Huntsville is a city located in Limestone County and Madison County Alabama. Huntsville has a 2023 population of 220,854. It is also the county seat of Madison County.Huntsville is currently growing at a rate of 0.89% annually and its population has increased by 2.7% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 215,043 in 2020.
The average household income in Huntsville is $87,475 with a poverty rate of 14.62%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Huntsville is 37.1 years, 35.8 years for males, and 38.2 years for females.
After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next poll. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.
The Chickasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.
The city was planned out, but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.
Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their communities which included schools, churches, stores, and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.
Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.
Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Huntsville was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 82.19%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.25%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
92.02% of Huntsville residents speak only English, while 7.98% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.44% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Islander, with 76.47% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is White, with 8.92% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.89%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.61%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Huntsville
90.67% of Huntsville residents were born in the United States, with 49.53% having been born in Alabama. 3.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.