Louisville, Kentucky Population 2021

615,924
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Louisville is a city located in Kentucky. With a 2020 population of 615,924, it is the largest city in Kentucky and the 29th largest city in the United States. Louisville is currently declining at a rate of -0.14% annually but its population has increased by 3.11% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 597,337 in 2010. Louisville reached it's highest population of 619,728 in 2017. Spanning over 275 miles, Louisville has a population density of 2,338 people per square mile.

The average household income in Louisville is $74,580 with a poverty rate of 15.92%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $846 per month, and the median house value is $158,700. The median age in Louisville is 37.6 years, 36 years for males, and 39.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.0 males.

Since 2003, the borders of Louisville are the same as Jefferson County, making Louisville a consolidated city-county.

Louisville Religion Statistics

There are around 136,000 Roman Catholics in the city, most of whom are of German descent from large-scale immigration in the 19th century. 30% of Louisvillians are Southern Baptist, many of whom are descendants of people who moved to the city from Tennessee and rural Kentucky to work in the factories. German immigrants also brought Evangelical and Lutheran faiths to the city, which are still present today.

There are about 8,500 Jewish people in Louisville, as many Jewish families moved to the area from Eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as 4,000 to 10,000 practicing Muslims. In 2005, Louisville was ranked as the 7th safest large city in the country.

Louisville Population Growth

About 30% of the population growth in all of Kentucky is in Louisville's CSA counties. The consolidation of Louisville and Jefferson County also caused Louisville to grow 189% from 2000 to 2010. The region has been increasing slowly thanks to steady job growth, a low cost of living and affordable home prices. Louisville's growth can also be attributed to Kentucky residents moving from rural areas to the city, as the state as a whole grew just 6% from 2000 to 2010.

The Louisville area was chosen as a settlement because it is located at the Falls of the Ohio State Park, which created a barrier to river travel. The first European settlement was Corn Island in 1779. Two years later, the town charter for Louisville was approved, and the city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then helping Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents eventually moved out by the 1780s due to Indian raids.

The city's growth in the 1800s was influenced by the fact that river boats had to unload and move downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population reached 7,000, and the city was incorporated. It became a shipping port, and it was known as a point of escape for slaves moving north. It was also a stronghold for Union troops during the Civil War.

During World War II, Louisville became a center for factory war production, which later transitioned into manufacturing tractors and agricultural equipment. Like many other older cities in the country, the population began to shift in the 1960s as more people fled to the suburbs.

Louisville Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Louisville was:

  • White: 69.92%
  • Black or African American: 23.60%
  • Asian: 2.67%
  • Two or more races: 2.56%
  • Other race: 1.03%
  • Native American: 0.17%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Louisville, Kentucky is 615,924, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 618,495.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 597,337.

Louisville, Kentucky Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,271,2803,0900.24%
20201,268,1903,0800.24%
20191,265,1103,0900.24%
20181,262,0202,4700.20%
20171,259,5507,0300.56%
20161,252,5206,2900.50%
20151,246,2306,8800.55%
20141,239,3507,1700.58%
20131,232,18012,0000.97%
20121,220,1808,3100.68%
20111,211,8707,2100.59%
20101,204,6600.00%

Louisville Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White431,93269.92%
Black or African American145,81623.60%
Asian16,5082.67%
Two or More Races15,8112.56%
Some Other Race6,3661.03%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0230.17%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3340.05%
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Louisville Population by Race

Louisville Population Pyramid 2021

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Louisville Median Age

37.6


Total

36


Male

39.2


Female

Louisville Adults

There are 478,918 adults, (91,958 of whom are seniors) in Louisville.

Louisville Age Dependency

59.7

Age Dependency Ratio

23.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Louisville Sex Ratio

Female

318,384

51.54%

Male

299,406

48.46%

Louisville Population by Age

Louisville Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Louisville Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.9%18.1%
All60.1%39.9%
Male55.2%44.8%
Non Family46.3%53.7%
Female42.1%57.9%

60.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Louisville Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All248,4042.4360.1
Non Family100,9071.2646.3
Married97,6213.1881.9
Female37,2933.3642.1
Male12,5833.2255.2

3.13

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

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Louisville Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,9643.31%
9th to 12th Grade30,1047.14%
High School Graduate120,69128.61%
Some College96,62122.91%
Associates Degree34,2308.11%
Bachelors Degree75,66417.94%
Graduate Degree50,54311.98%
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Louisville Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Louisville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White297,002270,92998,544
Black89,72178,01215,938
Hispanic19,26915,4594,966
Asian10,3828,4475,092
Multiple Races5,4274,9431,805
Other Race2,8331,990540
Native American731638133
Islander22719126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.05%.

Louisville Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,075$43,338$32,502
Less Than High School$21,549$27,522$16,789
High School Grad$30,520$35,093$25,063
Some College$35,686$41,893$30,800
Bachelors Degree$50,113$56,900$44,275
Graduate Degree$63,328$75,382$56,790

$38,075

Average Earnings

$43,338

Average Male

$32,502

Average Female

Louisville Earnings by Educational Attainment

Louisville Language by Age

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Louisville Language

90.35% of Louisville residents speak only English, while 9.65% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.35% of the population.

Louisville Language

Louisville Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White395,14142,64110.79%
Black142,53041,65529.23%
Hispanic33,8916,59619.46%
Multiple15,3683,52522.94%
Asian16,3362,17313.30%
Other5,83779413.60%
Native98031432.04%

15.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.27%

Male Poverty Rate

17.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Louisville

The race most likely to be in poverty in Louisville is Native, with 32.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Louisville is White, with 10.79% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.71%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.87%.

Louisville Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.00%
High School14.74%
Some College12.37%
Bachelors or Greater4.58%

Louisville Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.16%
Male Unemployed32.25%
Female Employed8.66%
Male Employed5.66%

Louisville Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Louisville Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,436$74,580
Families$69,418$92,016
Married Families$89,891$113,961
Non Families$34,468$46,167
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Income by Household Type

Louisville Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.1%

Male Marriage Rate

40.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Louisville Married by Age and Sex

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Louisville Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Louisville Marital Status by Race

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Louisville Marital Status

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36,872

Number of Veterans

33,525

Male Veterans

3,347

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam12,656
First Gulf War7,477
Second Gulf War5,911
Korea2,707
World War II1,322

Louisville Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 549,502
65 to 749,207
55 to 647,928
75+7,627
18 to 342,608

Louisville Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White26,9637.72%
Black8,9638.55%
Hispanic7193.18%
2 or More4496.09%
Asian2341.92%
Indian14017.70%
Other742.00%
Hawaiian4918.85%

Louisville Veterans by Race

Louisville Veterans by Education

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8.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Louisville Veterans by Education

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65.2%

Labor Force Participation

61.2%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Louisville Employment by Age

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Louisville Employment by Race

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Louisville Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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68.74%

Born in Kentucky

92.29%

Native Born

7.71%

Foreign Born

4.15%

Non Citizen

3.57%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.29% of Louisville residents were born in the United States, with 68.74% having been born in Kentucky. 4.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Louisville Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021615,924-857-0.14%
2020616,781-857-0.14%
2019617,638-857-0.14%
2018618,495-1,233-0.20%
2017619,7282,1450.35%
2016617,5832,2110.36%
2015615,3722,7380.45%
2014612,6342,1630.35%
2013610,4716,2251.03%
2012604,2464,3260.72%
2011599,9203,4380.58%
2010596,482340,2518.82%
2000256,231-12,832-0.49%
1990269,063-29,631-1.04%
1980298,694-63,012-1.90%
1970361,706-28,933-0.77%
1960390,63921,5100.57%
1950369,12950,0521.47%
1940319,07711,3320.36%
1930307,74572,8542.74%
1920234,89110,9630.48%
1910223,92819,1970.90%
1900204,73143,6022.42%
1890161,12937,3712.67%
1880123,75823,0052.08%
1870100,75332,7204.00%
186068,03324,8394.65%
185043,19421,9847.37%
184021,21010,8697.45%
183010,3416,3299.93%
18204,0122,61211.10%
18101,4001,00013.35%
18004002007.18%
17902000.00%

Louisville Population by Year