Huntsville, Alabama Population 2022

221,986
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Huntsville is a city located in Madison County Alabama. It is also the county seat of Madison County. With a 2020 population of 221,986, it is the largest city in Alabama and the 108th largest city in the United States. Huntsville is currently growing at a rate of 1.60% annually and its population has increased by 3.25% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 215,006 in 2020. Spanning over 216 miles, Huntsville has a population density of 1,036 people per square mile.

The average household income in Huntsville is $80,877 with a poverty rate of 15.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $868 per month, and the median house value is $184,500. The median age in Huntsville is 36.9 years, 35.6 years for males, and 38.4 years for females.

Huntsville Population Growth

After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next poll. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.

The Chickasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.

The city was planned out, but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.

Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their communities which included schools, churches, stores, and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.

Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.

Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.

Huntsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Huntsvillewas:

  • White: 59.74%
  • Black or African American: 31.77%
  • Two or more races: 3.02%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Other race: 2.35%
  • Native American: 0.41%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.13%
The current population of Huntsville, Alabama is 221,986 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 215,006.

Huntsville, Alabama Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Huntsville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

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Huntsville Population by Race

Huntsville Population Pyramid 2022

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Huntsville Median Age

36.8


Total

35.4


Male

38.2


Female

Huntsville Adults

There are 160,032 adults, (32,745 of whom are seniors) in Huntsville.

Huntsville Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Huntsville Sex Ratio

Female

102,666

51.37%

Male

97,179

48.63%

Huntsville Population by Age

Huntsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Huntsville Household Types

56.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Huntsville Households and Families

2.89

Average Family Size

2.2

Average Household Size

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Huntsville Households by Type

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Huntsville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Huntsville Educational Attainment by Race

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.34%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.79%.

Huntsville Educational Attainment by Race

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$40,464

Average Earnings

$52,291

Average Male

$31,570

Average Female

Huntsville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Huntsville Language by Age

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Huntsville Language

91.93% of Huntsville residents speak only English, while 8.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.60% of the population.

Huntsville Language

Huntsville Poverty by Race

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15.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.09%

Male Poverty Rate

17.21%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Huntsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Hispanic, with 33.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.63%. Among those working part-time, it was 22.07%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.72%.

Huntsville Poverty

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Huntsville Poverty Rate by Education

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Huntsville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Huntsville Income by Household Type

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Income by Household Type

Huntsville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.1%

Male Marriage Rate

41.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Huntsville Married by Age and Sex

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Huntsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Huntsville Marital Status by Race

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Huntsville Marital Status

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17,695

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

Huntsville Veterans by War

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Huntsville Veterans by Age

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Huntsville Veterans by Race

Huntsville Veterans by Education

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7.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Huntsville Veterans by Education

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63.8%

Labor Force Participation

60.2%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Huntsville Employment by Age

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Huntsville Employment by Race

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Huntsville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.19%

Born in Huntsville

93.59%

Native Born

6.41%

Foreign Born

3.44%

Non Citizen

2.97%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.59% of Huntsville residents were born in the United States, with 52.19% having been born in Alabama. 3.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Huntsville Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Huntsville Population by Year