Dominican Republic Population 2024 (Live)

11,425,255

According to current projections, the Dominican Republic’s population is expected to grow until about 2060 when the population will reach its peak of 12.89 million. After reaching its peak population, the Dominican Republic will experience a population decline that will leave the population at 11.01 million people.

The fertility rate in the Dominican Republic is currently 2.36 births per woman, a number that has decreased year over year since the 1950s. This decline in the fertility rate, in combination with negative net migration, has significantly slowed down the population growth rate. From 2019 to 2020, the population growth rate was 1.01%, adding about 109,000 people to the population.

This overall decline in the population growth rate will eventually bring the rate to zero and then begin the country’s population decline. Despite the economic growth of the Dominican Republic over the last decade, poverty is still a large problem and very little is invested in education.

Dominican Republic Population Growth

The population has more than doubled in the past 50 years in the Dominican Republic, going from 4.5 million in 1970, to the 2019 population just under 11 million. The rate of growth rate, however, has been decreasing for some time and currently sits around an annual growth rate of 1%. The growth rate was three times that in 1970.

Dominican Republic Population Projections

The Dominican Republic is expected to continue growing slower in the next two decades. By 2030, the population will reach 12.1 million, up more than 18% from 2012, and largely driven by a growing population aged 60 and older. Santo Domingo will hit a population of 4 million by 2030.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
48,310
The current population of Dominican Republic is 11,425,255 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 11,434,005.

Dominican Republic Growth Rate

Dominican Republic Population Clock

Dominican Republic Population (as of 5/29/2024)11,425,255
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)11,434,005
Births per Day546
Deaths per Day193
Migrations per Day-79
Net Change per Day273
Population Change Since Jan. 140,950

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2.63 minutes
One death every 7.47 minutes
One emigrant every 18.23 minutes
Net gain of one person every 5.27 minutes

Dominican Republic Population Clock

Dominican Republic Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Santo Domingo2,201,941
Santiago de los Caballeros1,200,000
Santo Domingo Oeste701,269
Santo Domingo Este700,000
San Pedro de Macoris217,899
La Romana208,437
Bella Vista175,683
San Cristobal154,040
Puerto Plata146,000
San Francisco de Macoris124,763

Dominican Republic Area and Population Density

The Dominican Republic occupies the east side of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, an island that it shares with Haiti. There are several smaller islands offshore that are also part of the Dominican Republic, giving the country a total surface area of 18,704 square miles (48,442 square kilometers), ranking it 131st in the world. The country had an overall population density in 2018 of 575.8 people per square mile (222.3 people per square kilometer), which ranks 43rd in the world.

Largest Cities in the Dominican Republic

The capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo, which is also the largest Caribbean city. Santo Domingo has a population of 970,000, with a metropolitan population of nearly 3 million. Other major cities include Santiago de los Caballeros (750,000), La Romana (215,000) and San Pedro de Macoris (190,000).

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,434,0051%2378360
202311,332,9721.03%2358460
202010,999,6641.08%2288464
201910,881,8821.08%2258462
201810,765,5311.11%2238462
201710,647,2441.14%2208662
201510,405,8321.26%2158761
20109,775,7551.3%2028659
20059,164,7681.42%1908459
20008,540,7911.65%1778459
19957,869,7532%1638661
19907,129,0042.12%1488762
19856,417,7982.2%1338865
19805,755,8002.42%1198667
19755,106,4532.67%1068770
19704,475,8712.96%939273
19653,868,7123.24%809278
19603,298,0213.39%689487
19552,791,1083.22%589793

Dominican Republic Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202411,434,0051%2378360
202511,532,1510.95%2398360
203011,982,5230.77%2488361
203512,372,1360.64%2568659
204012,703,2480.53%2638860
204512,974,2970.42%2698858
205013,180,5410.32%2738959
205513,314,5020.2%2769058
206013,379,1620.1%2779156
206513,378,8580%2779155
207013,317,000-0.09%2769255
207513,199,396-0.18%2739258
208013,028,595-0.26%2709358
208512,806,852-0.34%2659559
209012,540,848-0.42%2609660
209512,239,924-0.48%2539762

Dominican Republic Population by Year (Projections)

Dominican Republic Population Pyramid 2024

Dominican Republic Median Age

27.9

Total

27.8

Male

28.1

Female

Dominican Republic Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Dominican Republic.

Census Years

Year
Date
20202020
20107 December 2010
200220 October 2002
199325 September 1993

Dominican Republic Population Pyramid

The Dominican Republic represents a country rich with beautiful lands and an immense cultural heritage. It is the perfect tourist destination, with a surreal Caribbean ambiance. It is located on the eastern side of the Antilles, on the island of Hispaniola.

Dominican Republic Demographics

The history of the country dates back to when Christopher Columbus first landed at its port in 1492, in pursuit of discovering India and realizing the existence of the New World instead. Back then, the land was inhabited by the Arawak-speaking population, known as the Tainos. Following the island's discovery, the Spanish and subsequently the French ruled what is now called the Dominican Republic. The Tainos no longer exist today. They are believed to have been exterminated by the genocide incurred on the indigenous population of the Americas, following Columbusí landing.

Today, nearly 73% of the country's population is racially mixed, while 16% is White and 11% Black. The most common ethnic immigrant groups are West Indians. Many immigrants move to the Dominican Republic in search of better opportunities. There are tens of thousands of Jamaicans in the country and more than 700,000 people of Haitian descent. There are about 10,000 Puerto Rican immigrants around greater Santo Domingo.

Genealogical testing in 2012 found the average Dominican is 58% European, 35% Sub-Saharan African and 7% Asian-Native American.

Spanish is the official language in the Dominican Republic. The median age of the population in the Dominican Republic is at 28.1 years of age. The total life expectancy is near 78.3 years of age.

Dominican Republic Religion, Economy and Politics

Christianity is both the most popular and the official religion of the Dominican Republic, and the Catholic church even receives financial assistance from the government. Of the entire population, 57% of people are Catholic, 23% are Protestant, 2% are Muslim, and 18% of people are unaffiliated with any religion. Cultural traditions in the Dominican Republic are a bit of a conglomeration, combining Roman Catholic traditions with African religious ceremonies, like Santeria.

For much of its history, agricultural goods like sugar, coffee, and tobacco dominated the economy, but things have diversified significantly over the past few decades. The service sector has taken the place that agriculture once held, due to increases in construction, tourism, and free trade zones. Their economy has been one of the fastest-growing in Latin America after the economy rebounded well from the 2008 financial crisis. Despite its strength, the Dominican economy is highly reliant upon the United States, which is the destination for nearly half of their exports and the place that they receive the most tourists from.

Dominican Republic Population History

Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1492- naming it Hispaniola, or "Little Spain," and Spain began to colonize the area soon afterward. The Treaty of Ryswick gave the western portion of the island (Haiti) to France in 1697, which wasn't ceded until nearly 100 years later. In 1930 General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina established a dictatorship, and soon after massacred roughly 20,000 Haitians living in the Dominican Republic. Trujillo was assassinated in 1961 and Juan Bosch was elected in a democratic election. A hurricane in 1979 left 200,000 people homeless and did more than $1 billion in damages. Flooding in 2004 killed roughly 2,000, and another flood in 2016 displaced more than 20,000.

Dominican Republic Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
48,671
2024 Growth Rate
GDP (IMF '23)
$127.36
GDP (UN '22)
$113.54 Bn
  1. Statistics Office
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources