Brussels Population 2022

2,109,631
map placeholder

Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is located in Belgium and is comprised of 19 municipalities. Of these municipalities is the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium.

Along with Flanders and Wallonia, the City of Brussels is one of the three administrative regions within the country. The city is home to several international institutions, including some core institutions of the European Union, earning the informal nickname of the capital of the EU.

Brussels is legally bilingual, with both Dutch and French recognized as official languages although 90% of the population speaks French. English is increasingly being spoken in Brussels, making it multilingual.

City Area Size and Population Density

Brussels has a total area of 161.38 km2 (62.2 mi2) with a population density of 5,384 people per square kilometer (19,124 people per square mile).

The estimated total population of Brussels is 2,065,284, with a growth rate of approximately 0.78%.

Brussels Demographics

Belgium does not collect statistics based on ethnicity.

Brussels is home to many immigrants, with approximately 70% of people of foreign origin making up the region’s population. Approximately 32% of residents are of non-Belgian European origin, and 36% are of other backgrounds, mostly Moroccan, Turkish, and Sub-Saharan African. The two largest foreign groups in Brussels are from France and Morocco. This is unlike the rest of Belgium, which is primarily comprised of the Flemish, Walloon and Italian groups.

Brussels is a bilingual region with French and Dutch being the official languages.

Brussels is predominantly Roman Catholic, with about 40% of inhabitants identifying as Roman Catholic. Because of the large number of immigrants and Brussels’s multicultural makeup, there are a variety of religious communities including Muslims and atheists. Approximately 23% of Brussels inhabitants are of Islamic faith, and 30% identify as atheist.

The average age in Brussels is younger than the rest of the country with an average age of 37.5.

Brussels History

Brussels was officially founded in 979 when a castle was built near the Senne River.

In the middle of the 11th century, city walls were built and Brussels grew throughout the Middle Ages due to its strategic location on the Bruges-Ghent-Cologne trade route.

After Brussels was attacked by French king Louis XIV in 1695, various foreign powers took control throughout the years. On July 21, 1831, Leopold I ascended to the throne, becoming Belgium’s first king and Brussels was named the capital of the new kingdom.

The new kingdom went through a phase of rebuilding, including the establishment of international congresses and scientific organizations. Foreign artists, philosophers, and scientist found their way to Brussels, including Karl Marx and Victor Hugo.

Brussels experienced significant damage during World War II but was able to recover and continue to develop in the following years. Belgium is currently split into three semi-independent regions: Flanders, Wallonia, and the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels has become the “capital” of the European Union and NATO.

Brussels Population Growth

Brussels is currently growing at a rate of 0.78%. The population grew from 2,002,441 in 2015 to 2,065,284 in 2019, an increase of 62,843 people.

By 2035, the population is projected to grow to 2,214,691 at a decreased growth rate of 0.30%.

Year Population
19501,414,671
19511,421,519
19521,428,410
19531,435,316
19541,442,264
19551,449,246
19561,456,271
19571,463,312
19581,470,395
19591,477,514
19601,484,676
19611,491,853
19621,499,611
19631,507,950
19641,516,347
19651,524,767
19661,533,246
19671,541,772
19681,550,357
19691,558,966
19701,567,635
19711,576,190
19721,584,639
19731,593,109
19741,601,636
19751,610,209
19761,618,840
19771,627,493
19781,636,205
19791,644,963
19801,653,780
19811,660,926
19821,664,730
19831,668,543
19841,672,369
19851,676,195
19861,680,034
19871,683,882
19881,687,744
19891,691,604
19901,695,478
19911,699,362
19921,703,259
19931,707,155
19941,711,065
19951,714,984
19961,728,342
19971,741,767
19981,755,315
19991,768,968
20001,782,747
20011,796,594
20021,810,568
20031,824,651
20041,838,864
20051,853,147
20061,867,561
20071,882,088
20081,896,747
20091,911,480
20101,926,348
20111,941,332
20121,956,453
20131,971,650
20141,986,986
20152,002,441
20162,018,038
20172,033,713
20182,049,510
20192,065,284
20202,080,788
20212,095,688
20222,109,631
20232,121,992
20242,132,178
20252,141,515
20262,150,324
20272,158,701
20282,166,775
20292,174,536
20302,181,923
20312,188,953
20322,195,720
20332,202,258
20342,208,581
20352,214,691

Brussels Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19501,414,6710.00%
19511,421,5190.48%6,848
19521,428,4100.48%6,891
19531,435,3160.48%6,906
19541,442,2640.48%6,948
19551,449,2460.48%6,982
19561,456,2710.48%7,025
19571,463,3120.48%7,041
19581,470,3950.48%7,083
19591,477,5140.48%7,119
19601,484,6760.48%7,162
19611,491,8530.48%7,177
19621,499,6110.52%7,758
19631,507,9500.56%8,339
19641,516,3470.56%8,397
19651,524,7670.56%8,420
19661,533,2460.56%8,479
19671,541,7720.56%8,526
19681,550,3570.56%8,585
19691,558,9660.56%8,609
19701,567,6350.56%8,669
19711,576,1900.55%8,555
19721,584,6390.54%8,449
19731,593,1090.53%8,470
19741,601,6360.54%8,527
19751,610,2090.54%8,573
19761,618,8400.54%8,631
19771,627,4930.53%8,653
19781,636,2050.54%8,712
19791,644,9630.54%8,758
19801,653,7800.54%8,817
19811,660,9260.43%7,146
19821,664,7300.23%3,804
19831,668,5430.23%3,813
19841,672,3690.23%3,826
19851,676,1950.23%3,826
19861,680,0340.23%3,839
19871,683,8820.23%3,848
19881,687,7440.23%3,862
19891,691,6040.23%3,860
19901,695,4780.23%3,874
19911,699,3620.23%3,884
19921,703,2590.23%3,897
19931,707,1550.23%3,896
19941,711,0650.23%3,910
19951,714,9840.23%3,919
19961,728,3420.78%13,358
19971,741,7670.78%13,425
19981,755,3150.78%13,548
19991,768,9680.78%13,653
20001,782,7470.78%13,779
20011,796,5940.78%13,847
20021,810,5680.78%13,974
20031,824,6510.78%14,083
20041,838,8640.78%14,213
20051,853,1470.78%14,283
20061,867,5610.78%14,414
20071,882,0880.78%14,527
20081,896,7470.78%14,659
20091,911,4800.78%14,733
20101,926,3480.78%14,868
20111,941,3320.78%14,984
20121,956,4530.78%15,121
20131,971,6500.78%15,197
20141,986,9860.78%15,336
20152,002,4410.78%15,455
20162,018,0380.78%15,597
20172,033,7130.78%15,675
20182,049,5100.78%15,797
20192,065,2840.77%15,774
20202,080,7880.75%15,504
20212,095,6880.72%14,900
20222,109,6310.67%13,943
20232,121,9920.59%12,361
20242,132,1780.48%10,186
20252,141,5150.44%9,337
20262,150,3240.41%8,809
20272,158,7010.39%8,377
20282,166,7750.37%8,074
20292,174,5360.36%7,761
20302,181,9230.34%7,387
20312,188,9530.32%7,030
20322,195,7200.31%6,767
20332,202,2580.30%6,538
20342,208,5810.29%6,323
20352,214,6910.28%6,110

Brussels Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Brussels2,109,6310.67%
Antwerp1,052,6220.48%
Liege682,2720.35%
Gent472,3480.61%
Charleroi415,8070.30%

Other Cities in Belgium

  1. Brussels Institute for Statistics and Analysis - Population and demographic projections
  2. Brussels Studies - The population of Brussels: a demographic overview

Sources