Killeen, Texas Population 2020

154,649
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Killeen is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 154,649, it is the 19th largest city in Texas and the 166th largest city in the United States. Killeen is currently growing at a rate of 1.97% annually and its population has increased by 20.89% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 127,921 in 2010. Spanning over 55 miles, Killeen has a population density of 2,835 people per square mile.

The average household income in Killeen is $60,435 with a poverty rate of 14.71%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $923 per month, and the median house value is $126,200. The median age in Killeen is 28.8 years, 28.2 years for males, and 29.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males.

Situated in Bell County, Texas, Killeen is the 21st most populous city in Texas. The city is located about 70 miles north of Austin and 3 miles outside the Fort Hood military base. The economy of Killeen depends largely on the cantonment of Fort Hood, located directly adjacent to the city. Over the years Killeen has seen rapid population growth, due to the high influx of soldiers and their families.

Real Estate and Diversity

Killeen, TX, was ranked in 2007 as the most affordable housing market in the whole of the United States with an average cost of $136,725.

In 1950, there were no blacks living in the city of Killeen until the construction of Camp Hood. A few years into the decade, Marlboro Heights, an all black subdivision was developed, and in 1956 the city school board voted in favor of integration. Today, almost 40% of Killeen's population is black and the city has almost closed the white and black homeownership gap (https://money.cnn.com/2018/04/17/news/economy/kileen-texas-homeownership/index.html).

Population Growth

At the turn of the 20th century, Killeen saw a population of around only 800. Today, this has grown to over 145,000, due mainly to the military presence in the city. Between 1940 and 1950, the population of Killeen had gone up by a multiple of over 5, from 1,300 in 1940 to over 7,045 in 1950, with an annual growth rate of 18.41%.

This population only continued to grow in the decades that followed, reaching over 23,000 in 1960, over 35,000 in 1970, over 46,000 in 1980, over 63,000 in 1990 and almost 87,000 in 1990, more than 10 times that what it was 100 years earlier. It's estimated that the population of the Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood area will grow 23% between 2015 and 2030 to reach 550,000 people.

As the railway expanded its tracks through Texas in 1881, what was a small farming community by the name of Palo Alto soon became a booming town, taking its name from Frank P. Killeen, the railroad’s assistant general manager. In the year that followed, stores, a school, and a saloon had all been built, and by 1884 the town had a hotel, a lumberyard, a blacksmith shop, two saloons, two cotton gins, two gristmills, five general stores, and roughly 350 people.

Killeen remained relatively small and isolated until the 1940s and World War II. The aforementioned Camp Hood was constructed in 1942 (renamed Fort Hood in the 1950s) as a training post to meet the demand for soldiers. This brought with it people in the thousands, not only from soldiers and their families, but contractors, laborers, and construction workers also, turning Killeen almost overnight into a military boom town. By the 1970s, Killeen had grown into a thriving city of over 35,000.

Killeen Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Killeen was:

  • White: 44.28%
  • Black or African American: 40.06%
  • Two or more races: 6.41%
  • Asian: 3.89%
  • Other race: 3.27%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.28%
  • Native American: 0.81%
The current population of Killeen, Texas is 154,649, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 148,683.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 127,921.

Killeen, Texas Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020469,3349,0311.92%
2019460,3039,0311.96%
2018451,2728,2741.83%
2017442,9986,5771.48%
2016436,4213,8380.88%
2015432,5836,1621.42%
2014426,4212,4900.58%
2013423,9314560.11%
2012423,47511,1272.63%
2011412,3484,0860.99%
2010408,2620.00%

Killeen Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White64,51744.28%
Black or African American58,35740.06%
Two or More Races9,3386.41%
Asian5,6623.89%
Some Other Race4,7693.27%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,8651.28%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,1780.81%
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Killeen Population by Race

Killeen Population Pyramid 2020

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Killeen Median Age

28.8


Total

28.2


Male

29.4


Female

Killeen Adults

There are 101,593 adults, (9,088 of whom are seniors) in Killeen.

Killeen Age Dependency

57.5

Age Dependency Ratio

9.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Killeen Sex Ratio

Female

74,104

50.87%

Male

71,582

49.13%

Killeen Population by Age

Killeen Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Killeen Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married56%44%
Male47.3%52.7%
All43.8%56.2%
Female33.5%66.5%
Non Family31.7%68.3%

43.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Killeen Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,3632.7343.8
Married24,4463.4756
Non Family16,9231.231.7
Female9,8503.3433.5
Male2,1443.4447.3

3.35

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

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Killeen Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8223.32%
9th to 12th Grade4,3925.17%
High School Graduate21,22824.99%
Some College27,70332.61%
Associates Degree11,65713.72%
Bachelors Degree12,15714.31%
Graduate Degree4,9905.87%
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Killeen Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Killeen Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black33,23931,1526,771
White26,64425,2706,048
Hispanic20,52917,3533,527
Asian4,3333,514953
Multiple Races3,2943,082517
Other Race2,8142,482244
Islander1,2191,14453
Native American758641202

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.84%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 26.65%.

Killeen Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,313$39,411$27,141
Less Than High School$20,534$23,624$15,313
High School Grad$27,012$31,992$20,316
Some College$31,958$38,995$26,832
Bachelors Degree$48,413$54,539$39,145
Graduate Degree$54,985$67,898$51,786

$32,313

Average Earnings

$39,411

Average Male

$27,141

Average Female

Killeen Earnings by Educational Attainment

Killeen Language by Age

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Killeen Language

75.41% of Killeen residents speak only English, while 24.59% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.86% of the population.

Killeen Language

Killeen Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black57,8629,85617.03%
Hispanic38,5877,09218.38%
White40,9043,9529.66%
Multiple9,3191,42315.27%
Asian5,66262811.09%
Other4,70055911.89%
Islander1,86535218.87%
Native1,17830025.47%

14.71%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.95%

Male Poverty Rate

16.40%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Killeen

The race most likely to be in poverty in Killeen is Native, with 25.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Killeen is White, with 9.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.62%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.38%.

Killeen Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.53%
High School15.63%
Some College11.67%
Bachelors or Greater5.37%

Killeen Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.38%
Male Unemployed21.70%
Female Employed10.48%
Male Employed7.21%

Killeen Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Killeen Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$49,630$60,435
Families$54,540$66,535
Married Families$66,256-
Non Families$35,297$42,742
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Income by Household Type

Killeen Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

51.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.5%

Male Marriage Rate

48.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Killeen Married by Age and Sex

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Killeen Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Killeen Marital Status by Race

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Killeen Marital Status

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26,719

Number of Veterans

19,597

Male Veterans

7,122

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War18,224
First Gulf War11,867
Vietnam3,158
Korea256
World War II100

Killeen Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 5411,208
18 to 348,204
55 to 644,468
65 to 741,890
75+949

Killeen Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black12,68534.60%
White11,09026.43%
Hispanic4,98721.40%
2 or More97624.21%
Other72321.17%
Asian66714.85%
Hawaiian47234.53%
Indian10612.60%

Killeen Veterans by Race

Killeen Veterans by Education

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7.80%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.95%

Veteran Disability Rate

Killeen Veterans by Education

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68.4%

Labor Force Participation

53.9%

Employment Rate

10.4%

Unemployment Rate

Killeen Employment by Age

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Killeen Employment by Race

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Killeen Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.11%

Born in Texas

90.33%

Native Born

9.67%

Foreign Born

4.22%

Non Citizen

5.44%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.33% of Killeen residents were born in the United States, with 35.11% having been born in Texas. 4.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Killeen Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020154,6492,9831.97%
2019151,6662,9832.01%
2018148,6833,5342.43%
2017145,1492,2951.61%
2016142,8542,7071.93%
2015140,1472,5581.86%
2014137,5891,2950.95%
2013136,2942,0541.53%
2012134,2403,4022.60%
2011130,8381,8141.41%
2010129,02442,1134.03%
200086,91123,3763.18%
199063,53517,2393.22%
198046,29610,7892.69%
197035,50712,1304.27%
196023,37716,33212.74%
19507,0455,74518.41%
19401,3005001.22%
19008000.00%

Killeen Population by Year