Kolkata Population 2022

15,133,888
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Kolkata -- or Calcutta in English -- is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and located on the Hooghly river. Kolkata is the commercial and educational center of East India and one of the oldest operating ports in the country. In 2014, it had an estimated population of 4.6 million, which made it the 7th most populous city in India.

Kolkata has an estimated population of 4.6 million. The largest urban area that includes the suburbs has a population of more than 14.3 million, which makes it India's 3rd most populous metropolitan area.

City Size and Population Density

The city has a very high population density of 24,000 people per square kilometer or 63,000 per square mile. This is one of the world's highest densities. The city itself qualifies as a megacity and covers an incredible amount of surface area that comes to a total of 205.00 square kilometers (79.150 square miles).

Kolkata Demographics

Kolkata's population demographics has a lower sex ratio than India as a whole at 899 females for every 1,000 males. This is due in part to the high number of workers from the rural areas, West Bengal and neighboring states, as men often leave families behind to work in the city. Kolkata has a literacy rate of 87%, which is higher than the Indian average of 74%.

Bengali people represent the majority of Kolkatans, while Biharis and Marwaris represent large minorities. The foreign-born population of Kolkata has dropped through the 20th century, but there are still many small communities of the following groups: Chinese, Tamils, Nepalis, Telugus, Oriyas, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Greeks, Armenians, Tibetans, Konkanis, Maharashtrians, Punjabis, and Parsis.

During World War II, Kolkata had a Jewish population of 5,000, which fell after India gained independence and Isreal was established. Today, there are just about 25 Jews left in the city. Kolkata has a single Chinatown with a population of 2,000 ethnic Chinese people, down from 20,000.

Hinduism represents the largest religion at 78%, followed by Islam (20%), Christianity (0.9%) and Jain (0.5%).

At least one-third of the population lives in 5,500 unregistered and registered slums. Authorized slums have access to essential services like water, but the majority of slums do not. There are two types of slums in the city: bustees, in which dwellers have a long-term tenancy agreement with landowners and udbastu colonies, which are leased to refugees from Bangladesh by the government.

Kolkata Population Growth

Kolkata is no longer the fastest-growing urban area in Bengal, as Asansol has now taken this title. Kolkata recently saw a dip in its population as the surrounding suburbs continue growing. People have stopped migrating to the city in part because of reduced opportunities. By 2025, the Kolkata urban area will have an estimated population of 20.1 million.

Year Population
203519,564,170
203419,161,390
203318,760,872
203218,363,504
203117,970,656
203017,583,604
202917,204,528
202816,836,468
202716,483,755
202616,151,407
202515,845,219
202415,570,786
202315,332,793
202215,133,888
202114,974,073
202014,850,066
201914,755,186
201814,680,613
201714,594,123
201614,508,143
201514,422,670
201414,337,700
201314,253,231
201214,169,260
201114,085,783
201014,002,798
200913,920,303
200813,838,406
200713,756,767
200613,675,721
200513,595,152
200413,515,168
200313,435,436
200213,356,283
200113,277,596
200013,097,153
199912,868,052
199812,643,266
199712,422,407
199612,205,701
199511,992,194
199411,782,708
199311,576,881
199211,374,926
199111,175,951
199010,974,177
198910,772,820
198810,575,427
198710,381,121
198610,190,645
198510,003,665
19849,820,365
19839,639,932
19829,463,056
19819,289,425
19809,100,166
19798,904,858
19788,714,002
19778,527,237
19768,344,723
19758,165,629
19747,990,617
19737,819,355
19727,651,993
19717,487,766
19707,329,372
19697,175,007
19687,024,100
19676,875,964
19666,731,149
19656,589,384
19646,450,794
19636,314,748
19626,181,753
19616,051,559
19605,910,210
19595,764,868
19585,623,292
19575,485,193
19565,350,669
19555,219,086
19545,090,914
19534,965,889
19524,844,101
19514,724,976
19504,604,143

Kolkata Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203519,564,1702.10%402,780
203419,161,3902.13%400,518
203318,760,8722.16%397,368
203218,363,5042.19%392,848
203117,970,6562.20%387,052
203017,583,6042.20%379,076
202917,204,5282.19%368,060
202816,836,4682.14%352,713
202716,483,7552.06%332,348
202616,151,4071.93%306,188
202515,845,2191.76%274,433
202415,570,7861.55%237,993
202315,332,7931.31%198,905
202215,133,8881.07%159,815
202114,974,0730.84%124,007
202014,850,0660.64%94,880
201914,755,1860.51%74,573
201814,680,6130.59%86,490
201714,594,1230.59%85,980
201614,508,1430.59%85,473
201514,422,6700.59%84,970
201414,337,7000.59%84,469
201314,253,2310.59%83,971
201214,169,2600.59%83,477
201114,085,7830.59%82,985
201014,002,7980.59%82,495
200913,920,3030.59%81,897
200813,838,4060.59%81,639
200713,756,7670.59%81,046
200613,675,7210.59%80,569
200513,595,1520.59%79,984
200413,515,1680.59%79,732
200313,435,4360.59%79,153
200213,356,2830.59%78,687
200113,277,5961.38%180,443
200013,097,1531.78%229,101
199912,868,0521.78%224,786
199812,643,2661.78%220,859
199712,422,4071.78%216,706
199612,205,7011.78%213,507
199511,992,1941.78%209,486
199411,782,7081.78%205,827
199311,576,8811.78%201,955
199211,374,9261.78%198,975
199111,175,9511.84%201,774
199010,974,1771.87%201,357
198910,772,8201.87%197,393
198810,575,4271.87%194,306
198710,381,1211.87%190,476
198610,190,6451.87%186,980
198510,003,6651.87%183,300
19849,820,3651.87%180,433
19839,639,9321.87%176,876
19829,463,0561.87%173,631
19819,289,4252.08%189,259
19809,100,1662.19%195,308
19798,904,8582.19%190,856
19788,714,0022.19%186,765
19778,527,2372.19%182,514
19768,344,7232.19%179,094
19758,165,6292.19%175,012
19747,990,6172.19%171,262
19737,819,3552.19%167,362
19727,651,9932.19%164,227
19717,487,7662.16%158,394
19707,329,3722.15%154,365
19697,175,0072.15%150,907
19687,024,1002.15%148,136
19676,875,9642.15%144,815
19666,731,1492.15%141,765
19656,589,3842.15%138,590
19646,450,7942.15%136,046
19636,314,7482.15%132,995
19626,181,7532.15%130,194
19616,051,5592.39%141,349
19605,910,2102.52%145,342
19595,764,8682.52%141,576
19585,623,2922.52%138,099
19575,485,1932.51%134,524
19565,350,6692.52%131,583
19555,219,0862.52%128,172
19545,090,9142.52%125,025
19534,965,8892.51%121,788
19524,844,1012.52%119,125
19514,724,9762.62%120,833
19504,604,1430.00%

Kolkata Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Delhi32,065,7602.84%
Mumbai20,961,4721.42%
Kolkata15,133,8881.07%
Bangalore13,193,0353.35%
Chennai11,503,2932.39%
Hyderabad10,534,4182.59%
Ahmedabad8,450,2282.39%
Surat7,784,2763.93%
Pune6,987,0772.63%
Jaipur4,106,7562.48%
Kozhikode3,920,8734.77%
Lucknow3,854,2242.38%
Malappuram3,816,3455.75%
Thrissur3,351,3224.32%
Kochi3,301,2943.39%
Indore3,208,7223.06%
Kanpur3,189,9261.16%
Nagpur2,991,4271.73%
Coimbatore2,934,6212.59%
Thiruvananthapuram2,793,1733.81%

Other Cities in India

  1. Census India - India population census data
  2. Census 2011 - Kolkata City Census 2011 data

Sources