Essex, Maryland Population 2024

40,842

Essex is a city located in Baltimore County Maryland. Essex has a 2024 population of 40,842. Essex is currently declining at a rate of annually and its population has increased by 3.91% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 39,307 in 2020.

The average household income in Essex is $85,397 with a poverty rate of 12.12%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Essex is 40.4 years, 39.7 years for males, and 41.2 years for females.

Essex Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Essex was:

  • White: 58.8%
  • Black or African American: 31.89%
  • Two or more races: 6.03%
  • Other race: 1.57%
  • Asian: 1.57%
  • Native American: 0.14%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander:
Land Area (mi²)
9.3 sq mi
Density (mi²)
4,410.80/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
3.91% (1,535)
The current population of Essex, Maryland is 40,842 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 39,307.

Essex, Maryland Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White24,01758.8%
Black or African American13,02431.89%
Two or more races2,4626.03%
Other race6431.57%
Asian6401.57%
Native American560.14%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Essex Population by Race

Essex Population Pyramid 2024

Essex Median Age

40.4

Total

39.7

Male

41.2

Female

Essex Adults

There are 32,148 adults, (6,701 of whom are seniors) in Essex.

Essex Age Dependency

60.5

Age Dependency Ratio

26.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Essex Sex Ratio

Female21,49252.62%
Male19,35047.38%

Essex Population by Age

Essex Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All15,9552.545842
Non Family6,1921.2147.852.2
Married6,0603.2775.824.2
Female2,6323.4944.955.1
Male1,0713.7648.151.9
showing: 5 rows

3.22

Average Family Size

2.54

Average Household Size

58.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Essex Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Essex Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Essex Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 32.23%.

Essex Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$46,519

Average Earnings

$51,617

Average Male

$42,681

Average Female

Essex Earnings by Educational Attainment

Essex Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Essex Language

90.17% of Essex residents speak only English, while 9.83% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.09% of the population.

Essex Language

Essex Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White22,8722,1429.37%
Black12,8442,00815.63%
Multiple2,46267127.25%
Hispanic2,13030514.32%
Other643528.09%
showing: 5 rows

12.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.02%

Male Poverty Rate

13.11%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Essex

The race most likely to be in poverty in Essex is Multiple, with 27.25% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Essex is Other, with 8.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.79%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.09%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.71%.

Essex Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
High School13.28%
Less Than 9th Grade12.94%
Some College8.29%
Bachelors or Greater7.27%
showing: 4 rows

Essex Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed36.23%
Male Unemployed28.45%
Female Employed5.02%
Male Employed4.64%
showing: 4 rows

Essex Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Essex Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Essex Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.9%

Male Marriage Rate

37.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Essex Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Essex Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Essex Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Essex Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

2,336

Number of Veterans

2,211

Male Veterans

125

Female Veterans

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Essex Veterans by War

count

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Essex Veterans by Age

count

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Essex Veterans by Race

Essex Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

2.17%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Essex Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

66.2%

Labor Force Participation

62.2%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Essex Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Essex Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Essex Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

73.2%

Born in Essex

91.28%

Native Born

8.72%

Foreign Born

3.26%

Non Citizen

5.46%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

91.28% of Essex residents were born in the United States, with 73.2% having been born in Maryland. 3.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.

Essex Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
202440,842
202340,842
202240,8421320.32%
202140,7101,4033.57%
202039,307-130-0.33%
201939,437-1,043-2.58%
201840,4809862.5%
201739,4945391.38%
201638,9556991.83%
201538,2568762.34%
201437,380-511-1.35%
201337,891-775-2%
201238,6663500.91%
201138,316-946-2.41%
201039,262
showing: 15 rows

Essex Population by Year