Jacksonville, Florida Population 2020

926,371
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Jacksonville is a city located in Florida. With a 2020 population of 926,371, it is the largest city in Florida and the 13th largest city in the United States. Jacksonville is currently growing at a rate of 1.23% annually and its population has increased by 12.73% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 821,784 in 2010. Spanning over 875 miles, Jacksonville has a population density of 1,239 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jacksonville is $71,800 with a poverty rate of 15.88%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,029 per month, and the median house value is $160,900. The median age in Jacksonville is 35.8 years, 34.6 years for males, and 37.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.7 males.

Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S. Jacksonville is named for President Andrew Jackson.

Jacksonville Diversity and Religion Statistics

The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.

The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants, and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.

Jacksonville Population Growth

Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.

The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years, and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was occupied by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.

European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.

Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763, and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.

Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.

During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jacksonville was:

  • White: 58.75%
  • Black or African American: 30.96%
  • Asian: 4.79%
  • Two or more races: 3.42%
  • Other race: 1.78%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Jacksonville, Florida is 926,371, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 903,889.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 821,784.

Jacksonville, Florida Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,594,42029,8601.87%
20191,564,56029,8601.91%
20181,534,70029,8601.95%
20171,504,84028,7201.91%
20161,476,12031,4002.13%
20151,444,72028,1701.95%
20141,416,55023,1001.63%
20131,393,45015,9001.14%
20121,377,55015,7101.14%
20111,361,84012,9500.95%
20101,348,8900.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White516,34158.75%
Black or African American272,06930.96%
Asian42,0894.79%
Two or More Races30,0493.42%
Some Other Race15,6651.78%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0070.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6870.08%
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Jacksonville Population Pyramid 2020

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Jacksonville Median Age

35.8


Total

34.6


Male

37.2


Female

Jacksonville Adults

There are 676,574 adults, (114,939 of whom are seniors) in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

56.5

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Sex Ratio

Female

453,672

51.62%

Male

425,235

48.38%

Jacksonville Households and Families

Jacksonville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jacksonville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.8%27.2%
All56%44%
Non Family45.3%54.7%
Male43.9%56.1%
Female42%58%

56.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All333,8662.5756
Married137,7403.2572.8
Non Family124,3331.2945.3
Female54,4483.5442
Male17,3453.3343.9

3.22

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Jacksonville Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,8913.18%
9th to 12th Grade45,2257.61%
High School Graduate169,12928.47%
Some College135,39222.79%
Associates Degree60,45610.17%
Bachelors Degree111,35518.74%
Graduate Degree53,7169.04%
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Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White336,372308,586105,274
Black166,504144,33430,037
Hispanic49,65740,46812,067
Asian30,36326,24114,373
Multiple Races11,97710,9563,494
Other Race10,0397,9072,171
Native American1,3681,158264
Islander47245743

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.82%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.34%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,853$40,394$31,883
Less Than High School$21,651$25,915$16,864
High School Grad$28,437$32,011$24,175
Some College$34,167$38,734$31,076
Bachelors Degree$48,815$58,564$42,125
Graduate Degree$59,253$74,777$51,245

$35,853

Average Earnings

$40,394

Average Male

$31,883

Average Female

Jacksonville Language

Jacksonville Language by Age

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Jacksonville Language

85.16% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 14.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.88% of the population.

Jacksonville Poverty

Jacksonville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black266,00765,26724.54%
White443,36547,95010.82%
Hispanic82,27015,51418.86%
Multiple29,6995,30517.86%
Asian41,6214,63511.14%
Other15,4592,31514.98%
Native1,95832016.34%
Islander683426.15%

15.88%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.26%

Male Poverty Rate

17.39%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jacksonville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Black, with 24.54% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Islander, with 6.15% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.96%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.29%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.03%
High School16.29%
Some College10.46%
Bachelors or Greater4.91%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.75%
Male Unemployed29.92%
Female Employed8.48%
Male Employed5.72%

Jacksonville Income

Jacksonville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,576$71,800
Families$63,999$83,958
Married Families$81,255$102,972
Non Families$35,777$47,901
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Jacksonville Marital Status

Jacksonville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.3%

Male Marriage Rate

40.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Jacksonville Married by Age and Sex

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Jacksonville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jacksonville Marital Status by Race

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Jacksonville Veterans

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78,967

Number of Veterans

68,285

Male Veterans

10,682

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War25,943
Second Gulf War23,884
Vietnam23,003
Korea4,141
World War II1,593
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5425,737
55 to 6417,768
65 to 7415,018
18 to 3410,353
75+10,091
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Name Veterans % of Total
White50,25612.27%
Black23,32412.07%
Hispanic4,5227.88%
Asian2,0646.17%
2 or More2,01713.70%
Other8006.82%
Indian39222.18%
Hawaiian11423.95%

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

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8.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.24%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jacksonville Employment Status

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65.6%

Labor Force Participation

59.6%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.26%

Born in Florida

88.92%

Native Born

11.08%

Foreign Born

5.04%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.92% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 49.26% having been born in Florida. 5.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020926,37111,2411.23%
2019915,13011,2411.24%
2018903,88912,1531.36%
2017891,73611,2411.28%
2016880,49514,6601.69%
2015865,83513,2751.56%
2014852,5609,7981.16%
2013842,7625,7650.69%
2012836,9977,4430.90%
2011829,5546,4310.78%
2010823,12387,5061.13%
2000735,617100,3871.48%
1990635,23094,3101.62%
1980540,92036,6550.70%
1970504,265303,2359.63%
1960201,030-3,487-0.17%
1950204,51731,4521.68%
1940173,06543,5162.94%
1930129,54937,9913.53%
192091,55833,8594.73%
191057,69929,2707.33%
190028,42911,2285.15%
189017,2019,5518.44%
18807,6507381.02%
18706,9124,81212.65%
18602,1001,1007.70%
18501,0000.00%