Strasbourg is a city located in France, and it is the capital of the Grand Est region. The city has a total population of 276,170, while its metro area has a much larger population of over 770,000. The city is also a de facto capital of the European Union, and it is the official seat of the European Parliament.
City Size and Population Density
The city of Strasbourg covers a total surface area of 78.26 km2 (30.22 sq mi). The population density has reached approximately 3,500 people living per square kilometer (9,100 residents per square mile).
The population of the City of Strasbourg exceeds 276,000 per the most recent estimates. Breaking this down further, the largest group of people fall into the 15 to 29 demographic, making up over 28% of the population. The 0 to 14 demographic makes up 17.3% of the population, the 30 to 44 demographic comprises 19.9% of the population, the 45 to 59 demographic makes up 16.6% of the population, the 60 to 74 demographic is 11.1% of the population, while 6.9% of the population is 75 and older.
Strasbourg celebrated its 2,000th anniversary in 1988, although it grew from a Roman camp that was first mentioned in 12 B.C.
Until the 1200s, the bishops of Strasbourg governed the city, but the citizens rebelled in 1262. The city was a Free imperial city, until coming under French rule in the 1600s. During the 1800s, the city went under German control. In the 1940s, the French again ruled Strasbourg.
The city played a significant role in Protestant Reformation and other parts of Christianity. The city also saw its darker times, including the Strasbourg massacre, the Siege of Strasbourg, the occupation of the Nazis, and bombing raids.
The city has served as the seat of European Institutions since 1949. The city today has signs of its history throughout, with multiple medieval churches still standing. The city has many parts that showcase the history and culture of Strasbourg and a variety of museums.
Strasbourg Population Growth
Strasbourg has seen significant population growth throughout the years. In the late 1600s, the population stood at 22,000. During the late 1700s, the population had more than doubled. By the late 1800s, the population exceeded 100,000. The population rose to almost 200,000 during the 1930s before declining to 175,000 in the 1940s - due to the chaos brought by the war in this time period. The population had rebounded by the next decade, climbing to over 200,000. Since then, the city has mostly experienced positive growth and is quickly approaching 300,000.