Eugene is a city located in Lane County Oregon. Eugene has a 2023 population of 175,685. It is also the county seat of Lane County.Eugene is currently growing at a rate of 0.17% annually and its population has increased by 0.51% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 174,802 in 2020.
The average household income in Eugene is $82,121 with a poverty rate of 19.56%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Eugene is 35.1 years, 34.9 years for males, and 35.5 years for females.
Eugene is a city located in the state of Oregon. It serves as the county seat for Lane County. This city is most known for its outdoor activities and its culture of arts. Its official slogan is “A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors.”
There are more female residents than males, accounting for over 51% of the population. Just over 17% of Eugene’s population lives below the federal poverty line.
There are many churched located throughout Eugene, with many different religions represented. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewish synagogues.
Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The city’s population exceeded 10,000 in 1920 before nearly doubling just two years later. By 1960, the community was over 50,000. It had more than doubled in 1980. In 2010, the population grew past 150,000. Current estimates show that the population is up 6.7% from the 2010 census, indicating that this city is only going to continue to grow in the years ahead.
The Kalapuyan people were the first people to settle the area that is now the city of Eugene. However, inhabitants were believed to have occupied that area as far back as 10,000 years ago.
The Europeans did not arrive in Eugene until the early 19th century when French fur traders settled in the Willamette Valley. The traders negotiated with the Kalapuyan natives for land. Though they initially only lived in the area seasonally, by the end of the 1920s, people were staying year-round. Many of the French settlers also began taking Native wives, increasing the population of mixed race people.
In the early 1930s, disaster struck with the arrival of a disease known as intermittent fever – or what is thought today to be malaria. Approximately 92% of Kalapuyans perished from the disease during the 1830s and 1840s.
After this, more white settlers moved to the area. From 1840 through 1860, 11,000 colonists moved to the area. The remaining Kalapuyan people were moved to Indian reservations. Mixed race settlers were given the difficult choice of staying or living on the reservation.
In 1846, Eugene Skinner brought over 1,000 colonists to settle the area. He built the first cabin that was used as a trading post. Eugene’s first post office was established in 1850. The area was originally called Skinner’s Mudhole but was renamed and incorporated as Eugene City in 1862 before changing its name once more to Eugene in 1889.
Eugene’s first college was Columbia College, which burned down twice in four years. It was not rebuilt after it burned for the second time. The University of Oregon was established in 1876. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. One of the most notable things about this city through its history is that it was where Nike was created.
Through the 20th century, the city saw rapid population growth. However, in the 1980s, the population was negatively affected by the decline of the timber industry. Unemployment rates rose and people moved from the city. However, by the mid-1980s, the city bounced back and put more of a focus on the tech industry. Today, the city’s economy revolved primarily around the manufacturing of recreational vehicles and wood products.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Eugene was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 79.12%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 35.52%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
88.95% of Eugene residents speak only English, while 11.05% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.38% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Multiple, with 35.15% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Native, with 17.48% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.38%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.98%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Eugene
91.67% of Eugene residents were born in the United States, with 39.96% having been born in Oregon. 4.1% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.