-2,227-0.89%
198025,933-3,791-1.36%
197029,724-3,691-1.16%
196033,415-4,264-1.19%
195037,679-1,804-0.47%
194039,4831,7360.45%
193037,7477,9102.38%
192029,8377,9983.17%
191021,8394,7112.46%
190017,1284,3993.01%
189012,7292,0361.76%
188010,6932,6372.87%
18708,0563,9787.05%
18604,078-1,995-3.90%
18506,0730.00%