Québec City Population 2016

531,902

The population of Québec City was recorded at 531,902 in the 2016 Canadian Census, and was recorded at 516,576 in the 2011 census. This is a change in population of 15,326, which is a growth rate of 0.59%.

Quebec City is the capital of Quebec, the second most populous Canadian province after Ontario. The city has a population of approximately 531,902 in 2017, while the metropolitan area (the administrative division of Quebec) is home to 800,296 people. This makes it Canada's seventh largest metropolitan area and Quebec's second largest city after Montreal.

Population Density

The city's population density averages 228.6 inhabitants per square kilometer (592/square mile), with an average of 5.3 per square kilometer (14/square mile) for the province as a whole. The total surface area of the city comes to about 485.77 kilometers squared (187.56 square miles).

Demographics

48.2% of people living in Quebec City are male while 51.8% are female, and 4.7% of these are children. In the province of Quebec, 5.2% are children – this figure increases to 5.6% in Canada overall. Most individuals living in the city are native French speakers, with only 1.5% of residents being speakers of English (this includes the metropolitan area). In the 1860s, the number of those speaking English was at its peak, with 40% of all those living in Quebec City considered Anglophone. This high number dropped as a result of fewer British immigrants moving to the city, instead choosing to move to other parts of Canada as well as to the USA.

During the yearly Quebec Winter Carnival, the number of English speakers increases dramatically as the event attracts high numbers of Anglophone tourists. As much as 94.6% of the city's population speaks French as their mother tongue. As a result of this, the city has retained its French character.

In 2016, Quebec City's population included 3% "visible minorities" (a term used by the Canadian government to refer to "persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour"). This figure is the smallest of any major city in Canada. However, increasing numbers of individuals from North and West Africa and Latin America have been settling in the city in recent years. Newcomers tend to settle in Limoilou, Vanier, as well as the northern part of Sainte-Foy. One reason for this is that there are more lower cost apartments than in the rest of the city.

Population Growth

Despite the fact that Quebec City was the capital of the French empire in North America, it was no more than a large village for many years. Back in 1608 it had only 28 residents, this number increasing to just over 8000 by the time of the Conquest in 1759. Rapid growth occurred in the early 1800s, and by 1861 there were nearly 60,000 people calling the city home. This growth was a result of economic expansion associated with the timber trade and various administrative and political activities taking place in Quebec City. Between 2006 and 2011, Quebec City's population increased by 6.5%, compared to an increase of 4.9% for Quebec province.

Québec City Population 2016

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Avg. Age
43.2
Median Age
43.3

Age Count
0 to 426,435
5 to 926,200
10 to 1422,455
15 to 1923,975
20 to 2436,485
25 to 2938,270
30 to 3435,985
35 to 3935,990
40 to 4430,160
45 to 4930,200
50 to 5437,875
55 to 5940,735
60 to 6437,570
65 to 6934,265
70 to 7427,645
75 to 7918,870
80 to 8414,030
85 to 899,300
90 to 944,255
95 to 991,070

Québec City Age Distribution

Marital Status

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Status Count %
Divorced33,14010.54%
Married130,96041.67%
Never Married143,91545.79%
Separated6,2752.00%

Québec City Basic Marriage Statistics

Spoken Language

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Language Count %
English1,3500.26%
French309,96059.23%
English and French210,16040.16%
Other1,8350.35%

Québec City Language Spoken

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Pay (annual) Count % of Total
< 10k41,9259.69%
10k to 19k73,09016.89%
20k to 29k61,75514.27%
30k to 39k60,52013.99%
40k to 49k55,78012.89%
50k to 59k42,4209.80%
60k to 69k29,7406.87%
70k to 79k22,2255.14%
80k to 89k14,3103.31%
90k to 99k8,1051.87%
> 100k22,7755.26%

$44,113

Avg. Income


$36,626

Median Income

Québec City Income Data

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Québec City Urban Area Population

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
2035935,6310.83%7,686
2034927,9450.84%7,727
2033920,2180.85%7,771
2032912,4470.86%7,814
2031904,6330.88%7,852
2030896,7810.89%7,871
2029888,9100.89%7,855
2028881,0550.89%7,783
2027873,2720.88%7,640
2026865,6320.87%7,425
2025858,2070.84%7,146
2024851,0610.81%6,812
2023844,2490.77%6,435
2022837,8140.73%6,038
2021831,7760.69%5,667
2020826,1090.65%5,357
2019820,7520.63%5,148
2018815,6040.89%7,183
2017808,4210.89%7,120
2016801,3010.89%7,057
2015794,2440.89%6,985
2014787,2590.89%6,924
2013780,3350.89%6,853
2012773,4820.89%6,812
2011766,6701.21%9,184
2010757,4861.27%9,474
2009748,0121.26%9,343
2008738,6691.27%9,251
2007729,4181.27%9,123
2006720,2950.97%6,947
2005713,3480.93%6,576
2004706,7720.93%6,533
2003700,2390.93%6,463
2002693,7760.93%6,404
2001687,3720.50%3,386
2000683,9860.43%2,952
1999681,0340.43%2,935
1998678,0990.43%2,923
1997675,1760.43%2,906
1996672,2700.76%5,094
1995667,1760.81%5,374
1994661,8020.81%5,332
1993656,4700.81%5,281
1992651,1890.81%5,253
1991645,9361.32%8,430
1990637,5061.36%8,575
1989628,9311.36%8,447
1988620,4841.37%8,357
1987612,1271.36%8,233
1986603,8941.03%6,129
1985597,7651.00%5,895
1984591,8701.00%5,853
1983586,0171.00%5,787
1982580,2301.00%5,730
1981574,5001.14%6,453
1980568,0471.15%6,463
1979561,5841.15%6,380
1978555,2041.15%6,308
1977548,8961.15%6,228
1976542,6682.34%12,407
1975530,2612.44%12,646
1974517,6152.44%12,344
1973505,2712.44%12,033
1972493,2382.45%11,779
1971481,4593.00%14,041
1970467,4183.05%13,853
1969453,5653.05%13,424
1968440,1413.06%13,063
1967427,0783.05%12,657
1966414,4212.95%11,888
1965402,5332.94%11,497
1964391,0362.95%11,198
1963379,8382.94%10,864
1962368,9742.94%10,552
1961358,4222.69%9,375
1960349,0472.67%9,079
1959339,9682.67%8,831
1958331,1372.67%8,601
1957322,5362.66%8,366
1956314,1702.67%8,172
1955305,9982.67%7,948
1954298,0502.67%7,742
1953290,3082.66%7,531
1952282,7772.67%7,355
1951275,4222.67%7,154
1950268,2680.00%

Québec City Population Data (Urban Area)

  1. Canada Census Data - Official Canadian Census Data.
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources