Lima Population 2021

10,882,757
map placeholder

Lima is the largest city in Peru, and the country’s capital. The seaport Callao is considered part of the city of Lima and forms the Lima Metropolitan Area. The 2014 projected population for Lima is 9,751,717, which makes Lima the fifth largest city in the Americas. Lima’s metro area is also the 27th most populous in the world.

Lima’s estimated population is 9,751,717, and these almost 10 million people live in 43 districts in Metropolitan Lima. The seaport of Callao also has six additional communities, and each of these districts have their own mayor and municipality. In addition to each district having its own Mayor, there is the Mayor of Lima who is in charge of all of the districts and municipalities. The regions are comprised of 30 districts that are within the city and 13 outer areas - which are still under the authority of the Mayor of Lima. Metropolitan Lima stretches north to south for 80 km along the Pacific Ocean, and from west to east for 40 km from the Pacific to the Andes Mountains. Since the ocean and mountains bind the city, further expansion is difficult.

The city of Lima covers a considerable amount of ground area, with 2,672.3 square kilometers (1,031.8 sq mi) available in the city itself. The population density is around 3000 people per kilometer or more than 7000 people per mile.

Lima Demographics

The population of Lima is a variety of ethnic groups. The most populous ethnic group is the Mestizos. These people are of European, mostly Italian and Spanish, and indigenous descent. The second largest ethnic groups are the European Peruvians, and they are of Spanish, German, Italian, Croatian, British, or French origin. There are several minority groups in Lima, including the indigenous population. There are also Afro-Peruvians who have descended from people brought over to the Americas as slaves. In addition to Jews of both European and Middle Eastern Descent, there are also Asians from China and Japan. The largest Chinese community in Latin America is located in Lima.

Both the Italian and Chinese immigrants have heavily influenced cuisine in Lima. Two of Lima’s areas, San Isidro and Miraflores, have many Italian restaurants called trattorias. Calle Capon, Lima’s Chinatown, has many restaurants that offer Chinese food with a Peruvian spin. Because of the different cuisines that have come together in Lima, it is known as the Gastronomical Capital of the Americas.

Lima Population Growth

Lima was founded in 1535 and comprised only 100 city blocks around a plaza, but by 1925 the population was over a quarter of a million people. The population then doubled to over half a million people by 1940. Lima’s growth became even more rapid after WWII when poor Andeans moved to Lima hoping to find a better life. After that, migration exploded because of industrialization and modernization. People were not only migrating from the Andes Mountains but were also finding their way from foreign countries as well. By 1961, the country had over 1.2 million people, and in the next 20 years, Lima reached over 3.5 million. By 1997, 6 million people were living in the city, and growth continues to push Lima towards 10 million inhabitants.

Year Population
203512,971,998
203412,834,015
203312,694,516
203212,553,418
203112,410,686
203012,266,187
202912,119,926
202811,971,913
202711,822,194
202611,670,701
202511,517,333
202411,361,938
202311,204,382
202211,044,607
202110,882,757
202010,719,188
201910,554,712
201810,390,607
201710,194,477
201610,002,049
20159,812,737
20149,627,261
20139,445,291
20129,267,004
20119,091,604
20108,919,759
20098,751,162
20088,585,977
20078,419,760
20068,248,771
20058,081,255
20047,917,365
20037,756,360
20027,598,844
20017,444,526
20007,293,549
19997,145,230
19987,000,124
19976,857,966
19966,718,884
19956,582,251
19946,448,579
19936,316,612
19926,152,576
19915,992,365
19905,836,537
19895,684,762
19885,537,135
19875,392,950
19865,252,710
19855,116,117
19844,983,256
19834,853,494
19824,727,282
19814,602,931
19804,437,754
19794,278,073
19784,124,345
19773,976,143
19763,833,458
19753,695,522
19743,562,728
19733,434,706
19723,311,451
19713,143,367
19702,980,371
19692,825,827
19682,679,493
19672,540,364
19662,408,636
19652,283,738
19642,165,476
19632,053,036
19621,946,579
19611,845,658
19601,755,920
19591,670,316
19581,588,994
19571,511,631
19561,438,134
19551,368,023
19541,301,418
19531,238,057
19521,177,861
19511,120,439
19501,065,888

Lima Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203512,971,9981.08%137,983
203412,834,0151.10%139,499
203312,694,5161.12%141,098
203212,553,4181.15%142,732
203112,410,6861.18%144,499
203012,266,1871.21%146,261
202912,119,9261.24%148,013
202811,971,9131.27%149,719
202711,822,1941.30%151,493
202611,670,7011.33%153,368
202511,517,3331.37%155,395
202411,361,9381.41%157,556
202311,204,3821.45%159,775
202211,044,6071.49%161,850
202110,882,7571.53%163,569
202010,719,1881.56%164,476
201910,554,7121.58%164,105
201810,390,6071.92%196,130
201710,194,4771.92%192,428
201610,002,0491.93%189,312
20159,812,7371.93%185,476
20149,627,2611.93%181,970
20139,445,2911.92%178,287
20129,267,0041.93%175,400
20119,091,6041.93%171,845
20108,919,7591.93%168,597
20098,751,1621.92%165,185
20088,585,9771.97%166,217
20078,419,7602.07%170,989
20068,248,7712.07%167,516
20058,081,2552.07%163,890
20047,917,3652.08%161,005
20037,756,3602.07%157,516
20027,598,8442.07%154,318
20017,444,5262.07%150,977
20007,293,5492.08%148,319
19997,145,2302.07%145,106
19987,000,1242.07%142,158
19976,857,9662.07%139,082
19966,718,8842.08%136,633
19956,582,2512.07%133,672
19946,448,5792.09%131,967
19936,316,6122.67%164,036
19926,152,5762.67%160,211
19915,992,3652.67%155,828
19905,836,5372.67%151,775
19895,684,7622.67%147,627
19885,537,1352.67%144,185
19875,392,9502.67%140,240
19865,252,7102.67%136,593
19855,116,1172.67%132,861
19844,983,2562.67%129,762
19834,853,4942.67%126,212
19824,727,2822.70%124,351
19814,602,9313.72%165,177
19804,437,7543.73%159,681
19794,278,0733.73%153,728
19784,124,3453.73%148,202
19773,976,1433.72%142,685
19763,833,4583.73%137,936
19753,695,5223.73%132,794
19743,562,7283.73%128,022
19733,434,7063.72%123,255
19723,311,4515.35%168,084
19713,143,3675.47%162,996
19702,980,3715.47%154,544
19692,825,8275.46%146,334
19682,679,4935.48%139,129
19672,540,3645.47%131,728
19662,408,6365.47%124,898
19652,283,7385.46%118,262
19642,165,4765.48%112,440
19632,053,0365.47%106,457
19621,946,5795.47%100,921
19611,845,6585.11%89,738
19601,755,9205.13%85,604
19591,670,3165.12%81,322
19581,588,9945.12%77,363
19571,511,6315.11%73,497
19561,438,1345.12%70,111
19551,368,0235.12%66,605
19541,301,4185.12%63,361
19531,238,0575.11%60,196
19521,177,8615.12%57,422
19511,120,4395.12%54,551
19501,065,8880.00%

Lima Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Lima10,882,7571.53%
Arequipa934,8451.28%
Trujillo877,8751.53%
Chiclayo645,3661.27%
Piura481,3961.48%
Cusco479,8081.93%
Iquitos476,7651.53%
Chimbote392,8521.00%
Huancayo390,8991.17%
Tacna326,2271.80%

Other Cities in Peru

  1. National Institute of Statistics - Peru population and statistical data
  2. United States Census Bureau - Peru population trends

Sources