Houston is a city located in Fort Bend County, Harris County, and Montgomery County Texas. Houston has a 2023 population of 2,264,876. It is also the county seat of Harris County.Houston is currently declining at a rate of -0.51% annually and its population has decreased by -1.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,300,027 in 2020.
The average household income in Houston is $90,511 with a poverty rate of 19.49%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Houston is 33.7 years, 33.5 years for males, and 33.9 years for females.
Houston is the economic center of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, which is the 5th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 6 million people. 2012 was the first time Philadelphia was knocked out of the top 5, thanks to Houston's rapid growth.
Houston is a very multicultural city, partially due to its academic institutions, industry, and status as a port city. Houston residents speak more than 90 languages,, and it also has one of the youngest populations in the country due to the influx of immigrants in the state. It's estimated that there are 400,000 illegal aliensliving in the Houston area alone.
The non-Hispanic white population in Houston had halved since 1970 when it accounted for 62% of the population. It also seems the racial and ethnic diversity increases the further away from the center of the city you move to.
Houston's Hispanic population is increasing rapidly as more Latin American immigrants move to the area to work. Houston now has the 3rd largest Hispanic population in the United States.
There is also a significant African American population in Houston, which has been the case for most of its history. From 1870 to 1890, black people accounted for nearly 40% of the city's population, although this ranged from 21 to 33% from 1910 to 1970.
There is also a relatively large population of refugees living in the city since the 1970s. Nearly 1,600 refugees arrive at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport every year from all over the world.
Houston's booming population growth has made it one of the fastest growing regions in the United States. From 2011 to 2012, Houston gained more than 34,000 people, which was the second largest numeric increase for a city in the country.
In 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported its growth shows no signs of slowing. People are still moving to the area for its plentiful jobs, education, and housing, and many job sectors are growing.
By 2020, Houston's population is expected to grow from today's 2.162 million to 2.52 million. By 2030, the city will have 2.8 million residents, which means it should overtake Brooklyn.
In 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York purchased a large area of land along Buffalo Bayou to found a city. The city name chosen was Sam Houston, after the general at the Battle of San Jacinto, who was elected as the president of Texas that year.
Houston was incorporated in 1837 and became the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas. By 1860, it was a major hub for exporting cotton, and its system of bayous was extended after the Civil War to allow the city to accept more commerce.
In 1901, oil was discovered nearby, which started the development of the still massive Texas petroleum industry. By 1910, Houston was home to 78,000 people, double its population just ten years before. By the 1950s, its economy shifted toward energy has large companies began relocating to Houston.
Since the recession of the 1990s, Houston has worked to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on petroleum.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Houston was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.8%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 55.01%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
51.9% of Houston residents speak only English, while 48.1% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 38.18% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Houston is Islander, with 26.59% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Houston is White, with 8.75% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.89%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 30.58%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Houston
72.2% of Houston residents were born in the United States, with 52.91% having been born in Texas. 19.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.