Jacksonville is a city located in Duval County Florida. Jacksonville has a 2023 population of 962,970. It is also the county seat of Duval County.Jacksonville is currently growing at a rate of 0.44% annually and its population has increased by 1.32% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 950,463 in 2020.
The average household income in Jacksonville is $79,817 with a poverty rate of 14.87%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Jacksonville is 36.2 years, 35 years for males, and 37.6 years for females.
Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S. Jacksonville is named for President Andrew Jackson.
The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.
The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants, and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.
Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.
The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years, and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was occupied by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.
European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.
Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763, and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.
Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.
During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jacksonville was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 82.18%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 43.53%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
84.28% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 15.72% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.43% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Black, with 28.9% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is White, with 12.12% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.67%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.48%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.06%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Jacksonville
86.46% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 47.66% having been born in Florida. 5.1% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.