Topeka, Kansas Population 2024

124,479

Topeka is a city located in Douglas County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Osage County, Shawnee County, and Wabaunsee County Kansas. Topeka has a 2024 population of 124,479. It is also the county seat of Shawnee County. Topeka is currently declining at a rate of -0.39% annually and its population has decreased by -1.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 126,419 in 2020.

The average household income in Topeka is $72,948 with a poverty rate of 16.04%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Topeka is 37.9 years, 36.6 years for males, and 39.1 years for females.

The city’s top employer is the State of Kansas, employing more than 8,000 people. Over 22% of residents work in the educational, health and social services industry, with the city’s four school districts employing about 4,700 people and Washburn University providing around 1,650 jobs.

Topeka Population Growth

Topeka’s population has seen its ups and downs throughout the years, with some censuses showing significant, rapid growth while others reflect smaller percentages of growth or even declining numbers. Most recently, the population is down 0.5% since the 2010 census. However, this downward trend is not expected to continue, although a rapid growth of the city is not likely any time in the near future.

As with other cities located in the Great Plains, Topeka was initially inhabited by native tribes. The land that is now Kansas changed ownership several times throughout the 16th and 18th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, ownership went to the United States following the Louisiana Purchase.

It was during the 1840s when a ferry service was established crossing the Kansas River. While settlers could cross the river, the area that is now Topeka was not yet developed. It was when a military road was developed in the 1850s when the area was settled. A cabin was built in 1854 and the Topeka Town Association was established. It was during the next decade when the city became a hub for commercial activity.

It was also during this time when the state was admitted to the Union and was the 34th state in the United States. Topeka was selected as the capital. The construction of the capitol building began in 1866 but took 37 years to complete.

Population growth was slow because of a drought in the 1860s and the Civil War. However, once the war was over the city began to grow. During this time, many former slaves settled in Topeka, and Washburn University was also established as the population and the city itself grew. A depression in the late 19th century could have been disastrous but residents made it through, and the population doubled. The population continued to grow with the introduction of the automobile industry, with Topeka serving as the site of the Smith Automobile Company, which was in business for ten years. Another notable fact about Topeka at this time was that it was the site of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, a Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and made racial segregation in schools illegal. However, despite the court ruling, racial discrimination continued to burden the city for many years.

The city was struck by a devastating tornado in 1966. The city suffered about $100 million in damage because of the tornado and was one of the most expensive in history. However, the city did recover, and its economy and population continued to grow. However, the 1970s saw a drop in population with the closing of Forbes Air Force Base, with more than 10,000 people leaving the city. Population and the city grew again in the next decade with the construction of a mall, airport and convention center.

Today, the city continues to grow as more jobs are created, and the city plans to redevelop many areas, including the State Capitol.

Topeka Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Topeka was:

  • White: 73.04%
  • Black or African American: 10.2%
  • Two or more races: 8.59%
  • Other race: 5.49%
  • Asian: 1.84%
  • Native American: 0.73%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.11%
State
Kansas
Land Area (mi²)
61.7 sq mi
Density (mi²)
2,018.80/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
-1.53% (-1,940)
The current population of Topeka, Kansas is 124,479 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 126,419.

Topeka, Kansas Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White92,34773.04%
Black or African American12,89110.2%
Two or more races10,8658.59%
Other race6,9465.49%
Asian2,3211.84%
Native American9200.73%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander1410.11%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Topeka Population by Race

Topeka Population Pyramid 2024

Topeka Median Age

37.9

Total

36.6

Male

39.1

Female

Topeka Adults

There are 98,058 adults, (22,696 of whom are seniors) in Topeka.

Topeka Age Dependency

67.8

Age Dependency Ratio

30.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Topeka Sex Ratio

Female65,52651.83%
Male60,90548.17%

Topeka Population by Age

Topeka Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All54,2782.245941
Non Family24,8091.2147.652.4
Married19,4473.1178.721.3
Female7,3753.0647.852.2
Male2,6473.1952.547.5

3

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

59.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Topeka Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,9223.43%
9th to 12th Grade4,6945.52%
High School Graduate26,80431.5%
Some College20,00323.51%
Associates Degree6,4427.57%
Bachelors Degree15,84218.62%
Graduate Degree8,3729.84%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Topeka Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White61,83558,27920,096
Hispanic10,3727,8871,333
Black8,0106,9001,078
2+ Races4,8594,024984
Other Race4,2122,979595
Asian1,5331,520934
Native American619532129
Islander61610

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.93%.

Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$43,440$48,270$38,689
Less Than 9th Grade$24,985$32,934$14,375
High School Graduate$32,974$39,612$27,064
Some College$43,124$49,535$36,900
Bachelors Degree$54,301$60,990$50,875
Graduate Degree$67,238$73,505$65,523

$43,440

Average Earnings

$48,270

Average Male

$38,689

Average Female

Topeka Earnings by Educational Attainment

Topeka Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Topeka Language

90.25% of Topeka residents speak only English, while 9.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.7% of the population.

Topeka Language

Topeka Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
White80,92610,58813.08%
Hispanic20,3054,43021.82%
Black12,3133,29326.74%
Other6,9461,91027.5%
Multiple10,2241,68616.49%
Asian2,24835515.79%
Native81628234.56%
Islander1412719.15%

16.04%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.51%

Male Poverty Rate

17.47%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Topeka

The race most likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Native, with 34.56% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Topeka is White, with 13.08% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 25%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.91%.

Topeka Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade32.93%
High School19.53%
Some College10.73%
Bachelors or Greater5.16%

Topeka Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed60.4%
Male Unemployed41.86%
Female Employed10.02%
Male Employed7.47%

Topeka Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Topeka Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$54,052$72,948
Families$74,579$91,782
Married Families$93,074$111,030
Non Families$36,475$46,976

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Topeka Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

41.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

39.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Topeka Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Topeka Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Topeka Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Topeka Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

7,926

Number of Veterans

7,319

Male Veterans

607

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam3,073
First Gulf War1,860
Second Gulf War1,823
Korea499
World War II100

Topeka Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 742,124
75+2,041
35 to 541,907
55 to 641,379
18 to 34475

Topeka Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White6,5038.76%
Black9399.76%
Hispanic5213.98%
2+ Races2964.77%
Other Race931.81%
Native American436.14%
Asian321.71%
Islander2032.79%

Topeka Veterans by Race

Topeka Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

12.49%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.4%

Veteran Disability Rate

Topeka Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

61.8%

Labor Force Participation

58.5%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Topeka Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Topeka Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Topeka Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

68.29%

Born in Topeka

94.58%

Native Born

5.42%

Foreign Born

3.48%

Non Citizen

1.94%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.58% of Topeka residents were born in the United States, with 68.29% having been born in Kansas. 3.48% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Topeka Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029122,054-485-0.4%
2028122,539-485-0.39%
2027123,024-485-0.39%
2026123,509-485-0.39%
2025123,994-485-0.39%
2024124,479-485-0.39%
2023124,964-485-0.39%
2022125,449-675-0.54%
2021126,124-295-0.23%
2020126,4191,2100.97%
2019125,209-522-0.42%
2018125,731-816-0.64%
2017126,547-446-0.35%
2016126,993-475-0.37%
2015127,468-81-0.06%
2014127,549-222-0.17%
2013127,771-352-0.27%
2012128,123-119-0.09%
2011128,2423240.25%
2010127,9185,5414.53%
2000122,3772,4942.08%
1990119,8831,1931.01%
1980118,690-6,321-5.06%
1970125,0115,5274.63%
1960119,48440,69351.65%
195078,79110,95816.15%
194067,8333,7135.79%
193064,12014,09828.18%
192050,0226,33814.51%
191043,68410,07629.98%
190033,6082,6018.39%
189031,00715,555100.67%
188015,4529,662166.87%
18705,7904,990623.75%
186080000%
showing: 35 rows

Topeka Population by Year