Timor-Leste Population 2023 (Live)

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Timor-Leste is 1,363,449 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 1,360,596.

Timor-Leste Growth Rate

Timor-Leste Population 2023 (Live)

Timor-Leste Population Clock

Timor-Leste Population (as of 8/24/2023)1,363,449
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)1,360,596
Births per Day91
Deaths per Day24
Migrations per Day-14
Net Change per Day53
Population Change Since Jan. 112,455

Components of Population Change

One birth every 15.82 minutes
One death every 60 minutes
One emigrant every 102.85 minutes
Net gain of one person every 27.17 minutes

Timor-Leste Population Clock

Timor-Leste Population Density Map

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Timor-Leste Population by Year (Historical)

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Timor-Leste Population by Year (Projections)

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid 2023

Timor-Leste Median Age







Timor-Leste Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Timor-Leste.

Census Years

Timor-Leste Population Pyramid

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor and officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is made up of the eastern half of Timor island, nearby islands of Jaco and Atauro, and Oecusse, an exclave on the island within Indonesian West Timor. The population is mostly concentrated around Dili, the largest city and capital, with a population of 234,000.

Timor-Leste Demographics

The term Maubere was used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and usually used as a synonym for the uneducated and illiterate, although it is now used as a term of pride. Maubere have many different ethnic groups, many of which are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent.

The largest Malayo-Polynesian group are the Tetum (100,000), who live around Dili, followed by the Mambai (80,000) in the mountains, the Tukudede (63,000) around Liquica and Maubara, the Galoli (50,000), the Kemak (50,000) in north-central Timor island, and the Baikeno (20,000).

The main groups of Papuan origin are the Bunak (50,000) in the central region of Timor island, the Fataluka (30,000) near Lospalos and the Makasae at the eastern end of the island.

There is also a large population of people of mixed East Timorese and Portuguese origin called mesticos, and a small Chinese minority.

Timor-Leste is one of just two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, along with the Philippines.

Timor-Leste History

It is believed that descendants from three separate migration waves continue to live in East Timor, including the Australoid indigenous people from Australia and New Guinea, who arrived 40,000 years ago.

In the 16th century, Timor-Leste was colonized by Portugal and known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the area. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese and the struggle to defeat the Japanese by Allied forces and East Timorese volunteers led to the deaths of up to 70,000 East Timorese. Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in 1974, and Timor-Leste declared independence in 1975 but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. The Indonesian occupation was marked by violence and brutality, which killed about 100,000 people. In 1999, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.

Timor-Leste Today

Nearly 37% of the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 UDS per day, and 50% of the population is illiterate. The country still struggles with the aftereffects of its struggle for independence from Indonesia, which killed a minimum of 100,000 people.

Timor-Leste Population Rank 2023
2023 Growth Rate
$2.70 Bn

Timor-Leste - General Info