Pyongyang Population 2021

3,108,108
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Pyongyang's 2021 population is now estimated at 3,108,108. In 1950, the population of Pyongyang was 516,000. Pyongyang has grown by 23,864 since 2015, which represents a 0.77% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Pyongyang, which typically includes Pyongyang's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Pyongyang is the capital city of North Korea. It is also the largest city in terms of population, with the 2008 Census putting the population at 3,255,388. It is considered the industrial center of North Korea because of the availability of natural resources.

Pyongyang Demographics

The total population of Pyongyang is over 3 million. Most of the residents are in the 15 to 64-year demographic. There are slightly more females than males in the city. Approximately 99% of the people who live here are Korean. There are also smaller populations of Russian, Chinese, and Japanese residents. The official language is Korean.

Pyongyang History

According to mythology, the city was founded in 1122 B.C. In 668, Pyongyang was designed as the capital of the Protectorate General to Pacify the East. Less than 10 years later, the city was taken by Silla. During the Joseon dynasty, the city was the provincial capital of the Pyeongan Province.

The city was captured in the late 1500s by the Japanese. They were later defeated during the Siege of Pyongyang. During the 16th century, the city became a center for Christian expansion throughout Korea. By the late 1800s, there were over 100 churches constructed. During this time, the population had grown to about 40,000 people.

However, the city was soon depopulated and destroyed during the First Sino-Japanese War. However, the city’s population rebounded after it became an industrial center.

By the time the 1930s rolled around, the city’s population exceeded 235,000. In the 1940s, the city became the capital of the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea. Later in the decade, it was designated as the de facto capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. During the Korean War, the city was damaged yet again and was the target of an aerial raid that was the largest in the entire war.

The city began to rebuild using Soviet aid, and new buildings were constructed in the Socialist Classicism style. The entire city had to be rebuilt and was designed through Kim II-sung’s plan. Pyongyang launched a modernization program in 2001 to further improve the city. Today, the city is the industrial center of North Korea and has an abundance of natural resources including iron, limestone and coal. Heavy industries including cement, weapons, and mechanical engineering, as well as light industries like textiles, food, and footwear contribute to the local economy. The city is also the main transportation hub of North Korea.

Pyongyang Population Growth

The city has seen massive population growth over the years. Its thriving economy, landmarks, retail shopping and other modern establishments, and universities make it an appealing place to call home. The city’s population is only expected to continue to grow into the future.

Pyongyang Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20353,478,4970.75%25,953
20343,452,5440.77%26,348
20333,426,1960.79%26,716
20323,399,4800.80%26,997
20313,372,4830.82%27,266
20303,345,2170.83%27,427
20293,317,7900.83%27,460
20283,290,3300.84%27,315
20273,263,0150.84%27,056
20263,235,9590.83%26,657
20253,209,3020.82%26,167
20243,183,1350.81%25,597
20233,157,5380.80%25,011
20223,132,5270.79%24,419
20213,108,1080.77%23,864
20203,084,2440.76%23,380
20193,060,8640.76%23,002
20183,037,8620.75%22,730
20173,015,1320.75%22,560
20162,992,5720.75%22,392
20152,970,1800.75%22,224
20142,947,9560.75%22,058
20132,925,8980.75%21,863
20122,904,0350.75%21,759
20112,882,2760.75%21,566
20102,860,7100.75%21,406
20092,839,3040.61%17,310
20082,821,9940.20%5,651
20072,816,3430.20%5,633
20062,810,7100.20%5,620
20052,805,0900.20%5,602
20042,799,4880.20%5,606
20032,793,8820.20%5,587
20022,788,2950.20%5,576
20012,782,7190.20%5,558
20002,777,1610.20%5,561
19992,771,6000.20%5,543
19982,766,0570.20%5,531
19972,760,5260.20%5,513
19962,755,0130.20%5,517
19952,749,4960.20%5,498
19942,743,9981.28%34,657
19932,709,3412.36%62,474
19922,646,8672.37%61,199
19912,585,6682.36%59,703
19902,525,9652.36%58,325
19892,467,6402.36%56,900
19882,410,7402.37%55,740
19872,355,0003.57%81,239
19862,273,7613.57%78,436
19852,195,3253.57%75,628
19842,119,6973.58%73,221
19832,046,4763.57%70,595
19821,975,8813.57%68,161
19811,907,7203.57%65,720
19801,842,0006.45%111,587
19791,730,4136.44%104,688
19781,625,7256.44%98,354
19771,527,3716.43%92,281
19761,435,0906.45%86,937
19751,348,1536.44%81,561
19741,266,5926.44%76,627
19731,189,9656.43%71,895
19721,118,0706.45%67,732
19711,050,3386.44%63,545
1970986,7936.44%59,699
1969927,0946.43%56,013
1968871,0815.29%43,794
1967827,2873.71%29,556
1966797,7313.70%28,500
1965769,2313.70%27,445
1964741,7863.71%26,537
1963715,2493.70%25,553
1962689,6963.71%24,641
1961665,0552.98%19,241
1960645,8142.27%14,349
1959631,4652.27%14,010
1958617,4552.27%13,700
1957603,7552.27%13,378
1956590,3772.27%13,116
1955577,2612.27%12,808
1954564,4532.27%12,524
1953551,9292.27%12,230
1952539,6992.27%11,990
1951527,7092.27%11,709
1950516,0000.00%

Pyongyang Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Pyongyang3,108,1080.77%
Chongjin645,4880.47%
Hamhung545,847-0.57%
Wonsan355,3890.66%
Sinuiju327,0490.19%

Other Cities in North Korea

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources