Greensboro, North Carolina Population 2023

299,175

Greensboro is a city located in Guilford County North Carolina. Greensboro has a 2023 population of 299,175. It is also the county seat of Guilford County.Greensboro is currently growing at a rate of 0.15% annually and its population has increased by 0.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 297,808 in 2020.

The average household income in Greensboro is $76,282 with a poverty rate of 17.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Greensboro is 34.5 years, 33.2 years for males, and 35.5 years for females.

This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure residents and visitors alike.

Greensboro Population Statistics

Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The primary religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro.

The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.

Greensboro Population Growth

Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it continues to proliferate. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the poll taken in 2010. Since the last count, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.

Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by the state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.

Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses, and estates.

Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.

Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning community. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks, and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.

Greensboro Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Greensboro was:

  • White: 43.56%
  • Black or African American: 43.12%
  • Asian: 5.35%
  • Two or more races: 4.39%
  • Other race: 3.11%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Land Area (mi²)
129.1 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,318.0/sq mi
Growth Rate
0.15% (456)
Growth Since 2020
0.46% (1,367)
The current population of Greensboro, North Carolina is 299,175 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 297,808.

Greensboro, North Carolina Population 2023

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White128,72143.56%
Black or African American127,41443.12%
Asian15,8055.35%
Two or more races12,9724.39%
Other race9,1893.11%
Native American1,2320.42%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander1500.05%
showing: 7 rows

White

Black or African American

Asian

Two or more races

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Greensboro Population by Race

Greensboro Population Pyramid 2023

Greensboro Median Age

34.5

Total

33.2

Male

35.5

Female

Greensboro Adults

There are 229,627 adults, (39,461 of whom are seniors) in Greensboro.

Greensboro Age Dependency

55.4

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Greensboro Sex Ratio

Female158,09453.5%
Male137,38946.5%

Greensboro Population by Age

Greensboro Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All118,6632.3650.149.9
Non Family51,5651.2739.260.8
Married41,1163.1973.126.9
Female20,6813.183565
Male5,3013.2436.863.2
showing: 5 rows

3.1

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

50.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Greensboro Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.98%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.11%.

Greensboro Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$37,734

Average Earnings

$42,434

Average Male

$33,797

Average Female

Greensboro Earnings by Educational Attainment

Greensboro Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Greensboro Language

84.92% of Greensboro residents speak only English, while 15.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.07% of the population.

Greensboro Language

Greensboro Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black119,34627,97023.44%
White111,56110,4409.36%
Hispanic24,0646,69527.82%
Other8,9112,97133.34%
Asian15,6542,05913.15%
Multiple12,5272,02916.2%
Native1,18033628.47%
Islander14713289.8%
showing: 8 rows

17.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.24%

Male Poverty Rate

19.38%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Greensboro

The race most likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is Islander, with 89.8% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is White, with 9.36% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.8%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.44%.

Greensboro Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.85%
High School19.03%
Some College14.98%
Bachelors or Greater5.51%
showing: 4 rows

Greensboro Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed44.66%
Male Unemployed24.77%
Female Employed10.66%
Male Employed6.85%
showing: 4 rows

Greensboro Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Greensboro Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Greensboro Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

36.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.5%

Male Marriage Rate

33.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Greensboro Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Greensboro Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Greensboro Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Greensboro Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

13,668

Number of Veterans

12,328

Male Veterans

1,340

Female Veterans

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Greensboro Veterans by War

count

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Greensboro Veterans by Age

count

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Greensboro Veterans by Race

Greensboro Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

11.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.8%

Veteran Disability Rate

Greensboro Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

65.5%

Labor Force Participation

61.2%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Greensboro Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Greensboro Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Greensboro Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

56.2%

Born in Greensboro

92.44%

Native Born

12.78%

Foreign Born

6.73%

Non Citizen

6.05%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.44% of Greensboro residents were born in the United States, with 56.2% having been born in North Carolina. 6.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Greensboro Place of Birth

Note: data after 2021 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
1870500-301,4284.11%
18802,1001,60015.43%
18903,3171,2174.68%
190010,0356,71811.71%
191015,8955,8604.71%
192019,8613,9662.25%
193053,56933,70810.43%
194059,3195,7501.02%
195074,38915,0702.29%
1960119,57445,1854.86%
1970144,07624,5021.88%
1980155,64211,5660.78%
1990183,52127,8791.66%
2000223,89140,3702.01%
2010269,666
2011272,6032,9371.09%
2012275,5402,9371.08%
2013278,4772,9371.07%
2014281,4142,9371.05%
2015284,3512,9371.04%
2016287,2882,9371.03%
2017290,2252,9371.02%
2018293,1622,9371.01%
2019296,0992,9371%
2020297,8081,7090.58%
2021298,2634550.15%
2022298,7194560.15%
2023299,1754560.15%
2024299,6324570.15%
2025300,0904580.15%
2026300,5484580.15%
2027301,0074590.15%
2028301,4674600.15%
2029301,9284610.15%
showing: 34 rows

Greensboro Population by Year