New Orleans, Louisiana Population 2022

387,564
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New Orleans is a city located in Jefferson Parish and Orleans Parish Louisiana. New Orleans has a 2020 population of 387,564. New Orleans is currently declining at a rate of -0.22% annually but its population has increased by 11.44% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 347,772 in 2010.

The average household income in New Orleans is $71,938 with a poverty rate of 23.03%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,025 per month, and the median house value is $250,000. The median age in New Orleans is 36.8 years, 35.9 years for males, and 37.6 years for females.

New Orleans is the largest city and metro area of Louisiana, and its name comes from Orléans, a city on the Loire River in France. Known for its French Creole architecture and multilingual and cultural heritage, New Orleans is often called the most unique city in the United States.

The New Orleans metropolitan area has a population of 1.167 million, which makes it the 46th largest in the country, and the New Orleans-Metairie-Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area has a population of 1.2 million.

Impact of Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina had a significant impact on New Orleans, and it was called the "worst engineering disaster in the world since Chernobyl" by Dr. Raymond B. Seed of the University California Berkeley after the Federal levee system failed. The hurricane approached the city in August 2005 and, while most residents were evacuated, the federal flood protection system failed, and 80% of New Orleans was flooded.

Tens of thousands of residents who were left in the city were rescued, but many stayed in shelters -- including the Louisiana Superdome -- for days. Officially, 1,500 people died in Louisiana, but there were many more never accounted for.

Tens of thousands of people left New Orleans and never returned, and in 2006, the Census Bureau estimated the population was just 223,000. A year later, 32,000 people returned, which brought the city's population to only 56% of pre-Katrina levels.

In 2013, the US Census Bureau estimated the population of New Orleans at 369,000, which is 76% of its 2000 population, while the metro area has 92% of its 2000 population. Another survey in June 2013 found that more than half of the 72 neighborhoods of New Orleans had recovered 90% of their pre-Katrina population.

While African Americans still represent a majority in the city, their numbers dropped significantly after the hurricane.

New Orleans Diversity and Religion

In 2006, it was estimated that there are about 10,000 to 14,000 illegal immigrants in New Orleans, mostly from Mexico. Janet Murguia, president of the National Council of La Raza, said there might be about 120,000 Hispanic workers in the city.

New Orleans has become more diverse over the last decade, and its Latino population in the metropolitan area has jumped 69% from 2000 to 2012, which is much higher than the national 50% growth.

The French and Spanish colonial history of New Orleans gives its population a strong Catholic traditional, and Catholicism is still the predominant religion. 35.9% of its population is Roman Catholic. There is also a strong presence of Louisiana Voodoo, which is a syncretism with African and Afro-Caribbean Roman Catholic beliefs. While this Voodoo image is promoted a great deal by the tourism industry, there are very few true adherents in New Orleans.

New Orleans Population Growth

In 2012, 24/7 Wall St. identified the 10 largest cities with the fastest growing populations in the US based on Census Bureau data. New Orleans ranked #1, with 4.9% growth from 2010 to 2011. This is more than six times the national average of just 0.73%, although New Orleans remains at 80% pre-Katrina levels.

The good news is that New Orleans is on the rise again, eight years after Hurricane Katrina. In recent years, the population has started to grow, and the city recovered all the jobs it lost as of 2012 with new growth in knowledge-based industries. This is good news for The Big Easy, and it's a trend that is expected to continue.

There's no doubt that Hurricane Katrina was a terrible disaster and tragedy, but it gave New Orleans the money and opportunity to rebuild and reinvent itself. The city was saved by the once-imminent fate of Detroit and its real estate market has seen a rebirth.

If current trends hold, New Orleans should have no trouble making its way back to pre-Katrina levels and possibly beyond before the next census in 2020.

La Nouvelle-Orleans (New Orleans) was founded in 1718 by the French Mississippi Company on land inhabited at the time by the Chitimacha. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ceded this French colony to the Spanish Empire, and it became a port to smuggle aid to rebels during the American Revolutionary War.

In 1779, a successful campaign pushed the British from the city, and New Orleans stayed under Spanish control until 1801, when it reverted to France. Napoleon then sold the territory to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase, and it grew quickly as French, Creoles, Americans, Africans, Germans, and Irish moved to the region.

The end of the Haitian Revolution in 1804 brought a massive wave of refugees to New Orleans, both white and free people of color, many of which brought African slaves. New Orleans went on to have the largest slave trade for many years. After the Civil War, Louisiana was readmitted to the Union in 1868, and the city of New Orleans continued to grow in size and economic power through the 20th century.

New Orleans Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Orleanswas:

  • Black or African American: 59.22%
  • White: 33.40%
  • Asian: 2.89%
  • Two or more races: 2.55%
  • Other race: 1.75%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of New Orleans, Louisiana is 387,564 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 387,564.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 347,772.

New Orleans, Louisiana Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20101,195,3200.00%
20111,214,01018,6901.54%
20121,226,89012,8801.05%
20131,239,58012,6901.02%
20141,248,9009,3200.75%
20151,260,28011,3800.90%
20161,267,6107,3300.58%
20171,270,3302,7200.21%
20181,270,130-200-0.02%
20191,270,5304000.03%
20201,270,9304000.03%
20211,271,3203900.03%

New Orleans Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White130,67833.40%
Black or African American231,67959.22%
American Indian and Alaska Native7230.18%
Asian11,3052.89%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander310.01%
Some Other Race6,8521.75%
Two or More Races9,9812.55%
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New Orleans Population by Race

New Orleans Population Pyramid 2022

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New Orleans Median Age

37.2


Total

36.4


Male

38


Female

New Orleans Adults

There are 313,190 adults, (57,867 of whom are seniors) in New Orleans.

New Orleans Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

22.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.6

Child Dependency Ratio

New Orleans Sex Ratio

Female

205,997

52.65%

Male

185,252

47.35%

New Orleans Population by Age

New Orleans Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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New Orleans Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.7%21.3%
All49.8%50.2%
Male47.3%52.7%
Female39.8%60.2%
Non Family39.1%60.9%

49.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Orleans Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All154,8262.4349.8
Married40,0373.3178.7
Male5,3484.3547.3
Female26,1824.3739.8
Non Family83,2591.2839.1

3.66

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

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New Orleans Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,9053.55%
9th to 12th Grade24,5848.80%
High School Graduate63,53022.74%
Some College60,07221.50%
Associates Degree15,2115.44%
Bachelors Degree58,67321.00%
Graduate Degree47,40316.97%
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New Orleans Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Orleans Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Islander313123
White96,46693,37063,291
2+ Races5,8134,8752,983
Asian8,2076,2983,509
Hispanic14,30111,4415,409
Native American595493188
Other Race4,3953,5341,142
Black156,207129,64331,121

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 74.19%.

New Orleans Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,148$41,948$31,603
Less Than 9th Grade$20,708$21,435$18,885
High School Graduate$24,329$29,028$21,124
Some College$30,028$34,892$26,015
Bachelors Degree$46,064$52,107$42,272
Graduate Degree$63,013$83,205$52,688

$36,148

Average Earnings

$41,948

Average Male

$31,603

Average Female

New Orleans Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Orleans Language by Age

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New Orleans Language

91.45% of New Orleans residents speak only English, while 8.55% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.94% of the population.

New Orleans Language

New Orleans Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black224,06468,10630.40%
Native72321629.88%
Hispanic20,6384,38521.25%
Multiple9,6391,65017.12%
Asian10,7341,64915.36%
White115,52811,3599.83%
Other2,042NaN%

23.03%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.23%

Male Poverty Rate

24.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Orleans

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Orleans is Black, with 30.40% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Orleans is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.84%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.72%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.81%.

New Orleans Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.28%
High School29.66%
Some College17.43%
Bachelors or Greater8.04%

New Orleans Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.93%
Male Unemployed38.48%
Female Employed11.19%
Female Unemployed45.01%

New Orleans Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Orleans Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,258$73,963
Families$64,873$99,431
Married Families$100,537$138,696
Non Families$28,770$50,078
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Income by Household Type

New Orleans Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

28.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.8%

Male Marriage Rate

26.6%

Female Marriage Rate

New Orleans Married by Age and Sex

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New Orleans Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

New Orleans Marital Status by Race

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New Orleans Marital Status

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16,262

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,583
First Gulf War3,257
Vietnam6,174
Korea802
World War II440

New Orleans Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 34858
35 to 543,897
55 to 643,349
65 to 744,732
75+3,426

New Orleans Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White5,7325.08%
Black10,0525.66%
Native American274.24%
Asian430.46%
Islander619.35%
Other Race1012.07%
2+ Races3014.51%
Hispanic4752.99%

New Orleans Veterans by Race

New Orleans Veterans by Education

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10.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.74%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Orleans Veterans by Education

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61.3%

Labor Force Participation

55.7%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

New Orleans Employment by Age

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New Orleans Employment by Race

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New Orleans Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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70.50%

Born in New Orleans

94.55%

Native Born

5.45%

Foreign Born

2.87%

Non Citizen

2.57%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.55% of New Orleans residents were born in the United States, with 70.50% having been born in Louisiana. 2.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

New Orleans Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
181017,2420.00%
182027,1769,9344.65%
183046,08218,9065.42%
1840102,19356,1118.29%
1850116,37514,1821.31%
1860168,67552,3003.78%
1870191,41822,7431.27%
1880216,09024,6721.22%
1890242,03925,9491.14%
1900287,10445,0651.72%
1910339,07551,9711.68%
1920387,21948,1441.34%
1930458,76271,5431.71%
1940494,53735,7750.75%
1950570,44575,9081.44%
1960627,52557,0800.96%
1970593,471-34,054-0.56%
1980557,927-35,544-0.62%
1990496,938-60,989-1.15%
2000484,674-12,264-0.25%
2010347,772-136,902-3.26%
2011360,73512,9633.73%
2012369,7879,0522.51%
2013378,6378,8502.39%
2014383,9405,3031.40%
2015389,7425,8021.51%
2016391,8432,1010.54%
2017391,493-350-0.09%
2018391,004-489-0.12%
2019390,144-860-0.22%
2020389,284-860-0.22%
2021388,424-860-0.22%
2022387,564-860-0.22%

New Orleans Population by Year