Fresno, California Population 2022

551,595
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Fresno is a city located in Fresno County California. Fresno has a 2020 population of 551,595. It is also the county seat of Fresno County. Fresno is currently growing at a rate of 0.87% annually and its population has increased by 1.75% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 542,107 in 2010.

The average household income in Fresno is $69,880 with a poverty rate of 23.49%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,041 per month, and the median house value is $256,000. The median age in Fresno is 31 years, 30.3 years for males, and 31.9 years for females.

Fresno is about 200 miles north of Los Angeles and 170 miles south of Sacramento. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Diversity

Fresno has one of the largest urban populations in the United States. Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and quicker than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up the first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Before World War II, there were many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fresnowas:

  • White: 55.34%
  • Asian: 14.39%
  • Other race: 12.55%
  • Two or more races: 9.19%
  • Black or African American: 7.19%
  • Native American: 1.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.17%
The current population of Fresno, California is 551,595 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 542,107.

Fresno, California Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010932,0390.00%
2011939,4067,3670.78%
2012945,0455,6390.60%
2013951,5146,4690.68%
2014960,5679,0530.94%
2015969,4888,9210.92%
2016976,8307,3420.75%
2017985,2388,4080.85%
2018991,9506,7120.68%
2019999,1017,1510.72%
20201,006,2507,1490.71%
20211,013,4007,1500.71%

Fresno Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White291,15155.34%
Black or African American37,8147.19%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,1541.17%
Asian75,71514.39%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander9020.17%
Some Other Race66,04312.55%
Two or More Races48,3689.19%
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Fresno Population by Race

Fresno Population Pyramid 2022

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Fresno Median Age

31.4


Total

30.7


Male

32.2


Female

Fresno Adults

There are 377,961 adults, (60,909 of whom are seniors) in Fresno.

Fresno Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

19.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Fresno Sex Ratio

Female

266,303

50.61%

Male

259,844

49.39%

Fresno Population by Age

Fresno Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Fresno Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married62.5%37.5%
All46.8%53.2%
Male41.4%58.6%
Non Family37.3%62.7%
Female31.7%68.3%

46.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fresno Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All170,1373.0446.8
Married69,2963.8462.5
Male13,8783.7841.4
Female32,1013.8831.7
Non Family54,8621.3337.3

3.68

Average Family Size

3.04

Average Household Size

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Fresno Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade34,51010.74%
9th to 12th Grade33,93710.56%
High School Graduate71,64122.29%
Some College76,32223.74%
Associates Degree31,4589.79%
Bachelors Degree48,57215.11%
Graduate Degree24,9857.77%
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Fresno Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White105,54497,63636,003
Asian46,30635,88614,308
2+ Races23,41417,8764,126
Black22,76119,8063,927
Hispanic139,45493,34417,441
Other Race38,29624,3184,370
Native American4,0723,288442
Islander63757664

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 34.11%.

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,074$37,360$31,035
Less Than 9th Grade$21,631$24,974$16,202
High School Graduate$28,332$31,495$23,766
Some College$34,364$40,877$30,554
Bachelors Degree$51,456$58,141$46,877
Graduate Degree$81,057$90,528$73,921

$34,074

Average Earnings

$37,360

Average Male

$31,035

Average Female

Fresno Earnings by Educational Attainment

Fresno Language by Age

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Fresno Language

56.54% of Fresno residents speak only English, while 43.46% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 29.94% of the population.

Fresno Language

Fresno Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black36,83312,22433.19%
Native5,8811,74129.60%
Hispanic257,73872,20828.02%
Islander84919623.09%
Multiple47,52610,82422.77%
Asian75,00516,00621.34%
White134,25918,46913.76%
Other17,531NaN%

23.49%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.01%

Male Poverty Rate

24.93%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fresno

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fresno is Black, with 33.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fresno is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.26%.

Fresno Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade33.49%
High School21.10%
Some College14.79%
Bachelors or Greater6.68%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed9.39%
Male Unemployed34.41%
Female Employed11.64%
Female Unemployed39.48%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Fresno Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,368$73,396
Families$59,533$81,444
Married Families$78,241$103,407
Non Families$33,323$49,754
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Income by Household Type

Fresno Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.7%

Male Marriage Rate

38.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Fresno Married by Age and Sex

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Fresno Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Fresno Marital Status by Race

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Fresno Marital Status

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19,302

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War4,171
First Gulf War3,369
Vietnam6,771
Korea1,609
World War II877

Fresno Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 342,141
35 to 544,223
55 to 643,515
65 to 744,814
75+4,609

Fresno Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White13,7416.37%
Black1,7926.62%
Native American2565.41%
Asian1,3932.59%
Islander10914.32%
Other Race1,2622.69%
2+ Races7492.63%
Hispanic5,5403.23%

Fresno Veterans by Race

Fresno Veterans by Education

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11.93%

Veteran Poverty Rate

38.01%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fresno Veterans by Education

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61.6%

Labor Force Participation

55.6%

Employment Rate

9.5%

Unemployment Rate

Fresno Employment by Age

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Fresno Employment by Race

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Fresno Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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69.19%

Born in Fresno

80.38%

Native Born

19.62%

Foreign Born

9.86%

Non Citizen

9.76%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

80.38% of Fresno residents were born in the United States, with 69.19% having been born in California. 9.86% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Fresno Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18801,1120.00%
189010,8189,70625.55%
190012,4701,6521.43%
191024,89212,4227.16%
192045,08620,1946.12%
193052,5137,4271.54%
194060,6858,1721.46%
195091,66930,9844.21%
1960133,92942,2603.86%
1970165,65531,7262.15%
1980217,49151,8362.76%
1990354,202136,7115.00%
2000427,65273,4501.90%
2010494,66567,0131.47%
2011499,4094,7440.96%
2012504,1534,7440.95%
2013508,8974,7440.94%
2014513,6414,7440.93%
2015518,3854,7440.92%
2016523,1294,7440.92%
2017527,8734,7440.91%
2018532,6174,7440.90%
2019537,3614,7440.89%
2020542,1074,7460.88%
2021546,8514,7440.88%
2022551,5954,7440.87%

Fresno Population by Year