Topeka, Kansas Population 2021

124,374
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Topeka is a city located in Shawnee County Kansas. It is also the county seat of Shawnee County. With a 2020 population of 124,374, it is the 5th largest city in Kansas (after Wichita, Overland Park, Kansas City, and Olathe) and the 229th largest city in the United States . Topeka is currently declining at a rate of -0.37% annually and its population has decreased by -2.43% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 127,473 in 2010. Topeka reached it's highest population of 128,228 in 2011. Spanning over 63 miles, Topeka has a population density of 2,024 people per square mile.

The average household income in Topeka is $63,811 with a poverty rate of 14.43%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $816 per month, and the median house value is $103,200. The median age in Topeka is 37.7 years, 36 years for males, and 39.7 years for females.

The city’s top employer is the State of Kansas, employing more than 8,000 people. Over 22% of residents work in the educational, health and social services industry, with the city’s four school districts employing about 4,700 people and Washburn University providing around 1,650 jobs.

Topeka Population Growth

Topeka’s population has seen its ups and downs throughout the years, with some censuses showing significant, rapid growth while others reflect smaller percentages of growth or even declining numbers. Most recently, the population is down 0.5% since the 2010 census. However, this downward trend is not expected to continue, although a rapid growth of the city is not likely any time in the near future.

As with other cities located in the Great Plains, Topeka was initially inhabited by native tribes. The land that is now Kansas changed ownership several times throughout the 16th and 18th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, ownership went to the United States following the Louisiana Purchase.

It was during the 1840s when a ferry service was established crossing the Kansas River. While settlers could cross the river, the area that is now Topeka was not yet developed. It was when a military road was developed in the 1850s when the area was settled. A cabin was built in 1854 and the Topeka Town Association was established. It was during the next decade when the city became a hub for commercial activity.

It was also during this time when the state was admitted to the Union and was the 34th state in the United States. Topeka was selected as the capital. The construction of the capitol building began in 1866 but took 37 years to complete.

Population growth was slow because of a drought in the 1860s and the Civil War. However, once the war was over the city began to grow. During this time, many former slaves settled in Topeka, and Washburn University was also established as the population and the city itself grew. A depression in the late 19th century could have been disastrous but residents made it through, and the population doubled. The population continued to grow with the introduction of the automobile industry, with Topeka serving as the site of the Smith Automobile Company, which was in business for ten years. Another notable fact about Topeka at this time was that it was the site of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, a Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and made racial segregation in schools illegal. However, despite the court ruling, racial discrimination continued to burden the city for many years.

The city was struck by a devastating tornado in 1966. The city suffered about $100 million in damage because of the tornado and was one of the most expensive in history. However, the city did recover, and its economy and population continued to grow. However, the 1970s saw a drop in population with the closing of Forbes Air Force Base, with more than 10,000 people leaving the city. Population and the city grew again in the next decade with the construction of a mall, airport and convention center.

Today, the city continues to grow as more jobs are created, and the city plans to redevelop many areas, including the State Capitol.

Topeka Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Topeka was:

  • White: 78.43%
  • Black or African American: 10.48%
  • Two or more races: 4.39%
  • Other race: 3.75%
  • Asian: 1.82%
  • Native American: 1.06%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Topeka, Kansas is 124,374 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 125,778.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 127,473.

Topeka, Kansas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021231,375-297-0.13%
2020231,672-297-0.13%
2019231,969-297-0.13%
2018232,266-728-0.31%
2017232,994-145-0.06%
2016233,139-381-0.16%
2015233,520-197-0.08%
2014233,717-121-0.05%
2013233,838-569-0.24%
2012234,407-289-0.12%
2011234,6964300.18%
2010234,2660.00%

Topeka Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White99,13078.43%
Black or African American13,24210.48%
Two or More Races5,5454.39%
Some Other Race4,7413.75%
Asian2,3011.82%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,3401.06%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander980.08%
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Topeka Population by Race

Topeka Population Pyramid $2021

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Topeka Median Age

37.7


Total

36


Male

39.7


Female

Topeka Adults

There are 97,442 adults, (22,052 of whom are seniors) in Topeka.

Topeka Age Dependency

67.7

Age Dependency Ratio

29.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Topeka Sex Ratio

Female

65,870

52.11%

Male

60,527

47.89%

Topeka Population by Age

Topeka Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Topeka Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.1%24.9%
All56.3%43.7%
Male49.6%50.4%
Non Family43.9%56.1%
Female41.8%58.2%

56.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Topeka Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,7572.2756.3
Non Family24,1951.1943.9
Married21,2343.175.1
Female6,1323.2141.8
Male2,1963.3949.6

3.04

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

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Topeka Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8863.38%
9th to 12th Grade5,4316.35%
High School Graduate27,45332.12%
Some College20,10523.52%
Associates Degree5,1866.07%
Bachelors Degree15,69018.36%
Graduate Degree8,72810.21%
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Topeka Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White63,51859,54121,239
Hispanic9,7897,291929
Black7,9826,783842
Other Race2,7011,873261
2+ Races2,2101,764281
Asian1,5341,421879
Native American891712243
Islander525234

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 65.38%.

Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,166$41,041$32,011
Less Than 9th Grade$21,405$30,081$15,404
High School Graduate$27,787$32,217$23,149
Some College$34,809$40,090$31,372
Bachelors Degree$46,055$54,530$42,364
Graduate Degree$59,636$64,834$53,842

$36,166

Average Earnings

$41,041

Average Male

$32,011

Average Female

Topeka Earnings by Educational Attainment

Topeka Language by Age

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Topeka Language

89.21% of Topeka residents speak only English, while 10.79% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.74% of the population.

Topeka Language

Topeka Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White83,2819,79211.76%
Hispanic18,9923,59818.94%
Black12,6963,23925.51%
Other4,7411,09022.99%
Multiple4,99788217.65%
Native1,27822117.29%
Asian2,1831034.72%
Islander986465.31%

14.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.18%

Male Poverty Rate

14.66%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Topeka

The race most likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Islander, with 65.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Asian, with 4.72% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.10%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.51%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.13%.

Topeka Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.78%
High School15.63%
Some College9.58%
Bachelors or Greater3.57%

Topeka Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed42.45%
Female Unemployed39.23%
Female Employed9.41%
Male Employed7.71%

Topeka Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Topeka Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,999$63,811
Families$64,608$79,474
Married Families$76,825$93,363
Non Families$32,728$42,284
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Income by Household Type

Topeka Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

44.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.4%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Topeka Married by Age and Sex

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Topeka Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Topeka Marital Status by Race

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Topeka Marital Status

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8,652

Number of Veterans

8,015

Male Veterans

637

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,434
First Gulf War1,727
Second Gulf War1,265
Korea837
World War II322

Topeka Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,538
75+2,020
35 to 541,752
55 to 641,636
18 to 34706

Topeka Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,4469.48%
Black9039.40%
Hispanic5864.82%
2+ Races1324.52%
Other Race772.41%
Native American535.13%
Asian231.23%
Islander1818.37%

Topeka Veterans by Race

Topeka Veterans by Education

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10.14%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Topeka Veterans by Education

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63.5%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

4.7%

Unemployment Rate

Topeka Employment by Age

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Topeka Employment by Race

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Topeka Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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67.11%

Born in Topeka

94.90%

Native Born

5.10%

Foreign Born

3.22%

Non Citizen

1.88%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.90% of Topeka residents were born in the United States, with 67.11% having been born in Kansas. 3.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Topeka Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021124,374-468-0.37%
2020124,842-468-0.37%
2019125,310-468-0.37%
2018125,778-739-0.58%
2017126,517-431-0.34%
2016126,948-448-0.35%
2015127,396-93-0.07%
2014127,489-236-0.18%
2013127,725-370-0.29%
2012128,095-133-0.10%
2011128,2283140.25%
2010127,9145,5370.44%
2000122,3772,4940.21%
1990119,8831,1930.10%
1980118,690-6,321-0.52%
1970125,0115,5270.45%
1960119,48440,6934.25%
195078,79110,9581.51%
194067,8333,7130.56%
193064,12014,0982.51%
192050,0226,3381.36%
191043,68410,0762.66%
190033,6082,6010.81%
189031,00715,5557.21%
188015,4529,66210.31%
18705,7904,99021.89%
18608000.00%

Topeka Population by Year