Dublin Population 2022

1,255,963
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Dublin is the capital of Ireland and located in the province of Leinster on the east coast of the country at the mouth of the River Liffey. With a history dating back to the 9th century, Dublin today has a population estimated at 565,000 in 2014, with a metropolitan population of 1.8 million.

"Dublin" usually refers to the contiguous urban area that includes South Dublin, Fingal, and Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, which combined create the traditional County of Dublin, or the Dublin Region.

City Size and Population Density

The Dublin Region accounts for more than 25% of the country's total population with a population density of 4,588 people per square kilometer in the city proper, or 11,880 per square mile. In terms of entire surface area, the city proper spreads over nearly 115 square kilometers and the urban area sprawls over 318 square kilometers.

Dublin Demographics

Over the past 15 years, Ireland as a whole has become more ethnically diverse. This is most apparent in the Dublin Region, with a foreign-born population that represents 20% of the total population. In 2011, 250,000 foreign-born people lived in Dublin, up 51% from 2002.

In 2011, the ethnic and national origins of the Dublin population was:

  • Irish 82.7%
  • UK 1.7%
  • Polish: 2.9%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • European Union 15 excluding Irish and UK: 1.8%
  • Lithuanian: 0.8%
  • African: 1.6%
  • American: 0.3%

Of the foreign-born population, 23% are from the United States, 13.5% are from Poland, and 4% are from Lithuania.

The ethnic population of Dublin was 90% white - including 400,749 white Irish at 78%; 57,748 other white at 11% and 1,923 white Irish traveller -, 1% black, and 4% Asian.

In terms of religion, 75% identified as Catholic, 10% as other stated religions, with 14% having no faith or no religion indicated.

Dublin History

The earliest reference to a settlement in the Dublin area was in the writings of Ptolemy in 140 AD, referencing the settlement as Eblana Civitas. In the 9th century, Dublin was established as a Viking settlement and remained under Viking control until the Norman invasion of Ireland from Wales in 1169. The King of Leinster enlisted help from Strongbow to conquer Dublin. Strongbow then declared himself king after gaining control. It was around this time that the barony of Dublin City was separated from the barony of Dublin. The two were redesignated as the City of Dublin in 2001.

The Tudor conquest of the country in the 1500s created a new era for the city, which once more became the center of the rule in Ireland. Queen Elizabeth I of England, in an attempt to make Dublin Protestant, established Trinity College in 1592 and ordered that the Catholic cathedrals be converted to Protestant. Dublin had a population of 21,000 by 1640 before a plague killed nearly 50% of the population. The city once more prospered, reaching more than 50,000 people by 1700.

By the 18th century, Dublin boasted a population of more than 130,000 and was, briefly, the second-largest city in the British Empire and the fifth largest in Europe. It grew quickly during the 18th century when many of its most well-known buildings were constructed.

Dublin Population Growth

By 2020, the Central Statistics Office predicts the Dublin Region will reach a population of 2.1 million by 2020, with Dublin City will have a population of 610,000. By 2031, the Dublin population could surpass 5 million, with most people living in the greater Dublin area of Dublin, Kildare, Meath, and Wicklow rather than the other regions.

Year Population
1950626,131
1951635,149
1952638,101
1953641,058
1954644,033
1955647,022
1956649,976
1957652,761
1958655,561
1959658,374
1960661,202
1961666,474
1962680,212
1963694,233
1964708,563
1965723,149
1966736,692
1967745,143
1968753,703
1969762,337
1970771,083
1971780,692
1972793,483
1973806,447
1974819,642
1975833,053
1976846,702
1977860,537
1978874,616
1979888,927
1980903,491
1981915,361
1982916,528
1983917,696
1984918,868
1985920,037
1986920,721
1987919,635
1988918,550
1989917,468
1990916,386
1991916,929
1992924,237
1993931,582
1994938,997
1995946,470
1996954,167
1997962,634
1998971,189
1999979,819
2000988,539
2001997,311
20021,006,390
20031,016,577
20041,026,882
20051,037,262
20061,048,167
20071,060,950
20081,073,906
20091,086,983
20101,100,238
20111,113,343
20121,125,529
20131,137,814
20141,150,251
20151,162,823
20161,175,551
20171,188,418
20181,201,426
20191,214,666
20201,228,179
20211,241,953
20221,255,963
20231,270,172
20241,284,551
20251,299,109
20261,313,822
20271,328,651
20281,343,586
20291,358,688
20301,374,007
20311,389,597
20321,405,466
20331,421,664
20341,438,176
20351,455,004

Dublin Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950626,1310.00%
1951635,1491.44%9,018
1952638,1010.46%2,952
1953641,0580.46%2,957
1954644,0330.46%2,975
1955647,0220.46%2,989
1956649,9760.46%2,954
1957652,7610.43%2,785
1958655,5610.43%2,800
1959658,3740.43%2,813
1960661,2020.43%2,828
1961666,4740.80%5,272
1962680,2122.06%13,738
1963694,2332.06%14,021
1964708,5632.06%14,330
1965723,1492.06%14,586
1966736,6921.87%13,543
1967745,1431.15%8,451
1968753,7031.15%8,560
1969762,3371.15%8,634
1970771,0831.15%8,746
1971780,6921.25%9,609
1972793,4831.64%12,791
1973806,4471.63%12,964
1974819,6421.64%13,195
1975833,0531.64%13,411
1976846,7021.64%13,649
1977860,5371.63%13,835
1978874,6161.64%14,079
1979888,9271.64%14,311
1980903,4911.64%14,564
1981915,3611.31%11,870
1982916,5280.13%1,167
1983917,6960.13%1,168
1984918,8680.13%1,172
1985920,0370.13%1,169
1986920,7210.07%684
1987919,635-0.12%-1,086
1988918,550-0.12%-1,085
1989917,468-0.12%-1,082
1990916,386-0.12%-1,082
1991916,9290.06%543
1992924,2370.80%7,308
1993931,5820.79%7,345
1994938,9970.80%7,415
1995946,4700.80%7,473
1996954,1670.81%7,697
1997962,6340.89%8,467
1998971,1890.89%8,555
1999979,8190.89%8,630
2000988,5390.89%8,720
2001997,3110.89%8,772
20021,006,3900.91%9,079
20031,016,5771.01%10,187
20041,026,8821.01%10,305
20051,037,2621.01%10,380
20061,048,1671.05%10,905
20071,060,9501.22%12,783
20081,073,9061.22%12,956
20091,086,9831.22%13,077
20101,100,2381.22%13,255
20111,113,3431.19%13,105
20121,125,5291.09%12,186
20131,137,8141.09%12,285
20141,150,2511.09%12,437
20151,162,8231.09%12,572
20161,175,5511.09%12,728
20171,188,4181.09%12,867
20181,201,4261.09%13,008
20191,214,6661.10%13,240
20201,228,1791.11%13,513
20211,241,9531.12%13,774
20221,255,9631.13%14,010
20231,270,1721.13%14,209
20241,284,5511.13%14,379
20251,299,1091.13%14,558
20261,313,8221.13%14,713
20271,328,6511.13%14,829
20281,343,5861.12%14,935
20291,358,6881.12%15,102
20301,374,0071.13%15,319
20311,389,5971.13%15,590
20321,405,4661.14%15,869
20331,421,6641.15%16,198
20341,438,1761.16%16,512
20351,455,0041.17%16,828

Dublin Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Ireland

  1. Central Statistics Office - Census of Population 2016 - Preliminary Results
  2. Dublin Chamber - Demographic facts and figures
  3. Central Statistics Office - Population by constituency - geographical distribution

Sources