Vancouver, Washington Population 2021

187,615
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Vancouver is a city located in Washington. With a 2020 population of 187,615, it is the 4th largest city in Washington (after Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma) and the 136th largest city in the United States. Vancouver is currently growing at a rate of 0.85% annually and its population has increased by 15.96% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 161,791 in 2010. Vancouver reached it's highest population of 187,615 in 2021. Spanning over 52 miles, Vancouver has a population density of 3,849 people per square mile.

The average household income in Vancouver is $80,500 with a poverty rate of 12.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,219 per month, and the median house value is $286,500. The median age in Vancouver is 36.9 years, 35.8 years for males, and 38 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.7 males.

Vancouver is a city that is located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat for Clark County and is a suburb of Portland. Through the years, Vancouver has been named as one of the best places to live in the country.

Vancouver Population Statistics

The city’s largest employer is PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center. Other significant employers include Evergreen Public Schools, Vancouver Public Schools, the County of Clark and Fred Meyer, each of which employs over 1,000 people.

Vancouver Population Growth

Vancouver has seen extensive population growth. In some cases, it has been due to the expansion of the city limits through annexation. The largest growth occurred between the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000 when the population grew from just over 46,000 to over 143,000. Though growth in recent years hasn’t been quite as staggering, since the 2010 census, estimates show that the population has grown by over 8%, indicating that Vancouver is well on its way to hitting 200,000 residents in the near future.

The Chinook and Klickitat tribes were the original inhabitants of Vancouver. Europeans arrived in the late 1700s, bringing along with them smallpox which eradicated about half of the Native American population by the early 1800s. The population of these original inhabitants and their ancestors continued to decline with the introduction of other diseases including malaria and measles.

Despite arriving in the area in the 1700s, Europeans did not settle in what is now Vancouver until 1824. The city began as Fort Vancouver and served as a fur trading post. The area came under the control of the U.S. in 1846 following the signing of the Oregon Treaty. Shortly before this a claim was laid and registered under the name Vancouver City. The claim was traced over just a few short years later, with the name changing to Columbia City before being changed to its current name in 1855. Only two years later, it was incorporated as a city.

Vancouver was once the capital of the Washington Territory, but this only lasted for a short time before Olympia became the capital once again.

In the 1900s, the city became quite prosperous following an economic boom from its three shipyards. The city continued to grow with the addition of an aluminum plant, which was powered using hydropower turbines. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, one of Vancouver’s shipyards went to work producing various ships, with a population of shipyard employees expanding to over 80,000.

The city has seen rapid growth throughout the years following its incorporation, with multiple annexations occurring throughout its history. In the 1940s, the city experienced an industrial boom with the addition of shipyards and a paper mill. Today, however, the city’s economy is now mostly reliant on high tech and service industry jobs. The Port of Vancouver, the third largest in the state, continues to operate and sees over 400 vessels each year, as well as barges.

Vancouver Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vancouver was:

  • White: 80.13%
  • Two or more races: 6.01%
  • Asian: 5.62%
  • Other race: 3.83%
  • Black or African American: 2.33%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.53%
  • Native American: 0.55%
The current population of Vancouver, Washington is 187,615, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 182,887.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 161,791.

Vancouver, Washington Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,530,54019,0700.75%
20202,511,47019,0600.76%
20192,492,41019,0600.76%
20182,473,35018,5300.75%
20172,454,82028,2401.15%
20162,426,58044,9201.85%
20152,381,66037,6701.58%
20142,343,99032,9701.41%
20132,311,02022,5600.98%
20122,288,46025,6301.12%
20112,262,83030,6501.35%
20102,232,1800.00%

Vancouver Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White144,67880.13%
Two or More Races10,8536.01%
Asian10,1405.62%
Some Other Race6,9133.83%
Black or African American4,2032.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,7691.53%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,0000.55%
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Vancouver Population by Race

Vancouver Population Pyramid 2021

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Vancouver Median Age

36.9


Total

35.8


Male

38


Female

Vancouver Adults

There are 140,395 adults, (28,619 of whom are seniors) in Vancouver.

Vancouver Age Dependency

61.5

Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Vancouver Sex Ratio

Female

92,254

51.09%

Male

88,302

48.91%

Vancouver Population by Age

Vancouver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Vancouver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.1%32.9%
All51.7%48.3%
Non Family42%58%
Male40.4%59.6%
Female33.1%66.9%

51.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Vancouver Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,5082.4651.7
Married31,1693.2267.1
Non Family29,2931.3342
Female8,0853.2133.1
Male3,9613.2140.4

3.07

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

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Vancouver Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,6792.96%
9th to 12th Grade7,4996.03%
High School Graduate30,96724.89%
Some College33,20226.69%
Associates Degree12,70810.22%
Bachelors Degree23,91019.22%
Graduate Degree12,43710.00%
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Vancouver Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White95,74490,19429,377
Hispanic11,9228,3361,684
Asian7,2036,3202,966
Multiple Races5,0884,5631,364
Other Race3,5422,087249
Black2,9322,682703
Islander1,6681,281285
Native American700583280

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.20%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 41.18%.

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,349$46,044$32,902
Less Than High School$28,453$35,012$21,714
High School Grad$31,729$38,333$25,387
Some College$38,304$43,951$32,263
Bachelors Degree$53,362$63,433$46,628
Graduate Degree$68,790$82,856$57,730

$40,349

Average Earnings

$46,044

Average Male

$32,902

Average Female

Vancouver Earnings by Educational Attainment

Vancouver Language by Age

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Vancouver Language

79.81% of Vancouver residents speak only English, while 20.19% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.76% of the population.

Vancouver Language

Vancouver Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White127,56313,85710.86%
Hispanic24,6884,90319.86%
Multiple10,6031,69115.95%
Asian10,1191,39813.82%
Other6,8081,05015.42%
Black4,04679819.72%
Islander2,69047517.66%
Native958818.46%

12.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.68%

Male Poverty Rate

13.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vancouver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Hispanic, with 19.86% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Native, with 8.46% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.50%.

Vancouver Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.56%
High School12.27%
Some College11.13%
Bachelors or Greater5.12%

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.23%
Male Unemployed30.17%
Female Employed6.58%
Male Employed5.57%

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Vancouver Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,714$80,500
Families$70,795$90,354
Married Families$83,973$103,415
Non Families$44,714$60,583
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Income by Household Type

Vancouver Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.0%

Male Marriage Rate

44.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Vancouver Married by Age and Sex

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Vancouver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Vancouver Marital Status by Race

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Vancouver Marital Status

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12,057

Number of Veterans

10,830

Male Veterans

1,227

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,133
First Gulf War2,473
Second Gulf War1,872
Korea928
World War II541

Vancouver Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,236
35 to 542,744
75+2,688
55 to 642,453
18 to 34936

Vancouver Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,7499.35%
Hispanic6014.05%
2 or More5528.75%
Asian2923.54%
Black2527.63%
Other1463.27%
Hawaiian612.95%
Indian50.60%

Vancouver Veterans by Race

Vancouver Veterans by Education

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7.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vancouver Veterans by Education

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64.7%

Labor Force Participation

61.3%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Vancouver Employment by Age

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Vancouver Employment by Race

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Vancouver Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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30.93%

Born in Washington

86.10%

Native Born

13.90%

Foreign Born

7.14%

Non Citizen

6.75%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

86.10% of Vancouver residents were born in the United States, with 30.93% having been born in Washington. 7.14% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Vancouver Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021187,6151,5760.85%
2020186,0391,5760.85%
2019184,4631,5760.86%
2018182,8872,5271.40%
2017180,3601,7390.97%
2016178,6212,2121.25%
2015176,4093,0031.73%
2014173,4061,8411.07%
2013171,5651,5300.90%
2012170,0359890.59%
2011169,0461,4510.87%
2010167,59524,0351.56%
2000143,56097,18011.96%
199046,3803,5460.80%
198042,8349750.23%
197041,8599,3952.57%
196032,464-9,200-2.46%
195041,66422,8768.29%
194018,7883,0221.77%
193015,7663,1292.24%
192012,6373,3373.11%
19109,3006,17411.52%
19003,126-419-1.25%
18903,5450.00%

Vancouver Population by Year