St. Louis, Missouri Population 2022

292,047
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St. Louis is a city located in St. Louis County Missouri. St. Louis has a 2020 population of 292,047. St. Louis is currently declining at a rate of -0.96% annually and its population has decreased by -8.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 319,336 in 2010.

The average household income in St. Louis is $64,089 with a poverty rate of 20.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $840 per month, and the median house value is $143,700. The median age in St. Louis is 35.8 years, 35 years for males, and 36.5 years for females.

St. Louis enjoyed its highest population during the 1950s, when it was home to 857,000 people and ranked 8th in the country. The city was still the largest in Missouri in 1980, but Kansas City has since dwarfed it. St. Louis has now fallen to its lowest population in more than 100 years, despite signs that the negative growth had been reversed.

St Louis Diversity

The African American population of St. Louis is heavily concentrated in the northern area of the city, with the area north of Delmar being 94% black compared to 26% in the south side. The largest Asian ethnic groups include Vietnamese (0.9%), Chinese (0.6%) and Asian Indians (0.5%), with the Vietnamese community concentrated in the Dutchtown neighborhood and the Chinese community in the Central West End.

The largest Latino group comes from Mexico and accounts for 2.2% of the total population of the city. The Mexican community is concentrated most heavily in the Dutchtown, Gravois Park and Benton Park West neighborhoods.

It's estimated that St. Louis is home to about 70,000 Bosnians, which is the largest population outside of Bosnia. St. Louis is also home to the only Bosnian-language newspaper in the country.

St Louis Population Growth

The population growth of St. Louis has fallen flat and even gone negative over the last few years. From 2012 to 2013, the city's population grew just 0.2%, but the metropolitan area lost about 100,000 residents. As of 2017, the area has lost about 3.4% of the population. It won't be surprising if the population even drops below 300,000 by the next census in 2020.

St Louis Population History

The area that eventually became St. Louis was a center for Native American Mississippian culture and home to several earthwork mounds, hence the city's early nickname, the Mound City. European exploration was first documented in 1673, and the area was claimed for France 5 years later by La Salle as part of New France.

The earliest European settlements were built in the 1690s through the early 1700s, and migrants from French villages became moving to the area. When France lost to the British in North America in 1764, St. Louis was founded based on a fur trade economy.

St. Louis was transferred to the Republic of France in 1800 before being sold to the US three years later in the Lousiana Purchase. Steamboats began arriving in the city in 1818, which improved its connection with other markets. Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821, at which time slavery was legal here, and St. Louis was incorporated a year later.

The population of St. Louis grew fairly quickly from the 1840s through the 1860s when immigrants from Germany and Ireland began arriving in large numbers. By 1850, the city was more populous than New Orleans.

St. Louis was a slowly growing city until the Civil War when immigration and industrialization sparked a significant population boom. The city continued growing rapidly until it reached a peak of 856,000 in 1950, at which point it was 82% White and 17.9% African American.

After World War II ended, the city began losing people to the suburbs thanks to increasing demands for housing and easier commutes and then white flight. St. Louis has now lost over 63% of its population since 1950, which is the highest percentage of any major US city.

St. Louis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of St. Louiswas:

  • White: 46.44%
  • Black or African American: 45.66%
  • Asian: 3.37%
  • Two or more races: 3.10%
  • Other race: 1.13%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of St. Louis, Missouri is 292,047 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 292,047.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 319,336.

St. Louis, Missouri Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
20102,789,9900.00%
20112,795,1605,1700.18%
20122,796,6801,5200.05%
20132,799,4702,7900.10%
20142,803,4303,9600.14%
20152,807,5004,0700.14%
20162,805,500-2,000-0.07%
20172,805,7602600.01%
20182,803,960-1,800-0.06%
20192,803,230-730-0.03%
20202,802,500-730-0.03%
20212,801,770-730-0.03%

St. Louis Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White141,51946.44%
Black or African American139,14045.66%
American Indian and Alaska Native7840.26%
Asian10,2663.37%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1120.04%
Some Other Race3,4411.13%
Two or More Races9,4473.10%
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St. Louis Population by Race

St. Louis Population Pyramid 2022

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St. Louis Median Age

36


Total

35.2


Male

36.8


Female

St. Louis Adults

There are 246,483 adults, (41,612 of whom are seniors) in St. Louis.

St. Louis Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.4

Child Dependency Ratio

St. Louis Sex Ratio

Female

157,017

51.53%

Male

147,692

48.47%

St. Louis Population by Age

St. Louis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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St. Louis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.9%27.1%
Male45.7%54.3%
All44.1%55.9%
Female35.1%64.9%
Non Family33.3%66.7%

44.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

St. Louis Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All143,5662.0544.1
Married36,4902.9872.9
Male5,5733.0645.7
Female22,7853.2135.1
Non Family78,7181.2233.3

2.99

Average Family Size

2.05

Average Household Size

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St. Louis Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,9383.17%
9th to 12th Grade17,6588.08%
High School Graduate52,86824.19%
Some College45,88320.99%
Associates Degree13,8486.34%
Bachelors Degree44,74720.47%
Graduate Degree36,65216.77%
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St. Louis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

St. Louis Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian7,2476,2034,149
White108,632102,50958,334
2+ Races4,6324,1881,868
Hispanic7,1825,5702,684
Other Race1,6881,344486
Black91,02075,56814,603
Native American67947492
Islander7171

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.25%.

St. Louis Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,051$42,523$35,458
Less Than 9th Grade$21,187$23,808$18,318
High School Graduate$27,636$31,913$23,066
Some College$32,044$36,078$30,036
Bachelors Degree$49,130$55,394$43,775
Graduate Degree$60,823$67,049$56,222

$39,051

Average Earnings

$42,523

Average Male

$35,458

Average Female

St. Louis Earnings by Educational Attainment

St. Louis Language by Age

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St. Louis Language

90.30% of St. Louis residents speak only English, while 9.70% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.06% of the population.

St. Louis Language

St. Louis Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black136,03738,75128.49%
Asian9,7312,39524.61%
Native71215722.05%
Hispanic12,0442,48720.65%
Multiple9,3321,63117.48%
White129,96314,83011.41%
Islander11265.36%
Other1,104NaN%

20.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.87%

Male Poverty Rate

21.89%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in St. Louis

The race most likely to be in poverty in St. Louis is Black, with 28.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in St. Louis is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.05%.

St. Louis Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.04%
High School22.23%
Some College16.54%
Bachelors or Greater7.04%

St. Louis Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.45%
Male Unemployed36.64%
Female Employed10.60%
Female Unemployed46.01%

St. Louis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

St. Louis Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$45,782$65,863
Families$60,978$84,078
Married Families$91,587$113,393
Non Families$34,523$49,031
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Income by Household Type

St. Louis Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

31.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.7%

Male Marriage Rate

29.6%

Female Marriage Rate

St. Louis Married by Age and Sex

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St. Louis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

St. Louis Marital Status by Race

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St. Louis Marital Status

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15,797

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,760
First Gulf War2,996
Vietnam5,640
Korea772
World War II371

St. Louis Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,731
35 to 543,377
55 to 643,871
65 to 744,056
75+2,762

St. Louis Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,0356.50%
Black7,1906.87%
Native American567.87%
Asian1421.59%
Other Race311.48%
2+ Races3435.96%
Hispanic2973.48%

St. Louis Veterans by Race

St. Louis Veterans by Education

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15.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

St. Louis Veterans by Education

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66.6%

Labor Force Participation

62.4%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

St. Louis Employment by Age

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St. Louis Employment by Race

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St. Louis Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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65.79%

Born in St. Louis

93.14%

Native Born

6.86%

Foreign Born

3.88%

Non Citizen

2.97%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.14% of St. Louis residents were born in the United States, with 65.79% having been born in Missouri. 3.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

St. Louis Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18304,9770.00%
184016,46911,49212.71%
185077,86061,39116.81%
1860160,77382,9137.52%
1870310,864150,0916.82%
1880350,51839,6541.21%
1890451,770101,2522.57%
1900575,238123,4682.45%
1910687,029111,7911.79%
1920772,89785,8681.18%
1930821,96049,0630.62%
1940816,048-5,912-0.07%
1950856,79640,7480.49%
1960750,026-106,770-1.32%
1970622,236-127,790-1.85%
1980452,801-169,435-3.13%
1990396,685-56,116-1.31%
2000348,189-48,496-1.30%
2010319,336-28,853-0.86%
2011319,34480.00%
2012319,416720.02%
2013318,476-940-0.29%
2014317,399-1,077-0.34%
2015316,010-1,389-0.44%
2016312,633-3,377-1.07%
2017308,233-4,400-1.41%
2018303,419-4,814-1.56%
2019300,576-2,843-0.94%
2020297,733-2,843-0.95%
2021294,890-2,843-0.95%
2022292,047-2,843-0.96%

St. Louis Population by Year