Houston, Texas Population 2020

2,340,890
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Houston is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 2,340,890, it is the largest city in Texas and the 4th largest city in the United States. Houston is currently growing at a rate of 0.33% annually and its population has increased by 11.50% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,099,450 in 2010. Spanning over 672 miles, Houston has a population density of 3,657 people per square mile.

The average household income in Houston is $81,995 with a poverty rate of 20.57%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $990 per month, and the median house value is $161,300. The median age in Houston is 32.9 years, 32.5 years for males, and 33.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.9 males.

Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters.

Houston is the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.

Houston Diversity

Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.

The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.

Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.

There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.

There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.

Houston Population Growth

Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.

In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.

By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.

In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.

Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.

In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.

Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.

Houston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houston was:

  • White: 57.63%
  • Black or African American: 22.54%
  • Other race: 10.50%
  • Asian: 6.89%
  • Two or more races: 2.07%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Houston, Texas is 2,340,890, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 2,325,500.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,099,450.

Houston, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20207,180,76091,6901.28%
20197,089,07091,6901.29%
20186,997,38091,6801.31%
20176,905,70093,4401.35%
20166,812,260135,7001.99%
20156,676,560172,9402.59%
20146,503,620172,9602.66%
20136,330,660145,8002.30%
20126,184,860128,4902.08%
20116,056,370108,9601.80%
20105,947,4100.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,323,12357.63%
Black or African American517,59422.54%
Some Other Race241,01610.50%
Asian158,1016.89%
Two or More Races47,6082.07%
American Indian and Alaska Native7,2660.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,2740.06%
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Houston Population Pyramid 2020

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Houston Median Age

32.9


Total

32.5


Male

33.4


Female

Houston Adults

There are 1,720,870 adults, (235,544 of whom are seniors) in Houston.

Houston Age Dependency

54.6

Age Dependency Ratio

15.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Houston Sex Ratio

Female

1,148,390

50.02%

Male

1,147,590

49.98%

Houston Households and Families

Houston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Houston Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married60.9%39.1%
All42.9%57.1%
Male35.2%64.8%
Female32.3%67.7%
Non Family30.9%69.1%

42.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All848,3402.6742.9
Non Family330,9771.2630.9
Married326,3413.560.9
Female139,0463.7232.3
Male51,9763.5735.2

3.46

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Houston Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade190,24612.77%
9th to 12th Grade132,3448.88%
High School Graduate338,73522.74%
Some College270,65018.17%
Associates Degree78,9165.30%
Bachelors Degree291,16319.54%
Graduate Degree187,68212.60%
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Houston Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic582,775334,08172,980
White436,900420,071255,510
Black339,901299,24175,397
Other Race140,32675,57612,215
Asian114,71699,24466,746
Multiple Races24,55220,7039,293
Native American4,7373,434994
Islander752614233

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.15%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 58.48%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,195$39,000$30,555
Less Than High School$21,525$25,799$15,375
High School Grad$26,381$30,045$21,709
Some College$32,129$37,778$28,956
Bachelors Degree$58,285$69,579$52,121
Graduate Degree$76,437$96,024$63,848

$35,195

Average Earnings

$39,000

Average Male

$30,555

Average Female

Houston Language

Houston Language by Age

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Houston Language

51.16% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.76% of the population.

Houston Poverty

Houston Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,020,070264,74225.95%
Black506,412127,17225.11%
Other239,75767,12928.00%
White554,66348,2118.69%
Asian154,89221,58113.93%
Multiple46,9678,54918.20%
Native7,2461,68923.31%
Islander1,25522618.01%

20.57%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.57%

Male Poverty Rate

22.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Other, with 28.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is White, with 8.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.66%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.25%
High School19.36%
Some College13.34%
Bachelors or Greater5.88%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.34%
Male Unemployed30.69%
Female Employed11.40%
Male Employed8.60%

Houston Income

Houston Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$51,140$81,995
Families$57,084$93,682
Married Families$78,434$120,380
Non Families$39,772$60,556
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Houston Marital Status

Houston Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.9%

Male Marriage Rate

39.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Houston Married by Age and Sex

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Houston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Houston Marital Status by Race

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Houston Veterans

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69,531

Number of Veterans

62,747

Male Veterans

6,784

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam22,308
Second Gulf War15,681
First Gulf War12,962
Korea5,876
World War II2,763
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5417,748
65 to 7416,269
75+15,256
55 to 6411,214
18 to 349,044
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Name Veterans % of Total
White42,7084.31%
Black21,2525.39%
Hispanic11,7331.68%
Other2,4141.44%
2 or More1,5165.02%
Asian1,2660.97%
Indian2444.40%
Hawaiian13112.86%

Houston Veterans by Education

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10.44%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.59%

Veteran Disability Rate

Houston Employment Status

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67.5%

Labor Force Participation

63.3%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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51.69%

Born in Texas

70.54%

Native Born

29.46%

Foreign Born

20.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.54% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 51.69% having been born in Texas. 20.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,340,8907,6900.33%
20192,333,2007,7000.33%
20182,325,5008,0600.35%
20172,317,4407,6900.33%
20162,309,75023,1201.01%
20152,286,63045,6502.04%
20142,240,98042,7001.94%
20132,198,28038,1901.77%
20122,160,09035,9501.69%
20112,124,14025,6901.22%
20102,098,450144,8200.72%
20001,953,630323,0801.82%
19901,630,55035,4100.22%
19801,595,140361,6002.60%
19701,233,540295,3212.77%
1960938,219342,0564.64%
1950596,163211,6494.48%
1940384,51492,1622.78%
1930292,352154,0767.77%
1920138,27659,4765.78%
191078,80034,1675.85%
190044,63317,0764.94%
189027,55711,0445.25%
188016,5137,1315.82%
18709,3824,5376.83%
18604,8452,4457.28%
18502,4000.00%