Liverpool Population 2021

906,443
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Liverpool's 2021 population is now estimated at 906,443. In 1950, the population of Liverpool was 1,382,309. Liverpool has grown by 4,735 since 2015, which represents a 0.53% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Liverpool, which typically includes Liverpool's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. Founded in 1207, Liverpool has long been a major port and known for its innovation in public health, transportation, infrastructure, and social reform. Liverpool has an estimated population of 467,000 in 2014, which ranks 9th in the country.

Liverpool's estimated population of 467,000 is up very slightly from the census population of 466,000 in 2011.

The Liverpool city region, which includes Warrington, Wirral, Flintshire, Chester and several other areas, has a population estimated at 2 million. The Liverpool metropolitan area (Merseyside), on the other hand, includes the Merseyside municipal county, the borough of Halton, Wigan, the city of Chester and several towns in Cheshire and Lancashire with a population of 1.38 million.

In many cases, Manchester and Liverpool are considered a single polynuclear metropolitan area (megalopolis), with a combined population of over 1 million in the cities proper.

City Size and Population Density

The city proper has a population density of 10,070 people per square mile (3,889/sq km). This density comes from the growing number of residents living in a total surface area of 43.2 square miles (111.8 square kilometers).

Liverpool Demographics

With its history as a port city, it is no surprise that Liverpool has a diverse population from around the world. It is home to the oldest Black African community in the United Kingdom, which dates to at least 1730. Some Black Liverpudlians can trace back their lineage in the city ten generations. Many early black settlers in the city were seamen, children of traders, and freed slaves, as any slaves who entered the country after 1722 were considered free men.

Liverpool also has the oldest Chinese community in all of Europe. The first residents of Liverpool's Chinatown arrived in the 19th century as seamen.

Liverpool is also known for having a large Irish population and a historical Welsh population. In 1813, 10% of the population was Welsh, which gave the city the nickname of "the capital of North Wales." After the famine in Ireland between 1845 and 1852, over 2 million Irish migrated to the city in a single decade, many of whom eventually left for the United States. By 1851, over 20% of the population was Irish.

The 2001 census found that 1.2% of the population were Welsh-born while 0.75% were born in the Republic of Ireland and 0.5% were born in Northern Ireland. Many more people in the city are of Irish or Welsh ancestry, however.

Liverpool is also known for having large Indian, Latin American, Malaysian, African-Caribbean, Ghanaian, Somali and Yemeni populations, each with at least several thousand people.

In 2009, the population of Liverpool was estimated to be:

  • White: 91% (86.3% White British, 1.0% White Irish, 3.7% Other White)
  • Asian or Asian British: 3% (1.5% Indian, 0.7% Pakistani, 0.3% Bangladeshi, 0.5% other Asian)
  • Black or Black British: 1.9% (1.1% Black African, 0.5% Black Caribbean, 0.3% other black)
  • Mixed race: 2% (0.6% Black Caribbean and White, 0.4% Black African and White, 0.5% South Asian and White, 0.5% other)
  • Chinese: 1.1%
  • Other: 1.0%

Liverpool has a population younger than England's average, with 42% of the population below the age of 30, compared to 37% for the country as a whole. Liverpool also has a large lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community which is comparable to that of San Francisco, per capita.

Liverpool History

In 1190, the area of present-day Liverpool was known as "Liuerpul," or a muddy pool or creek. The history of the city goes back to the 1st century AD when a settlement first appeared that grew into a thriving fishing community by 1200. King John's letters patent in 1207 announced the foundation of the borough of Liverpool, but the population remained low at just 500 by the 16th century.

The 17th century saw slow progress, both in terms of economy and growth. In 1699, the city was made a parish, and that same year its first slave ship left for Africa. It was then that Liverpool began to grow on profits from the slave trade.

By the beginning of the 19th century, large trade was passing through the city, and large buildings began to reflect its wealth. Manchester and Liverpool became the first cities with an intercity rail link in 1830, and the population continued rapid growth, particularly during the mid-19th century when Irish people began arriving by the hundreds of thousands during the family.

Starting in 1919, thousands of families were rehoused from the inner city to new suburbs, with many large, private homes built over the next decade. Air raids damaged almost half of the households during the Second World War, and massive rebuilding followed in the next decade.

Since WWII, Liverpool has become known as a cultural center of Europe and the "World Capital City of Pop," as Liverpool artists have produced more #1 singles than any other city, with bands like The Beatles and Frankie Goes to Hollywood.

Liverpool Population Growth

Liverpool reached a population peak in 1931 at 846,000, but it has posted negative population growth in every decade since then, with the most substantial loss of 100,000 people between 1971 and 1981. It also had the 9th largest percentage loss of any UK unitary authority between 2001 and 2006.

Liverpool Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035991,8620.60%5,962
2034985,9000.62%6,036
2033979,8640.63%6,128
2032973,7360.64%6,228
2031967,5080.66%6,336
2030961,1720.67%6,422
2029954,7500.68%6,479
2028948,2710.69%6,493
2027941,7780.69%6,450
2026935,3280.68%6,331
2025928,9970.66%6,126
2024922,8710.64%5,839
2023917,0320.60%5,486
2022911,5460.56%5,103
2021906,4430.53%4,735
2020901,7080.50%4,490
2019897,2180.47%4,209
2018893,0090.45%4,038
2017888,9710.45%4,019
2016884,9520.45%4,001
2015880,9510.45%3,977
2014876,9740.45%3,959
2013873,0150.45%3,935
2012869,0800.45%3,929
2011865,1510.24%2,030
2010863,1210.16%1,356
2009861,7650.16%1,353
2008860,4120.16%1,353
2007859,0590.16%1,350
2006857,7090.16%1,348
2005856,3610.16%1,344
2004855,0170.16%1,345
2003853,6720.16%1,342
2002852,3300.16%1,339
2001850,991-0.18%-1,530
2000852,521-0.25%-2,139
1999854,660-0.25%-2,142
1998856,802-0.25%-2,147
1997858,949-0.25%-2,149
1996861,098-0.25%-2,161
1995863,259-0.25%-2,163
1994865,422-0.25%-2,169
1993867,591-0.25%-2,171
1992869,762-0.25%-2,183
1991871,945-1.47%-13,032
1990884,977-1.85%-16,699
1989901,676-1.85%-16,992
1988918,668-1.85%-17,360
1987936,028-1.85%-17,663
1986953,691-1.85%-17,996
1985971,687-1.85%-18,311
1984989,998-1.85%-18,708
19831,008,706-1.85%-19,034
19821,027,740-1.85%-19,394
19811,047,134-1.85%-19,733
19801,066,867-1.85%-20,160
19791,087,027-1.85%-20,513
19781,107,540-1.85%-20,899
19771,128,439-1.85%-21,265
19761,149,704-1.85%-21,726
19751,171,430-1.85%-22,105
19741,193,535-1.85%-22,522
19731,216,057-1.85%-22,916
19721,238,973-1.85%-23,413
19711,262,386-1.06%-13,539
19701,275,925-0.88%-11,360
19691,287,285-0.88%-11,445
19681,298,730-0.88%-11,579
19671,310,309-0.88%-11,666
19661,321,975-0.88%-11,769
19651,333,744-0.88%-11,858
19641,345,602-0.88%-11,997
19631,357,599-0.88%-12,087
19621,369,686-0.88%-12,195
19611,381,881-0.16%-2,175
19601,384,0560.01%175
19591,383,8810.01%175
19581,383,7060.01%174
19571,383,5320.01%175
19561,383,3570.01%175
19551,383,1820.01%175
19541,383,0070.01%174
19531,382,8330.01%175
19521,382,6580.01%175
19511,382,4830.01%174
19501,382,3090.00%

Liverpool Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
London9,425,6221.31%
Manchester2,750,1200.73%
Birmingham2,626,3740.73%
West Yorkshire1,901,9470.68%
Glasgow1,680,6690.44%
Southampton935,8680.86%
Liverpool906,4430.53%
Newcastle Upon Tyne813,8070.53%
Nottingham794,0080.81%
Sheffield735,2920.70%
Bristol693,5521.07%
Belfast634,5940.63%
Brighton612,1590.87%
Leicester556,9300.86%
Edinburgh542,5991.08%
Bournemouth510,0210.86%
Cardiff481,0820.72%
Coventry432,3861.60%
Middlesbrough388,9690.41%
Stoke On Trent387,7850.46%

Other Cities in United Kingdom

  1. Liverpool City Council - Liverpool information and population data
  2. Office for National Statistics - People, population and community
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources