Thessaloniki Population 2022

813,793
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Thessaloniki is a city located in Greece. It is the second largest city in the country, and it also serves as the capital of Macedonia. The city has become known as a major hub for economics, politics, and industry. It also has a very rich and unique culture, which attracts residents and tourists alike. Data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority puts the population of the city at 325,182.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Thessaloniki covers a surface area of 19.307 km2 (7.454 square miles) in the city proper. The metropolitan area sprawls over a total of 1,285.61 km2 (496.38 square miles). The population density of Thessaloniki comes to approximately 7,100 residents per square kilometer (18,000 residents per square mile).

Thessaloniki Demographics

Throughout its history, Thessaloniki has been home to many different ethnic groups, including Jewish, Muslim, Greek, Bulgarians, Roma, and other minor groups.

The Jewish population has declined throughout the years, falling from 51% of the population in the 1840s to just 0.27% in the 2000s. This means that the population has of Jewish residents dropped from 36,000 to just around 1,000. The population of Jews in Greece are the oldest in Europe’s mainland.

Thessaloniki has become known as the cultural capital of Greece, and the many immigrants that have moved to the city have contributed to this title. Since the 19th century, merchants from France, Italy, and other areas in Western Europe have come to the city. While some have left in more recent years, many stayed and their descendants remain in the city today. There is also a large Armenian community within Thessaloniki.

Thessaloniki History

Evidence shows that the city was founded around 315 BC. The city was established under the kingdom of Macedon, and following the fall of the kingdom, became the capital of Macedonia, later becoming a free city.

During its earliest years, the city was an early center of Christianity. Even in its earliest days, Thessaloniki was a large and prosperous city. During the 12th century, the city had a population of 150,000. During the 14th century, the city continued to hold onto its population and was even larger than London in terms of population.

The city was invaded multiple times throughout its history, including by the Avars, Slavs and Arabs. Fast forwarding to the 1400s, the city fell under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. It established itself as an important hub for trading. During this period, the population rose significantly, primarily consisting of Ottoman Muslims. The city was revived under Ottomon rule, including the development of infrastructure such as a tram service and installation of electric streetlights. Throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s, the city experienced a boom in population.

When the Ottoman Empire fell apart, the population of the city changed significantly in terms of the ethnic groups. Ethnic Greeks were resettled in the city, while many of the Muslims residing in Thessaloniki were deported to Turkey. Later, during the Nazi invasion, demographics changed again as over 43,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps.

Following the war, the city began to rebuild through the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Through the wars and raids, many architectural monuments are still intact. The city has become known as the European Capital of Culture since the 1990s. Today, it is still very important in trade and business. Its port remains one of the largest and most important in Europe.

Thessaloniki Population Growth

Throughout its years, Thessaloniki has general seen strong population growth, expect during the early 1900s when the deportation of Muslims and later, the movement of Jews to concentration camps, caused a drop in population. However, the city’s thriving industry and incredible culture make it an appealing place to call home. The city has one of the largest student populations in Greece and continues to be an attractive option for younger generations. For these reasons, it is expected that Thessaloniki will continue to see the steady growth that has been observed throughout its history.

Year Population
1950291,675
1951298,851
1952306,214
1953313,737
1954321,455
1955329,364
1956337,479
1957345,770
1958354,277
1959362,993
1960371,936
1961382,647
1962397,773
1963413,496
1964429,864
1965446,833
1966464,495
1967482,856
1968501,970
1969521,784
1970542,409
1971561,289
1972574,668
1973588,328
1974602,332
1975616,669
1976631,368
1977646,376
1978661,761
1979677,513
1980693,663
1981707,178
1982711,380
1983715,607
1984719,864
1985724,136
1986728,438
1987732,766
1988737,126
1989741,500
1990745,906
1991750,501
1992755,534
1993760,587
1994765,680
1995770,808
1996775,977
1997781,167
1998786,398
1999791,664
2000796,973
2001800,930
2002801,507
2003802,084
2004802,663
2005803,241
2006803,819
2007804,399
2008804,979
2009805,558
2010806,139
2011806,719
2012807,299
2013807,880
2014808,462
2015809,043
2016809,625
2017810,208
2018810,791
2019811,435
2020812,166
2021812,964
2022813,793
2023814,524
2024814,980
2025815,472
2026816,014
2027816,558
2028817,090
2029817,598
2030818,064
2031818,485
2032818,859
2033819,170
2034819,408
2035819,556

Thessaloniki Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950291,6750.00%
1951298,8512.46%7,176
1952306,2142.46%7,363
1953313,7372.46%7,523
1954321,4552.46%7,718
1955329,3642.46%7,909
1956337,4792.46%8,115
1957345,7702.46%8,291
1958354,2772.46%8,507
1959362,9932.46%8,716
1960371,9362.46%8,943
1961382,6472.88%10,711
1962397,7733.95%15,126
1963413,4963.95%15,723
1964429,8643.96%16,368
1965446,8333.95%16,969
1966464,4953.95%17,662
1967482,8563.95%18,361
1968501,9703.96%19,114
1969521,7843.95%19,814
1970542,4093.95%20,625
1971561,2893.48%18,880
1972574,6682.38%13,379
1973588,3282.38%13,660
1974602,3322.38%14,004
1975616,6692.38%14,337
1976631,3682.38%14,699
1977646,3762.38%15,008
1978661,7612.38%15,385
1979677,5132.38%15,752
1980693,6632.38%16,150
1981707,1781.95%13,515
1982711,3800.59%4,202
1983715,6070.59%4,227
1984719,8640.59%4,257
1985724,1360.59%4,272
1986728,4380.59%4,302
1987732,7660.59%4,328
1988737,1260.60%4,360
1989741,5000.59%4,374
1990745,9060.59%4,406
1991750,5010.62%4,595
1992755,5340.67%5,033
1993760,5870.67%5,053
1994765,6800.67%5,093
1995770,8080.67%5,128
1996775,9770.67%5,169
1997781,1670.67%5,190
1998786,3980.67%5,231
1999791,6640.67%5,266
2000796,9730.67%5,309
2001800,9300.50%3,957
2002801,5070.07%577
2003802,0840.07%577
2004802,6630.07%579
2005803,2410.07%578
2006803,8190.07%578
2007804,3990.07%580
2008804,9790.07%580
2009805,5580.07%579
2010806,1390.07%581
2011806,7190.07%580
2012807,2990.07%580
2013807,8800.07%581
2014808,4620.07%582
2015809,0430.07%581
2016809,6250.07%582
2017810,2080.07%583
2018810,7910.07%583
2019811,4350.08%644
2020812,1660.09%731
2021812,9640.10%798
2022813,7930.10%829
2023814,5240.09%731
2024814,9800.06%456
2025815,4720.06%492
2026816,0140.07%542
2027816,5580.07%544
2028817,0900.07%532
2029817,5980.06%508
2030818,0640.06%466
2031818,4850.05%421
2032818,8590.05%374
2033819,1700.04%311
2034819,4080.03%238
2035819,5560.02%148

Thessaloniki Population Data (Urban Area)

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