Cumberland, Maryland Population 2024

18,461

Cumberland is a city located in Allegany County Maryland. Cumberland has a 2024 population of 18,461. It is also the county seat of Allegany County.Cumberland is currently declining at a rate of -0.83% annually and its population has decreased by -2.95% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 19,022 in 2020.

The average household income in Cumberland is $66,628 with a poverty rate of 21.8%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Cumberland is 41.8 years, 39.3 years for males, and 44.2 years for females.

Cumberland Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Cumberland was:

  • White: 88.36%
  • Two or more races: 6.08%
  • Black or African American: 4.32%
  • Asian: 0.84%
  • Other race: 0.32%
  • Native American: 0.08%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
10.1 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,836.30/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-2.95% (-561)
The current population of Cumberland, Maryland is 18,461 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 19,022.

Cumberland, Maryland Population 2024

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Cumberland Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White16,82588.36%
Two or more races1,1586.08%
Black or African American8224.32%
Asian1590.84%
Other race610.32%
Native American160.08%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Two or more races

Black or African American

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Cumberland Population by Race

Cumberland Population Pyramid 2024

Cumberland Median Age

41.8

Total

39.3

Male

44.2

Female

Cumberland Adults

There are 15,212 adults, (4,516 of whom are seniors) in Cumberland.

Cumberland Age Dependency

78

Age Dependency Ratio

42.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Cumberland Sex Ratio

Female9,53650.08%
Male9,50549.92%

Cumberland Population by Age

Cumberland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All8,3432.1459.140.9
Non Family4,0231.1649.850.2
Married2,7832.9778.321.7
Female1,1773.1545.654.4
Male3603.4860.339.7
showing: 5 rows

2.94

Average Family Size

2.14

Average Household Size

59.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Cumberland Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Cumberland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Cumberland Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among 2+ races people with a rate of 92.96%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 85.71%.

Cumberland Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$40,898

Average Earnings

$44,492

Average Male

$34,444

Average Female

Cumberland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Cumberland Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Cumberland Language

96.09% of Cumberland residents speak only English, while 3.91% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 2.03% of the population.

Cumberland Language

Cumberland Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White16,0753,30720.57%
Multiple1,09528726.21%
Black46119241.65%
Hispanic40318946.9%
Other614878.69%
Native161381.25%
Asian15385.23%
showing: 7 rows

21.8%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.02%

Male Poverty Rate

23.62%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Cumberland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Native, with 81.25% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Cumberland is Asian, with 5.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.41%.

Cumberland Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade37.81%
High School28.19%
Some College17.28%
Bachelors or Greater6.44%
showing: 4 rows

Cumberland Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Male Unemployed50.44%
Female Unemployed40.93%
Female Employed11.35%
Male Employed8.09%
showing: 4 rows

Cumberland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Cumberland Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Cumberland Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

37.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

35.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Cumberland Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Cumberland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Cumberland Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Cumberland Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

1,289

Number of Veterans

1,188

Male Veterans

101

Female Veterans

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Cumberland Veterans by War

count

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Cumberland Veterans by Age

count

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Cumberland Veterans by Race

Cumberland Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.52%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Cumberland Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

50.9%

Labor Force Participation

46.2%

Employment Rate

9.1%

Unemployment Rate

Cumberland Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Cumberland Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Cumberland Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

75.07%

Born in Cumberland

98.01%

Native Born

1.99%

Foreign Born

0.25%

Non Citizen

1.73%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.01% of Cumberland residents were born in the United States, with 75.07% having been born in Maryland. 0.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Cumberland Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202917,691-154-0.86%
202817,845-154-0.86%
202717,999-154-0.85%
202618,153-154-0.84%
202518,307-154-0.83%
202418,461-154-0.83%
202318,615-154-0.82%
202218,769-154-0.81%
202118,923-99-0.52%
202019,022-299-1.55%
201919,321-165-0.85%
201819,486-146-0.74%
201719,632-262-1.32%
201619,894-166-0.83%
201520,060-190-0.94%
201420,250-170-0.83%
201320,420-136-0.66%
201220,556-174-0.84%
201120,730-78-0.37%
201020,808-710-3.3%
200021,518-2,188-9.23%
199023,706-2,227-8.59%
198025,933-3,791-12.75%
197029,724-3,691-11.05%
196033,415-4,264-11.32%
195037,679-1,804-4.57%
194039,4831,7364.6%
193037,7477,91026.51%
192029,8377,99836.62%
191021,8394,71127.5%
190017,1284,39934.56%
189012,7292,03619.04%
188010,6932,63732.73%
18708,0563,97897.55%
18604,078-1,995-32.85%
18506,073
showing: 36 rows

Cumberland Population by Year