Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2021

258,523
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Jersey City is a city located in Hudson County New Jersey. With a 2020 population of 258,523, it is the 2nd largest city in New Jersey (after Newark) and the 87th largest city in the United States . Jersey City is currently declining at a rate of -0.68% annually but its population has increased by 4.41% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 247,597 in 2010. Jersey City reached it's highest population of 316,715 in 1930. Spanning over 21 miles, Jersey City has a population density of 17,535 people per square mile.

The average household income in Jersey City is $105,122 with a poverty rate of 17.15%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,401 per month, and the median house value is $373,700. The median age in Jersey City is 34.3 years, 34 years for males, and 34.7 years for females.

Jersey City is located in the state of New Jersey. It is the county seat of Hudson County, and it is the largest city by population within that county. Jersey City is part of the New York metro area and serves as a transportation, distribution, and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Jersey City Population Growth

In its earliest years, Jersey City experienced substantial population growth, reaching over 100,000 residents by 1880 and more than 200,000 by 1900. However, the period between the 1930s and 1990s saw a decline in population. As mentioned, this was due to rising crime rates, political corruption, and other problems within the city. However, efforts in the late 1980s were successful in bringing more residents into Jersey City, posting a 2.2% increase between 1980 and 1990. Since the last census taken in 2010, the population has risen by over 6%, showing that this once thriving city is back on track to see continued growth in the future.

The Lenape once inhabited the area that is now Jersey City. Henry Hudson arrived in the region in 1609. A land grant to Michael Reyniersz Pauw was used to purchase the land from the Lenape in 1630.

In the late 1700s, Alexander Hamilton and other prominent people in New York and New Jersey went to work to develop what is now historic downtown Jersey City. An interesting fact about Jersey City is that during the 19th century, former slaves used the Underground Railroad to reach this city. Jersey City was not incorporated as a city until 1820. It was reincorporated in 1829, then again in 1838. Two years later, it was made part of Hudson County.

The 1850s through the 1880s saw the introduction of the railroad, which through the 20th century was one of the biggest employers in the city. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city was a dock and manufacturing town. It was also a city that attracted many immigrants from Germany, Italy, and Ireland.

The 1970s saw a decline in urban population as more people moved to the suburbs following high crime rates, political corruption, and hardships. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, Jersey City lost 9% of its workforce, while the 30-year period from 1950 to 1980 saw a loss of 75,000 residents. However, later in the 1980s, revitalization efforts began to bring in more residents. This included the construction of high-rise buildings, the development of the financial district, and a thriving downtown area.

Jersey City Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Jersey City was:

  • White: 35.86%
  • Asian: 25.13%
  • Black or African American: 22.91%
  • Other race: 11.76%
  • Two or more races: 3.77%
  • Native American: 0.54%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Jersey City, New Jersey is 258,523 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 263,851.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 247,597.

Jersey City, New Jersey Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
202119,095,300-60,400-0.32%
202019,155,700-60,500-0.32%
201919,216,200-60,400-0.31%
201819,276,600-46,000-0.24%
201719,322,600-12,200-0.06%
201619,334,80013,8000.07%
201519,321,00040,1000.21%
201419,280,90054,5000.28%
201319,226,40076,7000.40%
201219,149,70096,9000.51%
201119,052,800129,4000.68%
201018,923,4000.00%

Jersey City Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White93,92535.86%
Asian65,82925.13%
Black or African American60,00722.91%
Some Other Race30,79611.76%
Two or More Races9,8643.77%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4210.54%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander980.04%
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Jersey City Population by Race

Jersey City Population Pyramid $2021

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Jersey City Median Age

34.3


Total

34


Male

34.7


Female

Jersey City Adults

There are 207,944 adults, (28,969 of whom are seniors) in Jersey City.

Jersey City Age Dependency

46.4

Age Dependency Ratio

16.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Jersey City Sex Ratio

Female

132,052

50.41%

Male

129,888

49.59%

Jersey City Population by Age

Jersey City Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Jersey City Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married39.2%60.8%
Male32%68%
All29.1%70.9%
Female22%78%
Non Family21.2%78.8%

29.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jersey City Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All103,2252.5129.1
Married41,0963.2339.2
Non Family40,4481.3921.2
Female16,0983.2222
Male5,5833.3332

3.13

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Jersey City Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,9156.38%
9th to 12th Grade11,1895.99%
High School Graduate42,49622.75%
Some College24,14112.92%
Associates Degree8,2504.42%
Bachelors Degree51,93027.80%
Graduate Degree36,89119.75%
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Jersey City Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Jersey City Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian50,33046,90637,144
Hispanic47,87736,0909,845
White47,14944,35129,286
Black39,37734,00510,545
Other Race18,65514,1862,983
2+ Races5,1584,6682,706
Native American915654145
Islander4040

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 73.80%.

Jersey City Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$51,002$56,825$43,539
Less Than 9th Grade$21,195$24,137$17,807
High School Graduate$30,071$33,977$23,976
Some College$37,207$43,302$30,873
Bachelors Degree$67,644$75,213$60,718
Graduate Degree$92,353$102,730$77,322

$51,002

Average Earnings

$56,825

Average Male

$43,539

Average Female

Jersey City Earnings by Educational Attainment

Jersey City Language by Age

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Jersey City Language

46.98% of Jersey City residents speak only English, while 53.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.17% of the population.

Jersey City Language

Jersey City Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic73,80916,37922.19%
Black59,21213,82123.34%
Asian65,5837,19610.97%
White56,6857,07112.47%
Other30,5636,95522.76%
Multiple9,7151,34613.85%
Native1,4211037.25%
Islander983131.63%

17.15%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.21%

Male Poverty Rate

19.07%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jersey City

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Islander, with 31.63% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jersey City is Native, with 7.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.03%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.07%.

Jersey City Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.67%
High School19.84%
Some College15.31%
Bachelors or Greater6.99%

Jersey City Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed29.78%
Female Unemployed28.67%
Female Employed8.33%
Male Employed5.87%

Jersey City Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Jersey City Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$70,752$105,122
Families$78,568$114,476
Married Families$105,240$142,916
Non Families$55,609$86,030
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Income by Household Type

Jersey City Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

45.8%

Male Marriage Rate

41.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Jersey City Married by Age and Sex

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Jersey City Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 35-44, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Jersey City Marital Status by Race

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Jersey City Marital Status

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4,197

Number of Veterans

3,755

Male Veterans

442

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam1,162
Second Gulf War936
First Gulf War703
Korea511
World War II101

Jersey City Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 541,074
75+907
65 to 74857
55 to 64728
18 to 34631

Jersey City Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White2,0282.62%
Black1,3812.99%
Hispanic8991.65%
Asian3100.56%
Other Race2891.33%
2+ Races1131.93%
Native American768.14%

Jersey City Veterans by Race

Jersey City Veterans by Education

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11.00%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jersey City Veterans by Education

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68.5%

Labor Force Participation

64.5%

Employment Rate

5.7%

Unemployment Rate

Jersey City Employment by Age

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Jersey City Employment by Race

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Jersey City Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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34.51%

Born in Jersey City

58.21%

Native Born

41.79%

Foreign Born

22.63%

Non Citizen

19.17%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

58.21% of Jersey City residents were born in the United States, with 34.51% having been born in New Jersey. 22.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Jersey City Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021258,523-1,776-0.68%
2020260,299-1,776-0.68%
2019262,075-1,776-0.67%
2018263,8515590.21%
2017263,2922,8651.10%
2016260,4272560.10%
2015260,1711,5390.60%
2014258,6321,5130.59%
2013257,1191,0470.41%
2012256,0723,1951.26%
2011252,8774,5531.83%
2010248,3248,2690.34%
2000240,05511,5180.49%
1990228,5375,0050.22%
1980223,532-36,818-1.51%
1970260,350-15,751-0.59%
1960276,101-22,916-0.79%
1950299,017-2,156-0.07%
1940301,173-15,542-0.50%
1930316,71518,6120.61%
1920298,10330,3241.08%
1910267,77961,3462.64%
1900206,43343,4302.39%
1890163,00342,2813.05%
1880120,72238,1763.87%
187082,54653,32010.94%
186029,22622,37015.60%
18506,8563,7848.36%
18403,0720.00%

Jersey City Population by Year