City Size and Population Density
The city has an area of 142 square miles (376.6 square kilometers), while the urban area is 329 square miles and has a population that is nearing 600,000. The population density is 1,169 people per square kilometer.
Bratislava is known for being a multinational city, serving as a home to people born from all around Europe and coming from different religious backgrounds. The city has a long history of multinational influence and is one of the richest countries in the European Union.
Germans, Czechs, Austrians, and Croats are just a few of the groups that call this city home, and their influence can be seen throughout the city.
When breaking down the numbers from the 2001 census, it shows that the primary ethnic group residing in Bratislava are Slovak, followed by Hungarians, Czechs, Germans, Moravians, and Croats. Slovaks make up about 90% of the population of Bratislava.
In terms of the economy, this city is the most economically prosperous in the country. Over one-quarter of the Slovak GDP comes from Bratislava. The city has a low unemployment rate that was recorded as less than 2% in 2007. The city is the home for many headquarters of private companies, while government institutions also provide jobs for residents. This city is also one of the best places for remote freelance workers, as the taxes are low and its technology provides for fast internet service.
The first permanent settlement in Bratislava is believed to date back to 5000 BC. The area was ruled by the Romans until the 4th century ahead of the arrivals of the Slavs during the 5th and 6th centuries. During the 10th century, the city – which at the time was known as Pressburg -- was a site of many attacks and battles, but it was also quite prosperous.
The 17th century saw many disasters and hardships, including plagues and floods. However, the city rebounded during the 18th century. The population grew at a staggering rate, and the city expanded with the addition of monasteries, palaces, and streets.
During the 19th century, industry developed at a fast pace. A horse-drawn railway was added to the city, steam locomotives were introduced, and industrial businesses and financial institutions were created, including the first bank in Slovakia.
The city adopted its current name in 1919. The city was named as the capital of the Slovak Republic in 1939 but just a few short years later was under Nazi rule. The government of the city began deporting many of the Jewish residents to concentration camps during this time.
Over the next few decades, the city saw much change, including becoming part of the Eastern Blochttps://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eastern-blocts. Communism fell during the 1980s. In the 1990s, the city was again named the capital of the Slovak Republic. In recent years, Bratislava has continued to grow. The city boasts many historical buildings and landmarks, city parks, hotels, shopping centers and markets, and a local culture that has been influenced by people from all over Europe.
Bratislava Population Growth
Bratislava has seen steady population growth throughout the decades, and its role as the capital city and is home to so many corporations show that this growth pattern is likely to continue. The city’s flourishing economy and its favorable conditions for entrepreneurs make it an ideal location for startup businesses. As these businesses make their way to the city and bring more jobs, it’s likely that Bratislava will continue to see its population climb into the future.