Essex, Maryland Population 2020

40,480
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Essex is a city located in Maryland. Essex has a 2020 population of 40,480. Essex is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has increased by 3.10% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 39,262 in 2010. Essex reached it's highest population of 40,480 in 2018.

The average household income in Essex is $66,835 with a poverty rate of 14.76%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,058 per month, and the median house value is $184,800. The median age in Essex is 36.5 years, 34.9 years for males, and 38 years for females. For every 100 females there are 86.6 males.

Essex Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Essex was:

  • White: 63.63%
  • Black or African American: 30.63%
  • Two or more races: 2.75%
  • Asian: 1.62%
  • Other race: 1.27%
  • Native American: 0.10%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%
The current population of Essex, Maryland is 40,480, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 40,480.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 39,262.

Essex, Maryland Population 2020

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White25,75863.63%
Black or African American12,39830.63%
Two or More Races1,1122.75%
Asian6571.62%
Some Other Race5131.27%
American Indian and Alaska Native420.10%
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Essex Population Pyramid 2020

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Essex Median Age

36.5


Total

34.9


Male

38


Female

Essex Adults

There are 30,709 adults, (6,064 of whom are seniors) in Essex.

Essex Age Dependency

64.3

Age Dependency Ratio

24.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Essex Sex Ratio

Female

21,697

53.60%

Male

18,783

46.40%

Essex Households and Families

Essex Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Essex Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married74.1%25.9%
All54.9%45.1%
Non Family47.2%52.8%
Male44.3%55.7%
Female37.8%62.2%

54.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All14,9722.6954.9
Non Family5,5051.1947.2
Married5,4393.4774.1
Female2,9523.6337.8
Male1,0763.8444.3

3.41

Average Family Size

2.69

Average Household Size

9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Essex Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade1,5815.84%
9th to 12th Grade3,08311.40%
High School Graduate10,53538.94%
Some College6,16222.78%
Associates Degree1,7766.56%
Bachelors Degree2,88410.66%
Graduate Degree1,0333.82%
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Essex Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White18,34514,9852,420
Black6,9216,0771,090
Hispanic863559156
Asian492376169
Multiple Races46742784
Other Race26219529
Native American181818

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,115$45,385$33,806
Less Than High School$29,622$38,370$17,297
High School Grad$34,890$41,456$31,086
Some College$42,054$50,099$34,346
Bachelors Degree$61,739$70,682$51,610
Graduate Degree$56,440$51,813$63,625

$40,115

Average Earnings

$45,385

Average Male

$33,806

Average Female

Essex Language

Essex Language by Age

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Essex Language

89.63% of Essex residents speak only English, while 10.37% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.28% of the population.

Essex Poverty

Essex Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White24,3213,00512.36%
Black12,3262,40319.50%
Multiple1,11226123.47%
Hispanic1,93625513.17%
Asian657304.57%
Other513183.51%

14.76%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.86%

Male Poverty Rate

15.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Essex

The race most likely to be in poverty in Essex is Multiple, with 23.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Essex is Other, with 3.51% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.50%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.66%
High School12.01%
Some College11.52%
Bachelors or Greater6.70%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.86%
Male Unemployed35.75%
Female Employed7.23%
Male Employed4.54%

Essex Income

Essex Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,885$66,835
Families$62,300$76,588
Married Families$86,237$95,396
Non Families$31,493$42,779
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Essex Marital Status

Essex Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.6%

Male Marriage Rate

35.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Essex Married by Age and Sex

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Essex Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Essex Marital Status by Race

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Essex Veterans

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2,279

Number of Veterans

1,959

Male Veterans

320

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam869
First Gulf War481
Second Gulf War363
Korea152
World War II108
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 74635
35 to 54622
75+510
55 to 64429
18 to 3483
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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,6798.03%
Black5406.51%
Hispanic504.42%
2 or More407.25%
Asian112.05%
Other92.63%

Essex Veterans by Education

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7.28%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Essex Employment Status

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62.9%

Labor Force Participation

57.7%

Employment Rate

8.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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77.09%

Born in Maryland

92.12%

Native Born

7.88%

Foreign Born

4.28%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.12% of Essex residents were born in the United States, with 77.09% having been born in Maryland. 4.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202040,4800.00%
201940,4800.00%
201840,4809862.50%
201739,4945391.38%
201638,9556991.83%
201538,2568762.34%
201437,380-511-1.35%
201337,891-775-2.00%
201238,6663500.91%
201138,316-946-2.41%
201039,2620.00%