Escondido is a city located in San Diego County California. Escondido has a 2023 population of 149,482. Escondido is currently declining at a rate of -0.39% annually and its population has decreased by -1.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 151,260 in 2020.
The average household income in Escondido is $90,732 with a poverty rate of 13.05%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Escondido is 35.7 years, 34.8 years for males, and 36.7 years for females.
Escondido is located in the North County region of San Diego County just 30 miles northeast of San Diego. Escondido is part of the Greater San Diego metropolitan area which has an estimated population of 3.1 million.
Escondido has a foreign-born population of 29%. Hispanics officially became the largest group in the city in 2010. Still, the racial and ethnic diversity in Escondido doesn't compare to other cities in San Diego.
The North County area of San Diego County, including Escondido, is the least diverse in the entire county. If two residents of southeastern San Diego are chosen at random, there's a 71% chance they will be of different ethnic and racial backgrounds. There's just a 25% chance in the North County area. Overall, San Diego is the 12th most diverse county in California.
It's projected that San Diego County will grow by 1 million people (42%) between 2000 and 2030. Some of this growth will be focused on Escondido, especially as home prices rise in San Diego which has already lured thousands to the more affordable Escondido area. Escondido is expected to continue its modest population growth through 2030.
Escondido is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The region was controlled by Spain from the end of the 18th century to the start of the 19th century. During this time, many missions were created throughout California. The area was converted into large ranchos when Mexico took control of the region. Most of modern-day Escondido is located on the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo or Devil's Corner land grant.
When California became part of the U.S., the first census in 1850 showed a mostly Spanish-speaking population in Escondido. It wasn't long before non-Hispanic settlers arrived in the area during the Southern California Land Boom. Rancho Rincon del Diablo was eventually sold to investors from Los Angeles in 1883 who incorporated the Escondido Land and Town Company. By 1888, Escondido was incorporated.
During its early history, Escondido was a small agricultural community focusing on grapes and later walnut, olive, orange, and lemon. Avocados became the city's largest crop in the 1960s but the region largely turned to housing developments just a decade later. It was during the 1960s and 1970s when Escondido experienced rapid growth, growing from a population of 16,300 in 1960 to 64,000 in 1980. By 1990, the population was 108,500.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Escondido was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 87.46%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 45.37%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
58.07% of Escondido residents speak only English, while 41.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 35.59% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Black, with 28.7% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Escondido is Native, with 1.27% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.34%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.69%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.77%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Escondido
73.19% of Escondido residents were born in the United States, with 52.48% having been born in California. 13.96% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.