Lansing is a city located in Eaton County and Ingham County Michigan. Lansing has a 2023 population of 112,460. Lansing is currently declining at a rate of -0.1% annually and its population has decreased by -0.3% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 112,796 in 2020.
The average household income in Lansing is $58,057 with a poverty rate of 21.77%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Lansing is 32.8 years, 31.7 years for males, and 33.8 years for females.
Lansing is a city located in the state of Michigan. It is located primarily in Ingham County, but some areas are located in Clinton County and Eaton County. Lansing is also Michigan’s state capital, and it is the fifth largest city in the state by population. It is the only state capital that is not a county seat.
Over 8% of the population was born in a foreign country. The State of Michigan is Lansing’s top employer, providing jobs to over 14,000 people. Michigan State University and Sparrow Health System also each employ over 10,000 people. Other top employers in Lansing include General Motors, Liberty National Life and Auto-Owners Insurance.
The city of Lansing in its early history saw significant growth, primarily because it was designated as the capital city. By the 20th century, Lansing had over 15,000 residents. This number continued to climb through the early 20th century, exceeding 100,000 by the time of the 1960 census. In 1970, the population peaked at 131,403 before going into decline at each 10-year count following. The last official census showed a population of 114,297. However, recent estimates show that the population has risen by 1.5% since that time, indicating that efforts to revitalize and grow the city may be successful.
Europeans first explored the area that is now Lansing back in 1790. However, it was not surveyed until 1827 and was not put for sale until 1830. Five years later, two brothers came from New York to plot the area near what is today downtown Lansing. This came to be known as Biddle City. The area at the time was mostly underwater and was not developed. However, the two returned to New York to sell plots of land, telling others that the city had 65 blocks, a public square, and a church. This was untrue. Sixteen men purchased plots and traveled to the area only to find that they had been deceived. Some people left to settle in what is now Lansing’s metro area. Others remained and called the region “Lansing Township.”
Less than 20 settlers were living in Lansing, but in 1847, the capital city was going to be moved from Detroit to a more interior location. Many cities fought to become the new capital, but the Michigan House of Representatives chose the Township of Lansing. Two months later, legislation was signed making this a reality. The settlement’s name was temporarily changed to “Town of Michigan” before being named Lansing in 1848. It was just a few months after the legislature was signed that the city became the capital and began to grow.
By the end of the 1850s, the city’s population had grown to almost 3,000. This trend only continued with the construction of railroads, the capitol building, and a plank road. Toward the end of the 19th century, the city was also establishing itself as an industrial center. The Olds Motor Vehicle Company was established in 1897, followed by the establishment of the REO Motor Car Company. In the 20th century, Lansing was a center for auto and auto part manufacturing. The city also grew to 15 square miles in the mid-1950s and then doubled in size during the next decade.
Today, the city continues to grow. It is primarily the site of many state government buildings, but the city has also added retail stores, residential buildings, restaurants, and other businesses throughout the city. Lansing also has many historical sites, including the city market that is one of the oldest farmers’ market in the country. Today, the city has an economy centered on government, healthcare, manufacturing, banking, and insurance.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Lansing was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 80.23%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 33.11%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
84.41% of Lansing residents speak only English, while 15.59% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.33% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Lansing is Multiple, with 35.81% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Lansing is Other, with 12.35% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.36%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.85%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.86%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Lansing
89.95% of Lansing residents were born in the United States, with 71.64% having been born in Michigan. 6.24% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.