Estonia Population 2020 (Live)

1,326,509

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

The current population of Estonia is 1,326,509, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 1,326,535.

Estonia Growth Rate

Estonia Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Tallinn394,024
Tartu101,092
Narva66,980
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060
Paernu44,192
Viljandi20,309
Rakvere16,736
Sillamaee16,672
Maardu16,630
Kuressaare14,921

Estonia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,326,5350.07%31.29155181
20191,325,6480.21%31.27155180
20181,322,9200.27%31.21154180
20171,319,3900.22%31.13154181
20161,316,5100.09%31.06154181
20151,315,325-0.25%31.03154181
20101,332,101-0.35%31.42152177
20051,355,648-0.63%31.98150172
20001,399,112-0.48%33.01148165
19951,433,024-1.75%33.81148160
19901,565,2460.56%36.92146153
19851,522,4000.64%35.91144146
19801,474,4390.73%34.78142141
19751,422,0430.89%33.55140136
19701,360,2021.06%32.09137135
19651,290,3961.18%30.44135130
19601,216,8190.97%28.71134126
19551,159,2311.04%27.35133124
19501,100,9950.00%25.97132122

Estonia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,326,5350.07%31.29155181
20251,306,651-0.30%30.82156182
20301,279,962-0.41%30.19157186
20351,249,350-0.48%29.47159187
20401,218,696-0.50%28.75160188
20451,188,919-0.49%28.05161192
20501,158,408-0.52%27.33162195
20551,126,012-0.57%26.56162196
20601,091,517-0.62%25.75163198
20651,054,969-0.68%24.89164198
20701,017,242-0.73%24.00164199
2075980,202-0.74%23.12164200
2080945,737-0.71%22.31165201
2085914,447-0.67%21.57167201
2090886,857-0.61%20.92168204
2095862,201-0.56%20.34168204

Estonia Population by Year (Projections)

Estonia Population Pyramid 2020

Estonia Population by Age

There are 1,069,885 adults in Estonia.

Estonia Population Pyramid

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

About Estonia