Gothenburg Population 2021

617,781
map placeholder

Gothenburg's 2021 population is now estimated at 617,781. In 1950, the population of Gothenburg was 352,200. Gothenburg has grown by 7,260 since 2015, which represents a 1.19% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Gothenburg, which typically includes Gothenburg's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Gothenburg is a city in Sweden that is one of the largest in all of the Nordic countries. It is the second-largest city in the country. The city has a population of 581,822, while the metro area has a population that exceeds 1 million residents.

City Size and Population Density

The city’s total area is over 447 square kilometers (172 square miles), with a population density of 1,300 individuals residing per square kilometer (3,300 people living per square mile). Gothenburg has a history that dates back to its founding in 1621. The city has a rich culture and is the host of many annual events such as film and music festivals that are the biggest in Scandinavia.

Gothenburg Demographics

Approximately three-quarters of the people that live in Gothenburg were born in Sweden. However, there is a large population of immigrants from all over the world. Over 140,000 foreign residents live in Gothenburg. The largest groups come from Iraq, Iran, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Poland, and other areas.

The city is home to the Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, so it has a sizable student population.

Swedish is the official language, while Finnish and English are also in heavy use.

Gothenburg History

Gothenburg has a rich and long history. The city was founded in 1621 by Gustav II Adolf. Gothenburg was built during the 1600s by the Dutch. During the 1700s, the city began to grow quickly. The city port helped significantly increase the importance of the town by supporting it with import and export with the Swedish East India Company. In this time, log cabins were popular among the residents; however, the original structures have all since burnt and no longer remain in the area. After the fires, stone homes were strongly encouraged to the residents. By 1902 electricity was used to run the transport system, replacing the horse driven trams. The city also continued to expand its trade and industry.

Population Growth

The city’s population grew by 1.6% between 2015 and 2016. Previous periods of growth, a strong economy, and educational and employment opportunities point to continued population growth for Gothenburg.

Gothenburg Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
2035693,1200.60%4,128
2034688,9920.62%4,236
2033684,7560.64%4,383
2032680,3730.67%4,558
2031675,8150.71%4,762
2030671,0530.75%4,979
2029666,0740.79%5,197
2028660,8770.82%5,407
2027655,4700.87%5,623
2026649,8470.91%5,854
2025643,9930.96%6,113
2024637,8801.01%6,399
2023631,4811.07%6,701
2022624,7801.13%6,999
2021617,7811.19%7,260
2020610,5211.24%7,456
2019603,0651.25%7,467
2018595,5981.57%9,224
2017586,3741.57%9,081
2016577,2931.20%6,839
2015570,4540.82%4,648
2014565,8060.82%4,611
2013561,1950.82%4,566
2012556,6290.82%4,542
2011552,0871.16%6,324
2010545,7631.50%8,041
2009537,7221.49%7,911
2008529,8111.50%7,817
2007521,9941.50%7,690
2006514,3041.04%5,292
2005509,0120.58%2,948
2004506,0640.58%2,939
2003503,1250.58%2,919
2002500,2060.58%2,901
2001497,3050.60%2,963
2000494,3420.62%3,037
1999491,3050.62%3,015
1998488,2900.62%2,996
1997485,2940.62%2,973
1996482,3210.64%3,045
1995479,2760.65%3,103
1994476,1730.65%3,083
1993473,0900.65%3,059
1992470,0310.65%3,047
1991466,9840.33%1,542
1990465,4420.01%65
1989465,3770.01%64
1988465,3130.01%64
1987465,2490.01%65
1986465,1840.01%64
1985465,1200.01%64
1984465,0560.01%64
1983464,9920.01%65
1982464,9270.01%64
1981464,863-0.41%-1,918
1980466,781-0.83%-3,930
1979470,711-0.83%-3,958
1978474,669-0.83%-3,991
1977478,660-0.83%-4,020
1976482,680-0.83%-4,064
1975486,744-0.83%-4,092
1974490,836-0.83%-4,128
1973494,964-0.83%-4,156
1972499,120-0.83%-4,202
1971503,3220.57%2,853
1970500,4691.99%9,746
1969490,7231.98%9,544
1968481,1791.99%9,383
1967471,7961.99%9,188
1966462,6082.35%10,609
1965451,9992.70%11,899
1964440,1002.71%11,618
1963428,4822.71%11,295
1962417,1872.71%10,998
1961406,1891.97%7,835
1960398,3541.24%4,881
1959393,4731.24%4,815
1958388,6581.24%4,756
1957383,9021.24%4,692
1956379,2101.24%4,646
1955374,5641.24%4,584
1954369,9801.24%4,527
1953365,4531.24%4,466
1952360,9871.24%4,424
1951356,5631.24%4,363
1950352,2000.00%

Gothenburg Population Data (Urban Area)

Other Cities in Sweden

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources