Vancouver, Washington Population 2023

199,651

Vancouver is a city located in Clark County Washington. It is also the county seat of Clark County. With a 2023 population of 199,651, it is the 4th largest city in Washington and the 135th largest city in the United States.Vancouver is currently growing at a rate of 1.48% annually and its population has increased by 4.58% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 190,915 in 2020. Spanning over 52 miles, Vancouver has a population density of 4,096 people per square mile.

The average household income in Vancouver is $80,500 with a poverty rate of 15.19%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Vancouver is 37.1 years, 36 years for males, and 38.2 years for females.

Vancouver is a city that is located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat for Clark County and is a suburb of Portland. Through the years, Vancouver has been named as one of the best places to live in the country.

Vancouver Population Statistics

The city’s largest employer is PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center. Other significant employers include Evergreen Public Schools, Vancouver Public Schools, the County of Clark and Fred Meyer, each of which employs over 1,000 people.

Vancouver Population Growth

Vancouver has seen extensive population growth. In some cases, it has been due to the expansion of the city limits through annexation. The largest growth occurred between the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000 when the population grew from just over 46,000 to over 143,000. Though growth in recent years hasn’t been quite as staggering, since the 2010 census, estimates show that the population has grown by over 8%, indicating that Vancouver is well on its way to hitting 200,000 residents in the near future.

The Chinook and Klickitat tribes were the original inhabitants of Vancouver. Europeans arrived in the late 1700s, bringing along with them smallpox which eradicated about half of the Native American population by the early 1800s. The population of these original inhabitants and their ancestors continued to decline with the introduction of other diseases including malaria and measles.

Despite arriving in the area in the 1700s, Europeans did not settle in what is now Vancouver until 1824. The city began as Fort Vancouver and served as a fur trading post. The area came under the control of the U.S. in 1846 following the signing of the Oregon Treaty. Shortly before this a claim was laid and registered under the name Vancouver City. The claim was traced over just a few short years later, with the name changing to Columbia City before being changed to its current name in 1855. Only two years later, it was incorporated as a city.

Vancouver was once the capital of the Washington Territory, but this only lasted for a short time before Olympia became the capital once again.

In the 1900s, the city became quite prosperous following an economic boom from its three shipyards. The city continued to grow with the addition of an aluminum plant, which was powered using hydropower turbines. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, one of Vancouver’s shipyards went to work producing various ships, with a population of shipyard employees expanding to over 80,000.

The city has seen rapid growth throughout the years following its incorporation, with multiple annexations occurring throughout its history. In the 1940s, the city experienced an industrial boom with the addition of shipyards and a paper mill. Today, however, the city’s economy is now mostly reliant on high tech and service industry jobs. The Port of Vancouver, the third largest in the state, continues to operate and sees over 400 vessels each year, as well as barges.

Vancouver Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vancouver was:

  • White: 78.1%
  • Two or more races: 7.46%
  • Asian: 5.69%
  • Other race: 4.51%
  • Black or African American: 2.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 1.6%
  • Native American: 0.43%
The current population of Vancouver, Washington is 199,651 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 190,915.

Vancouver, Washington Population 2023

Vancouver Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

White

Two or more races

Asian

Other race

Black or African American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Native American

Vancouver Population by Race

Vancouver Population Pyramid 2023

Vancouver Median Age

37.1

Total

36

Male

38.2

Female

Vancouver Adults

There are 141,993 adults, (29,564 of whom are seniors) in Vancouver.

Vancouver Age Dependency

62.6

Age Dependency Ratio

26.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Vancouver Sex Ratio

Female93,51351.16%
Male89,27948.84%

Vancouver Population by Age

Vancouver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

3.08

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

51.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Vancouver Households and Families

Male

Female

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 82.97%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 38.54%.

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

$41,662

Average Earnings

$47,458

Average Male

$34,563

Average Female

Vancouver Earnings by Educational Attainment

Vancouver Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Vancouver Language

80.18% of Vancouver residents speak only English, while 19.82% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.85% of the population.

Vancouver Language

Vancouver Poverty by Race

rate

15.19%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.36%

Male Poverty Rate

13.51%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vancouver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Multiple, with 27.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Native, with 9.56% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.3%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.87%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.27%.

Vancouver Poverty

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Education

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Vancouver Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Vancouver Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

46.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.4%

Male Marriage Rate

44.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Vancouver Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Vancouver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Vancouver Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Vancouver Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

11,772

Number of Veterans

10,304

Male Veterans

1,468

Female Veterans

Vancouver Veterans by War

Vancouver Veterans by Age

count

Vancouver Veterans by Race

Vancouver Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.59%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.89%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vancouver Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

64.5%

Labor Force Participation

61.1%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Vancouver Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Vancouver Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Vancouver Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

29.64%

Born in Vancouver

82.75%

Native Born

13%

Foreign Born

6.46%

Non Citizen

6.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

82.75% of Vancouver residents were born in the United States, with 29.64% having been born in Washington. 6.46% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Vancouver Place of Birth

Note: data after 2020 is projected based on recent growth

Vancouver Population by Year