Houston, Texas Population 2021

2,323,660
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Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters.

Houston is the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.

Houston Diversity

Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.

The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.

Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.

There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.

There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.

Houston Population Growth

Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.

In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.

By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.

In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.

Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.

In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.

Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.

Houston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houston was:

  • White: 57.02%
  • Black or African American: 22.59%
  • Other race: 11.05%
  • Asian: 6.77%
  • Two or more races: 2.20%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Houston, Texas is 2,323,660based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 2,318,570.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,099,450.

Houston, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20217,246,13089,9901.24%
20207,156,14090,0001.26%
20197,066,14089,9901.27%
20186,976,15076,0601.09%
20176,900,09093,5901.36%
20166,806,500134,6901.98%
20156,671,810171,6102.57%
20146,500,200171,9902.65%
20136,328,210144,6802.29%
20126,183,530127,3402.06%
20116,056,190108,9501.80%
20105,947,2400.00%

Houston Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,317,48757.02%
Black or African American521,87122.59%
Some Other Race255,31011.05%
Asian156,4576.77%
Two or More Races50,8462.20%
American Indian and Alaska Native7,2970.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,1640.05%
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Houston Population By Race

Houston Population Pyramid 2021

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Houston Median Age

33


Total

32.7


Male

33.4


Female

Houston Adults

There are 1,730,880 adults, (243,136 of whom are seniors) in Houston.

Houston Age Dependency

55.3

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Houston Sex Ratio

Mujer

1,157,020

50.08%

Masculino

1,153,420

49.92%

Houston Population by Age

Houston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Houston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married60.4%39.6%
All42.3%57.7%
Masculino35.2%64.8%
Mujer31.7%68.3%
Non Family30.2%69.8%

42.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Houston Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All858,3742.6542.3
Non Family336,2461.2530.2
Married328,9973.560.4
Mujer139,8213.6831.7
Masculino53,3103.5535.2

3.45

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

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Houston Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade185,75912.36%
9th to 12th Grade130,6828.69%
High School Graduate342,96022.82%
Some College266,83917.75%
Associates Degree82,6215.50%
Bachelors Degree300,87320.02%
Graduate Degree193,48112.87%
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Houston Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Houston Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic592,541346,88280,785
White436,298420,048259,232
Black343,409304,77777,755
Other Race150,81882,69814,864
Asian114,61699,60867,461
2+ Races26,67222,65710,731
Native American4,9803,7101,159
Islander697525213

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.28%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 59.42%.

Houston Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$36,337$40,228$31,193
Less Than 9th Grade$22,335$26,631$15,985
High School Graduate$26,941$30,743$22,060
Some College$32,678$38,949$29,806
Bachelors Degree$59,051$70,862$52,796
Graduate Degree$76,589$95,507$64,608

$36,337

Average Earnings

$40,228

Average Male

$31,193

Average Female

Houston Earnings by Educational Attainment

Houston Language by Age

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Houston Language

51.07% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.93% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.94% of the population.

Houston Language

Houston Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,031,340257,67524.98%
Black510,399125,73224.63%
Other254,19769,59127.38%
White553,60547,7788.63%
Asian153,44521,80014.21%
Multiple50,2638,05516.03%
Native7,2851,28417.63%
Islander1,14325722.48%

20.06%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.08%

Male Poverty Rate

22.02%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Other, with 27.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is White, with 8.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.35%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.11%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.47%.

Houston Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade27.47%
High School19.31%
Some College13.65%
Bachelors or Greater6.03%

Houston Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.53%
Male Unemployed29.79%
Female Employed11.15%
Male Employed8.12%

Houston Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Houston Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,338$84,179
Families$58,529$96,369
Married Families$80,688$124,058
Non Families$40,728$62,003
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Income by Household Type

Houston Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.8%

Male Marriage Rate

39.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Houston Married by Age and Sex

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Houston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Houston Marital Status by Race

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Houston Marital Status

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69,375

Number of Veterans

62,441

Male Veterans

6,934

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam22,636
Second Gulf War15,963
First Gulf War13,348
Korea5,243
World War II2,245

Houston Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5418,155
65 to 7416,323
75+15,043
55 to 6411,198
18 to 348,656

Houston Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White41,6594.22%
Black21,8725.52%
Hispanic11,9541.69%
Other Race2,4391.37%
2+ Races1,7255.26%
Asian1,3591.05%
Native American2273.87%
Islander9410.73%

Houston Veterans by Race

Houston Veterans by Education

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10.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

Houston Veterans by Education

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67.2%

Labor Force Participation

63.3%

Employment Rate

5.9%

Unemployment Rate

Houston Employment by Age

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Houston Employment by Race

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Houston Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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51.91%

Born in Houston

70.67%

Native Born

29.33%

Foreign Born

20.23%

Non Citizen

9.10%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

70.67% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 51.91% having been born in Texas. 20.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Houston Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,323,6601,7000.07%
20202,321,9601,6900.07%
20192,320,2701,7000.07%
20182,318,5701,8200.08%
20172,316,7507,2100.31%
20162,309,54022,6300.99%
20152,286,91045,0802.01%
20142,241,83042,4401.93%
20132,199,39037,8001.75%
20122,161,59035,5601.67%
20112,126,03025,7501.23%
20102,100,280146,6500.73%
20001,953,630323,0801.82%
19901,630,55035,4100.22%
19801,595,140361,6002.60%
19701,233,540295,3212.77%
1960938,219342,0564.64%
1950596,163211,6494.48%
1940384,51492,1622.78%
1930292,352154,0767.77%
1920138,27659,4765.78%
191078,80034,1675.85%
190044,63317,0764.94%
189027,55711,0445.25%
188016,5137,1315.82%
18709,3824,5376.83%
18604,8452,4457.28%
18502,4000.00%

Houston Population by Year