Richmond, Virginia Population 2022

234,081
map placeholder

Richmond is a city located in Chesterfield County, Goochland County, and Henrico County Virginia. Richmond has a 2020 population of 234,081. It is also the county seat of Henrico County. Richmond is currently growing at a rate of 0.52% annually and its population has increased by 14.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 204,302 in 2010.

The average household income in Richmond is $76,182 with a poverty rate of 20.90%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,070 per month, and the median house value is $244,200. The median age in Richmond is 34 years, 33.5 years for males, and 34.5 years for females.

Richmond was first was incorporated in 1742 and later became an independent city in 1871. Richmond is the location of many government agencies for both the state and the nation and has a long and interesting history.

Richmond Population Statistics

Richmond is very diverse when it comes to population and is the location of many historic churches. The city also has religious institutions for Muslims, Hindus, Jews, and other groups.

One of the drawbacks of the city is its history of high crime rates. During the 1990s, the murder rate of Richmond was one of the highest in the nation. During the early 2000s, the city was consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the US. However, Richmond has seen a decline in its crime rates, dropping 47% between 2004 and 2009. Though these rates remain on the decline, the city still has rates that fall above national and state averages.

Richmond Population Growth

The city of Richmond overall has seen steady growth throughout its history. However, it did experience declining growth during the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000. This could be due to the high crime rate and its ranking as one of the most dangerous cities in America. However, the census taken between 2000 and 2010 showed that the population was on the upswing again, and current estimates indicate that the population has risen over 9% since the last census taken in 2010. The economic opportunities and a declining crime rate are contributing factors to the city’s population rising once again.

After the settlement of Jamestown, Christopher Newport and other explorers made their way northwest to what is currently Richmond. At the time, the inhabitants were the Powhatans. Plans to settle the area and create a town began in 1737. Just five years later, Richmond was first incorporated as a town. In 1780, it took over the role of the state capital from Williamsburg.

Many important historical events occurred in Richmond. The “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech spoken by Patrick Henry was delivered in 1775 by Patrick Henry at St. John’s Church, located in Richmond. The city was destroyed by the British in 1781 but bounced back in just one year. After the war, Richmond took on the role of a significant industrial center. Other important historical events occurred during and after the war, including the signing of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

The state seceded from the US in 1861 and became part of the Confederate States of America. It was a target for Union armies and required much of the Army of Northern Virginia to defend it. The city continued to thrive. It was a railroad hub, had one of the largest slave markets and also had an arms factory and iron foundry that were critical during the Civil War.

Following the Civil War, Richmond once again bounced back economically. Tobacco was a big part of the economy, and it was also the site of the first electric trolley system in the country.

When the 20th century rolled around, the city was the most densely populated in the south. Richmond had a large population of black residents, many of whom became quite successful. Richmond’s Jackson Ward was nicknamed "Wall Street of Black America" due to the success of these residents. During the early 1900s, the city also began developing performing arts venues and had its radio station. During the 1960s, more than 700 buildings were built in the downtown area, and in 1970, the borders of Richmond expanded to encompass 27 additional square miles.

In recent years, the city has become a center for entertainment and nightlife. Today, the economy is driven by finance, law, and government. It is home to one of the US courts of appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, and multiple Fortune 500 companies.

Richmond Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Richmondwas:

  • Black or African American: 46.11%
  • White: 45.20%
  • Two or more races: 4.14%
  • Other race: 2.30%
  • Asian: 2.08%
  • Native American: 0.16%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%
The current population of Richmond, Virginia is 234,081 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 234,081.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 204,302.

Richmond, Virginia Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20101,188,2500.00%
20111,197,0608,8100.74%
20121,211,02013,9601.15%
20131,222,55011,5300.94%
20141,235,01012,4601.01%
20151,246,66011,6500.93%
20161,258,47011,8100.94%
20171,269,57011,1000.87%
20181,281,05011,4800.90%
20191,291,90010,8500.84%
20201,302,75010,8500.83%
20211,313,59010,8400.83%

Richmond Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White103,62445.20%
Black or African American105,69246.11%
American Indian and Alaska Native3690.16%
Asian4,7652.08%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander280.01%
Some Other Race5,2632.30%
Two or More Races9,4924.14%
Loading...

Richmond Population by Race

Richmond Population Pyramid 2022

Loading...

Richmond Median Age

34.1


Total

33.5


Male

34.7


Female

Richmond Adults

There are 189,380 adults, (30,140 of whom are seniors) in Richmond.

Richmond Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

18.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25

Child Dependency Ratio

Richmond Sex Ratio

Female

120,524

52.58%

Male

108,709

47.42%

Richmond Population by Age

Richmond Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Richmond Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75%25%
All43.7%56.3%
Female37.4%62.6%
Male32.2%67.8%
Non Family32.1%67.9%

43.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Richmond Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All91,0052.443.7
Married23,0193.0475
Male4,0594.2232.2
Female13,1544.0937.4
Non Family50,7731.5332.1

3.36

Average Family Size

2.4

Average Household Size

Loading...

Richmond Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,4034.59%
9th to 12th Grade13,6878.48%
High School Graduate34,42321.32%
Some College31,15519.30%
Associates Degree8,3225.16%
Bachelors Degree38,53323.87%
Graduate Degree27,90317.29%
Loading...

Richmond Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Richmond Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White74,19471,59850,567
Asian2,8512,4211,880
2+ Races5,4784,8392,389
Native American31024692
Hispanic8,6234,8821,533
Black70,95857,13710,247
Other Race2,8371,451340
Islander20

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.50%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 68.16%.

Richmond Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,629$39,402$34,935
Less Than 9th Grade$22,317$28,883$16,332
High School Graduate$25,532$26,914$23,303
Some College$30,484$31,796$29,074
Bachelors Degree$47,903$53,958$43,241
Graduate Degree$59,747$76,605$55,337

$36,629

Average Earnings

$39,402

Average Male

$34,935

Average Female

Richmond Earnings by Educational Attainment

Richmond Language by Age

Loading...

Richmond Language

90.30% of Richmond residents speak only English, while 9.70% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.76% of the population.

Richmond Language

Richmond Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian3,7091,23333.24%
Black102,32129,55428.88%
Native3288124.70%
Hispanic15,0543,11520.69%
White90,2459,80310.86%
Other653NaN%
Multiple8,9632,19724.51%

20.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.70%

Male Poverty Rate

22.87%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Richmond

The race most likely to be in poverty in Richmond is Asian, with 33.24% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Richmond is Multiple, with 24.51% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.96%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.87%.

Richmond Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade34.20%
High School21.32%
Some College16.59%
Bachelors or Greater5.07%

Richmond Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.28%
Male Unemployed23.58%
Female Employed12.75%
Female Unemployed51.94%

Richmond Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Richmond Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$51,421$80,218
Families$68,988$107,166
Married Families$105,005$150,548
Non Families$38,512$57,439
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Richmond Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates

27.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.5%

Male Marriage Rate

26.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Richmond Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Richmond Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Richmond Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Richmond Marital Status

Loading...

11,732

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,835
First Gulf War2,447
Vietnam3,777
Korea578
World War II437

Richmond Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,214
35 to 543,318
55 to 642,318
65 to 742,723
75+2,159

Richmond Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White5,0415.53%
Black6,0467.33%
Native American6417.53%
Asian1272.89%
Other Race120.36%
2+ Races4426.52%
Hispanic2202.03%

Richmond Veterans by Race

Richmond Veterans by Education

Loading...

12.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.47%

Veteran Disability Rate

Richmond Veterans by Education

Loading...

66.6%

Labor Force Participation

62.1%

Employment Rate

6.3%

Unemployment Rate

Richmond Employment by Age

Loading...

Richmond Employment by Race

Loading...

Richmond Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

60.25%

Born in Richmond

92.69%

Native Born

7.31%

Foreign Born

4.99%

Non Citizen

2.31%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

92.69% of Richmond residents were born in the United States, with 60.25% having been born in Virginia. 4.99% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Richmond Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
17903,7610.00%
18005,7371,9764.31%
18109,7353,9985.43%
182012,0672,3322.17%
183016,0603,9932.90%
184020,1534,0932.30%
185027,5707,4173.18%
186037,91010,3403.24%
187051,03813,1283.02%
188063,60012,5622.22%
189081,38817,7882.50%
190085,0503,6620.44%
1910127,62842,5784.14%
1920171,66744,0393.01%
1930182,92911,2620.64%
1940193,04210,1130.54%
1950230,31037,2681.78%
1960219,958-10,352-0.46%
1970249,33229,3741.26%
1980219,214-30,118-1.28%
1990203,056-16,158-0.76%
2000197,790-5,266-0.26%
2010204,3026,5120.32%
2011206,3912,0891.02%
2012210,7944,4032.13%
2013213,8603,0661.45%
2014217,0443,1841.49%
2015220,8563,8121.76%
2016225,3694,5132.04%
2017227,2301,8610.83%
2018229,2211,9910.88%
2019230,4361,2150.53%
2020231,6511,2150.53%
2021232,8661,2150.52%
2022234,0811,2150.52%

Richmond Population by Year