Athens Population 2021

3,153,255
map placeholder

Athens's 2021 population is now estimated at 3,153,255. In 1950, the population of Athens was 1,347,408. Athens has grown by -100 since 2015, which represents a -0.00% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Athens, which typically includes Athens's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece and one of the oldest cities in the world with a recorded history that goes back 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a center for philosophy, art, and learning and considered the cradle of Western civilization and democracy. Today, Athens is a cosmopolitan metropolis that is the financial, political, cultural and economic center for the country. In 2016, Athens had an estimated population of over 665,000 in the city proper or 3.75 million in the metropolitan area.

Athens Population Density

The administrative limits of the city of Athens has an estimated population of 665,000 in 2016, down from 796,400 in 2004. The city has a population density of 44,140 people per square mile (17,040/square kilometer).

The City Center of Athens is within the municipality, which is the largest in Greece in terms of population. Piraeus also forms a city center within the Athens Urban Area and is the 4th largest in terms of population. The Athens Urban Area has 40 municipalities, 35 of which are referred to as Greater Athens municipalities in North Athens, West Athens, Central Athens, and South Athens. The Athens Metropolitan Area is in the Attica region with 58 municipalities with a population estimated at 3.75 million in 2014.

Athens Demographics

Like most of Greece, Athens has a fairly homogeneous population. The main recognized minority is the Muslim minority. There are also populations of Jews, Armenians, Romani, Pomaks, and Turks in the city. Athens has a Jewish community with a long history in the region, although 87% of Greek Jews were killed during the Holocaust. The Romani are scattered throughout the country with the largest concentration in Athens as well as Thessalonica.

Athens Population Growth

The population history of Athens stretches back a long time. During the Greek Dark Ages, the city had a population of about 4,000, which grew to 10,000 by 700 BC. The area had an estimated population of 200,000 by 500 BC. In 317 BC, Demetrius of Phalerum conducted a census that placed the population of free people at 21,000 with 400,000 slaves and 10,000 resident aliens. During its classical period, Athens had a population between 350,000 and 610,000.

Athens today is experiencing some population decline, which is standard across the country, due to an aging population and a weak economy. From 2001 to 2011, the city's population dropped from 745,000 to 664,000, down from a height of 718,000 in 1921.

Athens Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20353,169,1580.02%573
20343,168,5850.03%914
20333,167,6710.04%1,199
20323,166,4720.05%1,425
20313,165,0470.05%1,584
20303,163,4630.05%1,716
20293,161,7470.06%1,789
20283,159,9580.06%1,752
20273,158,2060.05%1,589
20263,156,6170.04%1,299
20253,155,3180.02%727
20243,154,5910.00%128
20233,154,4630.02%682
20223,153,7810.02%526
20213,153,255-0.00%-100
20203,153,355-0.03%-797
20193,154,152-0.05%-1,448
20183,155,600-0.06%-1,851
20173,157,451-0.06%-1,851
20163,159,302-0.06%-1,853
20153,161,155-0.06%-1,854
20143,163,009-0.06%-1,854
20133,164,863-0.06%-1,856
20123,166,719-0.06%-1,857
20113,168,576-0.06%-1,858
20103,170,434-0.06%-1,858
20093,172,292-0.06%-1,856
20083,174,148-0.06%-1,863
20073,176,011-0.06%-1,862
20063,177,873-0.06%-1,863
20053,179,736-0.06%-1,861
20043,181,597-0.06%-1,867
20033,183,464-0.06%-1,866
20023,185,330-0.06%-1,867
20013,187,1970.24%7,763
20003,179,4340.37%11,654
19993,167,7800.37%11,596
19983,156,1840.37%11,553
19973,144,6310.37%11,494
19963,133,1370.37%11,485
19953,121,6520.37%11,426
19943,110,2260.37%11,385
19933,098,8410.37%11,328
19923,087,5130.37%11,317
19913,076,1960.21%6,549
19903,069,6470.15%4,609
19893,065,0380.15%4,595
19883,060,4430.15%4,602
19873,055,8410.15%4,588
19863,051,2530.15%4,581
19853,046,6720.15%4,568
19843,042,1040.15%4,574
19833,037,5300.15%4,561
19823,032,9690.15%4,554
19813,028,4151.37%40,952
19802,987,4631.76%51,712
19792,935,7511.76%50,747
19782,885,0041.76%49,870
19772,835,1341.76%48,942
19762,786,1921.76%48,227
19752,737,9651.76%47,329
19742,690,6361.76%46,510
19732,644,1261.76%45,644
19722,598,4821.76%44,979
19712,553,5032.78%68,965
19702,484,5383.21%77,315
19692,407,2233.21%74,808
19682,332,4153.22%72,680
19672,259,7353.21%70,319
19662,189,4163.21%68,132
19652,121,2843.21%65,922
19642,055,3623.22%64,046
19631,991,3163.21%61,967
19621,929,3493.21%60,038
19611,869,3113.07%55,625
19601,813,6863.02%53,171
19591,760,5153.02%51,542
19581,708,9733.02%50,033
19571,658,9403.01%48,502
19561,610,4383.02%47,212
19551,563,2263.02%45,766
19541,517,4603.02%44,426
19531,473,0343.01%43,067
19521,429,9673.02%41,922
19511,388,0453.02%40,637
19501,347,4080.00%

Athens Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Greece

  1. Hellenic Statistical Authority - Greek population and social conditions
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources