Merced County, California Population 2021

Merced County, California's estimated population is 284,738 with a growth rate of 1.25% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Merced County, California is the 25th largest county in California. The 2010 Population was 256,721 and has seen a growth of 10.91% since this time.

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021284,7383,5291.25%
2020281,2093,5291.27%
2019277,6803,5291.29%
2018274,1513,0551.13%
2017271,0963,4681.30%
2016267,6281,2750.48%
2015266,3531,9340.73%
2014264,4192,3930.91%
2013262,0261,1590.44%
2012260,8671,5700.61%
2011259,2972,5761.00%
2010256,72178,31843.90%
1990178,40343,84332.58%
1980134,56029,93128.61%
1970104,62914,18315.68%
196090,44620,66629.62%
195069,78022,79248.51%
194046,98810,24027.87%
193036,74812,16949.51%
192024,5799,43162.26%
191015,1485,93364.38%
19009,2151,13013.98%
18908,0852,42942.95%
18805,6562,849101.50%
18702,8071,666146.01%
18601,1410.00%
2021 Growth Rate
1.25%
County Website
County Seat
2010 Population
256,721
Growth (since 2010)
10.91%
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Merced County, California Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White149,43455.06%
Some Other Race78,73529.01%
Asian20,3497.50%
Two or More Races11,0644.08%
Black or African American8,6453.19%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,5010.92%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6540.24%
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Merced County, California Population by Race

Merced County, California Population Pyramid 2021

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Merced County, California Median Age

31.1


Total

30.3


Male

31.8


Female

Merced County, California Adults

There are 190,923 adults, (29,956 of whom are seniors) in Merced County, California.

Merced County, California Age Dependency

68.6

Age Dependency Ratio

18.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

50

Child Dependency Ratio

Merced County, California Sex Ratio

Female

134,395

49.52%

Male

136,987

50.48%

Merced County, California Population by Age

Merced County, California Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Merced County, California Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.5%36.5%
All52.2%47.8%
Male47.1%52.9%
Non Family45.9%54.1%
Female29.3%70.7%

52.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Merced County, California Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All80,0083.3252.2
Married40,9703.9263.5
Non Family18,9591.445.9
Female13,2773.9729.3
Male6,8023.7547.1

3.77

Average Family Size

3.32

Average Household Size

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Merced County, California Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade29,92918.66%
9th to 12th Grade19,59312.22%
High School Graduate40,50025.25%
Some College36,61122.83%
Associates Degree11,6377.26%
Bachelors Degree14,6309.12%
Graduate Degree7,4884.67%
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Merced County, California Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Merced County, California Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic84,52146,2515,516
White55,09248,54612,151
Other Race41,50019,7221,879
Asian12,1458,4493,148
Black5,5674,810733
Multiple Races4,5873,814885
Native American1,6561,15777
Islander43235343

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 88.12%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 25.92%.

Merced County, California Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,725$36,955$25,452
Less Than High School$25,806$30,986$16,146
High School Grad$30,403$35,847$22,737
Some College$34,530$42,191$26,511
Bachelors Degree$53,728$59,810$52,094
Graduate Degree$66,366$71,862$63,884

$31,725

Average Earnings

$36,955

Average Male

$25,452

Average Female

Merced County, California Earnings by Educational Attainment

Merced County, California Language by Age

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Merced County, California Language

46.68% of Merced County, California residents speak only English, while 53.32% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 44.77% of the population.

Merced County, California Language

Merced County, California Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic158,72239,00324.57%
Other76,68320,15726.29%
White73,65010,27813.96%
Asian19,7544,17221.12%
Multiple10,5642,12020.07%
Black7,7101,87724.35%
Native2,43663325.99%
Islander652294.45%

21.20%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.17%

Male Poverty Rate

23.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Merced County, California

The race most likely to be in poverty in Merced County, California is Other, with 26.29% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Merced County, California is Islander, with 4.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.04%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 28.94%.

Merced County, California Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School21.79%
High School16.17%
Some College13.72%
Bachelors or Greater5.60%

Merced County, California Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed31.33%
Male Unemployed25.57%
Female Employed11.28%
Male Employed8.26%

Merced County, California Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Merced County, California Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$53,672$74,379
Families$58,871$80,192
Married Families$72,190$96,546
Non Families$30,957$48,143
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Income by Household Type

Merced County, California Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

45.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.9%

Male Marriage Rate

44.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Merced County, California Married by Age and Sex

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Merced County, California Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Merced County, California Marital Status by Race

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Merced County, California Marital Status

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9,225

Number of Veterans

8,491

Male Veterans

734

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,880
First Gulf War1,411
Second Gulf War1,354
Korea866
World War II332

Merced County, California Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+2,532
65 to 742,366
55 to 641,822
35 to 541,800
18 to 34705

Merced County, California Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,1906.60%
Hispanic2,4372.33%
Other5881.14%
Black5458.00%
2 or More5168.63%
Asian2471.61%
Indian1397.32%

Merced County, California Veterans by Race

Merced County, California Veterans by Education

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8.99%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.93%

Veteran Disability Rate

Merced County, California Veterans by Education

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59.7%

Labor Force Participation

52.6%

Employment Rate

11.9%

Unemployment Rate

Merced County, California Employment by Age

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Merced County, California Employment by Race

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Merced County, California Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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63.01%

Born in California

73.73%

Native Born

26.27%

Foreign Born

15.94%

Non Citizen

10.33%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

73.73% of Merced County, California residents were born in the United States, with 63.01% having been born in California. 15.94% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Merced County, California Place of Birth

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990

Sources