Killeen, Texas Population 2020

153,973
Loading...

Killeen is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 153,973, it is the 19th largest city in Texas and the 169th largest city in the United States. Killeen is currently growing at a rate of 1.61% annually and its population has increased by 20.37% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 127,921 in 2010. Spanning over 55 miles, Killeen has a population density of 2,823 people per square mile.

The average household income in Killeen is $60,229 with a poverty rate of 13.84%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $912 per month, and the median house value is $121,500. The median age in Killeen is 28.6 years, 28 years for males, and 29.3 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.1 males.

Situated in Bell County, Texas, Killeen is the 21st most populous city in Texas. The city is located about 70 miles north of Austin and 3 miles outside the Fort Hood military base. The economy of Killeen depends largely on the cantonment of Fort Hood, located directly adjacent to the city. Over the years Killeen has seen rapid population growth, due to the high influx of soldiers and their families.

Real Estate and Diversity

Killeen, TX, was ranked in 2007 as the most affordable housing market in the whole of the United States with an average cost of $136,725.

In 1950, there were no blacks living in the city of Killeen until the construction of Camp Hood. A few years into the decade, Marlboro Heights, an all black subdivision was developed, and in 1956 the city school board voted in favor of integration. Today, almost 40% of Killeen's population is black and the city has almost closed the white and black homeownership gap (https://money.cnn.com/2018/04/17/news/economy/kileen-texas-homeownership/index.html).

Population Growth

At the turn of the 20th century, Killeen saw a population of around only 800. Today, this has grown to over 145,000, due mainly to the military presence in the city. Between 1940 and 1950, the population of Killeen had gone up by a multiple of over 5, from 1,300 in 1940 to over 7,045 in 1950, with an annual growth rate of 18.41%.

This population only continued to grow in the decades that followed, reaching over 23,000 in 1960, over 35,000 in 1970, over 46,000 in 1980, over 63,000 in 1990 and almost 87,000 in 1990, more than 10 times that what it was 100 years earlier. It's estimated that the population of the Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood area will grow 23% between 2015 and 2030 to reach 550,000 people.

As the railway expanded its tracks through Texas in 1881, what was a small farming community by the name of Palo Alto soon became a booming town, taking its name from Frank P. Killeen, the railroad’s assistant general manager. In the year that followed, stores, a school, and a saloon had all been built, and by 1884 the town had a hotel, a lumberyard, a blacksmith shop, two saloons, two cotton gins, two gristmills, five general stores, and roughly 350 people.

Killeen remained relatively small and isolated until the 1940s and World War II. The aforementioned Camp Hood was constructed in 1942 (renamed Fort Hood in the 1950s) as a training post to meet the demand for soldiers. This brought with it people in the thousands, not only from soldiers and their families, but contractors, laborers, and construction workers also, turning Killeen almost overnight into a military boom town. By the 1970s, Killeen had grown into a thriving city of over 35,000.

Killeen Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Killeen was:

  • White: 43.88%
  • Black or African American: 38.68%
  • Two or more races: 6.42%
  • Other race: 4.90%
  • Asian: 3.72%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.39%
  • Native American: 1.00%
The current population of Killeen, Texas is 153,973, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 149,103.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 127,921.

Killeen, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020467,7318,0261.72%
2019459,7058,0261.75%
2018451,6798,0261.78%
2017443,6536,9091.56%
2016436,7443,9940.91%
2015432,7506,2511.44%
2014426,4992,5020.59%
2013423,9974890.12%
2012423,50811,1612.64%
2011412,3474,0710.99%
2010408,2760.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White62,78443.88%
Black or African American55,33938.68%
Two or More Races9,1916.42%
Some Other Race7,0114.90%
Asian5,3263.72%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,9891.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,4301.00%
Loading...

Killeen Population Pyramid 2020

Loading...

Killeen Median Age

28.6


Total

28


Male

29.3


Female

Killeen Adults

There are 99,876 adults, (8,487 of whom are seniors) in Killeen.

Killeen Age Dependency

56.6

Age Dependency Ratio

9.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Killeen Sex Ratio

Female

72,941

50.98%

Male

70,129

49.02%

Killeen Households and Families

Killeen Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Killeen Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.5%44.5%
All44%56%
Male40.4%59.6%
Female34.8%65.2%
Non Family32.3%67.7%

44.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All51,8872.7544
Married24,4523.4855.5
Non Family15,7651.2132.3
Female9,4153.3434.8
Male2,2553.340.4

3.34

Average Family Size

2.75

Average Household Size

4.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Loading...

Killeen Education

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8363.41%
9th to 12th Grade4,3605.24%
High School Graduate20,61424.78%
Some College28,28133.99%
Associates Degree11,04313.27%
Bachelors Degree11,36913.67%
Graduate Degree4,6915.64%
Loading...

Killeen Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Total High School Bachelors
Black31,42429,5676,200
White27,25825,8376,039
Hispanic19,34915,9292,942
Asian3,9413,247959
Other Race3,8293,235448
Multiple Races3,1912,922509
Islander1,3311,26947
Native American924747185

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.34%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 24.33%.

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,938$38,385$26,674
Less Than High School$20,463$24,172$13,932
High School Grad$26,396$31,924$20,080
Some College$32,008$39,851$26,911
Bachelors Degree$46,564$52,275$40,203
Graduate Degree$54,644$66,488$49,706

$31,938

Average Earnings

$38,385

Average Male

$26,674

Average Female

Killeen Language

Killeen Language by Age

Loading...

Killeen Language

76.20% of Killeen residents speak only English, while 23.80% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.27% of the population.

Killeen Poverty

Killeen Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black54,9438,92716.25%
Hispanic36,4926,52017.87%
White41,8943,6498.71%
Multiple9,1831,53316.69%
Other6,95876310.97%
Native1,43041929.30%
Asian5,3263516.59%
Islander1,98933917.04%

13.84%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.37%

Male Poverty Rate

15.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Killeen

The race most likely to be in poverty in Killeen is Native, with 29.30% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Killeen is Asian, with 6.59% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.88%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.36%.

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.22%
High School14.31%
Some College10.02%
Bachelors or Greater5.28%
Loading...
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.21%
Male Unemployed20.33%
Female Employed9.84%
Male Employed7.03%

Killeen Income

Killeen Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$50,418$60,229
Families$54,455$64,867
Married Families$65,451$76,195
Non Families$36,270$45,116
Loading...

Killeen Marital Status

Killeen Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

51.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.9%

Male Marriage Rate

49.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Killeen Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Killeen Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Killeen Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Killeen Veterans

Loading...

25,752

Number of Veterans

19,111

Male Veterans

6,641

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War16,940
First Gulf War11,412
Vietnam3,273
Korea311
World War II128
Loading...
Age Group Veterans
35 to 5410,593
18 to 348,334
55 to 644,154
65 to 741,655
75+1,016
Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
Black11,80633.44%
White10,82826.57%
Hispanic4,66621.35%
Other96620.00%
2 or More90822.95%
Asian63515.53%
Hawaiian48932.75%
Indian12012.54%

Killeen Veterans by Education

Loading...

7.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.55%

Veteran Disability Rate

Killeen Employment Status

Loading...

68.8%

Labor Force Participation

54.7%

Employment Rate

9.8%

Unemployment Rate

Loading...
Loading...

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

34.64%

Born in Texas

90.65%

Native Born

9.35%

Foreign Born

3.84%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.65% of Killeen residents were born in the United States, with 34.64% having been born in Texas. 3.84% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020153,9732,4351.61%
2019151,5382,4351.63%
2018149,1033,6232.49%
2017145,4802,4351.70%
2016143,0452,7821.98%
2015140,2632,6061.89%
2014137,6571,3350.98%
2013136,3222,0881.56%
2012134,2343,4332.62%
2011130,8011,8211.41%
2010128,98042,0694.03%
200086,91123,3763.18%
199063,53517,2393.22%
198046,29610,7892.69%
197035,50712,1304.27%
196023,37716,33212.74%
19507,0455,74518.41%
19401,3005001.22%
19008000.00%