Escondido, California Population 2021

151,289
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Escondido is a city located in San Diego County California. With a 2020 population of 151,289, it is the 37th largest city in California and the 174th largest city in the United States . Escondido is currently declining at a rate of -0.11% annually but its population has increased by 5.13% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 143,911 in 2010. Escondido reached it's highest population of 151,793 in 2018. Spanning over 37 miles, Escondido has a population density of 4,054 people per square mile.

The average household income in Escondido is $84,416 with a poverty rate of 14.16%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,448 per month, and the median house value is $450,200. The median age in Escondido is 34.4 years, 33.4 years for males, and 35.4 years for females.

Escondido is located in the North County region of San Diego County just 30 miles northeast of San Diego. Escondido is part of the Greater San Diego metropolitan area which has an estimated population of 3.1 million.

Diversity

Escondido has a foreign-born population of 29%. Hispanics officially became the largest group in the city in 2010. Still, the racial and ethnic diversity in Escondido doesn't compare to other cities in San Diego.

The North County area of San Diego County, including Escondido, is the least diverse in the entire county. If two residents of southeastern San Diego are chosen at random, there's a 71% chance they will be of different ethnic and racial backgrounds. There's just a 25% chance in the North County area. Overall, San Diego is the 12th most diverse county in California.

Population Growth

It's projected that San Diego County will grow by 1 million people (42%) between 2000 and 2030. Some of this growth will be focused on Escondido, especially as home prices rise in San Diego which has already lured thousands to the more affordable Escondido area. Escondido is expected to continue its modest population growth through 2030.

Escondido is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The region was controlled by Spain from the end of the 18th century to the start of the 19th century. During this time, many missions were created throughout California. The area was converted into large ranchos when Mexico took control of the region. Most of modern-day Escondido is located on the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo or Devil's Corner land grant.

When California became part of the U.S., the first census in 1850 showed a mostly Spanish-speaking population in Escondido. It wasn't long before non-Hispanic settlers arrived in the area during the Southern California Land Boom. Rancho Rincon del Diablo was eventually sold to investors from Los Angeles in 1883 who incorporated the Escondido Land and Town Company. By 1888, Escondido was incorporated.

During its early history, Escondido was a small agricultural community focusing on grapes and later walnut, olive, orange, and lemon. Avocados became the city's largest crop in the 1960s but the region largely turned to housing developments just a decade later. It was during the 1960s and 1970s when Escondido experienced rapid growth, growing from a population of 16,300 in 1960 to 64,000 in 1980. By 1990, the population was 108,500.

Escondido Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Escondido was:

  • White: 72.85%
  • Other race: 11.71%
  • Asian: 7.11%
  • Two or more races: 4.64%
  • Black or African American: 2.22%
  • Native American: 1.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.42%
The current population of Escondido, California is 151,289 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 151,793.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 143,911.

Escondido, California Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White110,21672.85%
Some Other Race17,72211.71%
Asian10,7637.11%
Two or More Races7,0204.64%
Black or African American3,3632.22%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5731.04%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6430.42%
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Escondido Population by Race

Escondido Population Pyramid $2021

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Escondido Median Age

34.4


Total

33.4


Male

35.4


Female

Escondido Adults

There are 114,260 adults, (18,537 of whom are seniors) in Escondido.

Escondido Age Dependency

58.1

Age Dependency Ratio

19.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Escondido Sex Ratio

Female

75,268

49.75%

Male

76,032

50.25%

Escondido Population by Age

Escondido Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Escondido Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.5%35.5%
All51.2%48.8%
Non Family39.8%60.2%
Male37.7%62.3%
Female34.4%65.6%

51.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Escondido Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All47,1013.1651.2
Married23,4793.8264.5
Non Family13,4141.439.8
Female6,4913.9734.4
Male3,7173.9537.7

3.67

Average Family Size

3.16

Average Household Size

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Escondido Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,36913.49%
9th to 12th Grade7,6437.71%
High School Graduate22,37022.57%
Some College24,83625.06%
Associates Degree7,2987.36%
Bachelors Degree15,59515.73%
Graduate Degree8,0048.08%
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Escondido Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Escondido Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic43,46225,5993,597
White41,78939,78214,965
Other Race10,2616,033602
Asian8,4207,4363,574
2+ Races3,3303,0971,054
Black2,4712,416473
Native American1,07178498
Islander508498128

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 98.03%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.45%.

Escondido Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,312$40,272$29,466
Less Than 9th Grade$23,213$27,816$17,812
High School Graduate$30,924$35,918$27,592
Some College$36,791$43,516$29,921
Bachelors Degree$59,593$73,852$48,091
Graduate Degree$69,936$85,650$63,262

$35,312

Average Earnings

$40,272

Average Male

$29,466

Average Female

Escondido Earnings by Educational Attainment

Escondido Language by Age

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Escondido Language

54.91% of Escondido residents speak only English, while 45.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 37.86% of the population.

Escondido Language

Escondido Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic77,48914,22318.35%
White52,2895,1199.79%
Other17,5922,05311.67%
Asian10,7528167.59%
Black3,26065620.12%
Multiple7,0166218.85%
Native1,55329018.67%
Islander6349815.46%

14.16%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.55%

Male Poverty Rate

14.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Escondido

The race most likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Black, with 20.12% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Asian, with 7.59% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.40%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.52%.

Escondido Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade20.05%
High School15.27%
Some College9.22%
Bachelors or Greater5.11%

Escondido Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed25.69%
Female Unemployed17.00%
Female Employed7.35%
Male Employed6.71%

Escondido Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Escondido Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$64,038$84,416
Families$70,901$92,740
Married Families$85,943$107,435
Non Families$40,589$54,325
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Income by Household Type

Escondido Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

45.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Escondido Married by Age and Sex

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Escondido Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Escondido Marital Status by Race

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Escondido Marital Status

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7,669

Number of Veterans

6,857

Male Veterans

812

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,238
Second Gulf War1,988
First Gulf War1,799
Korea562
World War II441

Escondido Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,135
75+1,649
65 to 741,469
55 to 641,456
18 to 34960

Escondido Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,7576.93%
Hispanic9601.82%
Black64322.99%
Asian4815.28%
2+ Races3377.87%
Other Race2712.16%
Islander15026.55%
Native American302.27%

Escondido Veterans by Race

Escondido Veterans by Education

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8.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.31%

Veteran Disability Rate

Escondido Veterans by Education

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66.4%

Labor Force Participation

62.9%

Employment Rate

4.7%

Unemployment Rate

Escondido Employment by Age

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Escondido Employment by Race

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Escondido Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.56%

Born in Escondido

72.25%

Native Born

27.75%

Foreign Born

16.24%

Non Citizen

11.52%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

72.25% of Escondido residents were born in the United States, with 52.56% having been born in California. 16.24% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Escondido Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021151,289-168-0.11%
2020151,457-168-0.11%
2019151,625-168-0.11%
2018151,7935730.38%
2017151,220160.01%
2016151,2045210.35%
2015150,6839750.65%
2014149,7089140.61%
2013148,7941,2240.83%
2012147,5701,4711.01%
2011146,0991,6591.15%
2010144,44010,8810.79%
2000133,55924,9242.09%
1990108,63544,2805.38%
198064,35527,5635.75%
197036,79220,4158.43%
196016,3779,8339.61%
19506,5441,9843.68%
19404,5601,1392.92%
19303,4211,6326.70%
19201,7894552.98%
19101,3345795.86%
19007552143.39%
18905410.00%

Escondido Population by Year