Sao Paulo Population 2022

22,429,800
map placeholder

São Paulo refers to both a state and city in Brazil, but this article will only cover the scope of the city itself. As of 2016, it had an urban population of 11,967,825.

São Paulo is the largest city of Brazil and the largest city proper in the Americas and the southern hemisphere. It's also one of the top 10 largest metropolitan areas in the world. São Paulo is a global city with a strong influence in the arts, entertainment, finance and commerce, and the city hosts the largest gay pride parade in the world. Known colloquially as Sampa or Cidade da Garoa (city of drizzle), the municipality had a 2011 population of 11.31 million.

The 2018 population of São Paulo is estimated at over 12 million residents.

At the 2010 IBGE Census, São Paulo was home to 10,659,386 people, a figure that is estimated to have grown to 11.9 million in 2016. The density in the city proper is 7,216.3 people per square kilometer (18,690 per square mile), but the metropolitan region is home to over 21 million people, with a much lower density of 2,469 people per square kilometer.

Greater São Paulo actually has many definitions, but the legal definition of Região Metropolitana de São Paulo has 39 municipalities with a 2016 estimated population of 21 million people. This definition includes 38 smaller cities around São Paulo. Because the city has such a huge urban sprawl, there is another definition for its metropolitan area: Complexo Metropolitano Expandido, which is the same as a Combined Statistical Area in the United States. By this definition, greater São Paulo is the third largest city in the world with more than 27 million residents.

Historical Immigration into São Paulo

São Paulo residents, known as Paulistanos, are some of the most ethnically diverse in the country. At the end of slave trafficking in Brazil in 1850, the city replaced African labor with voluntary immigrants to work its coffee plantations. This brought in a wave of German, Portuguese and Swiss immigrants, followed by additional waves of Portuguese and Italian immigrants from the mid-19th century through the beginning of the 20th century.

This means the state of São Paulo has one of the largest immigrant communities in Brazil. When slavery was abolished in 1888, the city received huge swells of European immigrants, and by 1897, Italians accounted for more than 50% of São Paulo's population. From 1908 to 1941, a large number of Japanese immigrants arrived, while Koreans and Chinese moved to the region in the 1960's. In present day, São Paulo is seeing a huge wave of migration from Bolivia.

In 1920, the Governor of São Paulo even noted the city's huge immigrant population by saying, "If the owner of each house in São Paulo display the flag of the country of origin on the roof, from above São Paulo would look like an Italian city."

São Paulo Demographics

São Paulo is still a city of immigrants today, and a study by the University of São Paulo shows the diversity. 81% of students said they were descendants of foreign immigrants, with the most common ancestry groups being: Italian (30.5%), Portuguese (23%), Spanish (14%), Japanese (8%), German (5.6%), African (2.8%), Arab (2.4%) and Jewish (1.2%).

In the metropolitan area, there are:

  • 6 million of Italian descent
  • 3 million of Portuguese descent
  • 1.7 mllion of African descent
  • 1 million of Arab descent
  • 665,000 of Japanese descent
  • 400,000 of German descent
  • 250,000 of French descent
  • 150,000 of Greek descent
  • 120,000 of Chinese descent
  • 120,000 to 300,000 Bolivian immigrants
  • 50,000 of Korean descent and
  • 40,000 Jews

The ethnic breakdown of São Paulo according to the 2010 Census was 65.6% white, 26.5% brown or mixed people, 5.5% black, 2.2% Asian and 0.2% Amerindian.

São Paulo Population Growth

From 1950 to 1975, São Paulo was one of the fastest growing urban areas on earth. From 1980 to 2000, it also ranked 4th in population among the urban areas of the world, but it has since been displaced from this list by the unprecedented growth in areas like Delhi. The state of São Paulo has more than 44 million residents in 2016,) which is more than the US state of California in an area with just 2/3 the land.

São Paulo's central city continues to grow, and in the last decade, it has grown by over one million. 57% of its urban area population still lives in the central city, but growth in the suburbs is picking up. While the speed at which the central city grew began to slow in the 1980s, the suburban growth has climbed steadily since the 1960s with no sign of slowing.

By 2030, the United Nations projects São Paulo will have a population of over 23 million people, approximately 10 million more people than Rio.

Year Population
203524,490,136
203424,370,836
203324,244,620
203224,111,444
203123,971,344
203023,824,224
202923,670,180
202823,509,362
202723,342,092
202623,168,746
202522,990,008
202422,806,704
202322,619,736
202222,429,800
202122,237,472
202022,043,028
201921,846,508
201821,650,180
201721,391,624
201621,136,156
201520,883,046
201420,633,308
201320,386,560
201220,143,092
201119,901,876
201019,659,808
200919,377,480
200819,099,588
200718,824,928
200618,554,592
200518,288,134
200418,025,864
200317,766,646
200217,511,506
200117,260,028
200017,014,078
199916,787,782
199816,564,802
199716,344,782
199616,127,983
199515,913,473
199415,702,105
199315,493,544
199215,288,036
199115,068,681
199014,775,840
198914,488,689
198814,207,502
198713,931,020
198613,660,287
198513,394,815
198413,134,858
198312,879,250
198212,628,957
198112,383,528
198012,089,454
197911,547,405
197811,030,355
197710,536,457
197610,065,309
19759,614,016
19749,183,536
19738,772,332
19728,380,067
19718,004,335
19707,620,490
19697,137,833
19686,686,349
19676,262,294
19665,865,661
19655,494,150
19645,146,632
19634,820,227
19624,514,930
19614,228,970
19603,969,759
19593,764,176
19583,569,501
19573,384,894
19563,210,069
19553,043,828
19542,886,408
19532,737,129
19522,595,760
19512,461,333
19502,334,038

Sao Paulo Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203524,490,1360.49%119,300
203424,370,8360.52%126,216
203324,244,6200.55%133,176
203224,111,4440.58%140,100
203123,971,3440.62%147,120
203023,824,2240.65%154,044
202923,670,1800.68%160,818
202823,509,3620.72%167,270
202723,342,0920.75%173,346
202623,168,7460.78%178,738
202522,990,0080.80%183,304
202422,806,7040.83%186,968
202322,619,7360.85%189,936
202222,429,8000.86%192,328
202122,237,4720.88%194,444
202022,043,0280.90%196,520
201921,846,5080.91%196,328
201821,650,1801.21%258,556
201721,391,6241.21%255,468
201621,136,1561.21%253,110
201520,883,0461.21%249,738
201420,633,3081.21%246,748
201320,386,5601.21%243,468
201220,143,0921.21%241,216
201119,901,8761.23%242,068
201019,659,8081.46%282,328
200919,377,4801.45%277,892
200819,099,5881.46%274,660
200718,824,9281.46%270,336
200618,554,5921.46%266,458
200518,288,1341.45%262,270
200418,025,8641.46%259,218
200317,766,6461.46%255,140
200217,511,5061.46%251,478
200117,260,0281.45%245,950
200017,014,0781.35%226,296
199916,787,7821.35%222,980
199816,564,8021.35%220,020
199716,344,7821.34%216,799
199616,127,9831.35%214,510
199515,913,4731.35%211,368
199415,702,1051.35%208,561
199315,493,5441.34%205,508
199215,288,0361.46%219,355
199115,068,6811.98%292,841
199014,775,8401.98%287,151
198914,488,6891.98%281,187
198814,207,5021.98%276,482
198713,931,0201.98%270,733
198613,660,2871.98%265,472
198513,394,8151.98%259,957
198413,134,8581.98%255,608
198312,879,2501.98%250,293
198212,628,9571.98%245,429
198112,383,5282.43%294,074
198012,089,4544.69%542,049
197911,547,4054.69%517,050
197811,030,3554.69%493,898
197710,536,4574.68%471,148
197610,065,3094.69%451,293
19759,614,0164.69%430,480
19749,183,5364.69%411,204
19738,772,3324.68%392,265
19728,380,0674.69%375,732
19718,004,3355.04%383,845
19707,620,4906.76%482,657
19697,137,8336.75%451,484
19686,686,3496.77%424,055
19676,262,2946.76%396,633
19665,865,6616.76%371,511
19655,494,1506.75%347,518
19645,146,6326.77%326,405
19634,820,2276.76%305,297
19624,514,9306.76%285,960
19614,228,9706.53%259,211
19603,969,7595.46%205,583
19593,764,1765.45%194,675
19583,569,5015.45%184,607
19573,384,8945.45%174,825
19563,210,0695.46%166,241
19553,043,8285.45%157,420
19542,886,4085.45%149,279
19532,737,1295.45%141,369
19522,595,7605.46%134,427
19512,461,3335.45%127,295
19502,334,0380.00%

Sao Paulo Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Sao Paulo22,429,8000.86%
Rio De Janeiro13,634,2740.66%
Belo Horizonte6,194,2920.89%
Brasilia4,803,8771.61%
Recife4,220,4581.09%
Porto Alegre4,185,4880.60%
Fortaleza4,163,9531.08%
Salvador3,920,1321.03%
Curitiba3,770,9191.20%
Campinas3,384,5641.22%
Goiania2,800,9191.93%
Belem2,385,4901.06%
Manaus2,340,7841.67%
Grande Vitoria2,141,5111.50%
Baixada Santista1,929,8460.97%
Natal1,511,6141.77%
Grande Sao Luis1,511,1020.84%
Joao Pessoa1,407,8891.04%
Maceio1,350,5051.01%
Joinville1,334,1941.15%

Other Cities in Brazil

  1. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - Sao Paolo data and statistics
  2. Portal Brazil - Brazil information and data

Sources