Brisbane Population 2021

2,439,467
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Brisbane's 2021 population is now estimated at 2,439,467. In 1950, the population of Brisbane was 441,718. Brisbane has grown by 33,285 since 2015, which represents a 1.38% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Brisbane, which typically includes Brisbane's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Brisbane is the capital city of Queensland, Australia and is known as the third most populous city in the entire continent. The town is named after the Brisbane River, which flows directly through the center of the town, providing the city with various ports for trade and other economic dealings.

Throughout its history, the town has hosted a variety of historical and cultural events, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games, the 2001 Global Games and it was even the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur during World War II. Today, the city takes part in numerous international business deals and was declared a Global City in 2008.

The total population of Brisbane is 2.2 million people, making it the third largest city by population in Australia.

City Size and Population Density

With an area of less than 3000 square miles (6000 square kilometers) the town has a population density of 896.1 people per square mile (346 people per square kilometer) making it quite congested.

Brisbane Demographics

In terms of ancestry, the population is spread among numerous descents. English (39.7%), Australian (34.6%), Irish (13.2%), Scottish (11%), German (6.4%) and Chinese (4.7%).

English is the most commonly spoken language here, especially in the home, where 78% speak only English in the home.

When we examine religion among the population of Brisbane, we see Christianity (48.8%) (Catholic (21.5%), Anglican (13.3%), Uniting Church (4.6%), other Christian (3.1%), Presbyterian and Reformed (2.6%), Baptist (2.2%), Pentecostal (1.5%)), No religion (30.6%), Buddhist (2%), Islam (1.5%) and Hindu (1.5%)

Brisbane Population History

Throughout its history, Brisbane has almost always exceeded its population growth estimates. The city was founded by the Turrbal and Jagera people in Australia, however, by the 1800s, Europeans had settled in the area and claimed the land for themselves. In 1823, the Governor of New South Wales, Thomas Brisbane declared that a settlement would rise near the Brisbane River.

The town was quickly named Brisbane, and Europeans began flocking there. By the 20th Century, the city of Brisbane was broken into twenty small villages and towns. All of which were settled by different groups of people. The city hall was completed by 1930, and the Story Bridge opened a decade later in 1940, allowing people to travel to Brisbane easier.

During World War II the town experienced tremendous population growth, due to the Allied Powers taking over the town and naming it their South West Pacific Headquarters. Sympathizers with the Allied Powers moved to Brisbane to show their support. Due to a rush of population growth from both Australian citizens and Allied troops, the city went through a substantial economic growth as well.

After World War II, the city of Brisbane saw a slight slow in its population growth. They had developed a stigma for being a lousy place to live, and people began migrating out of the city. After a change in government occurred, an urban renewal program was put in place, and Brisbane was Queensland's priority. The city received a Tram line, and businesses began booming again with a little help from the government. People once again began flocking to the town, and the population started growing at 2.2% per year.

As the 21st Century came around, the population growth came to a halt when a major flood hit the city in 2011. The flood caused significant damage to buildings, homes, and roads and caused many people to move out of the city, in fear of another flood occurring in their lifetime. Today though, the city has rebounded from the flood and continues to exceed population growth averages from all across Australia. It has become the fastest growing city in Australia, and could quickly become the fastest growing city in the world if its population growth rate stays steady.

Brisbane Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20352,875,5931.06%30,052
20342,845,5411.07%30,121
20332,815,4201.09%30,231
20322,785,1891.10%30,382
20312,754,8071.12%30,574
20302,724,2331.14%30,804
20292,693,4291.17%31,040
20282,662,3891.19%31,243
20272,631,1461.21%31,408
20262,599,7381.23%31,565
20252,568,1731.25%31,724
20242,536,4491.28%31,944
20232,504,5051.31%32,283
20222,472,2221.34%32,755
20212,439,4671.38%33,285
20202,406,1821.43%33,847
20192,372,3351.46%34,215
20182,338,1201.85%42,512
20172,295,6081.85%41,739
20162,253,8691.85%40,980
20152,212,8891.85%40,180
20142,172,7091.85%39,451
20132,133,2581.85%38,681
20122,094,5771.85%38,084
20112,056,4932.38%47,756
20102,008,7372.38%46,676
20091,962,0612.38%45,529
20081,916,5322.38%44,593
20071,871,9392.38%43,497
20061,828,4422.39%42,742
20051,785,7002.39%41,686
20041,744,0142.40%40,825
20031,703,1892.39%39,814
20021,663,3752.39%38,884
20011,624,4910.81%13,080
20001,611,4110.81%12,943
19991,598,4680.81%12,821
19981,585,6470.81%12,718
19971,572,9290.81%12,599
19961,560,3302.02%30,889
19951,529,4412.02%30,285
19941,499,1562.02%29,686
19931,469,4702.02%29,058
19921,440,4122.02%28,562
19911,411,8502.22%30,627
19901,381,2232.22%29,969
19891,351,2542.21%29,280
19881,321,9742.22%28,723
19871,293,2512.22%28,061
19861,265,1901.84%22,909
19851,242,2811.84%22,452
19841,219,8291.85%22,106
19831,197,7231.84%21,676
19821,176,0471.84%21,284
19811,154,7631.76%19,984
19801,134,7791.77%19,689
19791,115,0901.76%19,321
19781,095,7691.76%18,987
19771,076,7821.76%18,631
19761,058,1512.01%20,863
19751,037,2882.01%20,429
19741,016,8592.01%20,028
1973996,8312.01%19,606
1972977,2252.01%19,273
1971957,9525.89%53,289
1970904,6635.90%50,412
1969854,2515.89%47,539
1968806,7125.91%45,014
1967761,6985.90%42,445
1966719,2532.97%20,730
1965698,5232.96%20,053
1964678,4702.96%19,530
1963658,9402.96%18,943
1962639,9972.96%18,397
1961621,6003.08%18,601
1960602,9993.09%18,095
1959584,9043.09%17,528
1958567,3763.09%17,002
1957550,3743.09%16,471
1956533,9033.09%16,022
1955517,8813.09%15,519
1954502,3623.27%15,915
1953486,4473.27%15,393
1952471,0543.28%14,946
1951456,1083.26%14,390
1950441,7180.00%

Brisbane Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Melbourne5,061,4391.89%
Sydney4,991,6541.33%
Brisbane2,439,4671.38%
Perth2,067,3331.24%
Adelaide1,345,4450.68%
Gold Coast710,6501.63%
Canberra462,2131.07%
Newcastle453,5150.70%
Sunshine Coast353,2811.86%
Central Coast336,7140.54%
Wollongong307,4770.70%

Other Cities in Australia

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics - Greater Brisbane population and statistics
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics - Brisbane Inner City population and statistics
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources