Richmond, Virginia Population 2020

231,651
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Richmond is a city located in Virginia. With a 2020 population of 231,651, it is the 4th largest city in Virginia (after Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, and Norfolk) and the 97th largest city in the United States. Richmond is currently growing at a rate of 0.53% annually and its population has increased by 13.44% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 204,214 in 2010. Richmond reached it's highest population of 249,332 in 1970. Spanning over 63 miles, Richmond has a population density of 3,866 people per square mile.

The average household income in Richmond is $76,182 with a poverty rate of 23.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,025 per month, and the median house value is $230,500. The median age in Richmond is 34 years, 33.5 years for males, and 34.5 years for females. For every 100 females there are 90.1 males.

Richmond was first was incorporated in 1742 and later became an independent city in 1871. Richmond is the location of many government agencies for both the state and the nation and has a long and interesting history.

Richmond Population Statistics

Richmond is very diverse when it comes to population and is the location of many historic churches. The city also has religious institutions for Muslims, Hindus, Jews, and other groups.

One of the drawbacks of the city is its history of high crime rates. During the 1990s, the murder rate of Richmond was one of the highest in the nation. During the early 2000s, the city was consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the US. However, Richmond has seen a decline in its crime rates, dropping 47% between 2004 and 2009. Though these rates remain on the decline, the city still has rates that fall above national and state averages.

Richmond Population Growth

The city of Richmond overall has seen steady growth throughout its history. However, it did experience declining growth during the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000. This could be due to the high crime rate and its ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in America. However, the census taken between 2000 and 2010 showed that the population was on the upswing again, and current estimates indicate that the population has risen over 9% since the last census taken in 2010. The economic opportunities and a declining crime rate are contributing factors to the city’s population rising once again.

After the settlement of Jamestown, Christopher Newport and other explorers made their way northwest to what is currently Richmond. At the time, the inhabitants were the Powhatans. Plans to settle the area and create a town began in 1737. Just five years later, Richmond was first incorporated as a town. In 1780, it took over the role of the state capital from Williamsburg.

Many important historical events occurred in Richmond. The “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech spoken by Patrick Henry was delivered in 1775 by Patrick Henry at St. John’s Church, located in Richmond. The city was destroyed by the British in 1781 but bounced back in just one year. After the war, Richmond took on the role of a significant industrial center. Other important historical events occurred during and after the war, including the signing of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

The state seceded from the US in 1861 and became part of the Confederate States of America. It was a target for Union armies and required much of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend it. The city continued to thrive. It was a railroad hub, had one of the largest slave markets and also had an arms factory and iron foundry that were critical during the Civil War.

Following the Civil War, Richmond once again bounced back economically. Tobacco was a big part of the economy, and it was also the site of the first electric trolley system in the country.

When the 20th century rolled around, the city was the most densely populated in the south. Richmond had a large population of black residents, many of whom became quite successful. Richmond’s Jackson Ward was nicknamed "Wall Street of Black America" due to the success of these residents. During the early 1900s, the city also began developing performing arts venues and had its radio station. During the 1960s, more than 700 buildings were built in the downtown area, and in 1970, the borders of Richmond expanded to encompass 27 additional square miles.

In recent years, the city has become a center for entertainment and nightlife. Today, the economy is driven by finance, law, and government. It is home to one of the US courts of appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, and multiple Fortune 500 companies.

Richmond Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Richmond was:

  • Black or African American: 46.86%
  • White: 45.47%
  • Two or more races: 3.40%
  • Asian: 2.10%
  • Other race: 1.72%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Richmond, Virginia is 231,651, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 229,221.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 204,214.

Richmond, Virginia Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,302,75010,8500.83%
20191,291,90010,8500.84%
20181,281,05011,4800.90%
20171,269,57011,1000.87%
20161,258,47011,8100.94%
20151,246,66011,6500.93%
20141,235,01012,4601.01%
20131,222,55011,5300.94%
20121,211,02013,9601.15%
20111,197,0608,8100.74%
20101,188,2500.00%

Richmond Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American106,19346.86%
White103,05445.47%
Two or More Races7,7103.40%
Asian4,7572.10%
Some Other Race3,9021.72%
American Indian and Alaska Native9620.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander440.02%
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Richmond Population by Race

Richmond Population Pyramid 2020

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Richmond Median Age

34


Total

33.5


Male

34.5


Female

Richmond Adults

There are 186,666 adults, (29,085 of whom are seniors) in Richmond.

Richmond Age Dependency

43.8

Age Dependency Ratio

18.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Richmond Sex Ratio

Female

119,192

52.60%

Male

107,430

47.40%

Richmond Population by Age

Richmond Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Richmond Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.9%27.1%
All42.6%57.4%
Non Family32.7%67.3%
Female32.6%67.4%
Male30.6%69.4%

42.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Richmond Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All90,3012.3942.6
Non Family50,3201.532.7
Married22,575372.9
Female13,6574.0932.6
Male3,7494.4630.6

3.35

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

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Richmond Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,5315.40%
9th to 12th Grade14,5239.20%
High School Graduate34,42921.81%
Some College29,04118.39%
Associates Degree8,7775.56%
Bachelors Degree37,14723.53%
Graduate Degree25,43116.11%
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Richmond Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Richmond Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White72,21269,10647,290
Black70,76355,77210,990
Hispanic8,2714,2051,182
Multiple Races4,0723,5121,331
Asian2,4782,0241,549
Other Race1,9651,114343
Native American40023976
Islander381919

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.70%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 65.49%.

Richmond Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,647$38,203$33,486
Less Than High School$20,796$24,656$15,609
High School Grad$24,330$25,831$21,883
Some College$29,616$30,734$28,000
Bachelors Degree$48,072$53,187$44,153
Graduate Degree$59,542$75,370$54,947

$35,647

Average Earnings

$38,203

Average Male

$33,486

Average Female

Richmond Earnings by Educational Attainment

Richmond Language by Age

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Richmond Language

90.56% of Richmond residents speak only English, while 9.44% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.83% of the population.

Richmond Language

Richmond Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black102,55332,36131.56%
White88,33910,78712.21%
Hispanic14,6113,74025.60%
Multiple7,0352,09229.74%
Asian3,6141,23934.28%
Native91067874.51%
Other3,62851514.20%

23.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.97%

Male Poverty Rate

25.26%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Richmond

The race most likely to be in poverty in Richmond is Native, with 74.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Richmond is White, with 12.21% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.68%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.69%.

Richmond Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.08%
High School24.36%
Some College18.38%
Bachelors or Greater5.15%

Richmond Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed59.59%
Male Unemployed34.47%
Female Employed13.86%
Male Employed8.15%

Richmond Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Richmond Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,250$76,182
Families$64,504$102,495
Married Families$100,667$145,749
Non Families$36,394$53,850
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Income by Household Type

Richmond Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

27.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.2%

Male Marriage Rate

25.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Richmond Married by Age and Sex

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Richmond Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Richmond Marital Status by Race

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Richmond Marital Status

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11,806

Number of Veterans

10,241

Male Veterans

1,565

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,236
First Gulf War2,638
Second Gulf War2,337
Korea735
World War II474

Richmond Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 543,124
65 to 742,706
55 to 642,634
75+2,025
18 to 341,317

Richmond Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black6,3537.66%
White4,8865.41%
2 or More4067.52%
Hispanic2272.20%
Asian1182.70%
Other251.04%
Indian183.31%

Richmond Veterans by Race

Richmond Veterans by Education

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13.82%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Richmond Veterans by Education

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65.9%

Labor Force Participation

61.3%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Richmond Employment by Age

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Richmond Employment by Race

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Richmond Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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60.95%

Born in Virginia

92.97%

Native Born

7.03%

Foreign Born

4.87%

Non Citizen

2.16%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.97% of Richmond residents were born in the United States, with 60.95% having been born in Virginia. 4.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Richmond Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020231,6511,2150.53%
2019230,4361,2150.53%
2018229,2211,9910.88%
2017227,2301,8610.83%
2016225,3694,5132.04%
2015220,8563,8121.76%
2014217,0443,1841.49%
2013213,8603,0661.45%
2012210,7944,4032.13%
2011206,3912,0891.02%
2010204,3026,5120.32%
2000197,790-5,266-0.26%
1990203,056-16,158-0.76%
1980219,214-30,118-1.28%
1970249,33229,3741.26%
1960219,958-10,352-0.46%
1950230,31037,2681.78%
1940193,04210,1130.54%
1930182,92911,2620.64%
1920171,66744,0393.01%
1910127,62842,5784.14%
190085,0503,6620.44%
189081,38817,7882.50%
188063,60012,5622.22%
187051,03813,1283.02%
186037,91010,3403.24%
185027,5707,4173.18%
184020,1534,0932.30%
183016,0603,9932.90%
182012,0672,3322.17%
18109,7353,9985.43%
18005,7371,9764.31%
17903,7610.00%

Richmond Population by Year