Fresno, California Population 2021

537,100
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Fresno is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 537,100, it is the 5th largest city in California (after , , , and ) and the 35th largest city in the United States. Fresno is currently growing at a rate of 0.52% annually and its population has increased by 8.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 494,665 in 2010. Fresno reached it's highest population of 537,100 in 2021. Spanning over 116 miles, Fresno has a population density of 4,682 people per square mile.

The average household income in Fresno is $69,880 with a poverty rate of 25.18%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,005 per month, and the median house value is $242,000. The median age in Fresno is 31 years, 30.3 years for males, and 31.9 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.4 males.

Fresno is about 200 miles north of Los Angeles and 170 miles south of Sacramento. The greater Metropolitan Fresno area has a population estimated at 1.1 million. There are several well-known neighborhoods in Fresno, including Tower District, which is the city's hub for community events and the center of the city's LGBT and Hipster communities, and the West Side, which is culturally diverse and the center of Fresno's African American community with large Asian-American and Mexican-American populations.

Fresno Diversity

Fresno has one of the largest urban populations in the United States. Fresno has a long history of Armenian immigrants as well. The first Armenians to move to the region were brothers Garabed and Hagop Seropian in 1881, with the Armenian population reaching 360 in Fresno by 1894. This number continued to grow with early immigrants heavily involved in agriculture and farming. By 1930, Armenians owned about 40% of the raisin acreage in the county. Many Anglicized their names due to widespread bigotry, and fear of immigrant land ownership caused the passage of laws to restrict their right to buy land. Today, there are about 40,000 Armenians in Fresno.

Fresno Population Growth

Between July 2012 and July 2013, Fresno County's population grew just over 1%, which is the county's highest growth rate in three years. Fresno is growing faster than the state of California as a whole, and quicker than other counties. The growth in the area is attributed to a growing Hispanic population, which makes up the first-time majority in Fresno. Between 2000 and 2010, the city of Fresno grew a whopping 41% as more Californians move inland to get away from the high cost of living on the coast.

The San Joaquin Valley area was first inhabited by the Yokuts people who traded with other tribes of Native Americans in the state. The County of Fresno was created after the California Gold Rush in 1856, and it was named for the ash trees along the river (Fresno is Spanish for ash tree). Within a few years, several settlements were established for settlers and traders.

The Central Pacific Railroad established a station close to Easterby's (a large wheat farm) in 1872 for the new Southern Pacific line. A store followed, and the town of Fresno Station -- later Fresno -- was formed. Many residents from nearby settlements moved to the new community, and Fresno was incorporated in 1885.

Before World War II, there were many ethnic neighborhoods in the city, such as Little Italy, Little Armenia, and German Town. The population in 1940 was 94% white, 2.7% Asian and 3.3% black.

During the second half of the 20th century, Fresno's population boomed, becoming one of the 100 largest cities in the country in 1960 with a population of 134,000. It hit 47th in 1990 and 37th place in 2000 with a population of 428,000.

Fresno Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Fresno was:

  • White: 60.50%
  • Asian: 13.76%
  • Other race: 12.83%
  • Black or African American: 7.40%
  • Two or more races: 4.23%
  • Native American: 1.16%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.13%
The current population of Fresno, California is 537,100, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 528,814.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 494,665.

Fresno, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,013,4007,1500.71%
20201,006,2507,1490.71%
2019999,1017,1510.72%
2018991,9506,7120.68%
2017985,2388,4080.85%
2016976,8307,3420.75%
2015969,4888,9210.92%
2014960,5679,0530.94%
2013951,5146,4690.68%
2012945,0455,6390.60%
2011939,4067,3670.78%
2010932,0390.00%

Fresno Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White317,63260.50%
Asian72,26113.76%
Some Other Race67,33312.83%
Black or African American38,8387.40%
Two or More Races22,1854.23%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,0651.16%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6960.13%
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Fresno Population by Race

Fresno Population Pyramid 2021

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Fresno Median Age

31


Total

30.3


Male

31.9


Female

Fresno Adults

There are 375,796 adults, (58,538 of whom are seniors) in Fresno.

Fresno Age Dependency

65.5

Age Dependency Ratio

18.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47

Child Dependency Ratio

Fresno Sex Ratio

Female

267,293

50.91%

Male

257,717

49.09%

Fresno Population by Age

Fresno Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Fresno Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.4%35.6%
All46.7%53.3%
Male38.1%61.9%
Non Family36.7%63.3%
Female30%70%

46.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Fresno Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All168,6253.0646.7
Married68,2873.8464.4
Non Family53,4971.3636.7
Female33,1333.8630
Male13,7083.8738.1

3.68

Average Family Size

3.06

Average Household Size

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Fresno Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,46311.76%
9th to 12th Grade34,46710.82%
High School Graduate72,47122.75%
Some College75,86623.82%
Associates Degree28,3878.91%
Bachelors Degree46,34014.55%
Graduate Degree23,5187.38%
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Fresno Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic136,38188,82015,462
White107,85699,22135,446
Asian44,26633,52513,107
Other Race37,95823,5253,419
Black23,08619,2883,986
Multiple Races9,2817,6492,327
Native American3,9923,192475
Islander48644181

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.99%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 32.86%.

Fresno Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,179$35,880$29,479
Less Than High School$20,576$23,060$15,407
High School Grad$27,127$31,110$22,723
Some College$32,609$39,838$28,835
Bachelors Degree$50,620$55,439$46,222
Graduate Degree$77,451$85,500$72,070

$32,179

Average Earnings

$35,880

Average Male

$29,479

Average Female

Fresno Earnings by Educational Attainment

Fresno Language by Age

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Fresno Language

56.65% of Fresno residents speak only English, while 43.35% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 30.15% of the population.

Fresno Language

Fresno Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic256,26076,81329.97%
White138,46019,27813.92%
Other65,81619,11629.04%
Asian71,68617,26024.08%
Black37,90914,67038.70%
Multiple21,4834,42120.58%
Native5,7441,66028.90%
Islander64913220.34%

25.18%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.77%

Male Poverty Rate

26.53%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Fresno

The race most likely to be in poverty in Fresno is Black, with 38.70% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Fresno is White, with 13.92% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.51%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.80%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.29%.

Fresno Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.83%
High School21.35%
Some College15.82%
Bachelors or Greater6.41%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.04%
Male Unemployed37.47%
Female Employed13.27%
Male Employed10.48%

Fresno Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Fresno Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,432$69,880
Families$56,142$77,351
Married Families$76,019$98,582
Non Families$31,995$47,867
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Income by Household Type

Fresno Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.6%

Male Marriage Rate

37.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Fresno Married by Age and Sex

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Fresno Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Fresno Marital Status by Race

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Fresno Marital Status

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18,889

Number of Veterans

17,189

Male Veterans

1,700

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam6,461
Second Gulf War4,326
First Gulf War3,031
Korea1,713
World War II810

Fresno Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 744,702
75+4,352
35 to 544,198
55 to 643,133
18 to 342,504

Fresno Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White13,6065.86%
Hispanic5,3303.16%
Black1,7676.43%
Asian1,3682.63%
Other1,2242.63%
2 or More5614.63%
Indian2505.42%
Hawaiian11318.40%

Fresno Veterans by Race

Fresno Veterans by Education

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11.09%

Veteran Poverty Rate

36.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Fresno Veterans by Education

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61.9%

Labor Force Participation

56%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

Fresno Employment by Age

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Fresno Employment by Race

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Fresno Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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67.91%

Born in California

79.63%

Native Born

20.37%

Foreign Born

10.98%

Non Citizen

9.39%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.63% of Fresno residents were born in the United States, with 67.91% having been born in California. 10.98% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Fresno Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021537,1002,7620.52%
2020534,3382,7620.52%
2019531,5762,7620.52%
2018528,8143,4410.65%
2017525,3733,9470.76%
2016521,4263,2230.62%
2015518,2034,1030.80%
2014514,1005,2201.03%
2013508,8803,4660.69%
2012505,4143,9850.79%
2011501,4293,6600.74%
2010497,76970,1171.53%
2000427,65273,4501.90%
1990354,202136,7115.00%
1980217,49151,8362.76%
1970165,65531,7262.15%
1960133,92942,2603.86%
195091,66930,9844.21%
194060,6858,1721.46%
193052,5137,4271.54%
192045,08620,1946.12%
191024,89212,4227.16%
190012,4701,6521.43%
189010,8189,70625.55%
18801,1120.00%

Fresno Population by Year