Greensboro is a city located in Guilford County North Carolina. Greensboro has a 2023 population of 299,175. It is also the county seat of Guilford County.Greensboro is currently growing at a rate of 0.15% annually and its population has increased by 0.46% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 297,808 in 2020.
The average household income in Greensboro is $76,282 with a poverty rate of 17.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Greensboro is 34.5 years, 33.2 years for males, and 35.5 years for females.
This exciting city is known for the arts and its many events and attractions that lure residents and visitors alike.
Almost half of the residents in the city have a religious affiliation. The primary religion is Christianity. However, there are also followers of Islam, Judaism, and Eastern religions that reside in Greensboro.
The largest employers in the city include Guilford County Public Schools, which employs over 10,000 people, Coen Health, the City of Greensboro, the United States Postal Service and Guilford County.
Greensboro has seen substantial growth since it was founded. Its population between 1870 and 1880 grew over 323%. The city has seen multiple periods where its population more than doubled in just ten years. While growth has slowed slightly from its earliest years, it continues to proliferate. Most recently, it went up by over 20% between the census taken in 2000 and the poll taken in 2010. Since the last count, the population has grown by 6.4%. Based on this data, it won’t be long before Greensboro has a population exceeding 300,000 residents.
Greensboro was established in 1808 and was named after General Nathanael Greene. By 1821, the city had a population of 369 people. Substantial growth was on the horizon, though, as the city was picked by the state government to be a stop for a railroad line. With this rail traffic and expanded market access, the city’s population surged. Greensboro during this time secured its spot as a center for transportation in the Piedmont region.
Greensboro has a long history with the textile industry, and remains a center for this industry to this day. It is home to many brands including Galey & Lord and VF Corporation, which is the company behind popular brand names including Nautica and the North Face. It was through the cotton trade and merchandising that Greensboro generated much wealth during its early history, resulting in the construction of villas, plantation houses, and estates.
Following the Civil War, textile mills were restored and continued to expand. As the center of the textile industry in the southern United States, the city continued to build wealth and with it, develop buildings including courthouses and churches. This expansion continued into the 20th century, and more companies made their way over to Greensboro. This includes Carolina Steel Corporation and Vicks Chemical Co. More people continued to move to Greensboro, even during the Great Depression, primarily because of its education, parks and employment opportunities. The city did, however, face dark times during the Civil Rights Movement, like many other southern cities. This included the Greensboro Massacre.
Today, Greensboro continues to be a thriving city. Investments have been made to revitalize the downtown area, while the Southside neighborhood has been redeveloped into an award-winning community. There are many nightclubs, restaurants, retail shops, parks, and attractions, as well as multiple institutes of higher learning that provide educational opportunities for residents.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Greensboro was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.98%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.11%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
84.92% of Greensboro residents speak only English, while 15.08% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.07% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is Islander, with 89.8% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Greensboro is White, with 9.36% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.8%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.44%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Greensboro
92.44% of Greensboro residents were born in the United States, with 56.2% having been born in North Carolina. 6.73% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.