Surabaya Population 2021

2,972,091
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Surabaya's 2021 population is now estimated at 2,972,091. In 1950, the population of Surabaya was 679,000. Surabaya has grown by 27,688 since 2015, which represents a 0.94% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Surabaya, which typically includes Surabaya's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Surabaya is a city located in Indonesia. It is also the capital of the Jawa Timur province. The city is one of the most significant financial hubs in the country. As of the 2015 Census, the population of the city is 3,457,404. It is the second most populous city in Indonesia.

City Size and Population Density

The city proper contains a total surface area of 350.5 km2 (135.3 sq mi). The metropolitan area however sprawls out to 5,925 km2 (2,288 sq mi). The population density reaches upward of 9,900/km2 (26,000/sq mi) in the city proper, and drops toward 2,200 per square kilometer (5,700 per square mile) as one moves toward the edge of the metropolitan area.

Surabaya Demographics

The main religion observed in Surabaya is Islam. Over 85% of the population practices this religion. Other religions include Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism.

The population is primarily compromised of Javanese people. However, there are also Indian Indonesians, Chinese Indonesians and Madurese There are other ethnic groups that reside in Surabaya that originally came from other parts of Indonesia, including the Sundanese, Batak, Balinese and Bugis people.

Most people within this city speak with is known as Suroboyoan, which is a dialect of Indonesian and Javanese.

Surabaya History

The city of Surabaya was first mentioned in writing in 1225. However, during that time, it was called Jung-ya-lu. During the 14th and 15h centuries, the city was establishing itself as a port of Mahapahit. Later in the 15th century, the city was becoming a center of Islam.

In the years that followed, the city was Java’s major political and military power. It also functioned as a major trading port because of its location. The city went under the rule of the Demak Sultanate in 1530, but gained its independence just 16 years later. In the 1600s, the city was captured by the Sultanate of Mataram. It held control of Surabaya until it was taken by the Dutch East India Company in 1743.

Under the Dutch government, the city continued to be a thriving trading center. It was also home to the largest naval base in the Dutch East Indies. The city was occupied in 1942 by Japan and bombed two years later. When the Japanese surrendered following World War II, the city was taken by Indonesian nationalists. This led to the Battle of Surabaya, which was part of the Indonesian revolution. Because of its role in the Battle of Surabaya, the city earned the nickname Kota Pahlawan, which means “city of heroes.”

Today, the city is one of the cleanest and greenest in all of Indonesia. The city is an important financial hub and is still one of the busiest seaports in the country. It has an important role in trading, and its primary exports include coffee, sugar and tobacco. Surabaya is also home to multiple businesses and modern shopping centers, as well as many historic landmarks that showcase the history of this city.

Surabaya Population Growth

As previously mentioned, this city is one of the most populous in the country, and it has seen steady expansion and growth over the years. Currently, the population is continuing to grow at a rate of 1.2%, primarily because more people are moving from suburbs and villages to live within the city. There is no indication that this trend will change in the near future, so Surabaya is expected to see steady growth in the years to come.

Surabaya Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20353,682,6271.42%51,643
20343,630,9841.48%52,838
20333,578,1461.53%53,969
20323,524,1771.58%54,907
20313,469,2701.63%55,786
20303,413,4841.68%56,357
20293,357,1271.71%56,506
20283,300,6211.73%55,976
20273,244,6451.71%54,684
20263,189,9611.67%52,337
20253,137,6241.58%48,876
20243,088,7481.46%44,335
20233,044,4131.30%39,028
20223,005,3851.12%33,294
20212,972,0910.94%27,688
20202,944,4030.78%22,773
20192,921,6300.66%19,126
20182,902,5040.59%17,135
20172,885,3690.59%17,033
20162,868,3360.59%16,933
20152,851,4030.59%16,833
20142,834,5700.59%16,734
20132,817,8360.59%16,612
20122,801,2240.59%16,560
20112,784,6640.59%16,439
20102,768,2250.59%16,215
20092,752,0100.59%16,073
20082,735,9370.59%16,023
20072,719,9140.59%15,907
20062,704,0070.59%15,815
20052,688,1920.59%15,700
20042,672,4920.59%15,651
20032,656,8410.59%15,539
20022,641,3020.59%15,447
20012,625,8550.59%15,336
20002,610,5190.52%13,418
19992,597,1010.52%13,325
19982,583,7760.52%13,258
19972,570,5180.52%13,171
19962,557,3470.52%13,139
19952,544,2080.52%13,054
19942,531,1540.52%12,987
19932,518,1670.52%12,903
19922,505,2640.52%12,872
19912,492,3921.03%25,303
19902,467,0892.05%49,535
19892,417,5542.05%48,475
19882,369,0792.05%47,632
19872,321,4472.05%46,611
19862,274,8362.05%45,675
19852,229,1612.05%44,697
19842,184,4642.05%43,920
19832,140,5442.05%42,979
19822,097,5652.05%42,116
19812,055,4492.35%47,114
19802,008,3352.96%57,647
19791,950,6882.95%55,917
19781,894,7712.95%54,314
19771,840,4572.95%52,686
19761,787,7712.96%51,316
19751,736,4552.95%49,776
19741,686,6792.95%48,349
19731,638,3302.95%46,899
19721,591,4313.31%50,998
19711,540,4334.49%66,136
19701,474,2974.49%63,295
19691,411,0024.48%60,497
19681,350,5054.49%58,059
19671,292,4464.49%55,488
19661,236,9584.49%53,107
19651,183,8514.48%50,757
19641,133,0944.49%48,713
19631,084,3814.49%46,555
19621,037,8264.17%41,555
1961996,2713.54%34,080
1960962,1913.55%33,004
1959929,1873.55%31,828
1958897,3593.55%30,738
1957866,6213.54%29,645
1956836,9763.55%28,709
1955808,2673.55%27,686
1954780,5813.55%26,738
1953753,8433.54%25,787
1952728,0563.55%24,973
1951703,0833.55%24,083
1950679,0000.00%

Surabaya Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Jakarta10,915,3641.35%
Bekasi3,510,0503.41%
Surabaya2,972,0910.94%
Depok2,836,9414.02%
Bandung2,606,8501.03%
Tangerang2,397,4472.52%
Medan2,368,3481.30%
Semarang1,901,5701.88%
Palembang1,753,2691.77%
Batam1,617,1684.60%
Makassar1,612,2491.81%
Pekan Baru1,238,2742.77%
Bogor1,183,0902.02%
Bandar Lampung1,114,7402.13%
Tasikmalaya1,112,1125.27%
Samarinda1,041,1833.05%
Denpasar1,008,7092.21%
Padang997,3581.72%
Malang896,0091.06%
Banjarmasin744,3341.68%

Other Cities in Indonesia

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources