Houston, Texas Population 2024

2,305,889

Houston is a city located in Brazoria County, Chambers County, Fort Bend County, Galveston County, Grimes County, Harris County, Liberty County, Montgomery County, and Waller County Texas. Houston has a 2024 population of 2,305,889. It is also the county seat of Harris County. Houston is currently growing at a rate of 0.07% annually and its population has increased by 0.26% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,299,867 in 2020.

The average household income in Houston is $97,458 with a poverty rate of 19.6%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Houston is 33.9 years, 33.7 years for males, and 34.1 years for females.

Houston is the 4th largest city in the United States and the largest in Texas. The city also has a global economy and only New York City has more Fortune 500 headquarters.

Houston is the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.

Houston Diversity

Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.

The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.

Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.

There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.

There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.

Houston Population Growth

Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.

In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.

By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.

In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.

Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.

In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.

Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.

Houston Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houston was:

  • White: 40.82%
  • Black or African American: 22.41%
  • Two or more races: 14.85%
  • Other race: 14.26%
  • Asian: 6.88%
  • Native American: 0.72%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
State
Texas
Land Area (mi²)
640.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
3,599.60/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
0.26% (6,022)
The current population of Houston, Texas is 2,305,889 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,299,867.

Houston, Texas Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White937,23240.82%
Black or African American514,69222.41%
Two or more races341,08914.85%
Other race327,51714.26%
Asian157,9786.88%
Native American16,5800.72%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander1,1650.05%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Houston Population by Race

Houston Population Pyramid 2024

Houston Median Age

33.9

Total

33.7

Male

34.1

Female

Houston Adults

There are 1,746,465 adults, (266,058 of whom are seniors) in Houston.

Houston Age Dependency

55.1

Age Dependency Ratio

18

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Houston Sex Ratio

Female1,154,01050.26%
Male1,142,24349.74%

Houston Population by Age

Houston Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All897,5102.524258
Non Family366,5821.2429.870.2
Married328,7323.3861.438.6
Female142,7243.4830.969.1
Male59,4723.335.564.5

3.29

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

42.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Houston Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade188,39812.45%
9th to 12th Grade119,9527.93%
High School Graduate329,22421.76%
Some College254,03016.79%
Associates Degree89,5375.92%
Bachelors Degree316,98720.95%
Graduate Degree214,97614.21%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Houston Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Houston Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Hispanic604,440361,50696,490
White418,931405,712258,830
Black342,776307,22489,041
2+ Races203,346141,47948,837
Other Race197,080100,21321,120
Asian116,997101,88872,681
Native American10,6967,1952,059
Islander767557228

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.84%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 62.12%.

Houston Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$42,364$46,496$37,423
Less Than 9th Grade$27,461$31,028$19,539
High School Graduate$33,046$36,767$27,621
Some College$38,933$44,714$34,689
Bachelors Degree$65,363$78,720$58,228
Graduate Degree$84,642$105,773$72,790

$42,364

Average Earnings

$46,496

Average Male

$37,423

Average Female

Houston Earnings by Educational Attainment

Houston Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Houston Language

51.89% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.11% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.16% of the population.

Houston Language

Houston Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,021,382238,70723.37%
Black501,671125,88525.09%
Other326,11485,60926.25%
Multiple337,16569,59320.64%
White531,56946,7718.8%
Asian154,68622,10414.29%
Native16,2853,63322.31%
Islander1,16312510.75%

19.6%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.51%

Male Poverty Rate

21.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Houston

The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Other, with 26.25% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is White, with 8.8% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.72%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.31%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.28%.

Houston Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.01%
High School19.54%
Some College14.63%
Bachelors or Greater6.43%

Houston Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed37.68%
Male Unemployed28.66%
Female Employed9.89%
Male Employed7.78%

Houston Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Houston Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$60,440$97,458
Families$68,832$112,797
Married Families$95,440$146,980
Non Families$47,474$71,489

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Houston Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.4%

Male Marriage Rate

38.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Houston Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Houston Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Houston Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Houston Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

63,152

Number of Veterans

56,505

Male Veterans

6,647

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam19,707
Second Gulf War15,941
First Gulf War13,233
Korea4,073
World War II1,185

Houston Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
35 to 5416,368
75+14,949
65 to 7414,004
55 to 6410,459
18 to 347,372

Houston Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White32,1934.42%
Black20,6665.25%
Hispanic11,9381.65%
2+ Races5,8402.42%
Other Race2,6491.12%
Asian1,2880.98%
Native American4893.85%
Islander273.34%

Houston Veterans by Race

Houston Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

10.82%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Houston Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

66.9%

Labor Force Participation

62.5%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Houston Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Houston Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Houston Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

51.8%

Born in Houston

71.06%

Native Born

28.94%

Foreign Born

19.28%

Non Citizen

9.66%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

71.06% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 51.8% having been born in Texas. 19.28% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Houston Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20292,313,4161,5050.07%
20282,311,9111,5060.07%
20272,310,4051,5050.07%
20262,308,9001,5060.07%
20252,307,3941,5050.07%
20242,305,8891,5060.07%
20232,304,3831,5050.07%
20222,302,87811,2230.49%
20212,291,655-8,212-0.36%
20202,299,867-15,853-0.68%
20192,315,7201,2420.05%
20182,314,4781,3990.06%
20172,313,0796,7190.29%
20162,306,36022,7441%
20152,283,61644,9632.01%
20142,238,65342,2861.93%
20132,196,36737,6671.74%
20122,158,70035,4021.67%
20112,123,29825,6511.22%
20102,097,647144,0167.37%
20001,953,631323,07819.81%
19901,630,55335,4152.22%
19801,595,138361,60329.31%
19701,233,535295,31631.48%
1960938,219342,05657.38%
1950596,163211,64955.04%
1940384,51492,16231.52%
1930292,352154,076111.43%
1920138,27659,47675.48%
191078,80034,16776.55%
190044,63317,07661.97%
189027,55711,04466.88%
188016,5137,13176.01%
18709,3824,53793.64%
18604,8452,445101.87%
18502,40000%
showing: 36 rows

Houston Population by Year