Toulouse Population 2021

1,037,115
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Toulouse's 2021 population is now estimated at 1,037,115. In 1950, the population of Toulouse was 268,600. Toulouse has grown by 12,949 since 2015, which represents a 1.26% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Toulouse, which typically includes Toulouse's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Toulouse is a city in France, and it serves as the capital Haute-Garonne department and the Occitanie region. As of 2016, the city has a population of 950,000.

Toulouse has a population of 950,000, although the metropolitan area has a much larger population of over 1.2 million, the fourth largest in the country of France. The city is known for its aerospace industry, unique architecture and its world-renowned university.

Toulouse Demographics

The population of the urban area of Toulouse in 2016 is 950,000, up from 892,000 in 2011. Looking back at past date shows that the area has had steady growth throughout the years. The population has almost quadrupled since 1954, when it was just around 268,000. In 1975, the population exceeded 500,000 and continued to grow until it has now reached almost one million. The metropolitan area has also showed growth, growing from less than 500,000 in 1968 to over 1.2 million in 2016.

Toulouse is the 4th largest city in France, trailing Paris, Marseille and Lyon. It is also the 4th largest metropolis. The city’s high-tech and aerospace industries have led to population booms throughout the last few decades, posting a 1.49% annual growth rate throughout the 1990s and setting a record with 1.87% annual growth during the 2000s. There have been estimated to be about 2,500 Jewish families and 35,000 Muslims residing in Toulouse. Most of the residents of Toulouse are Roman Catholic, and the city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toulouse. The city has the fourth highest student population in France, recording approximately 103,000 students in 2011.

Toulouse History

Toulouse’s history dates back to around 8th century BC. The city was first settled by Volques Tectosages. Because of its location between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the city became a center of trade. Toulouse was named as the capital of the County of Toulouse during the Carolingian Era. In the 12th century, religious turmoil plagued the area, leading to troubled years.

In 1229, Toulouse submitted to the crown of France. In 1271, the city was incorporated into the kingdom of France and became a center of intellect and art. The 14th century, however, brought disasters to the city though the invasion of the Crusaders, the Black Death and the Hundred Years’ War. These problems caused the population to decrease by 10,000 despite continued immigration to the city. Toulouse began to prosper during the 15th century, but trouble came again in the 16th century in the form of religious conflict, plague and famine.

During the late 1700s and 1800s, religious intolerance began to gradually disappear, and the city was back on track to begin showing growth again. During the 18th century, modernization and urban rebuilding began. In 1856, the transportation sector began to grow, including the widening of streets, and the city began to prosper once again. Through the 20th century, immigrants began to come to Toulouse, particularly as industries including aerospace and chemical manufacturing began to grow.

Today, Toulouse is the fourth most populous city and metropolis in the country. It is considered the center of the European aerospace industry, hosts the largest space center in Europe and has one of the busiest air routes in France. It has been named the most dynamic city in France, and it has become a popular tourist destination because of its unique pink terracotta buildings, its extensive collection of artifacts found in its museums and its historic religious buildings, among other attractions and landmarks.

Toulouse Population Growth

Toulouse will see continued growth throughout the years that should help it maintain its position as France’s fourth most populous city. 2016’s urban population of 950,000 is expected to grow to 1 million in 2020. By the end of 2030, the population for the city is estimated to be almost 1.1 million.

Toulouse Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20351,153,4430.57%6,562
20341,146,8810.59%6,712
20331,140,1690.60%6,839
20321,133,3300.62%6,935
20311,126,3950.63%7,051
20301,119,3440.65%7,196
20291,112,1480.67%7,408
20281,104,7400.70%7,705
20271,097,0350.75%8,138
20261,088,8970.81%8,713
20251,080,1840.88%9,438
20241,070,7460.97%10,286
20231,060,4601.07%11,214
20221,049,2461.17%12,131
20211,037,1151.26%12,949
20201,024,1661.34%13,573
20191,010,5931.40%13,949
2018996,6441.43%14,036
2017982,6081.43%13,838
2016968,7701.43%13,643
2015955,1271.43%13,451
2014941,6761.43%13,262
2013928,4141.43%13,058
2012915,3561.43%12,909
2011902,4471.43%12,710
2010889,7371.43%12,531
2009877,2061.43%12,335
2008864,8711.38%11,791
2007853,0801.38%11,615
2006841,4651.38%11,457
2005830,0081.38%11,285
2004818,7231.38%11,162
2003807,5611.38%10,995
2002796,5661.38%10,846
2001785,7201.38%10,683
2000775,0371.38%10,566
1999764,4711.64%12,328
1998752,1431.76%13,028
1997739,1151.76%12,785
1996726,3301.77%12,599
1995713,7311.76%12,363
1994701,3681.76%12,149
1993689,2191.76%11,922
1992677,2971.77%11,748
1991665,5491.76%11,529
1990654,0202.14%13,701
1989640,3192.32%14,501
1988625,8182.32%14,211
1987611,6072.32%13,869
1986597,7382.32%13,556
1985584,1822.32%13,229
1984570,9532.32%12,965
1983557,9882.32%12,654
1982545,3341.33%7,147
1981538,1870.85%4,538
1980533,6490.85%4,511
1979529,1380.85%4,468
1978524,6700.85%4,429
1977520,2410.85%4,387
1976515,8540.85%4,361
1975511,4931.53%7,696
1974503,7971.91%9,432
1973494,3651.91%9,244
1972485,1211.91%9,095
1971476,0261.91%8,913
1970467,1131.91%8,746
1969458,3671.91%8,570
1968449,7972.77%12,119
1967437,6783.20%13,552
1966424,1263.20%13,133
1965410,9933.19%12,708
1964398,2853.20%12,349
1963385,9363.20%11,950
1962373,9863.74%13,497
1961360,4893.99%13,848
1960346,6414.01%13,352
1959333,2894.00%12,820
1958320,4694.00%12,327
1957308,1424.00%11,838
1956296,3044.01%11,413
1955284,8914.00%10,958
1954273,9330.88%2,378
1953271,5550.36%987
1952270,5680.37%986
1951269,5820.37%982
1950268,6000.00%

Toulouse Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Paris11,078,5460.56%
Lyon1,733,5810.83%
Marseille1,613,7970.35%
Lille1,068,0510.47%
Toulouse1,037,1151.26%
Bordeaux980,1301.15%
Nice943,3420.12%
Nantes685,3771.12%
Toulon581,2640.37%
Grenoble530,6900.56%
Douai Lens500,9210.03%
Strasbourg477,9780.58%
Avignon472,1470.56%
Rouen471,0730.23%
Montpellier467,8581.23%
Saint Etienne375,6520.21%
Tours361,9370.44%
Bethune358,9500.24%
Rennes357,8741.12%
Valenciennes338,8480.23%

Other Cities in France

  1. The National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies - Information on the French economy, population, and society
  2. Town Hall of Toulouse - Toulouse information and resources
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources