Latvia Population 2023 (Live)


The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Latvia is 1,827,220 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 1,830,211.

Latvia Growth Rate

Latvia Population 2023 (Live)

Latvia Population Clock

Latvia Population (as of 8/24/2023)1,827,220
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)1,830,211
Births per Day44
Deaths per Day78
Migrations per Day-21
Net Change per Day-55
Population Change Since Jan. 1-12,925

Components of Population Change

One birth every 32.73 minutes
One death every 18.47 minutes
One emigrant every 68.57 minutes
Net loss of one person every 26.18 minutes

Latvia Population Clock

Latvia Population Density Map

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Latvia Population by Year (Historical)

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Latvia Population by Year (Projections)

Latvia Population Pyramid 2023

Latvia Median Age







Latvia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Latvia.

Census Years

Latvia Population Pyramid

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden.

Latvia's estimated population is currently lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Latvia Population Rank 2023
2023 Growth Rate
$27.57 Bn

Latvia - General Info