Topeka, Kansas Population 2020

125,092
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Topeka is a city located in Kansas. With a 2020 population of 125,092, it is the 5th largest city in Kansas (after Wichita, Overland Park, Kansas City, and Olathe) and the 226th largest city in the United States. Topeka is currently declining at a rate of -0.32% annually and its population has decreased by -1.87% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 127,473 in 2010. Topeka reached it's highest population of 128,216 in 2011. Spanning over 63 miles, Topeka has a population density of 2,036 people per square mile.

The average household income in Topeka is $62,597 with a poverty rate of 15.93%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $790 per month, and the median house value is $102,600. The median age in Topeka is 36.9 years, 35.3 years for males, and 39.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.5 males.

The city’s top employer is the State of Kansas, employing more than 8,000 people. Over 22% of residents work in the educational, health and social services industry, with the city’s four school districts employing about 4,700 people and Washburn University providing around 1,650 jobs.

Topeka Population Growth

Topeka’s population has seen its ups and downs throughout the years, with some censuses showing significant, rapid growth while others reflect smaller percentages of growth or even declining numbers. Most recently, the population is down 0.5% since the 2010 census. However, this downward trend is not expected to continue, although a rapid growth of the city is not likely any time in the near future.

As with other cities located in the Great Plains, Topeka was initially inhabited by native tribes. The land that is now Kansas changed ownership several times throughout the 16th and 18th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, ownership went to the United States following the Louisiana Purchase.

It was during the 1840s when a ferry service was established crossing the Kansas River. While settlers could cross the river, the area that is now Topeka was not yet developed. It was when a military road was developed in the 1850s when the area was settled. A cabin was built in 1854 and the Topeka Town Association was established. It was during the next decade when the city became a hub for commercial activity.

It was also during this time when the state was admitted to the Union and was the 34th state in the United States. Topeka was selected as the capital. The construction of the capitol building began in 1866 but took 37 years to complete.

Population growth was slow because of a drought in the 1860s and the Civil War. However, once the war was over the city began to grow. During this time, many former slaves settled in Topeka, and Washburn University was also established as the population and the city itself grew. A depression in the late 19th century could have been disastrous but residents made it through, and the population doubled. The population continued to grow with the introduction of the automobile industry, with Topeka serving as the site of the Smith Automobile Company, which was in business for ten years. Another notable fact about Topeka at this time was that it was the site of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, a Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and made racial segregation in schools illegal. However, despite the court ruling, racial discrimination continued to burden the city for many years.

The city was struck by a devastating tornado in 1966. The city suffered about $100 million in damage because of the tornado and was one of the most expensive in history. However, the city did recover, and its economy and population continued to grow. However, the 1970s saw a drop in population with the closing of Forbes Air Force Base, with more than 10,000 people leaving the city. Population and the city grew again in the next decade with the construction of a mall, airport and convention center.

Today, the city continues to grow as more jobs are created, and the city plans to redevelop many areas, including the State Capitol.

Topeka Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Topeka was:

  • White: 78.52%
  • Black or African American: 10.64%
  • Two or more races: 4.92%
  • Other race: 3.21%
  • Asian: 1.65%
  • Native American: 0.98%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Topeka, Kansas is 125,092, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 125,904.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 127,473.

Topeka, Kansas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020231,476-559-0.24%
2019232,035-559-0.24%
2018232,594-559-0.24%
2017233,153-72-0.03%
2016233,225-355-0.15%
2015233,580-172-0.07%
2014233,752-109-0.05%
2013233,861-552-0.24%
2012234,413-275-0.12%
2011234,6884140.18%
2010234,2740.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White99,62578.52%
Black or African American13,50210.64%
Two or More Races6,2454.92%
Some Other Race4,0673.21%
Asian2,0941.65%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,2440.98%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1000.08%
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Topeka Population Pyramid 2020

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Topeka Median Age

36.9


Total

35.3


Male

39.2


Female

Topeka Adults

There are 97,133 adults, (21,261 of whom are seniors) in Topeka.

Topeka Age Dependency

67.2

Age Dependency Ratio

28

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Topeka Sex Ratio

Female

65,921

51.96%

Male

60,956

48.04%

Topeka Households and Families

Topeka Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Topeka Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.8%24.2%
All56.6%43.4%
Male50.9%49.1%
Non Family43.8%56.2%
Female41.9%58.1%

56.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,3122.2956.6
Non Family23,7961.2143.8
Married21,1563.1475.8
Female6,1873.1841.9
Male2,1733.4350.9

3.06

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Topeka Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8653.36%
9th to 12th Grade5,4706.42%
High School Graduate27,27932.01%
Some College20,30823.83%
Associates Degree5,0785.96%
Bachelors Degree15,36418.03%
Graduate Degree8,84510.38%
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Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White63,90659,61620,847
Hispanic9,2646,790980
Black8,0467,026958
Multiple Races2,3611,916389
Other Race2,2341,547150
Asian1,4611,364922
Native American831676216
Islander525238

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 73.08%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,337$39,601$31,932
Less Than High School$20,777$24,561$15,076
High School Grad$26,913$31,992$22,052
Some College$34,163$38,461$31,614
Bachelors Degree$44,635$52,427$40,978
Graduate Degree$58,104$65,072$53,778

$35,337

Average Earnings

$39,601

Average Male

$31,932

Average Female

Topeka Language

Topeka Language by Age

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Topeka Language

88.91% of Topeka residents speak only English, while 11.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.86% of the population.

Topeka Poverty

Topeka Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White84,11410,93213.00%
Hispanic18,5424,09722.10%
Black12,9773,48626.86%
Multiple5,66898717.41%
Other4,05776418.83%
Native1,17422018.74%
Asian1,973944.76%
Islander1006262.00%

15.93%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.76%

Male Poverty Rate

16.08%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Topeka

The race most likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Islander, with 62.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Asian, with 4.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.94%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.61%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.01%
High School16.88%
Some College9.95%
Bachelors or Greater3.65%
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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed43.87%
Female Unemployed37.08%
Female Employed9.42%
Male Employed8.44%

Topeka Income

Topeka Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$46,890$62,597
Families$63,205$76,981
Married Families$74,900$90,541
Non Families$32,259$42,495
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Topeka Marital Status

Topeka Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.3%

Male Marriage Rate

42.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Topeka Married by Age and Sex

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Topeka Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Topeka Marital Status by Race

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Topeka Veterans

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8,999

Number of Veterans

8,268

Male Veterans

731

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,351
First Gulf War1,857
Second Gulf War1,445
Korea928
World War II433
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,504
75+2,108
35 to 541,823
55 to 641,755
18 to 34809
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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,7569.85%
Black9079.42%
Hispanic5524.78%
2 or More1875.88%
Other612.27%
Indian525.41%
Asian221.27%
Hawaiian1414.00%

Topeka Veterans by Education

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9.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.65%

Veteran Disability Rate

Topeka Employment Status

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62.5%

Labor Force Participation

59.3%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.44%

Born in Kansas

94.90%

Native Born

5.10%

Foreign Born

3.26%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.90% of Topeka residents were born in the United States, with 66.44% having been born in Kansas. 3.26% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020125,092-406-0.32%
2019125,498-406-0.32%
2018125,904-679-0.54%
2017126,583-406-0.32%
2016126,989-433-0.34%
2015127,422-74-0.06%
2014127,496-230-0.18%
2013127,726-361-0.28%
2012128,087-129-0.10%
2011128,2163030.24%
2010127,9135,5360.44%
2000122,3772,4940.21%
1990119,8831,1930.10%
1980118,690-6,321-0.52%
1970125,0115,5270.45%
1960119,48440,6934.25%
195078,79110,9581.51%
194067,8333,7130.56%
193064,12014,0982.51%
192050,0226,3381.36%
191043,68410,0762.66%
190033,6082,6010.81%
189031,00715,5557.21%
188015,4529,66210.31%
18705,7904,99021.89%
18608000.00%