Estonia Population 2023 (Live)


Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

The current population of Estonia is 1,324,160 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 1,322,765.

Estonia Growth Rate

Estonia Population 2023 (Live)

Estonia Population Clock

Estonia Population (as of 2/5/2023)1,324,160
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)1,322,765
Births per Day36
Deaths per Day43
Migrations per Day-3
Net Change per Day-10
Population Change Since Jan. 1-360

Components of Population Change

One birth every 40 minutes
One death every 33 minutes
One emigrant every 480 minutes
Net loss of one person every 144 minutes

Estonia Population Clock

Estonia Population Density Map

Estonia Population by Year (Historical)

Estonia Population by Year (Projections)

Estonia Population Pyramid 2023

Estonia Median Age







Estonia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Estonia.

Census Years

Estonia Population Pyramid

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia - General Info