Latvia Population 2024 (Live)

1,814,614

The fertility rate of Latvia is currently about 1.34 children born to each woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. Latvia is currently struggling with a demographic disaster, similar to other neighboring countries. The Baltic region as a whole has lost more than 20% of its population since 1992. It is believed that this is the most rapidly depopulating region of the world. There has been no population growth in Latvia since 1992.

Latvia hopes to improve its birth rate and pull the country back from diaspora, as young talented Latvians leave in droves due to high unemployment and a lack of well-paid jobs. Aldis Austers, chairman of the European Latvians' Association, said two years ago, "We have a joke that in 2030 the last Latvians can switch off the lights at the Riga airport."

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
62,230
The current population of Latvia is 1,814,614 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 1,810,240.

Latvia Growth Rate

Latvia Population 2024 (Live)

Latvia Population Clock

Latvia Population (as of 4/10/2024)1,814,614
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)1,810,240
Births per Day43
Deaths per Day78
Migrations per Day-19
Net Change per Day-54
Population Change Since Jan. 1-5,454

Components of Population Change

One birth every 33.48 minutes
One death every 18.47 minutes
One emigrant every 75.78 minutes
Net loss of one person every 26.67 minutes

Latvia Population Clock

City
2024 Population
Riga742,572
Daugavpils111,564
Liepaja85,132
Jelgava61,791
Jurmala54,088
Ventspils42,644
Rezekne38,340
Jekabpils27,078
Valmiera26,963
Ogre26,760

Latvia Population Density Map

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20241,810,240-1.14%29151183
20231,830,211-1.11%29151182
20201,897,052-1.02%30151181
20191,916,555-0.99%31151181
20181,935,630-0.98%31150180
20171,954,862-0.94%31150179
20151,991,955-1.06%32150178
20102,101,530-1.21%34142172
20052,233,157-1.37%36142165
20002,392,530-1.42%38140160
19952,570,151-0.9%41134151
19902,689,3910.26%43131141
19852,655,1040.64%43130134
19802,572,0370.63%41127132
19752,492,5280.78%40126127
19702,397,4140.94%39122123
19652,287,8051.21%37118119
19602,154,2511.17%35114118
19552,032,5051.12%33113117

Latvia Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20241,810,240-1.14%29151183
20251,790,796-1.15%29152184
20301,701,338-1.02%27152188
20351,622,114-0.95%26154193
20401,554,125-0.85%25155194
20451,492,555-0.8%24157197
20501,433,728-0.8%23158198
20551,374,619-0.84%22159202
20601,314,902-0.88%21161204
20651,256,872-0.9%20161204
20701,202,648-0.88%19161205
20751,153,401-0.83%19161208
20801,108,619-0.79%18163209
20851,067,626-0.75%17164211
20901,029,565-0.72%17165212
2095992,410-0.73%16166212

Latvia Population by Year (Projections)

Latvia Population Pyramid 2024

Latvia Median Age

44.4

Total

40.5

Male

48

Female

Latvia Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Latvia.

Census Years

Year
Date
20211 January 2021
201131 May 2011
200031 March 2000
198912 January 1989

Latvia Population Pyramid

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe where it is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and a maritime border with Sweden.

Latvia's estimated population is currently lower than the population of 2.07 million at the last census in 2011. Latvia has a relatively low density of just 34 people per square kilometer (89/sq mi), which ranks 166th in the world. Latvia is currently the third-poorest country in the European Union and about 30,000 people leave the country each year, most of whom are young and well educated. This is most visible in the capital of Riga, which is becoming a ghost town.

Latvia Demographics

While Latvia's population has been diverse for many centuries, its demographics began to change in the 20th century during the World Wars, occupation by the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and the emigration and expulsion of Baltic Germans. Latvians made up 68% of the 1.83 million population in 1897, Russians accounted for 12%, Jews made up 7.4%, Germans made up 6.2% and Poles accounted for 3.4%.

In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%). There are about 290,000 non-citizens in the country, which represents 14% of the population.

Ethnic Latvians are a minority in many cities such as Daugavpils. The percentage of ethnic Latvians is steadily growing, even though their numbers are dropping.

Latvia Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
64,559
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$46.67
GDP (UN '22)
$40.88 Bn

Latvia - General Info

Sources