Wichita, Kansas Population 2021

391,352
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Wichita serves as the county seat of Sedgwick County. Wichita is an industrial hub, and it is also a center of trade, media, and culture. The cost of living in Wichita falls well below the national average.

Wichita Population Growth

Wichita has seen continuous population growth since its incorporation as a city. By the 1930s, the city had well over 100,000 inhabitants. This number had more than doubled by 1960. At the time of the census taken in 1990, the city’s population had grown to over 300,000. Wichita’s growth has slowed slightly since the last census in 2010, but so far, estimates show that the population has risen by 2%. This indicates that while Wichita may not be growing as rapidly as it once was, it still has much growing left to do.

It is believed that the area that is now Wichita was inhabited as far back as 3000 BC. The Wichita people were inhabiting the area when Europeans arrived in 1541. However, the Wichita people left the area and moved south following a conflict with the Osage people during the 1700s. The area was originally claimed by France but was acquired by the US during the Louisiana Purchase.

During the Civil War, the Wichita people returned and built a settlement. A trading post was also established. When the war ended, the Wichita once again relocated to what is now known as Oklahoma. In 1868, another trading post was established and shortly after that, a house was built that was used as a post office, hotel and community center. The population began to grow as hunters and traders saw business opportunities in the area. In 1870, plats outlining the first streets of Wichita were filed and later that year, Wichita was incorporated as a city.

The city’s role as a cattle drive destination and the railroad coming to the area resulted in further population growth. The city expanded into the 1880s as more immigrants came to the area. During this period, Fairmount College was established, later becoming Wichita State University. Friends University was also opened as Garfield University. Before the 1900s arrived, the city had already established itself as the most populous in the state. However, an economic recession resulted in bankruptcy for many of the original settlers.

The city bounced back after oil and natural gas deposits were discovered in the early 1900s. The city became prosperous with the many refineries opened during the 1910s and 1920s. This economic boom led to investment in the airplane manufacturing industry. It soon became a center of the industry and was known as “Air Capital of the World.” The city continued to expand, and the economy flourished over the next few decades.

During World War II, the population grew again as the city was a major manufacturing center. The 19tha and 20th centuries saw the introduction of other brands and businesses, including Lear Jet Corporation, Coleman camping retailer, and franchises including Pizza Hut.

Through the 1990s and 2000s, the city government has partnered with local organizations to redevelop the downtown area and gaining neighborhoods. Additional businesses have made their homes in Wichita and new developments, such as the Intrust Bank Arena, have been built.

Wichita Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Wichita was:

  • White: 74.31%
  • Black or African American: 10.95%
  • Asian: 5.08%
  • Two or more races: 4.39%
  • Other race: 4.19%
  • Native American: 1.04%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Wichita, Kansas is 391,352based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 389,231.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 382,368.

Wichita, Kansas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021645,6162,6990.42%
2020642,9172,6990.42%
2019640,2182,6990.42%
2018637,51980.00%
2017637,511-142-0.02%
2016637,6532,1020.33%
2015635,5512,7410.43%
2014632,8102,4450.39%
2013630,3652,2060.35%
2012628,1592,8320.45%
2011625,3271,4400.23%
2010623,8870.00%

Wichita Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White289,70374.31%
Black or African American42,67410.95%
Asian19,8045.08%
Two or More Races17,1134.39%
Some Other Race16,3294.19%
American Indian and Alaska Native4,0471.04%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2070.05%
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Wichita Population By Race

Wichita Population Pyramid 2021

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Wichita Median Age

35


Total

34


Male

36


Female

Wichita Adults

There are 291,462 adults, (54,485 of whom are seniors) in Wichita.

Wichita Age Dependency

64.5

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

41.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Wichita Sex Ratio

Mujer

198,147

50.82%

Masculino

191,730

49.18%

Wichita Population by Age

Wichita Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Wichita Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.3%19.7%
All58.8%41.2%
Masculino50.2%49.8%
Non Family42.8%57.2%
Mujer40.1%59.9%

58.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Wichita Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All153,2792.5158.8
Married64,9533.380.3
Non Family60,9321.2442.8
Mujer19,1723.5240.1
Masculino8,2223.3750.2

3.25

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

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Wichita Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,2914.47%
9th to 12th Grade18,3827.27%
High School Graduate66,69326.38%
Some College60,58023.96%
Associates Degree19,8797.86%
Bachelors Degree48,19819.06%
Graduate Degree27,82411.00%
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Wichita Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Wichita Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White175,302164,13461,549
Hispanic32,10720,1564,165
Black25,40322,2023,864
Asian13,18810,7254,792
Other Race8,9765,156792
2+ Races6,0965,5221,559
Native American2,5231,752262
Islander17817887

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 48.88%.

Wichita Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$37,108$44,262$30,313
Less Than 9th Grade$25,705$31,606$17,746
High School Graduate$30,238$36,192$22,736
Some College$34,170$41,895$29,160
Bachelors Degree$49,082$61,068$39,950
Graduate Degree$61,154$76,892$52,739

$37,108

Average Earnings

$44,262

Average Male

$30,313

Average Female

Wichita Earnings by Educational Attainment

Wichita Language by Age

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Wichita Language

82.62% of Wichita residents speak only English, while 17.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.61% of the population.

Wichita Language

Wichita Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White241,03926,48710.99%
Hispanic66,50515,63323.51%
Black41,98813,22331.49%
Other16,1663,82823.68%
Multiple16,8733,73822.15%
Asian19,6542,67113.59%
Native3,94668317.31%
Islander207157.25%

15.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.60%

Male Poverty Rate

17.16%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Wichita

The race most likely to be in poverty in Wichita is Black, with 31.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Wichita is Islander, with 7.25% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.56%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.15%.

Wichita Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade26.95%
High School16.44%
Some College11.18%
Bachelors or Greater4.30%

Wichita Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.61%
Male Unemployed34.18%
Female Employed9.57%
Male Employed7.22%

Wichita Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Wichita Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$52,620$71,335
Families$68,329$87,496
Married Families$84,061$103,922
Non Families$32,025$44,028
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Income by Household Type

Wichita Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.6%

Male Marriage Rate

44.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Wichita Married by Age and Sex

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Wichita Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Wichita Marital Status by Race

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Wichita Marital Status

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23,198

Number of Veterans

21,326

Male Veterans

1,872

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam8,484
Second Gulf War5,044
First Gulf War4,585
Korea1,875
World War II812

Wichita Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 745,655
35 to 545,357
55 to 645,066
75+4,751
18 to 342,369

Wichita Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White19,6848.85%
Black2,2907.71%
Hispanic1,1762.92%
2+ Races4985.95%
Asian2461.55%
Native American2417.80%
Other Race2182.02%
Islander2111.80%

Wichita Veterans by Race

Wichita Veterans by Education

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6.74%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.41%

Veteran Disability Rate

Wichita Veterans by Education

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67.1%

Labor Force Participation

63%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Wichita Employment by Age

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Wichita Employment by Race

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Wichita Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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62.70%

Born in Wichita

89.79%

Native Born

10.21%

Foreign Born

5.65%

Non Citizen

4.56%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.79% of Wichita residents were born in the United States, with 62.70% having been born in Kansas. 5.65% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Wichita Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021391,3527070.18%
2020390,6457070.18%
2019389,9387070.18%
2018389,231-1,046-0.27%
2017390,277-242-0.06%
2016390,5191,1070.28%
2015389,4129960.26%
2014388,4161,2060.31%
2013387,2101,4590.38%
2012385,7511,9780.52%
2011383,7731,0280.27%
2010382,74538,4611.06%
2000344,28440,2731.25%
1990304,01124,1730.83%
1980279,8383,2840.12%
1970276,55421,8560.83%
1960254,69886,4194.23%
1950168,27953,3133.88%
1940114,9663,8560.34%
1930111,11038,8934.40%
192072,21719,7673.25%
191052,45027,7797.83%
190024,6718180.34%
189023,85318,94217.12%
18804,9110.00%

Wichita Population by Year