Brasilia Population 2021

4,727,902
map placeholder

Brasilia's 2021 population is now estimated at 4,727,902. In 1950, the population of Brasilia was 35,528. Brasilia has grown by 82,059 since 2015, which represents a 1.77% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Brasilia, which typically includes Brasilia's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Brasilia is the federal capital of Brazil, and it is also a UNESCO World Heritage site, a designation it received in 1987. As of 2016, Brasilia has a population of 4,235,000.

Brasilia is the capital of Brazil, the Federal District seat of government and a [UNESCO World Heritage site.] (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/445/) The three branches of government – the President, Supreme Court, and Congress – are located in Brasilia. The natural landscape of Brasilia, its role in the country’s politics and its flourishing industries has made it the 4th most populous city in the country for native residents, immigrants, and refugees.

City Size and Population Density

Brasilia covers an area of 5,802 square kilometers (2,240 square miles) and boasts a population density of 480 individuals per square kilometer.

Brasilia Demographics

Brazil has a population of 4.235 million as of 2016. The last census for the city was completed in 2010, and at that time, it was found that almost half of the residents – 48.2% -- were Pardo, or multiracial. The census also found that 42.2% of residents were White, 7.7% were Black, 1.6% were Asian, and 0.2% were Ameridian.

Catholicism is the majority religion within the city, with over 56% of residents identifying as Catholic. Over 26% of residents are Protestant, 3.5% are Spiritists, while Jewish and Muslim residents account for less than 1% of the population. Almost 10% of residents have no religious affiliation.

Portuguese is the official language of Brasilia, and it is taught in schools. Spanish and English are also languages that are taught in the city’s schools. There are six international schools located in Brasilia, with a seventh planned for opening in August 2016. Two universities and private colleges provide higher education opportunities.

The majority of jobs are in the public administration, followed by the service industry. Important industries in Brazil include construction, food processing, publishing, and computer software. Brasilia has the highest GDP in the country, contributing 3.76% to Brazil’s total GDP.

Over the years, Brazil has seen rapid growth, exceeding original estimates for growth. In 1960, there were just 140,000 residents, and by the next census in 1970, 537,000 people were living in the city. This number further expanded to over 2 million in 2000. Migration from all over Brazil led to rapid growth, as more people came to the city for public and private sector job opportunities.

Brasilia History

Independence movement leader Joaquim José da Silva Xavier originally proposed the idea of an interior capital within Brazil, an idea that was brought up again in 1822. This idea was added to the constitution of the country in 1891, but it was some time before plans began to be laid to make this a reality. After eight years of research and surveying, the site that is now Brasilia was selected in 1956.

About that time, heavy machinery was flown into the area to begin construction of city streets, building foundations, and a human-made lake. Thousands of miles of highways were also constructed during this time to connect Brasilia to other cities. In 1960, the government began its move from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia.

In 1964, the military overthrew the government, causing a delay in the development of Brasilia. However, the civilian government was restored in 1985, during which time changes were made to the city’s structure. Unfortunately, at the end of the 20th century, the results of building the city in such a short time began to show in the form of cracked buildings, pollution in the lake and problems with population control. In the 1990s, self-government led to the creation of administrations which addressed (and continue to address) such issues with the city.

Brasilia Population Growth

Brasilia was initially intended to be a city for government and staff. However, the construction period brought about migration from both in and out of Brazil from people coming to the area looking for jobs. The continued growth is expected to continue over the next few decades, with an estimated population of 4.5 million in 2020. By 2030, the population is supposed to be just under 5 million.

Brasilia Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20355,344,9990.49%26,049
20345,318,9500.52%27,586
20335,291,3640.55%29,174
20325,262,1900.59%30,846
20315,231,3440.63%32,716
20305,198,6280.68%34,873
20295,163,7550.73%37,489
20285,126,2660.80%40,737
20275,085,5290.89%44,811
20265,040,7181.00%49,789
20254,990,9291.13%55,655
20244,935,2741.28%62,226
20234,873,0481.44%69,171
20224,803,8771.61%75,975
20214,727,9021.77%82,059
20204,645,8431.91%86,852
20194,558,9912.00%89,406
20184,469,5852.35%102,684
20174,366,9012.35%100,325
20164,266,5762.36%98,288
20154,168,2882.35%95,891
20144,072,3972.35%93,686
20133,978,7112.35%91,407
20123,887,3042.36%89,549
20113,797,7552.36%87,395
20103,710,3602.36%85,657
20093,624,7032.36%83,567
20083,541,1362.37%81,862
20073,459,2742.36%79,861
20063,379,4132.36%78,017
20053,301,3962.36%76,113
20043,225,2832.37%74,560
20033,150,7232.36%72,738
20023,077,9852.36%71,059
20013,006,9262.56%75,103
20002,931,8234.78%133,689
19992,798,1344.77%127,422
19982,670,7124.77%121,619
19972,549,0934.76%115,924
19962,433,1694.78%110,951
19952,322,2184.77%105,750
19942,216,4684.77%100,934
19932,115,5344.76%96,207
19922,019,3274.58%88,480
19911,930,8473.63%67,565
19901,863,2823.63%65,200
19891,798,0823.62%62,834
19881,735,2483.63%60,802
19871,674,4463.63%58,593
19861,615,8533.63%56,542
19851,559,3113.62%54,490
19841,504,8213.63%52,729
19831,452,0923.63%50,812
19821,401,2803.63%49,034
19811,352,2464.57%59,067
19801,293,1799.35%110,619
19791,182,5609.34%101,024
19781,081,5369.34%92,393
1977989,1439.33%84,389
1976904,7549.35%77,393
1975827,3619.34%70,680
1974756,6819.34%64,642
1973692,0399.33%59,042
1972632,9979.35%54,146
1971578,85110.19%53,516
1970525,33514.42%66,197
1969459,13814.40%57,781
1968401,35714.44%50,640
1967350,71714.42%44,193
1966306,52414.42%38,625
1965267,89914.40%33,714
1964234,18514.44%29,548
1963204,63714.42%25,786
1962178,85114.42%22,537
1961156,31414.40%19,671
1960136,64314.44%17,241
1959119,40214.42%15,046
1958104,35614.42%13,149
195791,20714.40%11,478
195679,72914.44%10,060
195569,66914.42%8,779
195460,89014.42%7,673
195353,21714.40%6,697
195246,52014.44%5,869
195140,65114.42%5,123
195035,5280.00%

Brasilia Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Sao Paulo22,237,4720.88%
Rio De Janeiro13,544,4620.64%
Belo Horizonte6,139,7740.91%
Brasilia4,727,9021.77%
Recife4,174,7741.16%
Porto Alegre4,160,6820.56%
Fortaleza4,119,6331.13%
Salvador3,880,3141.07%
Curitiba3,726,0501.29%
Campinas3,343,8161.30%
Goiania2,747,8872.15%
Belem2,360,4741.11%
Manaus2,302,3741.84%
Grande Vitoria2,109,8691.64%
Baixada Santista1,911,3381.01%
Grande Sao Luis1,498,4750.86%
Natal1,485,3631.96%
Joao Pessoa1,393,3451.10%
Maceio1,336,9991.06%
Joinville1,319,0421.22%

Other Cities in Brazil

  1. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - Brasilia population summary and statistics
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources