Latvia Population 2020 (Live)

1,883,678

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

The current population of Latvia is 1,883,678, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 1,886,198.

Latvia Growth Rate

Latvia Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Riga742,572
Daugavpils111,564
Liepaja85,132
Jelgava61,791
Jurmala54,088
Ventspils42,644
Rezekne38,340
Jekabpils27,078
Valmiera26,963
Ogre26,760

Latvia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,886,198-1.08%30.32151182
20191,906,743-1.13%30.66151182
20181,928,459-1.16%31.00150181
20171,951,097-1.17%31.37150180
20161,974,266-1.17%31.74150179
20151,997,674-1.17%32.12149179
20102,118,861-1.21%34.07143172
20052,251,993-1.13%36.21142166
20002,384,164-1.01%38.33139158
19952,508,480-1.20%40.33135152
19902,664,4390.64%42.84131143
19852,580,7580.47%41.49130138
19802,521,3910.42%40.54127133
19752,469,4440.76%39.70125130
19702,378,0210.96%38.23122125
19652,266,9431.26%36.45119121
19602,129,5861.25%34.24115117
19552,001,5740.77%32.18114116
19501,926,5680.00%30.97113112

Latvia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,886,198-1.08%30.32151182
20251,798,633-0.95%28.92152184
20301,720,146-0.89%27.66153188
20351,647,327-0.86%26.48154191
20401,583,721-0.78%25.46154196
20451,528,096-0.71%24.57155196
20501,479,172-0.65%23.78155199
20551,432,361-0.64%23.03156202
20601,384,397-0.68%22.26157202
20651,335,989-0.71%21.48159203
20701,290,426-0.69%20.75159205
20751,250,477-0.63%20.10159205
20801,217,518-0.53%19.57160209
20851,189,749-0.46%19.13160209
20901,164,352-0.43%18.72160209
20951,139,957-0.42%18.33160210

Latvia Population by Year (Projections)

Latvia Population Pyramid 2020

Latvia Median Age

43.6


Total

39.7


Male

46.9


Female

Latvia Population by Age

There are 1,542,686 adults in Latvia.

Latvia Population Pyramid

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden.

Latvia's estimated population is currently lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

About Latvia