Eugene, Oregon Population 2021

176,464
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Eugene is a city located in Lane County Oregon. It is also the county seat of Lane County. With a 2020 population of 176,464, it is the 3rd largest city in Oregon (after Portland and Salem) and the 151st largest city in the United States . Eugene is currently growing at a rate of 1.10% annually and its population has increased by 12.98% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 156,185 in 2010. Eugene reached it's highest population of 176,464 in 2021. Spanning over 44 miles, Eugene has a population density of 3,998 people per square mile.

The average household income in Eugene is $72,070 with a poverty rate of 20.38%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,031 per month, and the median house value is $288,600. The median age in Eugene is 34.7 years, 33.4 years for males, and 36 years for females.

Eugene is a city located in the state of Oregon. It serves as the county seat for Lane County. This city is most known for its outdoor activities and its culture of arts. Its official slogan is “A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors.”

Eugene Gender and Religion Statistics

There are more female residents than males, accounting for over 51% of the population. Just over 17% of Eugene’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

There are many churched located throughout Eugene, with many different religions represented. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewish synagogues.

Eugene Population Growth

Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The city’s population exceeded 10,000 in 1920 before nearly doubling just two years later. By 1960, the community was over 50,000. It had more than doubled in 1980. In 2010, the population grew past 150,000. Current estimates show that the population is up 6.7% from the 2010 census, indicating that this city is only going to continue to grow in the years ahead.

The Kalapuyan people were the first people to settle the area that is now the city of Eugene. However, inhabitants were believed to have occupied that area as far back as 10,000 years ago.

The Europeans did not arrive in Eugene until the early 19th century when French fur traders settled in the Willamette Valley. The traders negotiated with the Kalapuyan natives for land. Though they initially only lived in the area seasonally, by the end of the 1920s, people were staying year-round. Many of the French settlers also began taking Native wives, increasing the population of mixed race people.

In the early 1930s, disaster struck with the arrival of a disease known as intermittent fever – or what is thought today to be malaria. Approximately 92% of Kalapuyans perished from the disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

After this, more white settlers moved to the area. From 1840 through 1860, 11,000 colonists moved to the area. The remaining Kalapuyan people were moved to Indian reservations. Mixed race settlers were given the difficult choice of staying or living on the reservation.

In 1846, Eugene Skinner brought over 1,000 colonists to settle the area. He built the first cabin that was used as a trading post. Eugene’s first post office was established in 1850. The area was originally called Skinner’s Mudhole but was renamed and incorporated as Eugene City in 1862 before changing its name once more to Eugene in 1889.

Eugene’s first college was Columbia College, which burned down twice in four years. It was not rebuilt after it burned for the second time. The University of Oregon was established in 1876. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. One of the most notable things about this city through its history is that it was where Nike was created.

Through the 20th century, the city saw rapid population growth. However, in the 1980s, the population was negatively affected by the decline of the timber industry. Unemployment rates rose and people moved from the city. However, by the mid-1980s, the city bounced back and put more of a focus on the tech industry. Today, the city’s economy revolved primarily around the manufacturing of recreational vehicles and wood products.

Eugene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Eugene was:

  • White: 83.26%
  • Two or more races: 6.23%
  • Asian: 4.46%
  • Other race: 3.31%
  • Black or African American: 1.56%
  • Native American: 0.92%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.26%
The current population of Eugene, Oregon is 176,464 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 170,701.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 156,185.

Eugene, Oregon Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021389,1033,5180.90%
2020385,5853,5180.91%
2019382,0673,5180.92%
2018378,5493,2850.87%
2017375,2646,3901.70%
2016368,8746,9281.88%
2015361,9463,9191.08%
2014358,0272,5460.71%
2013355,4814060.11%
2012355,0751,0410.29%
2011354,0342,1140.60%
2010351,9200.00%

Eugene Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White140,12083.26%
Two or More Races10,4866.23%
Asian7,5144.46%
Some Other Race5,5723.31%
Black or African American2,6301.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,5410.92%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4390.26%
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Eugene Population by Race

Eugene Population Pyramid $2021

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Eugene Median Age

34.7


Total

33.4


Male

36


Female

Eugene Adults

There are 139,458 adults, (26,951 of whom are seniors) in Eugene.

Eugene Age Dependency

49.6

Age Dependency Ratio

24

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Eugene Sex Ratio

Female

86,009

51.10%

Male

82,293

48.90%

Eugene Population by Age

Eugene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Eugene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.3%26.7%
All47.3%52.7%
Male41.1%58.9%
Female38.3%61.7%
Non Family29.5%70.5%

47.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Eugene Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All70,3322.347.3
Non Family34,2691.5229.5
Married26,4662.9973.3
Female6,7383.1538.3
Male2,8593.2941.1

2.89

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

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Eugene Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,3002.13%
9th to 12th Grade4,3384.01%
High School Graduate18,23016.85%
Some College28,41026.27%
Associates Degree9,7048.97%
Bachelors Degree25,22523.32%
Graduate Degree19,95118.45%
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Eugene Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Eugene Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White90,21486,48038,874
Hispanic8,1306,0282,109
2+ Races4,0583,7711,500
Asian3,7713,4092,141
Other Race2,7891,572465
Black1,7291,621611
Native American843662105
Islander22920617

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.86%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 56.78%.

Eugene Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,217$37,766$30,686
Less Than 9th Grade$24,708$29,890$20,488
High School Graduate$26,984$30,393$23,618
Some College$30,242$33,210$27,650
Bachelors Degree$39,517$47,654$32,464
Graduate Degree$54,926$63,492$49,025

$33,217

Average Earnings

$37,766

Average Male

$30,686

Average Female

Eugene Earnings by Educational Attainment

Eugene Language by Age

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Eugene Language

89.25% of Eugene residents speak only English, while 10.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.39% of the population.

Eugene Language

Eugene Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White126,99922,93018.06%
Hispanic16,0454,19926.17%
Multiple10,0733,27132.47%
Asian7,2182,34832.53%
Other5,25792817.65%
Black2,51670728.10%
Native1,50954135.85%
Islander40611227.59%

20.38%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.91%

Male Poverty Rate

20.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Eugene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Native, with 35.85% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Other, with 17.65% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.29%.

Eugene Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade25.62%
High School18.41%
Some College14.86%
Bachelors or Greater7.87%

Eugene Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed47.21%
Male Unemployed43.21%
Female Employed14.92%
Male Employed11.55%

Eugene Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Eugene Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,962$72,070
Families$74,981$96,808
Married Families$90,647$113,470
Non Families$29,520$43,231
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Income by Household Type

Eugene Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

38.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.5%

Male Marriage Rate

38.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Eugene Married by Age and Sex

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Eugene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Eugene Marital Status by Race

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Eugene Marital Status

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9,842

Number of Veterans

8,944

Male Veterans

898

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,575
Second Gulf War1,999
First Gulf War1,412
Korea820
World War II307

Eugene Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,633
75+2,504
35 to 541,853
55 to 641,649
18 to 341,203

Eugene Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,9907.63%
2+ Races4236.23%
Hispanic3773.24%
Black1205.37%
Asian1191.77%
Other Race942.27%
Native American624.78%
Islander349.14%

Eugene Veterans by Race

Eugene Veterans by Education

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12.68%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.91%

Veteran Disability Rate

Eugene Veterans by Education

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62.4%

Labor Force Participation

58%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

Eugene Employment by Age

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Eugene Employment by Race

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Eugene Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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41.33%

Born in Eugene

92.41%

Native Born

7.59%

Foreign Born

4.52%

Non Citizen

3.06%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.41% of Eugene residents were born in the United States, with 41.33% having been born in Oregon. 4.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Eugene Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021176,4641,9211.10%
2020174,5431,9211.11%
2019172,6221,9211.13%
2018170,7011,3100.77%
2017169,3913,4642.09%
2016165,9273,0171.85%
2015162,9102,6501.65%
2014160,2601,8191.15%
2013158,4412030.13%
2012158,2388140.52%
2011157,4248970.57%
2010156,52718,6341.28%
2000137,89325,2242.04%
1990112,6697,0050.64%
1980105,66426,6362.95%
197079,02828,0514.48%
196050,97715,0983.57%
195035,87915,0415.58%
194020,8381,9370.98%
193018,9018,3085.96%
192010,5931,5841.63%
19109,0095,77310.78%
19003,2362,1195.46%
18801,1172562.64%
18708610.00%

Eugene Population by Year