Detroit, Michigan Population 2023

616,710

Detroit is a city located in Wayne County Michigan. It is also the county seat of Wayne County. With a 2023 population of 616,710, it is the largest city in Michigan and the 28th largest city in the United States.Detroit is currently declining at a rate of -1.20% annually and its population has decreased by -8.28% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 672,351 in 2020. Spanning over 143 miles, Detroit has a population density of 4,446 people per square mile.

The average household income in Detroit is $44,730 with a poverty rate of 41.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Detroit is 34.6 years, 32.8 years for males, and 36.3 years for females.

Detroit, the most populous city in Michigan and the Metro Detroit area, serves as a vital port connecting the Great Lakes to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Detroit is also known as the traditional automotive center of the world, and its name is synonymous for the US auto industry, as well as its musical legacies, which have earned it the nicknames Motor City and Motown. Detroit's population in 2000 was 951,270, which dropped to only 713,777 by 2010.

Detroit's population has been declining for more than 60 years, and its 2016 estimated population of 677,116 represents a 0.94% decrease from its 2010 population. The urban area of Detroit is home to an estimated 3.7 million, while its metropolitan area has a population of 4.275 million. The Combined Statistical Area has a population of 5.2 million.

In 1950, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the country, but its population has been in decline for the past 60 years with the second largest population decline in the country (second only to St. Louis).

Because of this decline, Detroit now has a large number of abandoned buildings and homes and the area is dealing with urban decay.

Detroit's Decline

Detroit has been going through an economic decline for many years, in part due to urban decay, in which young, educated people move away from the city for better options. Other causes of Detroit's decline include segregation, politics, and of course, the collapse of the auto industry, which the city has relied on for many years.

Between 1947 and 1963, the city lost over 140,000 manufacturing jobs. In the next decade, Japanese car imports took up a greater share of the United States market, which took even more jobs from the region. Unfortunately, Detroit became dependent on a single industry -- automobiles -- and the city's population dropped by over 40% from 1970 to 2006.

Between 2000 and 2010, Detroit's population fell an astounding 25%, dropping the city from the 10th largest city in the country to the 18th. In 2010, Detroit's population was 713,000, a 60% decrease from its peak population of 1.8 million in 1950.

Detroit is an extreme case of what has affected other major, old industrial cities in the country. As the industrial cities in the United States declined, only Detroit hit rock bottom with $20 billion in unpaid bills in 2013 that led to the single largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.

Detroit Diversity

Along with its population problem, Detroit also has a demographics problem with a wide age distribution. 31.1% of its population is under 18, 9.7% are 18-24, 29.5% are 25-44, 19.3% are 45-64 and 10.4% are 65 or older. The median age in Detroit is 31, and for every 100 females aged 18, there are 83 males.

Detroit is also one of the poorest major cities in the United States, and poverty is a real problem. The median household income dropped from $29,526 in 2000 to $26,098 in 2009. A year later, it had fallen further to $25,787. nIn In 2010, the mean income is below the US average by thousands. 1 in 3 residents in the city are in poverty.

Oakland County, a part of Metro Detroit, was once one of the wealthiest counties in the US, but it is no longer in the top 25.

In 1940, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 90.4% of Detroit's population, but there has been a significant shift in its population to the suburbs since the 1950s. In 1910, only 6,000 black people lived in the city, which grew to 120,000 by 1930.

Detroit is still one of the most racially segregated cities in the country. While black people moved to Detroit from the 40s through the 70s to escape Jim Crow laws elsewhere, they encountered exclusion from white areas, sometimes through economic discrimination or even violence. The traditional boundary between white and black regions of the city is Eight Mile Road.

Blacks and African Americans makeup only 13% of the state's population as a whole but account for 82% of Detroit's population.

Detroit Population Growth

Detroit's population decline is expected to continue for some time. The city owes creditors $18 billion, and its bankruptcy case was approved in 2014. As of 2016, the future for the city remains unknown.

Even if Detroit comes up with a feasible plan, it doesn't answer the question of what will happen in the future. Detroit's revenues do not match its expenses, and it's dealing with a rapidly declining population, and thus lower tax revenues.

According to the US Census Bureau, Detroit's population decline is finally slowing, which means its 25% drop over the last ten years may have bottomed out. This doesn't say the slump is over, however, or that the city is rebounding.

It's currently estimated that Detroit's population will fall to just 610,000 people by 2030, down from 2013's 701,475. Demographer Kurt Metzger, however, adds that he believes the population will as low as 600,000 before stabilizing.

Detroit Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Detroit was:

  • Black or African American: 77.06%
  • White: 14.39%
  • Other race: 3.82%
  • Two or more races: 2.43%
  • Asian: 1.88%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Detroit, Michigan is 616,710 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 672,351.

Detroit, Michigan Population 2023

Detroit Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Black or African American

White

Other race

Two or more races

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Detroit Population by Race

Detroit Population Pyramid 2023

Detroit Median Age

34.6

Total

32.8

Male

36.3

Female

Detroit Adults

There are 505,520 adults, (93,716 of whom are seniors) in Detroit.

Detroit Age Dependency

63.3

Age Dependency Ratio

22.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Detroit Sex Ratio

Female354,04652.66%
Male318,30547.34%

Detroit Population by Age

Detroit Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.46

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

47.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Detroit Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Detroit Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Detroit Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 34.14%.

Detroit Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$29,745

Average Earnings

$31,207

Average Male

$27,712

Average Female

Detroit Earnings by Educational Attainment

Detroit Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Detroit Language

88.68% of Detroit residents speak only English, while 11.32% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.40% of the population.

Detroit Language

Detroit Poverty by Race

rate

41.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

32.28%

Male Poverty Rate

33.99%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Detroit

The race most likely to be in poverty in Detroit is Islander, with 75.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Detroit is White, with 34.37% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.27%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 43.48%.

Detroit Poverty

Detroit Poverty Rate by Education

Detroit Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Detroit Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Detroit Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

23.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

24.7%

Male Marriage Rate

21.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Detroit Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Detroit Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Detroit Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Detroit Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

25,491

Number of Veterans

22,751

Male Veterans

2,740

Female Veterans

Detroit Veterans by War

Detroit Veterans by Age

count

Detroit Veterans by Race

Detroit Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

18.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.88%

Veteran Disability Rate

Detroit Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

54.8%

Labor Force Participation

46.6%

Employment Rate

14.9%

Unemployment Rate

Detroit Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Detroit Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Detroit Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

79.60%

Born in Detroit

98.75%

Native Born

6.45%

Foreign Born

3.98%

Non Citizen

2.46%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.75% of Detroit residents were born in the United States, with 79.60% having been born in Michigan. 3.98% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Detroit Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Detroit Population by Year