Huntsville, Alabama Population 2020

202,910
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Huntsville is a city located in Alabama. With a 2020 population of 202,910, it is the 2nd largest city in Alabama (after ) and the 118th largest city in the United States. Huntsville is currently growing at a rate of 1.40% annually and its population has increased by 12.66% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 180,105 in 2010. Spanning over 216 miles, Huntsville has a population density of 947 people per square mile.

The average household income in Huntsville is $79,274 with a poverty rate of 17.74%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $804 per month, and the median house value is $176,100. The median age in Huntsville is 36.9 years, 35.8 years for males, and 38 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.7 males.

Huntsville Population Growth

After Huntsville was founded, growth was slow but steady and was only at about 16,000 people at the time of the 1950 census. However, this all changed during the next census, when the population grew to over 72,000 people. The population had nearly doubled by the time of the next poll. While growth has slowed in recent years, recent estimates show that the numbers are up over 7% since the last census in 2010, with the city on track to soon hit over 200,000 residents.

The Chickasaw and Muscogee-speaking tribes were the first settlers in the area. However, the population declined in the early 1800s due to land disputes and disease. The same year, John Hunt settled in the area around Big Spring. Native claims to the land were ceded to the U.S. through treaties signed in 1805 and 1806. LeRoy Pope then purchased the land and named it Twickenham.

The city was planned out, but the name was changed to Huntsville, in honor of John Hunt who had originally settled the land. Huntsville was incorporated as a town in 1811. It was the first incorporated town in the state. The city’s economy and population began to grow significantly with the introduction of the railroad and cotton industries. Cotton planters moved to Huntsville from all over the south. The city was originally made the capital, but this was later changed several times until Montgomery became the capital city.

Huntsville continued to see growth as the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed, linking the coast with the Mississippi River. Following the Civil War, the city was a center for textile mills. These mills built their communities which included schools, churches, stores, and other businesses. However, industry declined in the 1930s because of the Great Depression.

Though growth had remained slow and steady, this changed in the 1940s with the construction of three chemical munitions facilities. The personnel totaled around 20,000 throughout World War II. In 1950, the Ordnance Guided Missile Center came to Huntsville and developed the Redstone Rocket, which paved the path for the U.S. space program and Army missile programs.

Today, the city’s economy revolved around the technology industry. The city is home to over 25 biotechnology firms. The city has been named as one of the best cities for defense jobs and one of the most educated cities in the U.S.

Huntsville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Huntsville was:

  • White: 61.64%
  • Black or African American: 30.56%
  • Two or more races: 2.89%
  • Asian: 2.74%
  • Other race: 1.70%
  • Native American: 0.37%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%
The current population of Huntsville, Alabama is 202,910, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 197,318.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 180,105.

Huntsville, Alabama Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020476,5976,9521.46%
2019469,6456,9521.48%
2018462,6936,9521.50%
2017455,7416,0791.33%
2016449,6625,1021.13%
2015444,5604,1570.94%
2014440,4034,8601.10%
2013435,5435,5171.27%
2012430,0264,9571.15%
2011425,0695,8031.37%
2010419,2660.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White119,38061.64%
Black or African American59,18730.56%
Two or More Races5,5982.89%
Asian5,3042.74%
Some Other Race3,2851.70%
American Indian and Alaska Native7170.37%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1920.10%
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Huntsville Population Pyramid 2020

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Huntsville Median Age

36.9


Total

35.8


Male

38


Female

Huntsville Adults

There are 152,754 adults, (30,314 of whom are seniors) in Huntsville.

Huntsville Age Dependency

58.2

Age Dependency Ratio

24.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Huntsville Sex Ratio

Female

100,514

51.90%

Male

93,149

48.10%

Huntsville Households and Families

Huntsville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Huntsville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.5%19.5%
All57.5%42.5%
Male47.6%52.4%
Non Family43.5%56.5%
Female35.4%64.6%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All82,8582.2457.5
Non Family34,8341.2143.5
Married33,4352.9880.5
Female11,0783.0135.4
Male3,5113.0947.6

2.94

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

4.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Huntsville Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,1083.14%
9th to 12th Grade8,4586.46%
High School Graduate25,13319.18%
Some College26,65720.35%
Associates Degree10,5098.02%
Bachelors Degree34,08826.02%
Graduate Degree22,07116.85%
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Huntsville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White83,48879,07341,936
Black34,54729,1679,092
Hispanic5,9313,6891,207
Asian3,8623,4682,237
Multiple Races2,8482,7161,395
Other Race1,684929276
Native American467429239
Islander18018044

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.92%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,346$49,248$30,445
Less Than High School$18,487$20,155$14,494
High School Grad$23,351$28,638$20,190
Some College$28,941$33,561$24,382
Bachelors Degree$54,449$73,119$41,352
Graduate Degree$81,004$102,926$58,622

$37,346

Average Earnings

$49,248

Average Male

$30,445

Average Female

Huntsville Language

Huntsville Language by Age

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Huntsville Language

92.10% of Huntsville residents speak only English, while 7.90% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.30% of the population.

Huntsville Poverty

Huntsville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black54,43717,19331.58%
White109,0199,7998.99%
Hispanic11,2934,79342.44%
Other3,2741,60749.08%
Multiple5,58295617.13%
Asian5,1723907.54%
Native7177810.88%
Islander1922613.54%

17.74%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.13%

Male Poverty Rate

19.20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Huntsville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Other, with 49.08% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Huntsville is Asian, with 7.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.32%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.16%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.70%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.05%
High School20.11%
Some College14.07%
Bachelors or Greater3.84%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.62%
Male Unemployed39.50%
Female Employed12.10%
Male Employed8.33%

Huntsville Income

Huntsville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,840$79,274
Families$73,670$100,555
Married Families$100,236$125,511
Non Families$34,340$48,698
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Huntsville Marital Status

Huntsville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Huntsville Married by Age and Sex

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Huntsville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Huntsville Marital Status by Race

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Huntsville Veterans

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17,224

Number of Veterans

14,862

Male Veterans

2,362

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,394
First Gulf War5,041
Second Gulf War4,810
Korea1,443
World War II493
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 545,128
55 to 643,557
65 to 743,458
75+3,453
18 to 341,628
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Name Veterans % of Total
White12,49212.91%
Black3,9788.93%
Hispanic5237.26%
2 or More37310.40%
Asian1703.64%
Indian11622.22%
Hawaiian6133.89%
Other341.69%

Huntsville Veterans by Education

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6.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Huntsville Employment Status

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62.6%

Labor Force Participation

58.4%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.79%

Born in Alabama

93.38%

Native Born

6.62%

Foreign Born

3.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.38% of Huntsville residents were born in the United States, with 52.79% having been born in Alabama. 3.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020202,9102,7961.40%
2019200,1142,7961.42%
2018197,3182,2621.16%
2017195,0562,7961.45%
2016192,2602,1131.11%
2015190,1472,4881.33%
2014187,6591,8180.98%
2013185,8412,2531.23%
2012183,5881,4210.78%
2011182,1671,2070.67%
2010180,96022,7441.35%
2000158,216-1,573-0.10%
1990159,78917,2761.15%
1980142,5133,2310.23%
1970139,28266,9176.77%
196072,36555,92815.98%
195016,4373,3872.33%
194013,0501,4961.23%
193011,5543,5363.72%
19208,0184070.52%
19107,611-457-0.58%
19008,068730.09%
18907,9953,0184.85%
18804,977700.14%
18704,9071,2733.05%
18603,6347712.41%
18502,8630.00%