Newcastle Population 2021

453,515
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Newcastle's 2021 population is now estimated at 453,515. In 1950, the population of Newcastle was 160,911. Newcastle has grown by 3,155 since 2015, which represents a 0.70% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Newcastle, which typically includes Newcastle's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Newcastle is a city in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area, which includes parts of Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Cessnock, Maitland, and Port Stephens Council. Located at the mouth of the Hunter River, Newcastle has an estimated 2014 population of 315,000, while the more commonly referred to Greater Newcastle area has a population of 560,000.

Newcastle is often called the 7th largest city in Australia, but this is misleading because the area extends beyond the City of Newcastle and the metropolitan area. The area is officially called the Newcastle Statistical District, or Greater Newcastle, with a population estimated at 560,000.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Newcastle covers a total surface area of 261.8 kilometers squared (101.1 square miles). This brings the population density to a total of approximately 593.6 residents living per square kilometer in the city.

Newcastle Demographics

Newcastle's most recent census statistics from 2016 give us insight into the population demographics. The average age for a Novacastrian resident is 37 years of age. Family-wise, the number of families living in this city averages to about 40,000. Most families have 1-2 children here. Within each household, there are an average of 2.4 people – and approximately 68,733 private residences were occupied in 2011. Average monthly mortgage payments were estimated to be around $1,742 per household. For renters, the weekly rent rounded to about $270.

In 2011, the most common ancestry groups were:

  • Australian: 30.4%
  • English: 29.2%
  • Irish: 8.9%
  • Scottish: 8.0%
  • German: 2.9%

Newcastle History

While searching for criminals in 1797, Lt. John Shortland – a European explorer and Naval officer – stumbled upon the site of Newcastle. His discovery of this land led to miners being sent to the area for its abundance of coal. He came back to his original town with the news, which sparked the quest to extract coal from this abundant location. The work of digging for coal created an unpleasant environment – with only criminals being sent to work there as punishment for their crimes. Since dangerous convicts were sent to work at these mines, Newcastle earned the description of “hellhole” by the common people.

Another settlement occurred in 1804, which also involved shipping criminals to the area. Initially, Newcastle was named Coal River. This city was also known as Kingstown before it was renamed to Newcastle. The last name was inspired by a well-known coal port in English at the time.

Coal, being an abundant resource within this city, was a staple that inspired the existence of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company – a steamship organization which sent steamships to and fro from various cities connected to Newcastle. Exporting coal goods has been a recurring theme within Newcastle’s long history.

This city has also seen its share of war efforts, as it played many important roles during World War II. It served as an industrial center and was once attacked by a Japanese submarine in 1942. Fortunately, no one was killed or injured during that incident.

Newcastle Population Growth

Recent estimates reveal that the growth forecast for this city is a positive one, as the population will continue to swell due to the vast amount of opportunity Newcastle provides. Experts predict the populace will grow by approximately 20,000 new citizens every 30 years, according to recent trends. By 2036, the population is expected to increase by 14.97 percent.

By population, Newcastle is the 7th largest city in Australia, coming in with a population larger than Canberra, but smaller than the Gold Coast by at least 50,000 people. Overall, the growth rates are strong for this bustling city. This strong growth may become a problem if housing opportunities do not expand at the same rate as the population growth expectancy. Some forecasters are worried this will be the case, and have warned that the city needs to take these predictions into account when considering new urban development plans.

Newcastle Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035523,8651.06%5,475
2034518,3901.07%5,483
2033512,9071.08%5,500
2032507,4071.10%5,515
2031501,8921.11%5,525
2030496,3671.12%5,520
2029490,8471.13%5,480
2028485,3671.12%5,385
2027479,9821.10%5,216
2026474,7661.06%4,972
2025469,7941.00%4,649
2024465,1450.93%4,271
2023460,8740.85%3,870
2022457,0040.77%3,489
2021453,5150.70%3,155
2020450,3600.65%2,914
2019447,4460.62%2,758
2018444,6880.97%4,273
2017440,4150.97%4,233
2016436,1820.97%4,192
2015431,9900.97%4,147
2014427,8430.97%4,108
2013423,7350.97%4,062
2012419,6730.97%4,034
2011415,6391.17%4,813
2010410,8261.17%4,759
2009406,0671.17%4,697
2008401,3701.17%4,656
2007396,7141.17%4,595
2006392,1190.73%2,854
2005389,2650.73%2,824
2004386,4410.73%2,811
2003383,6300.73%2,788
2002380,8420.73%2,766
2001378,0763.45%12,626
2000365,4503.47%12,263
1999353,1873.47%11,836
1998341,3513.47%11,439
1997329,9123.46%11,040
1996318,8720.50%1,597
1995317,2750.49%1,561
1994315,7140.49%1,554
1993314,1600.49%1,543
1992312,6170.50%1,541
1991311,0760.92%2,850
1990308,2260.93%2,827
1989305,3990.92%2,798
1988302,6010.93%2,779
1987299,8220.93%2,750
1986297,072-0.03%-78
1985297,150-0.03%-87
1984297,237-0.03%-86
1983297,323-0.03%-87
1982297,410-0.03%-87
1981297,4972.49%7,214
1980290,2832.50%7,077
1979283,2062.50%6,895
1978276,3112.50%6,728
1977269,5832.49%6,554
1976263,0291.00%2,597
1975260,4320.99%2,557
1974257,8750.99%2,532
1973255,3430.99%2,504
1972252,8390.99%2,486
1971250,3531.36%3,363
1970246,9901.36%3,320
1969243,6701.36%3,271
1968240,3991.36%3,235
1967237,1641.36%3,188
1966233,9762.32%5,297
1965228,6792.32%5,175
1964223,5042.32%5,073
1963218,4312.32%4,950
1962213,4812.32%4,838
1961208,6432.28%4,648
1960203,9952.28%4,556
1959199,4392.28%4,448
1958194,9912.28%4,350
1957190,6412.28%4,246
1956186,3952.28%4,163
1955182,2322.28%4,065
1954178,1672.35%4,085
1953174,0822.34%3,986
1952170,0962.35%3,906
1951166,1903.28%5,279
1950160,9110.00%

Newcastle Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Melbourne5,061,4391.89%
Sydney4,991,6541.33%
Brisbane2,439,4671.38%
Perth2,067,3331.24%
Adelaide1,345,4450.68%
Gold Coast710,6501.63%
Canberra462,2131.07%
Newcastle453,5150.70%
Sunshine Coast353,2811.86%
Central Coast336,7140.54%
Wollongong307,4770.70%

Other Cities in Australia

  1. Newcastle City Council - Newcastle statistics, research and information
  2. Centre for Cities - Newcastle - Newcastle demographics and population statistics
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources