Jacksonville, Florida Population 2021

929,647
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Jacksonville is a city located in Florida. With a 2020 population of 929,647, it is the largest city in Florida and the 13th largest city in the United States. Jacksonville is currently growing at a rate of 0.99% annually and its population has increased by 13.13% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 821,784 in 2010. Jacksonville reached it's highest population of 929,647 in 2021. Spanning over 875 miles, Jacksonville has a population density of 1,244 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jacksonville is $74,873 with a poverty rate of 14.87%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,065 per month, and the median house value is $173,200. The median age in Jacksonville is 35.9 years, 34.6 years for males, and 37.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males.

Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S. Jacksonville is named for President Andrew Jackson.

Jacksonville Diversity and Religion Statistics

The largest ancestry groups in Jacksonville include German (9.6%), American (9.3%), Irish (9.0%), English (8.5%) and Italian (3.5%). Jacksonville is home to the 10th largest Arab population in the United States as well as the largest Filipino American community in Florida. A great deal of the Filipino community in the city has served in the U.S. Navy. There is also a large population of Puerto Ricans in the city.

The largest religious group in Jacksonville is Protestant, with about 365,000 Evangelical Protestants, 76,000 Mainline Protestants, and 57,000 Black Protestants and 1,200 congregations of various denominations. There are also 133,000 Catholics in the greater Jacksonville area, 15,000 members of the LDS Church, 8,500 Muslims, 6,000 Jews, 4,500 Hindus, 3,500 Buddhists and 650 Baha'is in the city.

Jacksonville Population Growth

Jacksonville is growing steadily, with a population growth of nearly 2% from 2010 to 2012. This trend is expected to continue as the local economy recovers from the housing crisis and recession.

The Jacksonville area has been inhabited for thousands of years, and some of the oldest pottery remnants in the U.S. have been discovered here. The area was occupied by the Mocama in the 16th century, with all Mocama villages in the area part of the chiefdom Saturiwa at the time of European contact.

European explorers first made their way through the region in 1562 when a French explorer chartered the St. Johns River. Two years later, Fort Caroline, the first European settlement, was established, although it was attacked by a Spanish force a year later and renamed San Mateo.

Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763, and the King's Road was constructed to connect nearby St. Augustine to Georgia. Control of the territory was ceded back to Spain in 1783 after Britain was defeated in the Revolutionary War, and Florida was later ceded to the U.S. in 1821. The town was then constructed and named Jacksonville.

Jacksonville was a supply point for cattle and hogs during the Civil War to aid Confederate troops, although it was blockaded by the Union Army later, which gained control of the city in 1862. Later, Jacksonville became a winter resort for celebrities. It was also briefly the silent film capital of the world until Hollywood emerged.

During World War II, Jacksonville experienced quick urban sprawl and middle-class "white flight" as residents moved to the suburbs.

Jacksonville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jacksonville was:

  • White: 58.22%
  • Black or African American: 30.95%
  • Asian: 4.76%
  • Two or more races: 3.64%
  • Other race: 2.13%
  • Native American: 0.23%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Jacksonville, Florida is 929,647, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 902,437.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 821,784.

Jacksonville, Florida Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,613,22026,8601.66%
20201,586,36026,8501.69%
20191,559,51026,8501.72%
20181,532,66027,6301.80%
20171,505,03029,0101.93%
20161,476,02031,3802.13%
20151,444,64028,1901.95%
20141,416,45023,0201.63%
20131,393,43015,8201.14%
20121,377,61015,6401.14%
20111,361,97013,0600.96%
20101,348,9100.00%

Jacksonville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White518,44958.22%
Black or African American275,60530.95%
Asian42,4254.76%
Two or More Races32,3963.64%
Some Other Race18,9782.13%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0580.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5560.06%
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Jacksonville Population by Race

Jacksonville Population Pyramid 2021

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Jacksonville Median Age

35.9


Total

34.6


Male

37.2


Female

Jacksonville Adults

There are 686,309 adults, (119,729 of whom are seniors) in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville Age Dependency

57.2

Age Dependency Ratio

21.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Jacksonville Sex Ratio

Female

459,334

51.58%

Male

431,133

48.42%

Jacksonville Population by Age

Jacksonville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jacksonville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married73.1%26.9%
All56%44%
Male45.6%54.4%
Non Family45.3%54.7%
Female40.9%59.1%

56.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jacksonville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All338,9912.5756
Married139,6183.2573.1
Non Family127,4621.2945.3
Female54,0093.5540.9
Male17,9023.3545.6

3.22

Average Family Size

2.57

Average Household Size

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Jacksonville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,7893.11%
9th to 12th Grade44,9257.43%
High School Graduate171,93428.43%
Some College134,64122.26%
Associates Degree61,27410.13%
Bachelors Degree115,71219.13%
Graduate Degree57,4739.50%
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Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White338,041310,745108,623
Black170,807148,17232,565
Hispanic52,81843,47613,007
Asian30,78327,29315,252
Multiple Races13,08711,8783,711
Other Race12,1079,6692,875
Native American1,5261,367321
Islander34030624

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.93%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.55%.

Jacksonville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,985$41,607$32,518
Less Than High School$22,742$27,195$17,303
High School Grad$30,053$32,294$25,517
Some College$35,106$40,679$31,225
Bachelors Degree$50,024$59,999$43,158
Graduate Degree$61,012$77,147$52,833

$36,985

Average Earnings

$41,607

Average Male

$32,518

Average Female

Jacksonville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jacksonville Language by Age

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Jacksonville Language

84.96% of Jacksonville residents speak only English, while 15.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.09% of the population.

Jacksonville Language

Jacksonville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black269,30661,46722.82%
White444,15844,62110.05%
Hispanic86,51014,97917.31%
Multiple31,9905,92018.51%
Asian41,9424,36610.41%
Other18,7272,68314.33%
Native2,01441020.36%
Islander538387.06%

14.87%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.45%

Male Poverty Rate

16.18%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jacksonville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Black, with 22.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jacksonville is Islander, with 7.06% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.36%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.33%.

Jacksonville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.17%
High School15.76%
Some College10.30%
Bachelors or Greater4.83%

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.68%
Male Unemployed29.30%
Female Employed7.48%
Male Employed5.24%

Jacksonville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jacksonville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$54,701$74,873
Families$66,431$87,536
Married Families$83,803$106,893
Non Families$37,643$50,338
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Income by Household Type

Jacksonville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.8%

Male Marriage Rate

40.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Jacksonville Married by Age and Sex

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Jacksonville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Jacksonville Marital Status by Race

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Jacksonville Marital Status

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78,558

Number of Veterans

67,312

Male Veterans

11,246

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War26,601
Second Gulf War24,545
Vietnam22,640
Korea3,585
World War II1,297

Jacksonville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5424,708
55 to 6417,606
65 to 7415,674
18 to 3410,486
75+10,084

Jacksonville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White49,83212.12%
Black23,42011.90%
Hispanic4,8728.03%
2 or More2,14313.51%
Asian1,9285.73%
Other7675.52%
Indian36220.72%
Hawaiian10630.72%

Jacksonville Veterans by Race

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

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8.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.20%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jacksonville Veterans by Education

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66.1%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

5.9%

Unemployment Rate

Jacksonville Employment by Age

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Jacksonville Employment by Race

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Jacksonville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.91%

Born in Florida

88.66%

Native Born

11.34%

Foreign Born

5.03%

Non Citizen

6.31%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

88.66% of Jacksonville residents were born in the United States, with 48.91% having been born in Florida. 5.03% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Jacksonville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021929,6479,0700.99%
2020920,5779,0701.00%
2019911,5079,0701.01%
2018902,43710,4121.17%
2017892,02511,5051.31%
2016880,52014,6841.70%
2015865,83613,3421.57%
2014852,4949,7591.16%
2013842,7355,7220.68%
2012837,0137,4040.89%
2011829,6096,4950.79%
2010823,11487,4971.13%
2000735,617100,3871.48%
1990635,23094,3101.62%
1980540,92036,6550.70%
1970504,265303,2359.63%
1960201,030-3,487-0.17%
1950204,51731,4521.68%
1940173,06543,5162.94%
1930129,54937,9913.53%
192091,55833,8594.73%
191057,69929,2707.33%
190028,42911,2285.15%
189017,2019,5518.44%
18807,6507381.02%
18706,9124,81212.65%
18602,1001,1007.70%
18501,0000.00%

Jacksonville Population by Year