Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2020

271,099
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Jersey City is a city located in New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 271,099, it is the 2nd largest city in New Jersey (after Newark) and the 77th largest city in the United States. Jersey City is currently growing at a rate of 1.03% annually and its population has increased by 9.49% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 247,597 in 2010. Jersey City reached it's highest population of 316,715 in 1930. Spanning over 21 miles, Jersey City has a population density of 18,388 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jersey City is $97,558 with a poverty rate of 18.29%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,334 per month, and the median house value is $362,100. The median age in Jersey City is 34.2 years, 33.9 years for males, and 34.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 97.5 males.

Jersey City is located in the state of New Jersey. It is the county seat of Hudson County, and it is the largest city by population within that county. Jersey City is part of the New York metro area and serves as a transportation, distribution, and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Jersey City Population Growth

In its earliest years, Jersey City experienced substantial population growth, reaching over 100,000 residents by 1880 and more than 200,000 by 1900. However, the period between the 1930s and 1990s saw a decline in population. As mentioned, this was due to rising crime rates, political corruption, and other problems within the city. However, efforts in the late 1980s were successful in bringing more residents into Jersey City, posting a 2.2% increase between 1980 and 1990. Since the last census taken in 2010, the population has risen by over 6%, showing that this once thriving city is back on track to see continued growth in the future.

The Lenape once inhabited the area that is now Jersey City. Henry Hudson arrived in the region in 1609. A land grant to Michael Reyniersz Pauw was used to purchase the land from the Lenape in 1630.

In the late 1700s, Alexander Hamilton and other prominent people in New York and New Jersey went to work to develop what is now historic downtown Jersey City. An interesting fact about Jersey City is that during the 19th century, former slaves used the Underground Railroad to reach this city. Jersey City was not incorporated as a city until 1820. It was reincorporated in 1829, then again in 1838. Two years later, it was made part of Hudson County.

The 1850s through the 1880s saw the introduction of the railroad, which through the 20th century was one of the biggest employers in the city. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city was a dock and manufacturing town. It was also a city that attracted many immigrants from Germany, Italy, and Ireland.

The 1970s saw a decline in urban population as more people moved to the suburbs following high crime rates, political corruption, and hardships. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, Jersey City lost 9% of its workforce, while the 30-year period from 1950 to 1980 saw a loss of 75,000 residents. However, later in the 1980s, revitalization efforts began to bring in more residents. This included the construction of high-rise buildings, the development of the financial district, and a thriving downtown area.

Jersey City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jersey City was:

  • White: 34.99%
  • Asian: 25.06%
  • Black or African American: 23.91%
  • Other race: 12.12%
  • Two or more races: 3.33%
  • Native American: 0.52%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Jersey City, New Jersey is 271,099, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 265,549.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 247,597.

Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
202019,940,500-19,500-0.10%
201919,960,000-19,500-0.10%
201819,979,500-19,500-0.10%
201719,999,000-17,900-0.09%
201620,016,90017,0000.08%
201519,999,90042,2000.21%
201419,957,70056,0000.28%
201319,901,70079,0000.40%
201219,822,70098,0000.49%
201119,724,700129,7000.66%
201019,595,0000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White91,59734.99%
Asian65,60225.06%
Black or African American62,59123.91%
Some Other Race31,72012.12%
Two or More Races8,7103.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3550.52%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1710.07%
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Jersey City Population Pyramid 2020

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Jersey City Median Age

34.2


Total

33.9


Male

34.6


Female

Jersey City Adults

There are 207,206 adults, (27,682 of whom are seniors) in Jersey City.

Jersey City Age Dependency

45.8

Age Dependency Ratio

15.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Jersey City Sex Ratio

Female

132,501

50.62%

Male

129,245

49.38%

Jersey City Households and Families

Jersey City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jersey City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married39.1%60.9%
Male31.5%68.5%
All28.7%71.3%
Female21.7%78.3%
Non Family20.9%79.1%

28.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All101,0072.5628.7
Non Family39,2771.4220.9
Married38,9693.2939.1
Female16,7203.321.7
Male6,0413.3631.5

3.19

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

6.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Jersey City Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,9626.47%
9th to 12th Grade12,4336.73%
High School Graduate42,71123.11%
Some College24,83913.44%
Associates Degree7,7234.18%
Bachelors Degree50,51427.34%
Graduate Degree34,60518.73%
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Jersey City Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian49,92646,48236,914
Hispanic47,96235,1588,811
White45,05342,11627,485
Black40,25734,82910,274
Other Race19,24014,1212,793
Multiple Races4,5264,0642,272
Native American814594120
Islander727219

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 73.94%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$47,542$53,470$40,506
Less Than High School$21,440$24,814$17,793
High School Grad$30,236$35,033$23,863
Some College$34,408$40,022$30,607
Bachelors Degree$63,303$71,642$55,153
Graduate Degree$86,963$100,112$73,297

$47,542

Average Earnings

$53,470

Average Male

$40,506

Average Female

Jersey City Language

Jersey City Language by Age

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Jersey City Language

46.62% of Jersey City residents speak only English, while 53.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.56% of the population.

Jersey City Poverty

Jersey City Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic75,27517,95723.86%
Black61,81014,75123.87%
Other31,5168,05025.54%
Asian65,4317,69911.77%
White54,1427,32113.52%
Multiple8,6281,16913.55%
Islander1714828.07%
Native1,355423.10%

18.29%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.96%

Male Poverty Rate

20.57%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jersey City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Islander, with 28.07% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Native, with 3.10% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.41%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.45%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.14%
High School21.06%
Some College16.84%
Bachelors or Greater7.61%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed31.59%
Male Unemployed30.31%
Female Employed9.66%
Male Employed6.47%

Jersey City Income

Jersey City Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$65,923$97,558
Families$73,200$104,997
Married Families$96,947$131,812
Non Families$51,881$81,520
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Jersey City Marital Status

Jersey City Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.6%

Male Marriage Rate

40.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Jersey City Married by Age and Sex

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Jersey City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jersey City Marital Status by Race

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Jersey City Veterans

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4,203

Number of Veterans

3,809

Male Veterans

394

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,177
First Gulf War948
Second Gulf War874
Korea471
World War II147
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,245
75+884
65 to 74818
55 to 64656
18 to 34600
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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,9572.58%
Black1,3882.92%
Hispanic9021.63%
Asian3940.72%
Other2821.26%
2 or More1182.24%
Indian647.33%

Jersey City Veterans by Education

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11.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.51%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jersey City Employment Status

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68.1%

Labor Force Participation

63.5%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.10%

Born in New Jersey

58.62%

Native Born

41.38%

Foreign Born

22.25%

Non Citizen

19.13%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

58.62% of Jersey City residents were born in the United States, with 35.10% having been born in New Jersey. 22.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020271,0992,7751.03%
2019268,3242,7751.05%
2018265,5492,1480.82%
2017263,4012,7751.06%
2016260,6262940.11%
2015260,3321,5380.59%
2014258,7941,5510.60%
2013257,2431,0950.43%
2012256,1483,2381.28%
2011252,9104,5471.83%
2010248,3638,3080.34%
2000240,05511,5180.49%
1990228,5375,0050.22%
1980223,532-36,818-1.51%
1970260,350-15,751-0.59%
1960276,101-22,916-0.79%
1950299,017-2,156-0.07%
1940301,173-15,542-0.50%
1930316,71518,6120.61%
1920298,10330,3241.08%
1910267,77961,3462.64%
1900206,43343,4302.39%
1890163,00342,2813.05%
1880120,72238,1763.87%
187082,54653,32010.94%
186029,22622,37015.60%
18506,8563,7848.36%
18403,0720.00%