San Francisco, California Population 2021

883,255
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San Francisco is a city located in San Francisco County and San Mateo County California. It is also the county seat of San Francisco County. With a 2020 population of 883,255, it is the 4th largest city in California (after , , and ) and the 17th largest city in the United States . San Francisco is currently growing at a rate of 0.10% annually and its population has increased by 9.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 805,235 in 2010. San Francisco reached it's highest population of 883,255 in 2021. Spanning over 232 miles, San Francisco has a population density of 18,832 people per square mile.

The average household income in San Francisco is $160,396 with a poverty rate of 10.34%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,895 per month, and the median house value is $1.10 Mn. The median age in San Francisco is 38.2 years, 37.9 years for males, and 38.6 years for females.

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is located in Northern California and the San Francisco Bay. It's the state's only consolidated city-county, and it's the most densely populated large city in the state of California.

San Francisco is also the 4th most populous city in California (behind Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Jose).

San Francisco experienced its largest population boom from 1848 to 1849, when its population grew a massive 2,400% because of the California Gold Rush. Its population has grown very steadily since then, except for declines during the 1960s through the 1980s, and its population in 2016 is now 864,816. This population only represents the city proper, with a metropolitan area population of around 4.6 million.

San Francisco is also the hub of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland metropolitan area, which has a population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco is the 13th most populous city in the country with a density of 6,266 people per square mile. It's the second most densely populated city in the country after New York City.

San Francisco Diversity and Population Statistics

The Chinese population of San Francisco represents the single largest ethnic minority group with 21.4% of the population. Other major Asian groups include: Filipinos (4.5%), Vietnamese (1.6%), Japanese (1.3%), Asian Indians (1.2%), Koreans (1.2%), Thais (0.3%), Burmese (0.2%) and Cambodians (0.2%).

Those of Chinese ancestry are concentrated mostly in Chinatown, Sunset District, and Richmond District. Filipinos are concentrated heavily in Crocker-Amazon and SoMa, and the city has one of the largest Filipino communities outside of the Philippines.

San Francisco's age distribution shows that 13.4% of its population is under 18, 9.6% are 18 to 24, 37.5% are 25 to 44, 25.9% are 45 to 64 and 13.6% are 65 or older. The average age is 38.5 years, and San Francisco has a smaller percentage of children than any other major metropolitan area in the United States.

Interestingly, native-born Californians make up a relatively small percentage of San Francisco's population, as only 37.7% of its people were born in the state, while 25.2% were born in another state in the country. Over one-third of San Francisco's population were born outside the country.

Because San Francisco's non-Hispanic whites make up less than half of its total population, San Francisco is now a minority-majority city. The most common Hispanic groups include Mexicans (7.4%), Salvadoran (2.0%), Nicaraguan (0.9%) and Guatemalan (0.8%). The African American population of the city has dropped over the past few decades. In 1970, 13.4% of San Francisco's population was African American, although today that number is just 6.1%.

San Francisco is also home to the largest percentage of gay and lesbian people in the United States at 15.4%, as well as the highest percentage of same-sex households.

San Francisco Population Growth

San Francisco is one of the 20 fastest growing cities in the United States. It's estimated that thousands of new residents will call San Francisco home by 2040, and the city Planning Director said that the city would need more than 92,000 more housing units and 191,000 new jobs to accommodate this growth. The Bay Area as a whole will need 1.1 million additional jobs and 660,000 new housing units to provide for an estimated 2.1 million more people who will move to the city by 2040.

The population of San Francisco is projected to reach 969,000 by 2035, which is nearly a 20% increase from today's population, and development is already underway to help the city grow. 80% of the city's growth is likely to occur in just 20% of the city, and the density of San Francisco will only go up.

San Francisco Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Francisco was:

  • White: 46.41%
  • Asian: 34.40%
  • Other race: 7.68%
  • Two or more races: 5.57%
  • Black or African American: 5.21%
  • Native American: 0.37%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.36%
The current population of San Francisco, California is 883,255 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 880,696.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 805,235.

San Francisco, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20214,742,7805,4900.12%
20204,737,2905,4900.12%
20194,731,8005,4900.12%
20184,726,31013,8900.29%
20174,712,42024,2200.51%
20164,688,20040,2800.86%
20154,647,92062,9401.35%
20144,584,98065,3401.43%
20134,519,64064,1701.42%
20124,455,47059,7501.34%
20114,395,72052,0901.19%
20104,343,6300.00%

San Francisco Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White406,05646.41%
Asian301,01834.40%
Some Other Race67,2077.68%
Two or More Races48,7135.57%
Black or African American45,5565.21%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,2230.37%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,1880.36%
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San Francisco Population by Race

San Francisco Population Pyramid $2021

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San Francisco Median Age

38.2


Total

37.9


Male

38.6


Female

San Francisco Adults

There are 757,415 adults, (134,981 of whom are seniors) in San Francisco.

San Francisco Age Dependency

40.6

Age Dependency Ratio

21.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

18.9

Child Dependency Ratio

San Francisco Sex Ratio

Female

428,675

48.99%

Male

446,286

51.01%

San Francisco Population by Age

San Francisco Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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San Francisco Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married55.6%44.4%
Male49.5%50.5%
Female42.2%57.8%
All37.6%62.4%
Non Family23.4%76.6%

37.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

San Francisco Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All362,3542.3637.6
Non Family188,6961.5423.4
Married132,2293.1955.6
Female28,6073.542.2
Male12,8223.3649.5

3.11

Average Family Size

2.36

Average Household Size

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San Francisco Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade48,5796.99%
9th to 12th Grade31,6254.55%
High School Graduate83,79512.05%
Some College92,78913.34%
Associates Degree34,8265.01%
Bachelors Degree241,69934.76%
Graduate Degree162,01723.30%
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San Francisco Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White300,318295,422232,359
Asian244,388193,765114,133
Hispanic93,39373,65231,917
Other Race46,43834,07810,957
Black34,27630,28410,454
2+ Races26,63125,36116,781
Native American2,4221,921541
Islander1,9821,738497

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 77.37%.

San Francisco Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$68,040$76,050$60,934
Less Than 9th Grade$23,781$27,033$20,665
High School Graduate$31,701$34,481$29,515
Some College$44,710$49,640$39,514
Bachelors Degree$84,318$97,174$74,846
Graduate Degree$107,963$129,287$92,966

$68,040

Average Earnings

$76,050

Average Male

$60,934

Average Female

San Francisco Earnings by Educational Attainment

San Francisco Language by Age

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San Francisco Language

57.15% of San Francisco residents speak only English, while 42.85% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 25.16% of the population.

San Francisco Language

San Francisco Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian297,58029,0499.76%
White349,58625,1527.19%
Hispanic130,02117,58613.53%
Black44,18112,66728.67%
Other65,54810,54016.08%
Multiple47,6754,7009.86%
Native3,19653016.58%
Islander3,12451516.49%

10.34%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.66%

Male Poverty Rate

11.05%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in San Francisco

The race most likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is Black, with 28.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in San Francisco is White, with 7.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.14%.

San Francisco Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade20.85%
High School14.71%
Some College11.84%
Bachelors or Greater4.94%

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed29.75%
Male Unemployed27.49%
Female Employed4.58%
Male Employed3.79%

San Francisco Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

San Francisco Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$112,449$160,396
Families$131,595$186,215
Married Families$156,504$213,081
Non Families$90,974$132,019
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Income by Household Type

San Francisco Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.6%

Male Marriage Rate

40.0%

Female Marriage Rate

San Francisco Married by Age and Sex

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San Francisco Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

San Francisco Marital Status by Race

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San Francisco Marital Status

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23,619

Number of Veterans

21,881

Male Veterans

1,738

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam7,931
Second Gulf War3,740
First Gulf War3,600
Korea2,330
World War II1,501

San Francisco Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+7,182
65 to 745,784
35 to 545,133
55 to 643,533
18 to 341,987

San Francisco Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White13,6333.77%
Asian4,2531.59%
Black3,8009.86%
Hispanic2,2412.12%
Other Race9481.77%
2+ Races8112.60%
Native American893.36%
Islander853.32%

San Francisco Veterans by Race

San Francisco Veterans by Education

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11.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

San Francisco Veterans by Education

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71.1%

Labor Force Participation

68.1%

Employment Rate

4.2%

Unemployment Rate

San Francisco Employment by Age

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San Francisco Employment by Race

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San Francisco Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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39.48%

Born in San Francisco

65.72%

Native Born

34.28%

Foreign Born

12.55%

Non Citizen

21.73%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

65.72% of San Francisco residents were born in the United States, with 39.48% having been born in California. 12.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

San Francisco Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021883,2558530.10%
2020882,4028530.10%
2019881,5498530.10%
2018880,6962,6560.30%
2017878,0406,5280.75%
2016871,5128,5020.99%
2015863,01012,2601.44%
2014850,75011,1781.33%
2013839,57210,6961.29%
2012828,87613,2261.62%
2011815,65010,1451.26%
2010805,50528,7720.36%
2000776,73352,7740.71%
1990723,95944,9850.64%
1980678,974-36,700-0.53%
1970715,674-24,642-0.34%
1960740,316-35,041-0.46%
1950775,357140,8212.02%
1940634,5361420.00%
1930634,394127,7182.27%
1920506,67689,7641.97%
1910416,91274,1301.98%
1900342,78243,7851.38%
1890298,99765,0382.48%
1880233,95984,4864.58%
1870149,47392,67110.16%
186056,80226,8026.59%
185030,0000.00%

San Francisco Population by Year