Vancouver, Washington Population 2020

186,516
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Vancouver is a city located in Washington. With a 2020 population of 186,516, it is the 4th largest city in Washington (after Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma) and the 137th largest city in the United States. Vancouver is currently growing at a rate of 0.95% annually and its population has increased by 15.28% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 161,791 in 2010. Spanning over 52 miles, Vancouver has a population density of 3,826 people per square mile.

The average household income in Vancouver is $76,792 with a poverty rate of 12.55%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,142 per month, and the median house value is $260,400. The median age in Vancouver is 36.7 years, 35.8 years for males, and 37.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 94.6 males.

Vancouver is a city that is located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat for Clark County and is a suburb of Portland. Through the years, Vancouver has been named as one of the best places to live in the country.

Vancouver Population Statistics

The city’s largest employer is PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center. Other significant employers include Evergreen Public Schools, Vancouver Public Schools, the County of Clark and Fred Meyer, each of which employs over 1,000 people.

Vancouver Population Growth

Vancouver has seen extensive population growth. In some cases, it has been due to the expansion of the city limits through annexation. The largest growth occurred between the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000 when the population grew from just over 46,000 to over 143,000. Though growth in recent years hasn’t been quite as staggering, since the 2010 census, estimates show that the population has grown by over 8%, indicating that Vancouver is well on its way to hitting 200,000 residents in the near future.

The Chinook and Klickitat tribes were the original inhabitants of Vancouver. Europeans arrived in the late 1700s, bringing along with them smallpox which eradicated about half of the Native American population by the early 1800s. The population of these original inhabitants and their ancestors continued to decline with the introduction of other diseases including malaria and measles.

Despite arriving in the area in the 1700s, Europeans did not settle in what is now Vancouver until 1824. The city began as Fort Vancouver and served as a fur trading post. The area came under the control of the U.S. in 1846 following the signing of the Oregon Treaty. Shortly before this a claim was laid and registered under the name Vancouver City. The claim was traced over just a few short years later, with the name changing to Columbia City before being changed to its current name in 1855. Only two years later, it was incorporated as a city.

Vancouver was once the capital of the Washington Territory, but this only lasted for a short time before Olympia became the capital once again.

In the 1900s, the city became quite prosperous following an economic boom from its three shipyards. The city continued to grow with the addition of an aluminum plant, which was powered using hydropower turbines. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, one of Vancouver’s shipyards went to work producing various ships, with a population of shipyard employees expanding to over 80,000.

The city has seen rapid growth throughout the years following its incorporation, with multiple annexations occurring throughout its history. In the 1940s, the city experienced an industrial boom with the addition of shipyards and a paper mill. Today, however, the city’s economy is now mostly reliant on high tech and service industry jobs. The Port of Vancouver, the third largest in the state, continues to operate and sees over 400 vessels each year, as well as barges.

Vancouver Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vancouver was:

  • White: 80.06%
  • Two or more races: 6.05%
  • Asian: 5.56%
  • Other race: 4.13%
  • Black or African American: 2.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.42%
  • Native American: 0.56%
The current population of Vancouver, Washington is 186,516, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 183,012.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 161,791.

Vancouver, Washington Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,523,51022,3500.89%
20192,501,16022,3500.89%
20182,478,81022,3500.90%
20172,456,46029,0001.18%
20162,427,46045,0901.86%
20152,382,37037,8101.59%
20142,344,56033,2701.42%
20132,311,29022,7500.98%
20122,288,54025,9001.13%
20112,262,64030,4401.35%
20102,232,2000.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White142,83080.06%
Two or More Races10,7976.05%
Asian9,9245.56%
Some Other Race7,3764.13%
Black or African American3,9622.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,5271.42%
American Indian and Alaska Native9970.56%
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Vancouver Population Pyramid 2020

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Vancouver Median Age

36.7


Total

35.8


Male

37.6


Female

Vancouver Adults

There are 138,153 adults, (27,295 of whom are seniors) in Vancouver.

Vancouver Age Dependency

60.9

Age Dependency Ratio

24.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Vancouver Sex Ratio

Female

91,673

51.38%

Male

86,740

48.62%

Vancouver Households and Families

Vancouver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Vancouver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67%33%
All51.6%48.4%
Non Family41.7%58.3%
Male38.2%61.8%
Female33.3%66.7%

51.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All71,5952.4651.6
Married31,1513.267
Non Family28,4301.3241.7
Female8,0323.233.3
Male3,9823.2638.2

3.07

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

8.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Vancouver Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,9583.24%
9th to 12th Grade7,1585.85%
High School Graduate30,15524.66%
Some College33,61427.49%
Associates Degree13,05010.67%
Bachelors Degree22,66918.54%
Graduate Degree11,6609.54%
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Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White94,78888,91927,999
Hispanic11,3367,8681,670
Asian6,9866,0672,685
Multiple Races4,8304,4721,225
Other Race3,8302,319303
Black2,6942,509616
Islander1,5551,250162
Native American694591234

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.81%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 38.43%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,476$44,298$32,137
Less Than High School$27,599$32,824$21,674
High School Grad$31,590$37,039$24,801
Some College$36,357$41,984$31,436
Bachelors Degree$51,538$60,565$43,656
Graduate Degree$64,425$79,286$54,117

$38,476

Average Earnings

$44,298

Average Male

$32,137

Average Female

Vancouver Language

Vancouver Language by Age

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Vancouver Language

80.25% of Vancouver residents speak only English, while 19.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.25% of the population.

Vancouver Poverty

Vancouver Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White127,08014,20311.18%
Hispanic23,4104,24118.12%
Multiple10,6421,45713.69%
Asian9,8911,41114.27%
Other7,3081,13515.53%
Black3,86181321.06%
Islander2,44425810.56%
Native96015516.15%

12.55%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.58%

Male Poverty Rate

13.46%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vancouver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Black, with 21.06% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Islander, with 10.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.96%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.82%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School19.25%
High School13.49%
Some College10.83%
Bachelors or Greater5.34%
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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed31.86%
Female Unemployed28.56%
Female Employed6.86%
Male Employed5.16%

Vancouver Income

Vancouver Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$58,865$76,792
Families$67,863$86,911
Married Families$80,003$98,846
Non Families$41,669$56,595
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Vancouver Marital Status

Vancouver Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

45.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Vancouver Married by Age and Sex

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Vancouver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Vancouver Marital Status by Race

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Vancouver Veterans

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12,454

Number of Veterans

11,206

Male Veterans

1,248

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,142
First Gulf War2,588
Second Gulf War1,943
Korea1,058
World War II702
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,130
35 to 543,053
75+2,663
55 to 642,547
18 to 341,061
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Name Veterans % of Total
White11,0469.74%
Hispanic6424.57%
2 or More5118.67%
Asian3464.35%
Black2357.49%
Other1573.31%
Hawaiian1477.23%
Indian121.46%

Vancouver Veterans by Education

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7.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vancouver Employment Status

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64.9%

Labor Force Participation

60.9%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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31.91%

Born in Washington

86.51%

Native Born

13.49%

Foreign Born

7.04%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.51% of Vancouver residents were born in the United States, with 31.91% having been born in Washington. 7.04% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020186,5161,7520.95%
2019184,7641,7520.96%
2018183,0122,6331.46%
2017180,3791,7520.98%
2016178,6272,1971.25%
2015176,4302,9881.72%
2014173,4421,8481.08%
2013171,5941,5380.90%
2012170,0569980.59%
2011169,0581,4360.86%
2010167,62224,0621.56%
2000143,56097,18011.96%
199046,3803,5460.80%
198042,8349750.23%
197041,8599,3952.57%
196032,464-9,200-2.46%
195041,66422,8768.29%
194018,7883,0221.77%
193015,7663,1292.24%
192012,6373,3373.11%
19109,3006,17411.52%
19003,126-419-1.25%
18903,5450.00%