Honolulu, Hawaii Population 2021

341,302
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Honolulu is located on the island of Oahu and is a significant gateway both to Hawaii and the United States, as well as a major tourist destination. Honolulu is the westernmost and southernmost major U.S. city.

Honolulu is a major hub for military defense, international business, and travel. It is also the only Hawaiian city with a population greater than 50,000. At the last census in 2010, Honolulu's population was 390,700, which is believed to have grown to 402,500. This makes Honolulu the 46th most populous city in the United States, with a metropolitan area boasting a population of 955,000.

Honolulu Diversity

Asian Americans are the majority in Honolulu. The largest ethnic groups include Japanese (20%), Filipinos (13%), Chinese (10%), Koreans (4%), Vietnamese (2%) and Asian Indians (0.3%). Those of just Native Hawaiian ancestry is just 3.2% of the population today. Samoan Americans account for 1.5% of Honolulu's population, Marshallese people account for 0.5%, and Tongan people make up 0.3% of the population. Hawaii is the only U.S. state with an Asian majority.

Honolulu Population Growth

According to the last census, the population of the island of Oahu, on which Honolulu is located, grew 8.8% from 2000 to 2010. By 2030, the state as a whole is projected to have a population of 1.47 million, up more than 9% from the 2010 population of 1.34 million.

Honolulu itself is growing more slowly. After double-digit growth from 1900 to 1980, the city posted flat growth in 1990. Since then, growth has been much slower for several reasons. Among them, it is one of the most expensive rental markets in the United States. Honolulu's population is expected to continue its modest growth that lags behind the other Hawaiian Islands.

Honolulu was first inhabited by original Polynesian migrants, who lived in the area as far back as the 11th century. When Kamehameha I conquered Oahu, the royal court was moved from Hawaii to the island of Waikiki in 1804 and was moved again in 1809 to what is now Honolulu. The capital was moved again just three years later to Kailua-Kona.

The first foreigner to reach Honolulu Harbor was Captain William Brown of Great Britain in 1794, with many more ships following to create a focal area for merchant ships sailing between Asia and North America.

Kamehameha III moved the capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom again in 1845 from Lahaina to Honolulu. The area transformed into a modern metropolis, and it became the commerce center for all of the islands.

Through the end of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, Honolulu had a turbulent history, including the overthrowing of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 and annexation by the U.S. in 1898. In 1941, the Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu, was attacked by the Japanese, which gained the city historical recognition. Despite this, Honolulu remains the largest city of Hawaii and the main airport and seaport.

Today, more than 7.6 million people visit the Hawaiian Islands, with most entering through the Honolulu International Airport.

Honolulu Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Honolulu was:

  • Asian: 53.21%
  • Two or more races: 18.42%
  • White: 17.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 8.03%
  • Black or African American: 2.05%
  • Other race: 0.92%
  • Native American: 0.15%
The current population of Honolulu, Hawaii is 341,302based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 346,945.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 337,256.

Honolulu, Hawaii Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Asian185,68553.21%
Two or More Races64,29318.42%
White60,12217.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28,0098.03%
Black or African American7,1462.05%
Some Other Race3,2150.92%
American Indian and Alaska Native5150.15%
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Honolulu Population By Race

Honolulu Population Pyramid 2021

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Honolulu Median Age

41.5


Total

39.6


Male

43.7


Female

Honolulu Adults

There are 289,215 adults, (69,687 of whom are seniors) in Honolulu.

Honolulu Age Dependency

59

Age Dependency Ratio

31.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Honolulu Sex Ratio

Mujer

175,148

50.19%

Masculino

173,837

49.81%

Honolulu Population by Age

Honolulu Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Honolulu Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married53.1%46.9%
Mujer46.3%53.7%
All44.7%55.3%
Masculino42.9%57.1%
Non Family35.9%64.1%

44.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Honolulu Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All129,0192.644.7
Married54,4153.4853.1
Non Family52,9571.2835.9
Mujer15,1033.746.3
Masculino6,5443.4542.9

3.38

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

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Honolulu Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade14,3165.52%
9th to 12th Grade14,1075.44%
High School Graduate60,84423.47%
Some College47,34318.26%
Associates Degree26,31010.15%
Bachelors Degree61,33723.66%
Graduate Degree35,02413.51%
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Honolulu Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Honolulu Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian149,807128,03854,874
White42,73441,76423,288
2+ Races36,23533,95011,239
Islander18,36615,4693,082
Hispanic14,82113,6234,133
Black5,2235,0931,280
Other Race2,5662,388958
Native American363308148

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.73%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 54.50%.

Honolulu Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$42,248$47,421$38,006
Less Than 9th Grade$26,374$30,399$23,536
High School Graduate$31,525$35,643$26,984
Some College$39,794$45,013$35,289
Bachelors Degree$50,320$55,107$45,108
Graduate Degree$70,850$79,133$62,410

$42,248

Average Earnings

$47,421

Average Male

$38,006

Average Female

Honolulu Earnings by Educational Attainment

Honolulu Language by Age

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Honolulu Language

63.46% of Honolulu residents speak only English, while 36.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 33.41% of the population.

Honolulu Language

Honolulu Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian181,86916,0028.80%
Islander27,0556,91525.56%
Multiple61,4775,8469.51%
White51,2705,0139.78%
Hispanic24,3353,17713.06%
Black6,8466499.48%
Other3,09241913.55%
Native3556618.59%

10.58%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.02%

Male Poverty Rate

12.13%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Honolulu

The race most likely to be in poverty in Honolulu is Islander, with 25.56% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Honolulu is Asian, with 8.80% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.43%.

Honolulu Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade19.63%
High School13.26%
Some College8.56%
Bachelors or Greater4.98%

Honolulu Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed28.01%
Female Unemployed23.82%
Female Employed5.66%
Male Employed4.30%

Honolulu Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Honolulu Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$71,465$97,456
Families$89,838$117,627
Married Families$102,602$131,677
Non Families$45,077$62,834
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Income by Household Type

Honolulu Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.8%

Male Marriage Rate

44.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Honolulu Married by Age and Sex

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Honolulu Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Honolulu Marital Status by Race

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Honolulu Marital Status

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22,188

Number of Veterans

19,876

Male Veterans

2,312

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War7,012
Vietnam6,788
First Gulf War4,197
Korea1,903
World War II1,181

Honolulu Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+5,989
65 to 744,953
35 to 544,541
18 to 343,861
55 to 642,844

Honolulu Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Asian9,0145.57%
White7,67315.59%
2+ Races2,4645.76%
Hispanic1,6629.52%
Black1,51333.58%
Islander1,0264.84%
Other Race48418.52%
Native American143.63%

Honolulu Veterans by Race

Honolulu Veterans by Education

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6.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.99%

Veteran Disability Rate

Honolulu Veterans by Education

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65.4%

Labor Force Participation

60.9%

Employment Rate

3.7%

Unemployment Rate

Honolulu Employment by Age

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Honolulu Employment by Race

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Honolulu Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.63%

Born in Honolulu

72.55%

Native Born

27.45%

Foreign Born

11.97%

Non Citizen

15.48%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

72.55% of Honolulu residents were born in the United States, with 48.63% having been born in Hawaii. 11.97% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Honolulu Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021341,302-1,881-0.55%
2020343,183-1,881-0.55%
2019345,064-1,881-0.54%
2018346,945-2,805-0.80%
2017349,750-1,997-0.57%
2016351,7471760.05%
2015351,5712,0100.58%
2014349,5613240.09%
2013349,2372,3920.69%
2012346,8453,7861.10%
2011343,0593,9381.16%
2010339,121-32,536-0.91%
2000371,6576,3850.17%
1990365,2722240.01%
1980365,04840,1771.17%
1970324,87130,6771.00%
1960294,19446,1601.72%
1950248,03468,7083.30%
1940179,32641,7442.69%
1930137,58254,2555.14%
192083,32731,1444.79%
191052,18312,8772.87%
190039,30616,4065.55%
189022,9005,9003.02%
188017,0003,0001.96%
187014,0000.00%

Honolulu Population by Year