St. Louis, Missouri Population 2022

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St. Louis is a city located in St. Louis County Missouri. With a 2020 population of 298,034, it is the 2nd largest city in Missouri and the 72nd largest city in the United States. St. Louis is currently declining at a rate of -0.59% annually and its population has decreased by -2.19% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 304,709 in 2020. Spanning over 66 miles, St. Louis has a population density of 4,827 people per square mile.

The average household income in St. Louis is $64,089 with a poverty rate of 20.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in St. Louis is 35.8 years, 35 years for males, and 36.5 years for females.

St. Louis enjoyed its highest population during the 1950s, when it was home to 857,000 people and ranked 8th in the country. The city was still the largest in Missouri in 1980, but Kansas City has since dwarfed it. St. Louis has now fallen to its lowest population in more than 100 years, despite signs that the negative growth had been reversed.

St Louis Diversity

The African American population of St. Louis is heavily concentrated in the northern area of the city, with the area north of Delmar being 94% black compared to 26% in the south side. The largest Asian ethnic groups include Vietnamese (0.9%), Chinese (0.6%) and Asian Indians (0.5%), with the Vietnamese community concentrated in the Dutchtown neighborhood and the Chinese community in the Central West End.

The largest Latino group comes from Mexico and accounts for 2.2% of the total population of the city. The Mexican community is concentrated most heavily in the Dutchtown, Gravois Park and Benton Park West neighborhoods.

It's estimated that St. Louis is home to about 70,000 Bosnians, which is the largest population outside of Bosnia. St. Louis is also home to the only Bosnian-language newspaper in the country.

St Louis Population Growth

The population growth of St. Louis has fallen flat and even gone negative over the last few years. From 2012 to 2013, the city's population grew just 0.2%, but the metropolitan area lost about 100,000 residents. As of 2017, the area has lost about 3.4% of the population. It won't be surprising if the population even drops below 300,000 by the next census in 2020.

St Louis Population History

The area that eventually became St. Louis was a center for Native American Mississippian culture and home to several earthwork mounds, hence the city's early nickname, the Mound City. European exploration was first documented in 1673, and the area was claimed for France 5 years later by La Salle as part of New France.

The earliest European settlements were built in the 1690s through the early 1700s, and migrants from French villages became moving to the area. When France lost to the British in North America in 1764, St. Louis was founded based on a fur trade economy.

St. Louis was transferred to the Republic of France in 1800 before being sold to the US three years later in the Lousiana Purchase. Steamboats began arriving in the city in 1818, which improved its connection with other markets. Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821, at which time slavery was legal here, and St. Louis was incorporated a year later.

The population of St. Louis grew fairly quickly from the 1840s through the 1860s when immigrants from Germany and Ireland began arriving in large numbers. By 1850, the city was more populous than New Orleans.

St. Louis was a slowly growing city until the Civil War when immigration and industrialization sparked a significant population boom. The city continued growing rapidly until it reached a peak of 856,000 in 1950, at which point it was 82% White and 17.9% African American.

After World War II ended, the city began losing people to the suburbs thanks to increasing demands for housing and easier commutes and then white flight. St. Louis has now lost over 63% of its population since 1950, which is the highest percentage of any major US city.

St. Louis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of St. Louiswas:

  • White: 46.44%
  • Black or African American: 45.66%
  • Asian: 3.37%
  • Two or more races: 3.10%
  • Other race: 1.13%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of St. Louis, Missouri is 298,034 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 304,709.

St. Louis, Missouri Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

St. Louis Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


St. Louis Population by Race

St. Louis Population Pyramid 2022


St. Louis Median Age







St. Louis Adults

There are 246,483 adults, (41,612 of whom are seniors) in St. Louis.

St. Louis Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

St. Louis Sex Ratio







St. Louis Population by Age

St. Louis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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St. Louis Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

St. Louis Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


St. Louis Households by Type


St. Louis Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

St. Louis Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.25%.

St. Louis Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

St. Louis Earnings by Educational Attainment

St. Louis Language by Age


St. Louis Language

90.30% of St. Louis residents speak only English, while 9.70% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.06% of the population.

St. Louis Language

St. Louis Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in St. Louis

The race most likely to be in poverty in St. Louis is Black, with 28.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in St. Louis is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.05%.

St. Louis Poverty


St. Louis Poverty Rate by Education


St. Louis Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

St. Louis Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

St. Louis Marital Status

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Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

St. Louis Married by Age and Sex


St. Louis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

St. Louis Marital Status by Race

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St. Louis Marital Status



Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

St. Louis Veterans by War


St. Louis Veterans by Age


St. Louis Veterans by Race

St. Louis Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

St. Louis Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


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St. Louis Employment by Age


St. Louis Employment by Race


St. Louis Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in St. Louis


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

93.14% of St. Louis residents were born in the United States, with 65.79% having been born in Missouri. 3.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

St. Louis Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

St. Louis Population by Year