Cumberland, Maryland Population 2022

18,729
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Cumberland is a city located in Allegany County Maryland. Cumberland has a 2020 population of 18,729. It is also the county seat of Allegany County. Cumberland is currently declining at a rate of -0.98% annually and its population has decreased by -9.97% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 20,802 in 2010.

The average household income in Cumberland is $52,612 with a poverty rate of 20.93%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $693 per month, and the median house value is $104,200. The median age in Cumberland is 39.7 years, 37.3 years for males, and 41.8 years for females.

Cumberland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cumberlandwas:

  • White: 89.83%
  • Black or African American: 5.87%
  • Two or more races: 3.57%
  • Asian: 0.44%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Other race: 0.06%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Cumberland, Maryland is 18,729 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 18,729.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 20,802.

Cumberland, Maryland Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010103,1700.00%
2011102,629-541-0.53%
2012101,833-796-0.78%
2013101,267-566-0.56%
2014100,587-680-0.68%
201599,879-708-0.71%
201699,428-451-0.45%
201798,575-853-0.87%
201897,894-681-0.70%
201997,284-610-0.63%
202096,674-610-0.63%
202196,064-610-0.63%

Cumberland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White17,51289.83%
Black or African American1,1445.87%
American Indian and Alaska Native430.22%
Asian860.44%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander20.01%
Some Other Race120.06%
Two or More Races6963.57%
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Cumberland Population by Race

Cumberland Population Pyramid 2022

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Cumberland Median Age

40.3


Total

36.8


Male

43.6


Female

Cumberland Adults

There are 15,433 adults, (4,374 of whom are seniors) in Cumberland.

Cumberland Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Cumberland Sex Ratio

Female

9,974

51.16%

Male

9,521

48.84%

Cumberland Population by Age

Cumberland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Cumberland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.7%20.3%
All55.8%44.2%
Non Family44.3%55.7%
Male40.2%59.8%
Female39.8%60.2%

55.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Cumberland Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All8,2792.2155.8
Married2,8953.0179.7
Male3383.4940.2
Female1,2263.1439.8
Non Family3,8201.1844.3

2.96

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

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Cumberland Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3392.59%
9th to 12th Grade8246.30%
High School Graduate4,95537.89%
Some College2,86321.90%
Associates Degree1,36810.46%
Bachelors Degree1,64012.54%
Graduate Degree1,0878.31%
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Cumberland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Cumberland Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Islander222
Asian584926
White12,24511,1852,658
Hispanic21221219
2+ Races1451248
Black39334414
Native American3410

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

Cumberland Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,392$39,755$30,167
Less Than 9th Grade$21,855$23,227$20,272
High School Graduate$26,924$30,934$25,767
Some College$34,352$37,912$29,182
Bachelors Degree$52,679$55,846$48,681
Graduate Degree$66,188$86,202$52,121

$35,392

Average Earnings

$39,755

Average Male

$30,167

Average Female

Cumberland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Cumberland Language by Age

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Cumberland Language

96.43% of Cumberland residents speak only English, while 3.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.68% of the population.

Cumberland Language

Cumberland Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Native433376.74%
Multiple60332353.57%
Black68434250.00%
Hispanic35113438.18%
White16,6723,04618.27%
Asian8078.75%
Other8NaN%

20.93%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.13%

Male Poverty Rate

21.72%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cumberland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Native, with 76.74% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.78%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.33%.

Cumberland Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade42.32%
High School22.65%
Some College16.02%
Bachelors or Greater5.34%

Cumberland Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed8.63%
Male Unemployed51.51%
Female Employed13.76%
Female Unemployed50.62%

Cumberland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Cumberland Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$40,888$59,278
Families$56,687$75,828
Married Families$74,505-
Non Families$24,640$38,420
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Income by Household Type

Cumberland Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.3%

Male Marriage Rate

36.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Cumberland Married by Age and Sex

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Cumberland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Cumberland Marital Status by Race

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Cumberland Marital Status

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1,501

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War281
First Gulf War264
Vietnam574
Korea156
World War II71

Cumberland Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34112
35 to 54335
55 to 64171
65 to 74441
75+442

Cumberland Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,4179.96%
Black283.31%
Native American25.88%
Asian1112.79%
Islander2100.00%
2+ Races4117.98%
Hispanic6525.19%

Cumberland Veterans by Race

Cumberland Veterans by Education

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8.94%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.99%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cumberland Veterans by Education

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51.7%

Labor Force Participation

47.6%

Employment Rate

7.8%

Unemployment Rate

Cumberland Employment by Age

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Cumberland Employment by Race

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Cumberland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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75.04%

Born in Cumberland

98.19%

Native Born

1.81%

Foreign Born

0.55%

Non Citizen

1.25%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.19% of Cumberland residents were born in the United States, with 75.04% having been born in Maryland. 0.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Europe.

Cumberland Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18506,0730.00%
18604,078-1,995-3.90%
18708,0563,9787.05%
188010,6932,6372.87%
189012,7292,0361.76%
190017,1284,3993.01%
191021,8394,7112.46%
192029,8377,9983.17%
193037,7477,9102.38%
194039,4831,7360.45%
195037,679-1,804-0.47%
196033,415-4,264-1.19%
197029,724-3,691-1.16%
198025,933-3,791-1.36%
199023,706-2,227-0.89%
200021,518-2,188-0.96%
201020,802-716-0.34%
201120,721-81-0.39%
201220,545-176-0.85%
201320,404-141-0.69%
201420,236-168-0.82%
201520,043-193-0.95%
201619,880-163-0.81%
201719,623-257-1.29%
201819,469-154-0.78%
201919,284-185-0.95%
202019,099-185-0.96%
202118,914-185-0.97%
202218,729-185-0.98%

Cumberland Population by Year