Estonia Population 2024 (Live)

1,318,944

Estonia's population growth is stagnant and expected to continue a decline. Its population today is about 1.28 million, which is expected to drop to 1.1 million by 2030 and 860,000 by 2060. Estonia was recently ranked as the 23rd fastest-shrinking country in the world with a 2050 population forecast at 1.22 million, a decline of more than 8%.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
42,750
The current population of Estonia is 1,318,944 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 1,319,041.

Estonia Growth Rate

Estonia Population Clock

Estonia Population (as of 7/9/2024)1,318,944
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)1,319,041
Births per Day35
Deaths per Day43
Migrations per Day-3
Net Change per Day-11
Population Change Since Jan. 1-2,101

Components of Population Change

One birth every 41.15 minutes
One death every 33.48 minutes
One emigrant every 480 minutes
Net loss of one person every 130.92 minutes

Estonia Population Clock

Estonia Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Tallinn394,024
Tartu101,092
Narva66,980
Kohtla-Jaerve46,060
Paernu44,192
Viljandi20,309
Rakvere16,736
Sillamaee16,672
Maardu16,630
Kuressaare14,921

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20241,319,041-0.12%31157180
20231,322,7650.01%31157180
20201,329,4440.18%31156180
20191,327,0390.37%31156179
20181,322,1480.35%31156179
20171,317,5490.12%31156180
20151,314,657-0.26%31156179
20101,331,535-0.34%31154175
20051,354,662-0.61%32153172
20001,396,877-0.78%33150164
19951,452,775-1.55%34149160
19901,570,6740.58%37147152
19851,525,7820.65%36145146
19801,476,9830.73%35143140
19751,424,0440.9%34140135
19701,361,9991.06%32138134
19651,292,0041.19%30135127
19601,218,0640.84%29134125
19551,168,2761.17%28133124

Estonia Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20241,319,041-0.12%31157180
20251,314,900-0.22%31157181
20301,289,441-0.39%30160185
20351,259,966-0.46%30161187
20401,230,997-0.46%29161189
20451,202,180-0.47%28161190
20501,171,695-0.51%28163194
20551,138,706-0.57%27163195
20601,102,954-0.64%26165196
20651,065,276-0.69%25165197
20701,027,177-0.73%24165198
2075989,986-0.73%23167200
2080954,428-0.73%23168202
2085921,225-0.71%22168202
2090891,067-0.66%21169202
2095863,132-0.64%20171202

Estonia Population by Year (Projections)

Estonia Population Pyramid 2024

Estonia Median Age

43.7

Total

40.4

Male

47

Female

Estonia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Estonia.

Census Years

Year
Date
20212021
201231 March 2012
200031 March 2000
198912 January 1989

Estonia Population Pyramid

Tallinn is the largest city and capital with almost 395,000 people. The next largest city is Tartu with 97,000 people.

Estonia Demographics

Estonians are Finnic people who speak Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. The ethnic breakdown is currently 69% Estonian, 25% Russian, 2% Ukranian, 1% Belarusians, 0.8% Finns and 1.6% other. Before WW2, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the total population, at which time the largest minority groups were Germans, Russians, Swedes, Jews, Latvians, Poles, Finns and Ingrians. This has changed quite a bit.

Between 1945 and 1989, the percentage of ethnic Estonians in the country dropped to only 61% due to a Soviet program promoting the mass immigration of workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus and Stalin's deportations and executions. By the 1980's, this was seen as a national catastrophe. After the reconstitution of independence, large-scale emigration of ethnic Russians occurred and ethnic Estonians in the country rose to 69%.

Today, Estonia is an ethnically heterogeneous country, with one county having 99% Estonians. 13 out of the country's 15 counties are more than 80% ethnic Estonian.

Estonia Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
45,227
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$43.49
GDP (UN '22)
$38.05 Bn

Sources