Estonia Population 2022 (Live)

1,325,902
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Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

The current population of Estonia is 1,325,902 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2022 population at 1,326,062.

Estonia Growth Rate

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Estonia Population 2022 (Live)

Estonia Population Clock

Estonia Population (as of 9/18/2022)1,325,902
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)1,326,062
Births per Day7
Deaths per Day8
Migrations per Day-1
Net Change per Day-2
Population Change Since Jan. 1-522

Components of Population Change

One birth every 206 minutes0%
One death every 180 minutes0%
One net migrant every 1440 minutes0%
Net loss of one person every 720 minutes100%

Estonia Population Clock

Name Population
Tallinn394,024
Tartu101,092
Narva66,980
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060
Paernu44,192
Viljandi20,309
Rakvere16,736
Sillamaee16,672
Maardu16,630
Kuressaare14,921

Estonia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
19551,168,2761.17%27.56133124
19601,218,0640.84%28.73134125
19651,292,0041.19%30.48135127
19701,361,9991.06%32.13138134
19751,424,0440.90%33.59140135
19801,476,9830.73%34.84143140
19851,525,7820.65%35.99145146
19901,570,6740.58%37.05147152
19951,452,775-1.55%34.27149160
20001,396,877-0.78%32.95150164
20051,354,662-0.61%31.96153172
20101,331,535-0.34%31.41154175
20151,314,657-0.26%31.01156179
20171,317,5490.12%31.08156180
20181,322,1480.35%31.19156179
20191,327,0390.37%31.31156179
20201,329,4440.18%31.36156180
20211,328,7010.19%31.34156180
20221,326,0620.13%31.28157180

Estonia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20251,314,900-0.22%31.02157181
20301,289,441-0.39%30.42160185
20351,259,966-0.46%29.72161187
20401,230,997-0.46%29.04161189
20451,202,180-0.47%28.36161190
20501,171,695-0.51%27.64163194
20551,138,706-0.57%26.86163195
20601,102,954-0.64%26.02165196
20651,065,276-0.69%25.13165197
20701,027,177-0.73%24.23165198
2075989,986-0.73%23.35167200
2080954,428-0.73%22.52168202
2085921,225-0.71%21.73168202
2090891,067-0.66%21.02169202
2095863,132-0.64%20.36171202
20231,322,7650.01%31.20157180
20241,319,041-0.12%31.12157180

Estonia Population by Year (Projections)

Estonia Population Pyramid 2022

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Estonia Median Age

43.7


Total

40.4


Male

47


Female

Estonia Population by Age

There are 1,065,746 people over age 18 in Estonia.

Census Years

Year Date
198912 January 1989
200031 March 2000
201231 March 2012
20212021

Estonia Population Pyramid

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia - General Info

Sources