Louisville, Kentucky Population 2023

621,764

Louisville is a city located in Jefferson County Kentucky. Louisville has a 2023 population of 621,764. It is also the county seat of Jefferson County.Louisville is currently declining at a rate of -0.54% annually and its population has decreased by -1.63% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 632,037 in 2020.

The average household income in Louisville is $81,393 with a poverty rate of 15.25%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Louisville is 37.6 years, 36.3 years for males, and 39 years for females.

Since 2003, the borders of Louisville are the same as Jefferson County, making Louisville a consolidated city-county.

Louisville Religion Statistics

There are around 136,000 Roman Catholics in the city, most of whom are of German descent from large-scale immigration in the 19th century. 30% of Louisvillians are Southern Baptist, many of whom are descendants of people who moved to the city from Tennessee and rural Kentucky to work in the factories. German immigrants also brought Evangelical and Lutheran faiths to the city, which are still present today.

There are about 8,500 Jewish people in Louisville, as many Jewish families moved to the area from Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as 4,000 to 10,000 practicing Muslims. In 2005, Louisville was ranked as the 7th safest large city in the country.

Louisville Population Growth

About 30% of the population growth in all of Kentucky is in Louisville's CSA counties. The consolidation of Louisville and Jefferson County also caused Louisville to grow 189% from 2000 to 2010. The region has been increasing slowly thanks to steady job growth, a low cost of living and affordable home prices. Louisville's growth can also be attributed to Kentucky residents moving from rural areas to the city, as the state as a whole grew just 6% from 2000 to 2010.

The Louisville area was chosen as a settlement because it is located at the Falls of the Ohio State Park, which created a barrier to river travel. The first European settlement was Corn Island in 1779. Two years later, the town charter for Louisville was approved, and the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then helping Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents eventually moved out by the 1780s due to Indian raids.

The city's growth in the 1800s was influenced by the fact that river boats had to unload and move downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population reached 7,000, and the city was incorporated. It became a shipping port, and it was known as a point of escape for slaves moving north. It was also a stronghold for Union troops during the Civil War.

During World War II, Louisville became a center for factory war production, which later transitioned into manufacturing tractors and agricultural equipment. Like many other older cities in the country, the population began to shift in the 1960s as more people fled to the suburbs.

Louisville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Louisville was:

  • White: 67.06%
  • Black or African American: 23.84%
  • Two or more races: 4.85%
  • Asian: 2.71%
  • Other race: 1.39%
  • Native American: 0.1%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Land Area (mi²)
263.4 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,360.20/sq mi
Growth Rate
-0.54% (-3,406)
Growth Since 2020
-1.63% (-10,273)
The current population of Louisville, Kentucky is 621,764 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 632,037.

Louisville, Kentucky Population 2023

Population by Race

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White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Louisville Population by Race

Louisville Population Pyramid 2023

Louisville Median Age

37.6

Total

36.3

Male

39

Female

Louisville Adults

There are 488,660 adults, (95,146 of whom are seniors) in Louisville.

Louisville Age Dependency

60.2

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Louisville Sex Ratio

Female323,67951.36%
Male306,58148.64%

Louisville Population by Age

Louisville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.09

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

60.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Louisville Households and Families

Male

Female

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Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Louisville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Louisville Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 80.51%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 42.72%.

Louisville Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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$40,920

Average Earnings

$46,637

Average Male

$35,687

Average Female

Louisville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Louisville Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Louisville Language

89.25% of Louisville residents speak only English, while 10.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.16% of the population.

Louisville Language

Louisville Poverty by Race

rate

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15.25%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.85%

Male Poverty Rate

16.56%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Louisville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Louisville is Islander, with 59.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Louisville is Other, with 12.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.32%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.75%.

Louisville Poverty

rate

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Louisville Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Louisville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Louisville Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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mean

median

Income by Household Type

Louisville Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

42.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.1%

Male Marriage Rate

40.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Louisville Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Louisville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Louisville Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Louisville Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

34,074

Number of Veterans

30,662

Male Veterans

3,412

Female Veterans

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Louisville Veterans by War

count

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Louisville Veterans by Age

count

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Louisville Veterans by Race

Louisville Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.31%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Louisville Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

65.9%

Labor Force Participation

62.1%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Louisville Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Louisville Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Louisville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

67.34%

Born in Louisville

91.61%

Native Born

8.65%

Foreign Born

4.79%

Non Citizen

3.86%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

91.61% of Louisville residents were born in the United States, with 67.34% having been born in Kentucky. 4.79% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Louisville Place of Birth

Note: data after 2021 is projected based on recent change

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Louisville Population by Year