Escondido, California Population 2020

152,245
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Escondido is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 152,245, it is the 38th largest city in California and the 174th largest city in the United States. Escondido is currently growing at a rate of 0.01% annually and its population has increased by 5.79% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 143,911 in 2010. Spanning over 37 miles, Escondido has a population density of 4,080 people per square mile.

The average household income in Escondido is $81,477 with a poverty rate of 14.90%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,382 per month, and the median house value is $423,000. The median age in Escondido is 33.8 years, 32.4 years for males, and 35 years for females. For every 100 females there are 100.6 males.

Escondido is located in the North County region of San Diego County just 30 miles northeast of San Diego. Escondido is part of the Greater San Diego metropolitan area which has an estimated population of 3.1 million.

Diversity

Escondido has a foreign-born population of 29%. Hispanics officially became the largest group in the city in 2010. Still, the racial and ethnic diversity in Escondido doesn't compare to other cities in San Diego.

The North County area of San Diego County, including Escondido, is the least diverse in the entire county. If two residents of southeastern San Diego are chosen at random, there's a 71% chance they will be of different ethnic and racial backgrounds. There's just a 25% chance in the North County area. Overall, San Diego is the 12th most diverse county in California.

Population Growth

It's projected that San Diego County will grow by 1 million people (42%) between 2000 and 2030. Some of this growth will be focused on Escondido, especially as home prices rise in San Diego which has already lured thousands to the more affordable Escondido area. Escondido is expected to continue its modest population growth through 2030.

Escondido is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The region was controlled by Spain from the end of the 18th century to the start of the 19th century. During this time, many missions were created throughout California. The area was converted into large ranchos when Mexico took control of the region. Most of modern-day Escondido is located on the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo or Devil's Corner land grant.

When California became part of the U.S., the first census in 1850 showed a mostly Spanish-speaking population in Escondido. It wasn't long before non-Hispanic settlers arrived in the area during the Southern California Land Boom. Rancho Rincon del Diablo was eventually sold to investors from Los Angeles in 1883 who incorporated the Escondido Land and Town Company. By 1888, Escondido was incorporated.

During its early history, Escondido was a small agricultural community focusing on grapes and later walnut, olive, orange, and lemon. Avocados became the city's largest crop in the 1960s but the region largely turned to housing developments just a decade later. It was during the 1960s and 1970s when Escondido experienced rapid growth, growing from a population of 16,300 in 1960 to 64,000 in 1980. By 1990, the population was 108,500.

Escondido Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Escondido was:

  • White: 74.03%
  • Other race: 11.13%
  • Asian: 6.85%
  • Two or more races: 4.30%
  • Black or African American: 2.42%
  • Native American: 0.99%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.28%
The current population of Escondido, California is 152,245, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 152,213.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 143,911.

Escondido, California Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White111,86874.03%
Some Other Race16,81611.13%
Asian10,3576.85%
Two or More Races6,4944.30%
Black or African American3,6542.42%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4970.99%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4290.28%
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Escondido Population Pyramid 2020

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Escondido Median Age

33.8


Total

32.4


Male

35


Female

Escondido Adults

There are 113,692 adults, (17,632 of whom are seniors) in Escondido.

Escondido Age Dependency

57.3

Age Dependency Ratio

18.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Escondido Sex Ratio

Female

75,343

49.86%

Male

75,772

50.14%

Escondido Households and Families

Escondido Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Escondido Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64%36%
All50.6%49.4%
Non Family39.7%60.3%
Female36.1%63.9%
Male30%70%

50.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All46,3383.2150.6
Married23,0463.8664
Non Family13,0141.4739.7
Female6,8063.9536.1
Male3,472430

3.69

Average Family Size

3.21

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Escondido Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,36813.66%
9th to 12th Grade8,0688.25%
High School Graduate22,21922.71%
Some College23,87524.41%
Associates Degree7,2297.39%
Bachelors Degree15,44615.79%
Graduate Degree7,6237.79%
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Escondido Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic42,66024,3343,570
White41,98339,84914,714
Other Race9,7815,662588
Asian7,8847,0663,287
Multiple Races3,0672,8681,145
Black2,6242,561464
Native American1,02972888
Islander36835848

The highest rate of high school graduation is among black people with a rate of 97.60%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.69%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,592$38,093$28,928
Less Than High School$22,834$26,928$16,937
High School Grad$29,901$32,702$26,303
Some College$36,210$42,497$29,615
Bachelors Degree$56,487$68,868$44,469
Graduate Degree$66,269$77,874$61,932

$33,592

Average Earnings

$38,093

Average Male

$28,928

Average Female

Escondido Language

Escondido Language by Age

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Escondido Language

53.64% of Escondido residents speak only English, while 46.36% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 39.53% of the population.

Escondido Poverty

Escondido Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic77,65514,83719.11%
White52,8595,43310.28%
Other16,6952,20313.20%
Asian10,2559549.30%
Multiple6,4906389.83%
Black3,55162817.69%
Native1,48529920.13%
Islander4208520.24%

14.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.51%

Male Poverty Rate

15.30%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Escondido

The race most likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Islander, with 20.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Asian, with 9.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.75%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.96%
High School15.49%
Some College10.44%
Bachelors or Greater4.57%
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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed26.84%
Female Unemployed19.87%
Female Employed8.21%
Male Employed7.51%

Escondido Income

Escondido Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$62,319$81,477
Families$68,116$88,420
Married Families$82,249$102,165
Non Families$40,501$54,773
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Escondido Marital Status

Escondido Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.2%

Male Marriage Rate

45.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Escondido Married by Age and Sex

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Escondido Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Escondido Marital Status by Race

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Escondido Veterans

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7,348

Number of Veterans

6,690

Male Veterans

658

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,174
First Gulf War1,770
Second Gulf War1,767
Korea632
World War II499
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,984
75+1,600
65 to 741,514
55 to 641,311
18 to 34939
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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,6026.68%
Hispanic9401.79%
Black62521.02%
Asian3794.40%
Other3012.50%
2 or More2747.00%
Hawaiian14234.38%
Indian252.02%

Escondido Veterans by Education

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7.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Escondido Employment Status

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66.1%

Labor Force Participation

62.2%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.33%

Born in California

72.08%

Native Born

27.92%

Foreign Born

17.38%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

72.08% of Escondido residents were born in the United States, with 52.33% having been born in California. 17.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020152,245160.01%
2019152,229160.01%
2018152,2138140.54%
2017151,399160.01%
2016151,3835590.37%
2015150,8241,0250.68%
2014149,7999390.63%
2013148,8601,2560.85%
2012147,6041,5021.03%
2011146,1021,6651.15%
2010144,43710,8780.79%
2000133,55924,9242.09%
1990108,63544,2805.38%
198064,35527,5635.75%
197036,79220,4158.43%
196016,3779,8339.61%
19506,5441,9843.68%
19404,5601,1392.92%
19303,4211,6326.70%
19201,7894552.98%
19101,3345795.86%
19007552143.39%
18905410.00%