Houston, Texas Population 2022

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Houston is a city located in Harris County Texas. It is also the county seat of Harris County. With a 2020 population of 2,345,606, it is the largest city in Texas and the 4th largest city in the United States. Houston is currently growing at a rate of 0.88% annually and its population has increased by 1.40% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,313,238 in 2020. Spanning over 672 miles, Houston has a population density of 3,664 people per square mile.

The average household income in Houston is $84,179 with a poverty rate of 19.62%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Houston is 33 years, 32.7 years for males, and 33.4 years for females.

Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters.

Houston is the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.

Houston Diversity

Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.

The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.

Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.

There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.

There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.

Houston Population Growth

Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.

In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.

By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.

In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.

Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.

In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.

Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.

Houston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houstonwas:

  • White: 51.54%
  • Black or African American: 22.83%
  • Other race: 11.35%
  • Two or more races: 7.02%
  • Asian: 6.87%
  • Native American: 0.35%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Houston, Texas is 2,345,606 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,313,238.

Houston, Texas Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Houston Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Houston Population by Race

Houston Population Pyramid 2022


Houston Median Age







Houston Adults

There are 1,741,268 adults, (254,128 of whom are seniors) in Houston.

Houston Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Houston Sex Ratio







Houston Population by Age

Houston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Houston Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Houston Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Houston Households by Type


Houston Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Houston Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.72%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 61.63%.

Houston Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Houston Earnings by Educational Attainment

Houston Language by Age


Houston Language

51.62% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.19% of the population.

Houston Language

Houston Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Hispanic, with 24.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.13%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.34%.

Houston Poverty


Houston Poverty Rate by Education


Houston Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Houston Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Houston Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Houston Married by Age and Sex


Houston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Houston Marital Status by Race

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Houston Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Houston Veterans by War


Houston Veterans by Age


Houston Veterans by Race

Houston Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Houston Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Houston Employment by Age


Houston Employment by Race


Houston Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Houston


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

71.10% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 52.03% having been born in Texas. 19.42% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Houston Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Houston Population by Year